CONSERVATION by maclaren1



Is the Past important and should we
             preserve It?
         Is the past important?

The past is important
 It makes our lives richer
 It gives us a deeper understanding
 about the world around us
 It is interesting
 It is fun to investigate and explore
 It tells us about ourselves
 Why should we preserve the past?
We will lose our monuments from
pressures of the modern world
Pollution will destroy famous sites
Information about our past helps
us to understand who we are
We can learn from what happened
in the past
How can we preserve our past?
During the 1960s people began to realise
that if we continued destroying important
historical monuments and sites we would
lose evidence about our culture and past
UNESCO held a conference in 1972 and
an international agreement was adopted
It was called the Convention Concerning
the Protection of World Cultural and
Natural Heritage
By 1997 over 145 countries had signed
the Convention, now 178 countries belong
  World Heritage Sites

To be listed as a World Heritage Site
the place must have some
outstanding universal value

Great Barrier Reef (1981)
Kakadu National Park (1981, 1987, 1992)
Willandra Lakes Region (1981)
Lord Howe Island Group (1982)
Tasmanian Wilderness (1982, 1989)
Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves (Australia) (1986, 1994) 1
Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park (1987, 1994) 2
Wet Tropics of Queensland (1988)
Shark Bay, Western Australia (1991)
Fraser Island (1992)
Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Riversleigh / Naracoorte) (1994)
Heard and McDonald Islands (1997)
Macquarie Island (1997)
Greater Blue Mountains Area (2000)
Purnululu National Park (2003)
Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens (2004)
         What Criteria are used?
Selection criteria:
to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;
to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a
span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on
developments in architecture or technology, monumental
arts, town-planning or landscape design;
to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a
cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which
has disappeared;
to be an outstanding example of a type of building,
architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which
illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history;
to be an outstanding example of a traditional human
settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a
culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the
environment especially when it has become vulnerable under
the impact of irreversible change;
to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living
traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary
works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee
considers that this criterion should preferably be used in
conjunction with other criteria);
to contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of
exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance;
to be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth's
history, including the record of life, significant on-going
geological processes in the development of landforms, or
significant geomorphic or physiographic features;
to be outstanding examples representing significant on-going
ecological and biological processes in the evolution and
development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine
ecosystems and communities of plants and animals;
to contain the most important and significant natural habitats
for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those
containing threatened species of outstanding universal value
from the point of view of science or conservation.
World Heritage Interactive Map
UNESCO have an interactive map so
you can view their heritage listed sites

You can also look at Google Earth
       Assessment Task
Conservation Research Assignment
 Due Date: Week
Choose a cultural site on the World Heritage
Research it and answer the questions on
your sheet.
Present your information on a large poster
Write this into your Homework Diary NOW
           Questions to Answer
Where is the site?
What is the history of the site?
  How was it built?
  How have the uses of the site changed over
When was the site put onto the World
Heritage List?
Why is this site historically important?
  Explain why it should be conserved for future
What criteria does the site meet so as to be
included on the World Heritage List?
How is it currently being conserved?
You also need
  A description of the site
  Recommendations on how the site could be better
  Other relevant information relating to its
  importance or its conservation
  Research notes
  A Bibliography
     Presentation of Research
Present your information to the class in
an interesting and appropriate way (not
your workbook)
  PowerPoint or other digital presentation
  Talk to the class
  Information Booklet or sheets
  Some other form
A Poster promoting the conservation of
your site
Sample Site 1: City of Verona
   NOTES from UNESCO website
     Verona is in the Veneto Region of Italy
       Latitude North 45 26 19, Longitude East 10 59
     Verona was founded in the First Century BC and
     became important during the reign of the
     Scaligers in the 13th and 14th Centuries. It was
     part of the Republic of Venice from the 15th to the
     18th Centuries. It has been a military stronghold
     and is now an important tourist attraction.
     It was added to the list in 2000
The site is important because it has lots of
monuments from antiquity, the medieval period
and the Renaissance. It is also a very good
example of a fortified city. We can learn about our
past and how cities defended themselves from
their enemies.
Verona was selected for inclusion under Criterion ii
because of its urban structure and the architecture
of its buildings.
It also developed without interruption for over
2,000 years.
It has lots of excellent examples of art from each
It was also selected under Criterion iv because it is
an excellent example of a fortified city from a
number of important periods in European history.
 Don’t forget to make notes and keep a list
 of your sources – any books, articles,
 websites that you use
 Plan your presentation, thinking about how
 you are going to tell others about your
 Design your poster as a draft and make
 sure it will get your message across
End of Presentation

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