What is Culture ppt - What Is Culture

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					“We talk a lot and talk pretty well about
race, but we don‟t listen enough. And I‟m
hoping that if we listen to each other, we
can begin to … make this society of ours
into less and less of a country of

                 -David Shipler, 1997
“Appreciation of our differences starts
  with the acknowledgment of our

                     -Peter Reese
What Is Culture?
What Is Culture?

   The customary ways in which humans
   live. For example; diet, family forms
   and processes, social organizations,
   and religions.

Info taken from: The Four Skills of Cultural Diversity Competence, by
    Mikel Hogan-Garcia
Ethnic Group or Culture Group

   The cultural heritage, or aspects of
   culture, that a group shares and
   attempts to hand down from one
   generation to the next through

Info taken from: The Four Skills of Cultural Diversity Competence, by
    Mikel Hogan-Garcia
12 Aspects of Culture or Ethnicity
1.    History-time period and conditions under which a group
      migrated or immigrated.
2.    Social Status Factors – education, occupation, income
3.    Social Group Interaction Patterns: Intra-group (within
      group relations) and Inter-group (between-group relations)
4.    Value Orientation – standards by which members of a
      culture judge their personal actions and those of others.
5.    Language and Communication: Verbal and Nonverbal
6.    Family Life Processes – gender roles, family dynamics
7.    Healing Beliefs and Practices – attitudes and beliefs about
8.    Religion – spiritual beliefs and practices
9.    Art and Expressive Forms – art, music, stories, dance, etc.
10.   Diet/Foods – preferred food eaten by groups.
11.   Recreation – activities, sports for leisure, etc.
12.   Clothing – types, styles, and extent of body coverings.
Personal Culture – Core Identity

 Includes everything an individual finds
 meaningful, beliefs, values,
 perceptions, assumptions, and
 framework about reality.
 Developed through social interaction
 with family and others in your
Cultural Competence Skill Areas

 Awareness and Acceptance of
 Dynamics of Difference
 Knowledge of Client‟s Culture
 Adaptation of Skills

 “It is impossible to appreciate the
 impact of culture on the lives of
 others, particularly clients, if one is
 out of touch with his or her own
 cultural background.”
 “Many people never acknowledge
 how their day-to-day behaviors have
 been shaped by cultural norms and
 values and reinforced by families,
 peers, and social institutions. How
 one defines „family‟, identifies
 desirable life goals, views problems,
 and even says hello are all influenced
 by the culture in which one functions”
 (Cross, 1988, p.2).

 Requires self-knowledge of own
 culture in order to know when cultural
 limits are likely to be pushed,
 foreseeing potential areas of tension,
 and conflict with specific client
Why Become Culturally Competent?
   The belief that one‟s own group or culture
   is superior to all other groups or cultures.

   The tendency of most people to use their
   own way of life as a standard for judging
   others; now also indicates the belief, on the
   part of most individuals, that their race,
   culture, society, etc., are superior to all
Info taken from: website
These people have gone from being neutral about
  difference to being positive. They not only accept
  cultural differences, but are willing and able to
  adjust their own behavior to conform to different
  norms. They are able to empathize with people
  from different cultures. In many ways, they
  become what is known as bi cultural or multi
  cultural, effortlessly adjusting their behavior to suit
  the culture of the people they're with, "style
  switching," in other words. They do not give up
  their own or birth culture's values and beliefs, but
  they do integrate aspects of other cultures into it.

Info taken from

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