Preschool-child-care-India by prabhuhj

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									      Think of
Child hunger in India
        2010
Infants, toddlers, pre- schoolers & ‘scholars’




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Food insecurity




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Food insecurity prevails in India-2010




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Population below poverty line is significant




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       The proportion of rural
       population that is BPL
At least four alternative figures are
available: 28 per cent from the
Planning Commission, 5O per cent from
the N.C. Saxena Committee report; 42 per
cent from the Tendulkar Committee report,
and 80 per cent or so from the - National
Commission for Enterprises in the
Unorganized Sector (NCEUS)

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        The proportion of rural
        population that is BPL
The main exception is the Saxena
Committee report, where, the 50 per cent
figure is based on an independent
argument about the required coverage of
the BPL Census.
Other reports produce alternative figures
by simply shifting the poverty line.
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In deciding the coverage of the BPL Census,
allowance must be made not only for targeting
errors, which can be very large, but-also
for other considerations, including the fact that
under-nutrition rates in India tend to be much higher
than poverty estimates: This gap is not so surprising,
considering that official "poverty line" is really a
destitution line. The consumption basket that can be
bought at the poverty line is extremely meager. It
was an important contribution of the NCEUS report
to point out that even a moderately enhanced
poverty line basket, costing RS. 20 per person per
day, would be unaffordable for a large majority of
the population. How would you like to live on Rs. 20
a day? ..
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            Tribute to Amartya
Amartya Sen received the Nobel Prize in 1998, for
restoring “an ethical dimension” to the discussion
    of vital economic problems by combining
      tools from economics and philosophy.


  The prize recognized Sen’s contributions in
   the fields of social choice theory, welfare
economics, and economic measurement. He is
     credited with making inroads into the
 assessment of poverty and the evaluation of
   inequality—making possible better social
              welfare comparisons
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Throughout his life, he
has avoided counseling
governments,
preferring to place his
views in the public
domain for discussion.
“I like arguing rather
than dispensing
privileged advice, but I
also think social change
comes best from public
argument,”

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For India, with nearly fifty per cent children underweight,
to make freedom from hunger a legal right is a golden
dream that needs hard work to be true.

  It involves besides an universal PDS,
  many interventions & entitlements like
  Child nutrition,
  Social security,
  Health care and even
  Property rights. Framing National Food
  Security Act requires creative work, public
  debate and political commitment.


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   We suggest an universal PDS

It may be with increased food subsidy.
It could be combined with cost saving
measures such as
decentralized procurement,
Self-management of Fair price shops by
Gram Panchayats and
a range of transparency safe-guards.
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