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JAPANESE OCCUPATION

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					JAPANESE OCCUPATION


JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF
MALAYA & SINGAPORE
1942- 1945
RISE OF JAPAN AS A WORLD
POWER
    Meiji Restoration - Emperor Meiji
    became the new ruler of Japan 1868
   He introduced changes in the
    economy, politics and society
             JAPAN

FEUDAL                  MODERN &
                        INDUSTRIALIZED
COUNTRY                 COUNTRY
How did Japan try to become a
World Power ?
   Increased army and navy
   Introduced military training for young
    men
   Japan proved it‟s might - defeated
    Russia in the Russo-Japanese War
   Japans prestige rose
Japans’ rise as a world power
 was the key reason that lead
 to the Japanese invasion and
occupation of Southeast Asia
Japan’s Relations with the West



    BRITAIN        UNITED STATES




      TENSE - AFTER WW1
• Britain & U.S. tried to limit Japan’s naval
strength ( Washington Conference 1922)
• Fixed ratio of shipping tonnage 5:5:3
• Britain and US distrusted the Japanese
• Japan was now the most powerful navy and
country in Asia
• Japan was unhappy with the restrictions
imposed on it.
What happened before the Japanese
came into Southeast Asia?
 •1. 1931 - Japan attacked Manchuria
 • 1937 - Japan began war against China
 Britain and the US protested
 They imposed an embargo on Japan :
 stopped raw materials, oil , iron , arms
 There was a boycott of Japanese goods
 • Britain supported the Chinese war effort
 against the Japanese
REASONS FOR JAPANESE INVASIONS




Need for Raw Materials




           Ambitions of Japanese leaders
Need for Raw Materials

    Japan was now an industrialised
    country - was resource poor , needed
    raw materials for her factories
    Population was growing - rice
    production could not keep up
    1923 earthquake- destroyed Tokyo
    made the situation worse
Need for Raw Materials
    Japan went to WAR to gain raw
    materials : invaded Manchuria & China
    However the British and American
    embargo worsened the need for raw
    materials for her industries
    Japan invaded Southeast Asia to get
    resources of oil , rubber and tin
    These resources were needed for war
    effort
    Ambitions of Japanese leaders

    Leaders of Japan were Army Generals
    Had imperial ambitions : wanted to
    conquer and expand Japanese influence
    “ Asia for Asians “ - a plan to expel
    Europeans from Asia and establish
    Japan as the leader
    Ambitions of Japanese leaders

    “Greater East Asian Co- Prosperity
    Sphere” - a plan & promise to free SEA
    from western rule
    aimed to set up an organization of
    nations under Japans leadership
   Japan hoped to gain control of the rich
    resources of Asia and use the Asian
    countries for Japan‟s growing population
Why was Malaya important to
Japan ?
    under the British - Malaya was a an
    important source of rubber and tin
    the Chinese in Malaya had collected
    large amounts of money to help China
    fight the Japanese .
    The Japanese wanted to end the
    Malayan Chinese support
    Japan entered World War 2
    when it attacked American
    naval base at Pearl Habour.
The Japanese bombed Pearl Habour
   on the 7th of December 1941.
• the American Pacific Fleet was
destroyed with the bombing of Pearl
Habour
• the Japanese now controlled the air and
sea over the Pacific Ocean
• there was no stopping the Japanese
from conquering Southeast Asia
  REASONS for JAPANESE VICTORY




                                 British
  Japanese
                               unprepared
well prepared


                Japanese Propaganda
 Invasion
well planned




       Japanese well prepared
Invasion well Planned

   Japanese had long term plan
   Japanese collected information on
    Malaya‟s defense position, army forces ,
    weapons & ammunition
   Knew that Singapore‟s sea defense
    was strong and rest of Malaya weak
   Knew the location of British airfields
Invasion well Planned

    Army commander Lt.- Gen. Yamashita
    - a good leader
    Invasion plan - to start from the
    northern coast of Malaya where
    defenses were weak
 Invasion
well planned




       Japanese well prepared



 Good tactics
Good Tactics

    Planning excellent -Japanese used all
    weaknesses to their advantage
    Complete coordination of land , sea &
    air forces
    Invaded Malaya on bicycles -through
    the jungles
Good Tactics

    Captured important towns through boat
    landings on the East and West coast
    Saved as much stores and equipment
    as they could
    Japanese attack and speed of forward
    movement took the British by surprise -
    the British destroyed bridges, roads &
    supply stores on their retreat to slow
    down the Japanese
 Invasion
well planned




       Japanese well prepared



 Good tactics

                    Japanese army superior
Japanese Army superior

   Japanese soldiers well trained
   Were used to jungle fighting in
    Manchuria and China
   Japanese well equiped - had modern
    planes ( Zeroes) and tanks
   Provided cover for ground troops and
    attacked British forces constantly
Japanese Army superior

    Japanese army achieved superiority in
    the Pacific with the bombing of Pearl
    Harbour
    They faced no opposition
    Sunk the only 2 British warships -
    Repulse & Prince of Wales
 Invasion
well planned
                          Psychological
                            advantage



       Japanese well prepared



 Good tactics

                    Japanese army superior
Psychological Advantage

    Japanese troops were mentally
    prepared for War
    They were prepared for the hardships
    of war - they believed that they were
    fighting for their Emperor and Country
    Were willing to die in battle - honorable
    : Kamikaze pilots
Psychological Advantage

    Morale & fighting spirits were high
    The sinking of the American Pacific
    Fleet at Pearl Harbour raised their
    spirits
    The Japanese felt that they were
    invincible after defeating the USA
 Invasion
well planned
                          Psychological
                            advantage



       Japanese well prepared



 Good tactics

                    Japanese army superior
Malaya not fortified
     for war




              British unprepared
Malaya not fortified

    Malaya‟s defenses were not prepared
    for war
    British suspected war but did not take
    precautions
    Expected an invasion from the South -
    Singapore : guns were pointing to sea
    Were taken by surprise at invasion
    from North
Malaya not fortified
     for war
                               Low morale
                                of Soldiers



              British unprepared
Low morale of British troops

    British troops in Malaya more than the
    Japanese - did not have the strength or
    spirit of Japanese troops
    British troops young
    Inexperienced & untrained in jungle
    warfare : very basic level
    Hastily organized - had little time for
    preparation
Low morale of British troops

    British troops were also not supported
    with adequate military equipment - lead
    to low morale of troops
Malaya not fortified
     for war
                                Low morale
                                 of Soldiers



              British unprepared




                       Arms and equipment lacking
Inadequate arms and equipment

    British troops poorly equipped
    They had no modern tanks and planes
    : the planes were slower & no match for
    the Japanese fighter planes
    The 2 British warships were sunk early
    on in the invasion
    Troops were constantly harassed by
    the Japanese fighter planes
Malaya not fortified
     for war
                                Low morale
                                 of Soldiers



              British unprepared



  Fighting in Europe

                       Arms and equipment lacking
War in Europe

    Britain was fighting Germans in Europe
    France had fallen - Britain had to fight
    Germany in Europe, the Middle East &
    Far East - had to send aid to Russia
    Malaya was of little consequence -
    considered a distant outpost
    Not much troops or supplies could be
    sent to defend Malaya
Malaya not fortified
     for war
                                Low morale
                                 of Soldiers



              British unprepared



  Fighting in Europe

                       Arms and equipment lacking
Japanese Propaganda

    Japanese advance propaganda helped
    secure the support of local people
    They proclaimed „Asia for Asians‟ &
    „Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity
    Sphere‟
    They dropped phamplets to inform
    people of their intentions
Japanese Propaganda

    Indian troops in Malaya opposed the
    British
    India was trying to gain it‟s
    independence from the British
    Japanese used anti- British Indian
    spies to try to influence Indian troops in
    Malaya

				
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