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					Impact of Marxism from 1917-
            1939
         Andrea Chattler
          Erin Goulding
Prompt
Assess the extent to which the political and
economic ideals of Karl Marx were realized in
post-revolutionary Russia in the period from 1917
to 1939.
Introduction

   Karl Marx, a German philosopher and political economist, is
accredited with first founding the ideas of communism, the
belief that social classes should be abolished and that property
should be commonly controlled. His revolutionary ideas
appealed to the working class, especially in economically
distraught Europe during the early 20th century. Because
Marx's beliefs promised equality for all, several European
countries attempted join the Communist bandwagon only to find
that though socially ideal, Communism was economically
unrealistic.
Setting the Scene

• 1917: October Revolution
   o Lenin's first attempt to put Marxist ideas about a workers'
     state to practice
   o inspired a revolutionary wave; worldwide development of
     Communist parties
• Isolated Soviet Union due to capitalist and socialist falls in
  Western Europe
• War Communism
• New Economic Policy (NEP)
Marx's Political Beliefs

• Advocacy of a proletariat revolution
• Socialism
  o Democratic Socialism: ideal state by social reform
  o Marxism-Leninism: workers' utopia
• Communism
  o collective ownership of productive resources
  o planned economy
  o nationalization of industry
  o land reform
Political Impact
• German Democratic Republic
• International Working Men's Association
• Revisionism
• Communist Manifesto
   o bourgeoisie vs. proletariat
• Marxism-Leninism
   o Bolshevism => Communism
   o Imperialism and Organization
• Trotskyism
   o Permanent Revolution
• Stalin "Man of Steel": totalitarianism
Marx's Economic Beliefs

• Written in Das Kapital
   o theory of crises as the condition for a potential revolution
• the central driving force for capitalism was in the alienation
  and exploitation of labour
• Capitalism prevented human
  society from achieving further
  development.
• Political Economy: studies the means
  of production, specifically of capital,
  and how that is manifest as
  economic activity
Economic Influence

• Das Kapital
   o Labor Theory of Value
       2 stages
   o commodity production
• More mechanized industry
• Idealistic
Conclusion

   Karl Marx's groundbreaking and radical economic and
political ideologies shocked much of Europe and even inspired
several political parties, some even sparking historical
revolutions later on. Although Communism had its heart in the
right place, with its primary goal being equality for all,
economically it proved unsuccessful, reinforcing that human
beings need competition to strive by nature. All in all, it goes
without saying that Marx's beliefs set many precedents for
political thought today and impacted Europe, and the world for
that matter, drastically.
Works Cited

http://dominicanacademy.org.lsh0101.uslec.net/history/chap28.
pdf
http://www.internationalviewpoint.org/spip.php?article283
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/marx/#3
http://www.sinistra.net/lib/upt/compro/lipi/lipifbibie.html

				
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posted:5/15/2010
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