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					                                 E1786 v4


JINAN NORTH SUBURB THERMAL POWER PLANT

HEAT SUPPLY RECONSTRUCTION & NETWORK
        CONSTRUCTION PROJECT

      SHANDONG PROVINCE, CHINA




           AUDITING REPORT



             OCTOBER 2007




 SHANDONG ACADEMY OF ENVIRONMENTAL
 PROTECTION SCIENCE RESEARCH & DESIGN
                                Abbreviations
CC------------Construction Contractor
EAR------------ Environmental Auditing Report
EIA-------------Environmental Impact Assessment
EP---------------Environmental protection
EPB------------Environmental Protection Bureau
EMP------------Environmental Management Plan
EMPs---------- Environmental Management Plan and Environmental Monitoring Plan
EPMs-----------Environmental Protection Measures
EMO-----------Environmental Management Office (Organization)
ESE------------Environmental Supervision Engineer
JNSTPP---------Jinan North Suburb Thermal Power Plant
PMO-----------Project Management Office
SEPA----------State Environmental Projection Agency
WB------------The World Bank
                                                          Content
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................ 1
      1.1 DESCRIPTION FOR JNSTPP ......................................................................................... 1
      1.2 AUDITING SPECIFICATION ........................................................................................... 6
CHAPTER 2 TECHNICAL FLOW AND EP STATUS ........................................................11
      2.1 TECHNICAL FLOW ......................................................................................................11
      2.2 MATERIALS BALANCE ................................................................................................11
      2.3 MAJOR POLLUTANTS AND TREATMENT CONDITION .................................................. 15
      2.4 CURRENT ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES AND PROPOSED MEASURES ............................... 23
CHAPTER 3 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING .................... 25
      3.1 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATION .................................................... 25
      3.2 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PLAN ...................................................................... 27
CHAPTER 4 SAFETY AND HEALTH ............................................................................... 31
      4.1 SECTOR IN CHARGE ................................................................................................... 31
      4.2 SAFETY TARGET, EDUCATION TRAINING AND MEASURES.......................................... 32
      4.3 STAFF HEALTH INSURANCE ....................................................................................... 33
      4.4 SAFETY AND HEALTH INSURANCE PLAN IN 2007 ...................................................... 34
      4.5 SUMMARY ................................................................................................................. 34
CHAPTER 5 RISK AND PREVENTION MEASURES ..................................................... 35
      5.1 RISK IDENTIFICATION ................................................................................................ 35
      5.2 ACCIDENT PREVENTION MEASURES .......................................................................... 43
      5.3 FLOOD EMERGENCY AID PROGRAM........................................................................... 46
      5.4 PRESSURE-CARRIERS ESTABLISHMENT EXPLOSION EMERGENCY AID PROGRAM ...... 50
      5.5 HEAT SUPPLY NETWORK ACCIDENT EMERGENCY AID PROGRAM .............................. 52
      5.6 FIRE ACCIDENT EMERGENCY PROGRAM .................................................................... 54
      5.7 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING ................................................................................ 55
      5.8 LEAKAGE REMOVAL MEASURES ................................................................................ 55
      5.9 SAFETY PROTECTION ................................................................................................ 55
      5.10 EMERGENCY TERMINATION..................................................................................... 56
      5.11 EMERGENCY PROGRAM PRACTICE AND TRAINING .................................................. 56
CHAPTER 6 SOCIAL IMPACTS........................................................................................ 58
      6.1 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMPLOYEE AND ENTERPRISE ............................................ 58
      6.2 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENTERPRISE AND LOCAL RESIDENTS................................. 59
      6.3 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENTERPRISE AND SOCIETY ................................................ 60
      6.4 SUMMARY ................................................................................................................. 60
CHAPTER 7 EA CONCLUSION ........................................................................................ 61
      7.1 CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................. 61
      7.2 MEASURES AND SUGGESTION ................................................................................... 62
                                      JNSTPP EAR




                   CHAPTER 1              INTRODUCTION

                                1.1 Description for JNSTPP
1.1.1 Enterprise introduction
Enterprise Name: Jinan North Suburb Thermal Power Plant (shortened as ―JNSTPP‖)
Enterprise-category: State-owned
Location: 33 Xinhuang Road, Tianqiao District, Jinan City, Shandong Province
Legal representative: Pengwei Cui
Postal Code: 250033
Contact Phone Number: 0531-85951371
Industry category: Thermoelectricity united production
Jinan North Suburb Thermal Power Plant seats at the beautiful bank of XiaoQing River,
a large-scaled national Ⅱ-category enterprise. It is the major heat supply source for
the north area of Jinan City, and was the pivot construction project of Shandong
Province and Jinan City about 20 years ago. Its detailed location is shown in figure
1-1.
The whole plant covers 380 acres. The first-period project was completed by the end of
1993, with 3×12MW steamer power units and 1×5MW postposition power unit, and
3×130t/h high-pressure coal boilers, and a compatible cement plant with capacity
20×104 t/a was put into operation in 1994. The second-period project was built in 2003
and 2006, to enlarge 1×220t/h circular sulfuration bed boiler, and one 1×50MW
pumping condensed heat supply unit. Its total capital asserts is RMB 5.7×108 Yuan,
designed annual power generation capacity 3.56×108 kW.h, and annual heat supply
amount 580×104 GJ.
Nowadays, JNSTPP has three heat supply lines with total 30km length, and 60km long
water network spreading all markets, and communities. It has provided heat for 36
large or medium enterprises, and hundreds of governmental departments, with total
heat supply coverage about 460×104m2. By the end of 2006, JNSTPP has total power
capacity 91MW, three high-pressure boilers and one high-temperature and pressure
boiler, and the pumping condensed heat supply unit can run 5000 hours annually, and
back-pressure units can run throughout the whole year incessantly.

1.1.2 Geographical location
JNSTPP is located at west of Xicheng Village of Tianqiao District of Jinan City, with

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                                       JNSTPP EAR

its geographical coordinates north latitude 36°42′, east longitude 117°02′. Its
north is north plant of Jinan Chemical Plant, and south is Xiaoqing River, east is
Yuxing chemical Plant and Shandong Chemical Plant, and Beijing-Shang Railway
passing by its west, near Likou Train Station.

1.1.3 Plant overall layout
There are three entrances, and the one at south near Xiaoqing River is for employees,
and the other two for goods. JNSTPP can be divided into production area, auxiliary
production area, storage area. Major production area is at middle east of the plant,
including boilers house, desulfurizing establishment, major workshops, and cooling
tower; and auxiliary production area is at south of the plant, including office, chemical
water treatment, maintenance workshop; storage area is at northwest of the plant, near
goods door and railway. It is preserved at northeast for slag and ash reutilization. The
overall layout is seen in figure 1-2.

1.1.4 Organization structure
Seen in figure 1-3.

1.1.5 Scale and establishments
Major products: power, and heat;
Capacity: Units capacity 91MW/a, and heat supply capacity 680×104 GJ/a
By the end of September 2007, its capital asserts RMB 67045Yuan, and total business
income in the nine-month is about RMB 94.92 million Yuan.
Its annual output, income and interest taxes are shown in figure 1-4~1-6.

                                                    19695
        20000
                                      16583                   16195
        18000     15288     15060
        16000
        14000
        12000
        10000                                                           系列1
         8000
         6000
         4000
         2000
            0
                2002年     2003年     2004年         2005年     2006年

        Figure 1-4 Annual Output condition (unit: RMB×104 Yuan)

                                              2
                                                    JNSTPP EAR



              1000                     17.73

                 0
             -1000
             -2000
             -3000
                                                                                                 系列1
             -4000                                  -3559

             -5000
             -6000
                                                                 -5917
             -7000     -6666
             -8000                                                              -7720
                     2002年           2003年        2004年         2005年         2006年


          Figure 1-5 JNSTPP Annual Interest Taxes (unit: RMB×104 Yuan)

                                      1524
             1600      1442

             1400

             1200                                               1056
                                                   1015
                                                                              936
             1000

              800                                                                            系列1

              600

              400

              200

                0
                     2002年          2003年      2004年          2005年      2006年



               Figure 1-6 JNSTPP Annual Taxes (unit: RMB×104Yuan)
JNSTPP has 4 boilers and five units, with total power capacity 91MW, of which
No1~3 units are total 12MW, built in 90‘s, with three 130t/h boilers, and one 220t/h
sulfuration bed boiler was built in 2003 while building one pumping condensed steam
unit 50MW. Detailed equipment is shown in table 1-1.
Table 1-1        major equipment at JNSTPP
Contents                      unit           No. 0~3 units                      No. 5 unit
Built time                    —              1994                               2003
             type                            Coal boilers                       Circular sulfuration bed boiler
boilers
             Steam amount     t/h            3×130                              220
             Type                            Condensed steam, back pressure     Condensed steam
steamer
             Force            MW             3×12                               50
             type                            Air-condition                      Air-condition
Generator
             Capacity         MW             3×12                               50




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                             JNSTPP EAR




Figure 1-2 JNSTPP overall layout




                                   4
                                                                 Estate property company
                                                                 The third business company
                                       Group Company
                                                                 Second-period project
                                                                 Heat supply company
                                                                   Chemical workshop
                                                                   Steamer check team
                                                                   Maintenance team
                                                                   Ashwater examination workshop
                                                                   Fuel workshop
                                                                   Chemical workshop
                                                                   Electric workshop
                                       Production sector           Stemers workshop
             JNSTPP leadership level
JNSTPP EAR




                                                                   Boilers workshop
                                                                   Operation workshop




                                                                                                   5
                                                                     Youth member committee
                                                                     Advocation center
                                                                     Materials sector
                                                                     Workers home
                                                                     Disclipine sector
                                                                     Safety security sector
                                                                     Organization sector
                                                                     Retirement center
                                                                     Engineering sector
                                                                     Finance sector
                                                                     Safety production sector
                                                                     Management sector
                                       Major production sector
                                                                     Labour and capital sector
                                                                     Office
                                                                     Leaders team
                                        JNSTPP EAR




                                      1.2 Auditing Specification
1.2.1 Purpose and significance for auditing
     1.2.1.1 Purpose
To test and exam industry production sites and materials, so to analyze current
environmental protection condition, and to define enterprise environmental
management level, and to discover its problems and shortness, to bring forth practical
EPMs and suggestion by comparing EP potentiality, therefore, it is to provide reliable
environmental protection information, so to direct enterprise to lift its management,
and to advance economy and environment persistently developing.
     1.2.1.2 Significance
(1) To determine and remove enterprise environmental duty;
Enterprise‘s environmental duty means an enterprise has to be responsible for
controlling pollution and protecting environment. EA is to supervise, evaluate, and
identify above duties, to determine and remove its duties and degree, and characters by
right attitude and particular means and methods, so to protect enterprise legal rights
and benefits.
(2) To meet enterprise continual internal operation
An enterprise should pay more attention to environmental impression and achievement
while producing, operating, and developing market; and any wrong environmental
decision made may bring about challenge, and cause finance failure, so to result in
bankruptcy and liquidation.
(3) To be an important part of industry management auditing
EA is to periodically supervise and evaluate enterprise management plan, control
process, and control methods, to analyze environmental interior factors that affect
efficiency and benefits, so to perfect environmental management control system, to
advance cultivate and utilize resources rationally, and to undertake its social
responsibility. From this point, it is an important part for EA to evaluate and analyze
enterprise environmental management system.
(4) To meet national and international market needs
EA is good for state enterprise in China to go for international market, to improve
product level and quality, and also benefit for foreign investors and projects to locate in
China market, so to eventually accomplish global economy, and contribute to ―only
one home on the earth‖.




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                                      JNSTPP EAR


1.2.2 EA basis
   1.2.2.1 Laws and regulations
(1) ―Environmental Law of P.R.C.‖(1989);
(2) ―EIA Law P.R.C‖ (2002);
(3) ―Cleanness Manufacture Enhancement Law P.R.C.‖ (2002);
(4) ―Law of Prevention of Water Pollution in P.R.C.‖(1996);
(5) ―Law of Prevention of Air Pollution in P.R.C.‖ (2000);
(6) ―Law of Prevention of Solid Waste Pollution in P.R.C.‖ (2004);
(7) ―Law of Prevention of Noise and Vibration Pollution in P.R.C.‖ (1996);
(8) ―Detailed rules of implementation of the Law of prevention of air pollution of the
P.R.C.‖ (1991);
(9) ―Detailed rules of implementation of the Law of prevention of water pollution of
P.R.C.‖ (1989);
(10) ―Environmental protection classification management catalogue of construction
project‖ (2001);
(11) ―Shandong Environmental Protection Ordinance‖ (2001);
(12) ―Methods to implement ‗EIA Law P.R.C.‘ in Shandong‖ (2005);
(13) ―Methods to implement ‗Law of Prevention of Solid Waste Pollution in P.R.C.‘ in
Shandong‖;
(14) ―Detailed rules of implementation of the law of prevention of noise pollution in
Shandong Province‖;
(15) ―Shandong Provincial Water Pollution Prevention Rules‖;
(16) ―The fifteenth ―five years‖ environmental protection plan of Shandong Province‖;
(17) ―Detailed opinions of Shandong Provincial Government regarding further
implementing scientific view to reinforce environmental protection‖ (No. 72 in 2006);
(18) ―Notice of provincial government office regarding management of EIA and ―three
contemporary‖ of environmental protection establishment of construction projects‖;
(19) ―Cultural Relics protection Laws of P.R.C.‖(2002).
   1.2.2.2 WB polices
(1) ―World Bank OP/BP4.01 and annexes (EIA)‖ (1999);
(2) ―World Bank OP/ (EIA)‖ (1999);



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                                              JNSTPP EAR

(3) ―World Bank GO4.01 (EIA)‖ (1999);
(4) ―World Bank EIA Materials Collection (Vol. 1-3)‖;
(5) ―World Bank OP4.11 (Cultural Relics)‖ (1999);
(6) ―World Bank OP/BP4.04 (Natural Habitats)‖(1995);
(7) ―World Bank OP/BP4.12 (involuntary emigration)‖ (1990);
(8) ―World Bank GP4.07 (Water Resource Management)‖(2000);
(9) ―World Bank GP14.07 (Non-government involvement during WB financing
activity‖.

1.2.3 EA Scope and fixed number of year
In this EA, it involves whole JNSTPP, and auditing fixed number of year is between
2002 and 2006.

1.2.4 EA pertinent criterions

    1.2.4.1 Environmental quality criterion
(1) Ambient air quality
Air environment quality is to be judged according to the Class II of ―Ambient air
quality standard‖ (GB3095-1996), seen in table 1-2.
Table 1-2 Ambient Air Quality Standard adopted in this EIA ( unit: mg/m3)
                                 Standard value(mg/m3)
  Pollutants                                                                      Criterion source
                    An hour average     Daily average   Yearly avarage
    SO2                  0.50               0.15             0.06
    TSP                   —                 0.30             0.20            II-class of GB3095-1996
                                                                                ―Ambient air quality
    PM10                  —                 0.15             0.10                     standard‖
    NO2                  0.24               0.12             0.08

(2) Surface water
Water quality of Xiaoqing River is evaluated based on the Class V of ―environmental
quality standards for surface water‖(GB3838-2002), seen in table 1-3.
Table 1-3 Criterion for surface water (unit:mg/l)
Evaluated
    factor COD        BOD5      NH3-N       TP                        Criterion source
      s

Standard                                                   ―environmental quality standards for surface
               40         10          2.0     0.4
  value                                                              water‖(GB3838-2002)


(3) Ground Water

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                                                 JNSTPP EAR

It is to be judged based on the Class III of ―Quality Standard for ground water‖
(GB/T14848-93), seen in table 1-4.
Table 1-4 Standard value for ground water (unit:mg/l, pH excluded)
                      Pollutants                                 III-category of (GB/T14848-93)
                         pH                                                    6.5-8.5
            Total rigidity CaCO3(mg/L)                                         ≤450
                    Sulfide (mg/L)                                             ≤250
                    CODm(mg/L)                                                  ≤3.0
                    Fluorid(mg/L)                                               ≤1.0
          Total bacteria number(mg/L)                                           ≤3.0
                 Chloride(mg/L)                                                ≤250
                    Nitrate(mg/L)                                               ≤20
                    Nitrite(mg/L)                                              ≤0.02
                    NH3-N(mg/L)                                                 ≤0.2

(4) Noise
Water network construction of JNSTPP is mainly along the Xiaoqinghe north Road, a
I-level main road, its traffic noise is to be judged based on 4-class of ―Standard of
environmental noise of urban area‖ (GB3096-93), 70dB(A) at daytime and 55dB(A) at
night; and the rest are to be judged based on 2-class criterion, 60dB(A) at daytime and
50dB(A) at night.
   1.2.4.2 Pollutants emission/effluent standards
(1) Noise
During Construction, construction noise is to be judged based on ―Noise limits for
construction site‖(GB12523-90), seen in table 1-5.
Table 1-5 Construction noise limits (unit: dB(A))
                                                                                         Noise limits
During construction                    Major noise sources
                                                                        Daytime                   Night
  Earth and rocks                  bulldozer、grab、trucks etc.             75                        55
       Piling                        All kinds of pile drivers            85              Construction forbidden
     Structure              Concrete mixer、muddler、electric saw           70                       55

West boundary of JNSTPP is near Beijing-Shanghai Railway, so its noise is to be
limited IV-class standard of ―Standard of noise at boundary of industrial enterprises‖
(GB12348-90), 70dB(A) at daytime and 55 dB(A) at night; and the other boundary
noise limited within II-class standard, 60dB(A) at daytime and 50 dB(A) at night.
(2) Exhaust emission
JNSTPP has three coal boilers, one sulfuration bed boiler. The first three were built in
1993, so its exhaust emission is to follow the I-period standard of ―Emission standard
of air pollutants for thermal power plant‖ (DB37/664-2007); and the sulfuration bed


                                                       9
                                                    JNSTPP EAR

boiler was built in 2003, so its exhaust emission is to follow II-period standard of the
above-mentioned criterion (GB13271-2001) according to Jinan EPB document
―Approval regarding 220t/h recycled sulfuration bed boiler‖, seen in table 1-6.
Table 1-6 Exhaust emission criterion for JNSTPP boilers
                  ―Emission standard of air pollutants for       ―Emission standard of air pollutants for thermal power
                 coal-burning oil-burning gas-fired boiler‖                     plant‖ DB37/664-2007
Pollutants
                       GB13271-2001        II-period                                   I-period
                                  mg/m3                                                 mg/m3
   SO2                             900                                                  1200
   NOx                              --                                                   800
   Dust                            120                                                   200

(3) Waste water
JNSTPP discharges its wastewater into Xiaoqing River directly. In December of 2006,
―Integrated discharged standard of water pollutant of Xiaoqing River basin in
Shandong Province‖ was issued, in which,
“All organizations who discharge wastewater into Xiaoqing River, except for city or
town wastewater treatment plant, should follow the relevant regulation in the Table 1
in terms of wastewater pollutants concentration, and also follow the regulations in
table 2, 3, or 4 according to phase”.
Hence, JNSTPP is to apply its wastewater in the above-mentioned criterion in the
important areas of DB37/656-2006, detailed values are list in table 1-7.
Table 1-7 Wastewater discharge standard (unit:mg/l, pH excluded)

                                                                                                          Volatile
  Pollutants        pH          SS        CODcr        Oil         Fluorid   Arsenic       Sulfide
                                                                                                      hydroxybenzene

Standard value    6.0-9.0       70         100          5            10         0.2           1              0.5


(4) Solid wastes
JNSTPP solid wastes are to follow ―Standard for pollution control on the storage and
disposal site for general industrial solid wastes‖ (GB18599-2001).




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                                                           JNSTPP EAR




              CHAPTER 2                   TECHNICAL FLOW AND EP STATUS

                                                                                  2.1 Technical Flow
     Crushed coal is sent to boilers for burning by coal transportation, to change chemistry
     energy into heat energy. Steam from boilers can push rotors of steamers to generate
     electricity. Power can be output by electrical wires, and other spare steam can provide
     users for heat after temperature and pressure decreased. Smoke out of boilers will emit
     through 150m high chimney after tri-electric-field static dust catcher. Steamer exhaust
     steam into condensers, and then send to boilers to reuse after cooling down, cooling
     water can be recycled after cooling tower. Current coal boilers and circular sulfuration
     bed boiler technical flow is shown in figure 2-1 and 2-2.

                                                                        2.2 Materials balance
     2.2.1 Raw and processed materials and auxiliary materials

     It is seen in table 2-1, 2-2 and 2-3.
     Table 2-1 Major energy and raw and processed materials
                                                                      Materials
    Item
                   No.1       No. 3     No.4     No.5        No.6            No.7          No.8         No.9           No.10
                             Diesel                                                                  Cycled-water
   Name            coal                water     HCL         NaOH          N2H4.H2O       H2SO4                     BTA/MBT
                               oil                                                                    stabilizer
                                                Remove
                                        Heat                                                                        Anti-erosion
                              Burn               salt &     Remove
  function       heating               energy                            deoxidization   Adjust pH   Block bilge     for copper
                             boiler              adjust       salts
                                       medium                                                                          tube
                                                  pH
                             Easy to
 Poisonous
                  Sulfur     explode    None      acid        OH-          N2H4.H2O        acid         None           None
components
                             & burn

   Active                    Liquid    Liquid
                 Gas-state                      Liquid       Liquid                       Liquid                    Solid/liquid
components                    state     state                             Liquid state               Liquid state
                                                 state       state                         state                       state
 Poisonous
                  1.8%        ——        ——       30%         30%             40%          92.5%         ——          ——/12.5%
concentration
 Unit price
                   500        5918       4        700         840            16000         720          12900          5400
  (Yuan/t)
transportation     truck     tanker     pipe     tanker      tanker          truck        tanker        truck          truck
                                       Water                 Alkali
   storage       Coal site   Oil pot            Acid pot                    bucket       Acid pot       bucket        bucket
                                        tank                  pot
   Interior
                   belt       pipe      pipe      pipe        pipe            pipe         pipe          pipe          pipe
  transmit




                                                                11
                                                          JNSTPP EAR




Figure 2-1 Coal boilers production technical flow chart




                                                              12
                                                                    JNSTPP EAR




Figure 2-2 circular sulfuration bed boiler production technical flow chart




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                                                  JNSTPP EAR


Table 2-2 Major energy and raw materials during 2002~2006
                                                      Annual consumption
Energy & raw
  materials
                                      In 2002        In 2003        In 2004       In 2005      In 2006

    Coal                  ×104 t/a    28.0061        30.8896       34.0812        39.2576      36.9964

   Water                  ×104 t/a    267.8815       246.3559      269.1396      292.0643      322.16

 electricity          ×104kwh          5.346          73.788         2.31         19.932        23.89

 Diesel oil               ×104 t/a     111.98          85.1         178.76        150.38       154.75

    HCl                   ×104 t/a    2741.99        2676.74       2264.81        2568.19      2754.11

   NaOH                   ×104 t/a    2192.57        2365.06       1987.36        1987.1       1964.35


 N2H4.H2O                 ×104 t/a       15            15             14            14           13


   H2SO4                  ×104 t/a      1823          1456           1325          1426         1756


 Stabilizer               ×104 t/a      162            153           151            149         142


 BTA/MBT                  ×104 t/a    BTA:16        BTA:16        MBT:82         MBT:82.5     MBT:81.7


Table 2-3 Products amount during 2002~2006 at JNSTTP
                                                                 Annual output
               products
                                      In 2002        In 2003        In 2004       In 2005      In 2006
    Heat supply amount (GJ)           2966035        3288674       3343168        3722197      3863452
 Electricity amount (×104KWh)         15582.3        14937.7       15487.8        12296.4      10967.0
Ratio between heat and electricity
                                       528.7          611.6          599.6         840.9        978.6
            (%)

Table 2-4 Recent five-year coal analysis results at JNSTPP
                        Coal         Low-level
                                                       Ash           Water        Volatile      Sulfur
   Year              consumption     Heat value
                                                    percentage     percentage    percentage   percentage
                       ×104 t/a      (MJ/KG)
   2002                   28.0061      19.798          28%            6%           18%          1.58%
   2003                   30.8896      19.858          31%            8%           14%          1.6%
   2004                   34.0812      18.573          35%            8%           15%          1.4%
   2005                   39.2576      18.334          32%            8%            6%          1.5%
   2006                   36.9964      19.691          31%            7%            5%          1.5%


2.2.2 Materials Balance

(1) Sulfur balance
Seen in figure 2-3 and 2-4.




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                                            JNSTPP EAR



                                                         gas:19.3
  36.9 coal)
                          Boiler
                                                         Boiler ash:11.6



                                                         Boiler slag:6.0


Figure 2-4 Sulfur balance (before desulfurizing establishment installed) unit:t/d

                                                                      gas:11.8
   36.9(raw coal)
                                   Boiler
                                                                      Desulfurizing gesso:6.5



                                                                      Boiler slag:17.6


Figure 2-5 Sulfur balance (after desulfurizing establishment installed) unit:t/d
After coal boilers installed double-alkali to desulfurizing, SO2 amount is greatly
reduced.
(2) Water balance
In recent five years, water consumption keeps same since no units change. Fresh water
usage is about 7.2×104m3 annually, wastewater mainly come form acid-alkali
treatment, cooling tower, boilers washing, washing ash and slag, and domestic sewage.
pH of wastewater from acid-alkali treatment and boilers washing exceed standard
severely, and are to be neutralized before discharging into wastewater tank with
wastewater from cooling tower, most of them are used for washing ash and slag, very
few are discharged into interior sewers, eventually into Xiaoqing River. Domestic
wastewater is discharging into Xiaoqing River after septic tank. JNSTPP water balance
in 2006 is shown in figure 2-6.

     2.3 Major pollutants and treatment condition
2.3.1 Exhaust emission

    2.3.1.1 Boilers gas
JNSTPP has three 130t/h coal boilers and one 220t/h circular sulfuration bed boiler, the
former adopts tri-electric-field static dust catcher, and the latter adopts mixture of coal
and limestone and four-electric-field static dust catcher. The four boilers use one
chimney, 150m high.
The tri-electric-field dust catcher and four-electric-field static dust catcher are shown
as follows. The major pollutants in recent five-year at JNSTPP are list in table 2-5, 2-6.

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                                                                               JNSTPP EAR

                                                            Emission 7.5(26)


                                                                                             supply steam 42(168)

                                                                                                      Emission from boiler 0.5(3)

                        52(205)                                                              Internal steam use 50(200)

                                     Chemical water treatment              boilers                                     Cooling
                                                                                                                       condenser
                                                                                              Colling water48(192)

           118(347)
Tapwater
                                        Vaporation loss
                                        58(125)
                                                                             Cooling equipment                       Loss 3(7)
                                                                                                                                                    9.2(31.2)
                                                                                                                                                    Dischanring
                                    Cooling tower                                     3597
                                                                                                                                                    Into Xiaoqing
                                                                                     (7747)
                                                         3600(7754)                                                                                 River
                                                                                                                 4(11)
                                                                                                                                      loss
                                                                                               7(17)           Washing slag

                                                                            antifiltration
                                                                                                                     3(6)
                                                                                                                                             loss
                                       Loss 0.8                                                                Coal carrying system
                                                                                             4(9)

                          2                                 discharge1.2

                                  Domestic water




   Figure 2-6 Water balance at JNSTPP




                                                                                      16
                                              JNSTPP EAR




Tri-electric-field static dust catcher                     four-electric-field static dust catcher
Table 2-5 Major air pollutants in recent five-year at JNSTPP (t/a)
                Pollutants                               SO2            NO2             Dust
                      Annual amount                      2872           251.2            251
   In 2002
                    Total amount target                  2872             --             419
                      Annual amount                      2872           250.5            251
   In 2003
                    Total amount target                  2872             --             413
                      Annual amount                     10338            251            912.2
   In 2004
                    Total amount target                  2200             -              407
                      Annual amount                      7299            531            821.9
   In 2005
                    Total amount target                  5604             --             363
                      Annual amount                    5790.81         528.97          738.81
   In 2006
                    Total amount target                  4878             --             384

Table2-6 boiler gas monitoring result during 2002~2006
Year                Major pollutants                        Gas amount(m3/h) concentration(mg/m3)
                                       SO2                                            1146
       2002                                                      257219
                                       dust                                           133.6
                                       SO2                                            1262
       2003                            dust                      257219                95
                                       NO2                                             506
                                       SO2                                            4870
       2004                            dust                      288872                136
                                       NO2                                             317
                                       SO2                                            4398
       2005                            dust                      233594                261
                                       NO2                                             365
                                       SO2                                            3691
       2006                            dust                      16573.88              414
                                       NO2                                             384

From table 2-6, it can be known that except for concentration of NOx, dust and SO2
cannot meet pertinent criterions, and the amount of dust, NOx, and SO2 respectively,

                                                  17
                                          JNSTPP EAR


are 738.81t/a, 5790.81t/a and 528.97t/a, in which dust and SO2 amount both surpass
the target in document [2006]No. 183 ―Jinan City EPB Notice regarding major
pollutants amount control plan during the next five-year‖.
In 2006, the total amount of SO2 in Jinan City is about 72833t/a, and JNSTPP
contributed 5790.81t/a, accounting for 8%.
     2.3.1.2 Unorganized emission
(1) At coal storage site
JNSTPP consumes coal over 30×104t annually, its fuel mainly come from Zhangqiu
of Shandong, Shanxi, Hebei by railways and road as auxiliary choice for
transportation. It has its own railway connecting with Likou train station for internal
transportation. Fuel storage site was designed for meeting coal need of 5×130t/h
boilers, and special unload truck for coal unloading. The coal storage site is at
northwest of JNSTPP, total 30×104t annually, land coverage 1×104m2, and its total
storage volume 5×104t that can meet 15~20 days coal need.
(2) Production lines
According to monitoring result during 2002~2006, industrial dust concentration at
each monitoring location is lower than 10mg/m3, meeting the requirement in table 4
of ―Industrial enterprises design sanitation standard‖ (TJ36-79). Detailed results are
shown in table 2-7~2-11.
Table 2-7 Monitoring result at production lines in 2002
                                                           concentration(mg/Nm3)
No
        Sampling location    Dust type       1st-quarter   2nd-quarter   3rd-quarter   4th-quarter
 .                                                 th         th            th
                                            (25 Mar.) (10 June) (20 Sep.) (5th Nov.)
1    No.1-1 coal mill        Coal dust             2.4        5.0           4.5           5.0
2    No.1-2 coal mill        Coal dust             3.0        4.0           4.0           4.0
3    No.2 coal feeder        Coal dust             2.0        4.5           4.0           5.0
                            Powder coal
4    No.2 platform 14m                             4.0        3.0           2.5
                               +dust                                                      3.0
5    No.3-2 coal feeder      Coal dust             2.0        2.0           2.5           2.0
                            Powder coal
6    No.3 platform 14m                             3.0        7.5           4.5
                               +dust                                                      4.5
7    No.1 belt               Coal dust             2.5        4.0           5.0           4.0
     Between No.2 &3        Powder coal
8                                                  2.0        2.0           3.5
     boilers                   +dust                                                      3.5
9    No.4 belt               Coal dust             3.0        9.0           5.0           4.5
10   No.3 belt               Coal dust             3.5        8.0           5.0           5.0
11   Fragment mill           Coal dust             2.0        3.0           5.0           3.0




                                              18
                                                JNSTPP EAR


Table 2-8 Monitoring result at production lines in 2003
                                                                    concentration(mg/Nm3)
                                                         st
No.      Sampling location          Dust type        1 -quarter     2nd-quarter   3rd-quarter      4th-quarter
                                                    (22th Mar.)        st
                                                                    (1 June) (2nd Sep.)           (22nd Nov.)
 1    No.1-1 coal mill             Coal dust            2.3              4.9          4.4              4.6
 2    No.1-2 coal mill             Coal dust            2.7              3.7          3.9              3.9
 3    No.2 coal feeder             Coal dust            1.9              4.4          3.9              4.8
 4    No.2 platform 14m         Powder coal +dust       3.8              2.8          2.4              2.9
 5    No.3-2 coal feeder           Coal dust            1.9              1.9          2.4              1.9
 6    No.3 platform 14m         Powder coal +dust       2.9              7.4          4.4              4.4
 7    No.1 belt                    Coal dust            2.4              3.5          4.8              3.9
 8    Between No.2 &3 boilers   Powder coal +dust       1.9              1.9          3.4              3.4
 9    No.4 belt                    Coal dust            2.8              8.3          4.9              4.4
10    No.3 belt                    Coal dust            3.4              7.9          4.2              4.9
11    Fragment mill                Coal dust            1.8              2.8          4.9              2.7

Table 2-9 Monitoring result at production lines in 2004
                                                                     concentration(mg/Nm3)
                                                         st
No.      Sampling location          Dust type        1 -quarter      2nd-quarter   3rd-quarter       4th-quarter
                                                    (25th Mar.)          th
                                                                    (10 June) (20th Sep.)           (5th Nov.)
 1    No.1-1 coal mill             Coal dust            2.3               4.8          4.3               4.8
 2    No.1-2 coal mill             Coal dust            2.9               3.8          3.8               3.8
 3    No.2 coal feeder             Coal dust            1.9               4.3          3.8               4.8
 4    No.2 platform 14m         Powder coal +dust       3.8               2.9          2.4               2.9
 5    No.3-2 coal feeder           Coal dust            1.9               1.9          2.4               1.9
 6    No.3 platform 14m         Powder coal +dust       2.9               7.1          4.3               4.3
 7    No.1 belt                    Coal dust            2.4               3.8          4.8               3.8
 8    Between No.2 &3 boilers   Powder coal +dust       1.9               1.9          3.3               3.3
 9    No.4 belt                    Coal dust            2.9               8.6          4.8               4.3
10    No.3 belt                    Coal dust            3.3               7.6          4.8               4.8
11    Fragment mill                Coal dust            1.9               2.9          4.8               2.9

Table 2-10 Monitoring result at production lines in 2005
                                                                     concentration(mg/Nm3)
No.      Sampling location          Dust type        1st-quarter     2nd-quarter    3rd-quarter      4th-quarter
                                                    (20th Mar.)     (12th June)    (22th Sep.)      (8th Nov.)
1     No.1-1 coal mill              Coal dust                 2.2       4.6            4.1              4.6
2     No.1-2 coal mill              Coal dust                 2.8       3.7            3.7              3.7
3     No.2 coal feeder              Coal dust                 1.8       4.1            3.7              4.6
4     No.2 platform 14m         Powder coal +dust             3.7       2.8            2.3              2.8
5     No.3-2 coal feeder            Coal dust                 1.8       1.8            2.3              1.8
6     No.3 platform 14m         Powder coal +dust             2.8       6.9            4.1              4.1
7     No.1 belt                     Coal dust                 2.3       3.7            4.6              3.7
8     Between No.2 &3 boilers   Powder coal +dust             1.8       1.8            3.2              3.2
9     No.4 belt                     Coal dust                 2.8       8.3            4.6              4.1
10    No.3 belt                     Coal dust                 3.2       7.4            4.6              4.6
11    Fragment mill                 Coal dust                 1.8       2.8            4.6              2.8




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                                                     JNSTPP EAR


Table 2-11 Monitoring result at production lines in 2006
                                                                                 concentration(mg/Nm3)
No.       Sampling location             Dust type             1st-quarter     2nd-quarter    3rd-quarter    4th-quarter
                                                             (5th Mar.)      (15th June)    (25th Sep.)    (6th Nov.)
1      No.1-1 coal mill                  Coal dust                2.0               4.3         3.8               4.3
2      No.1-2 coal mill                  Coal dust                2.6               3.4         3.4               3.4
3      No.2 coal feeder                  Coal dust                1.7               3.8         3.4               4.3
4      No.2 platform 14m            Powder coal +dust             3.4               2.6         2.1               2.6
5      No.3-2 coal feeder                Coal dust                1.7               1.7         2.1               1.7
6      No.3 platform 14m            Powder coal +dust             2.6               6.4         3.8               3.8
7      No.1 belt                         Coal dust                2.1               3.4         4.3               3.4
8      Between No.2 &3 boilers      Powder coal +dust             1.7               1.7         3.0               3.0
9      No.4 belt                         Coal dust                2.6               7.7         4.3               3.8
10     No.3 belt                         Coal dust                3.0               6.8         4.3               4.3
11     Fragment mill                     Coal dust                1.7               2.6         4.3               2.6


2.3.2 wastewater

At JNSTPP, its wastewater mainly come form acid-alkali treatment, cooling tower,
boilers washing, washing ash and slag, and domestic sewage. pH of wastewater from
acid-alkali treatment and boilers washing exceed standard severely, and are to be
neutralized before discharging into wastewater tank with wastewater from cooling
tower, most of them are used for washing ash and slag, very few are discharged into
interior sewers, eventually into Xiaoqing River. Domestic wastewater is discharging
into Xiaoqing River after septic tank.
Monitoring data during 2002~2006 from Jinan environmental monitoring station is
shown in table 2-12, and 2-13.
Table 2-12         Wastewater condition at JNSTPP (unit: mg/l pH excluded)
                   Annual total wastewater
                                                 pH               COD               SS        氨氮           石油类
                          Amount
 In 2002                17625m3/a                8.5               130              80.1       3.2         1.0
 In 2003                17690 m3/a               8.1               120              78.5       3.1         1.5
 In 2004                19120 m3/a               7.9               100              60.1       2.2         1.3
 In 2005               189120 m3/a               8.0               82.1             52.3       1.2         1.2
 In 2006               186900 m3/a               8.2              77.25             45.5      0.822        0.65
 Standard                                        6-9               150              200        25           10

Table 2-13           Pollutants of wastewater at JNSTPP                     (t/a)
                   Annual total wastewater
                                                     COD                    SS               氨氮            石油类
                          Amount
    In 2002             17625m3/a                     2.29                  1.41             0.06          0.02
    In 2003             17690 m3/a                    2.12                  1.39             0.05          0.03
    In 2004             19120 m3/a                    1.91                  1.15             0.04          0.02
    In 2005            189120 m3/a                   15.53                  9.89             0.23          0.23
    In 2006            186900 m3/a                   14.44                  8.50             0.15          0.12

From above result, it is to know that wastewater can meet second-category standard of

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                                                 JNSTPP EAR


―integrated wastewater discharge standard‖ (GB8978-1996).

2.3.3 Noise

(1) Major noise sources
Seen in table 2-14.
Table 2-14 major noise sources
No.               Equipments               Noise level                Treatment measures
                                             dB(A)
  1                 Boilers                    86            indoor/noise elimination and separation
  2                  fan                      104           Noise elimination and vibration reduction
  3                Coal mill                  105                  Indoor/vibration reduction
  4                    steamer                  98                 Indoor/vibration reduction
  5            Power generators                 98                 Indoor/vibration reduction
  6                    exciter                  95                 Indoor/vibration reduction
  7               Water pump                    97           indoor/noise elimination and separation
  8              Cooling tower                  85                              --
  9                Air pump                    104                     Noise elimination
 10                blowtorch                   126                              --
 11         Boiler exhaust emission            126                              --

(2) Noise condition
All above noise equipment have adopted corresponding measures to minimize impact
on local residents.
During 2002~2006, Jinan environmental monitoring station has monitored boundary
noise level, and results show that east boundary noise can meet II-class standard of
―Standard of noise at boundary of industrial enterprises‖ (GB12348-90), and west
near railway also can meet Ⅳ-class standard. Detailed monitoring data is list in table
2-15~2-19.
Table 2-15         Boundary noise monitoring result in 2002
                                         At daytime                               At night
 Monitoring location
                            Monitoring result     Standard value   Monitoring result     Standard value
       East boundar              53.1                  60               49.1                  50
      West boundary              58.0                  70               51.2                  55
      South boundary             53.0                  60               49.5                  50
      North boundary             50.9                  60               49.2                  50

Table 2-16         Boundary noise monitoring result in 2003
                                         At daytime                               At night
 Monitoring location
                            Monitoring result     Standard value   Monitoring result     Standard value
       East boundar              51.4                  60               49.3                  50
      West boundary              57.5                  70               52.3                  55
      South boundary             52.3                  60               49.1                  50
      North boundary             50.2                  60               49.5                  50


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                                                JNSTPP EAR




Table 2-17       Boundary noise monitoring result in 2004
                                       At daytime                                  At night
 Monitoring location
                          Monitoring result     Standard value      Monitoring result     Standard value
    East boundar               51.6                  60                  49.6                  50
   West boundary               63.2                  70                  52.6                  55
   South boundary              53.1                  60                  49.3                  50
   North boundary              50.9                  60                  49.5                  50

Table 2-18       Boundary noise monitoring result in 2005
                                       At daytime                                  At night
 Monitoring location
                          Monitoring result     Standard value      Monitoring result     Standard value
    East boundar               50.9                  60                  49.5                  50
   West boundary               64.0                  70                  53.2                  55
   South boundary              54.2                  60                  48.9                  50
   North boundary              51.1                  60                  49.0                  50

Table 2-19       Boundary noise monitoring result in 2006
                                       At daytime                                  At night
 Monitoring location
                          Monitoring result     Standard value      Monitoring result     Standard value
    East boundar               50.2                  60                  49.3                  50
   West boundary               63.9                  70                  53.1                  55
   South boundary              54.1                  60                  48.8                  50
   North boundary              51.0                  60                  49.1                  50


2.3.4 Solid wastes

Solid wastes of JNSTPP is slag out of boilers, total amount 117280t annually, and
utilized by its under company to deal with. Three means are adopted as follows:
(1) To send to internal shatter coal and ash plant to mix with white lime to produce
cement, production capacity about 20×104t.
(2) JNSTPP has ash water tank about 3×104m3 with closed-circulation without
discharging, slag can be sent to the tank first, then to Jinan Renhe new-typed
construction materials company for reutilization.
In recent five-year, solid wastes of JNSTPP reutilization condition can be known from
table 2-20. And ash storage house is shown in following photo.
Table 2-20 Solid wastes at JNSTPP reutilization condition
                                     Slag amount          Reutilization     Reutilization
 Solid wastes           year                                                                      means
                                       (t/a)             amount(t/a)      percentage(%)
                       In 2002         11.7 万                11.7                100
                       In 2003            12                  12                 100
                                                                                               Construction
     slag              In 2004            13                  13                 100
                                                                                                materials
                       In 2005            12                  12                 100
                       In 2006            12                  12                 100



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                                      JNSTPP EAR




2.4 Current environmental issues and proposed
                                     measures
2.4.1 Current environmental issues

(1) Current SO2 concentration and amount from boilers‘ chimney cannot meet
pertinent requirement.
(2) Loose management, for example, switchboard cabinet cannot keep closed timely
and so on.
(3) JNSTPP has three coal boilers, and it has two kinds of means to remove ash by
water and air pumping. It has to prepare hydraulic removing ash site while air system
in disorder condition, which may cause severe environmental problems in summer dry
days. JNSTPP is setting out reconstruction for air pumping to transport ash, and will
all adopt dry means to remove ash.
(4) The environment of coal storage site is poor, especially in dry days, a large amount
of dust produced, so it is necessary to install sprinkling water equipment.

2.4.2 proposed measures

(1) In order to meet standard, JNSTPP is going to install desulfurizing equipment at
three coal boilers, to choose Na-Ca double alkali technique, and using limestone as
major desulfurizing detergent, NaOH as assistant detergent. Scale formation will not
occur due to using NaOH as absorbent, operation safe and reliable. Moreover, the
reaction speed between NaOH and SO2 is faster than that between Ca(OH)2 and SO2,
so it can reach high desulfurizing ratio under low liquid-gas ratio. This project is
under construction, and assuming complete by the end of this year. After above

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                                       JNSTPP EAR


measures, concentration of dust and SO2 will meet requirement of I-period of
―Emission standard of air pollutants for thermal power plant‖ (DB37/664-2007).
Double alkali tower is shown in following photo.
(2) JNSTPP should reinforce in management, to enhance ash site management,
especially at dry days, to use sprinkling water to deal with, meanwhile, it should
fastening pace to finish air-pumping ash system for three boilers to remove internal
ash as soon as possible, furthermore, it should sprinkle water at coal storage site at
poor days.




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                                                                                                            JNSTPP EAR



                             CHAPTER 3                                                  ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
                                                                                   AND MONITORING

                           3.1 Environmental management organization
3.1.1 Internal EMO

In order to advance environmental management standardization, to determine duties,
requirement and proceed, so to control pollution effectively, to ensure all pollutants to
meet pertinent criterions, JNSTPP has set up an environmental management system in
which plant director is a team leader, and vice-plant director is responsible for details,
taking production sector as major EMO, and establishing monitoring station at
running sector. Each sectors of plant will coordinate with each other to be responsible
for environmental management work. Appointed environmental engineer and plant
monitoring station will be responsible for implementation of EMP. Seen in following
figure 3-1.


                                                                                   Plant director


                                                     direct                                                  report


                                                                                   Leader in charge



                                                          direct                                               report
                                                                                                                                                Coordinate
 Senior engineers office




                                                                                                                 Financial sector




                                                                                                                                                                                  Accommodating sector
                                                                                                                                    Co.
                                                                                                                                    Group Co.




                                                                                                                                                   Train center




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Running sector
                               Construction sector




                                                              Safety supervision



                                                                                        Production sector




                                                                                                                                                                  Envir. Monitoring station



Figure 3-1 Internal EMO structure in JNSTPP

                                                                                                                   25
                                       JNSTPP EAR



3.1.2 Environmental management duty and responsibility

(1) Plant director is the head of team, to be responsible for legal duty;
(2) Vice-director and General senior engineer are to carry out national, industrial, and
    local environmental laws, regulations and orders, to strictly implement ―three
    contemporary‖. They are to periodically call for team meeting, summarize
    environmental protection work, and also to map out environmental protection plan.
    They also will examine pollution treatment plan in details, check coal slag and
    crushed coal reutilization, to direct and coordinate relevant sectors in JNSTPP.
(3) Vice-general senior engineer directs and examine implementation of national
    policy, regulations and orders, to technically check EPMs and program, to
    supervise environmental establishments running and maintenance, to check and
    accept examination and repairing. He is also to coordinate each sector‘s duty and
    tasks, and to bring forth detailed suggestion.
(4) Production sector is to carry out national, industrial, and local environmental laws,
    regulations and orders, and identify and evaluate. Under the leadership of the team,
    it is to organize, coordinate internal environmental protection supervision
    management, and to map out long-term EP plan, yearly EP plan, and
    environmental monitoring periodical plan, and also responsible for these plans‘
    implementation. It is responsible for environmental establishments running and
    maintenance, to pay attention to deal with dust, noise. To participate all EPMs‘
    stipulation, approval, and examination, to supervise ―three contemporary‖.
    Following ―Thermal power industry environmental monitoring management
    regulation‖, and ―Thermal power plant environmental monitoring technical
    regulation‖, to examine, supervise and direct daily EP works. To build and perfect
    EP files, and to learn all reutilization condition, and to check EP special fund
    status; and to assist investigation of pollution accidents and conflicts. To organize
    new projects monitoring study and train, and carry out new projects‘ monitoring.
(5) Senior engineers office is responsible for pollution accidents and conflicts
    investigation and dealing, to write accidents report.
(6) Construction office is in charge of design, construction, test and examination of
    new environmental treatment project. And also to be responsible for full-course
    management of ―three-contemporary‖ of new, enlarging and reconstruction
    project.
(7) Running sector is responsible for environmental establishments running, to set up
    healthy environmental establishments running rules. To submit full-time employee
    at ash site on-duty, for daily management of reutilization at ash. To responsible for
    environmental establishments running statistical work.
(8) Safety sector is responsible for safety of environmental establishments running,
    pollution treatment and reutilization, and for heavy pollution accidents survey,

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                                       JNSTPP EAR


   analysis and dealing.
(9) Financial sector is to ensure environmental protection special fund implemented.
(10) Planning sector is to determine coal consumption plan and find low-sulfur coal
    source, to supervise coal quality and coal storage site.
(11) Training center is to organize relevant employee to learn environmental
    knowledge and consciousness.
(12) Administration sector is responsible for environmental information and
    knowledge education.

                     3.2 Environmental Monitoring Plan
Jinan environmental monitoring station and internal monitoring station will undertake
the task of monitoring, meantime, smoke on-line monitoring system installed on
reconstructed units‘ boilers.

3.2.1 EPB On-line monitoring

Shandong Province is mainly based on coal to generate power, among over 4000×
104 kW power volume, 99% units are thermal power plants, which cause severe SO2
pollution while it provide and ensure whole province power supply. According to
Shandong EPB requirement, smoke on-line monitoring establishment should be
installed at each thermal power plant to supervise and manage air pollution. All
on-line monitoring data will be sent to environmental auto-monitoring center as basis
of environmental management.
Smoke on-line monitoring equipment was installed on units in October 2003, and it is
to strictly follow ―Smoke emission continuously monitoring technical regulation for
thermal power plant‖ (HJ/T75-2001).
Monitoring equipment: NSA-3080 smoke tunnel gas emission continuous analyzer
Monitoring method: Non-sporadic Infrared Spectrophotometer
In 2006, the concentration of SO2 is in the range of 3007~4212mg/m3,unable to
meet III-phase standard of DB37/664-2007.

3.2.2 Jinan Environmental Monitoring Station Routine task

In order to fully learn pollution condition, JNSTPP has entrusted Jinan city
environmental monitoring station to monitor its boilers emission, ash water and noise.
     3.2.2.1 Wastewater monitoring
(1) Locations, items and methods
At outlet of wastewater at ashsite, one monitoring points is set up.

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                                              JNSTPP EAR


Monitoring parameters: pH, COD, SS, NH3-N, F-, and As.
To adopt methods recommended in ―Surface water quality standard‖ and ―water and
wastewater monitoring and analysis methods‖, details shown in table 3-1.
Table 3-1 Surface water monitoring method

 Monitoring                                                                                  Lowest limit
                            Analysis method                        Method source
 parameters                                                                                     (mg/L)

    pH                      Glass electrode                       GB/T69201986                0.1 pH

   COD                        dichromate                         GB/T119141989                  10

    SS                          Weight                            GB/T119011989                  4

   NH3-N                   Spetrophotometer                         GB/T7479-87                 0.05

     F-                  F- Spectrophotometer                       GB 7483-87                  0.05

                 Automatic continuous atomic absorption    water and wastewater monitoring
    As                                                                                         0.0001
                            spectral analysis                    and analysis methods

(2) Monitoring time and frequency
To commit Jinan environmental monitoring station to monitor once at each year, and
choose two normal workdays to sample six times for wastewater at outlet, sampling
time is set at 7:00am, 11:00am, 14:00pm, 17:00pm, 20:00pm, 22:00pm.
(3) Criterions
It will conform to 2-class, table 4 standard of ―Integrated wastewater discharge
standard‖ (GB8978-2996), details seen in table 1-5.
     3.2.2.2 Noise monitoring
(1) Location
Under normal condition, it is to monitor noise at 1m away from the four boundaries of
the plant.
(2) Time and frequency
One day a year for daytime and nighttime, monitoring time can be set at 10:00am and
22:00pm.
(3) Monitoring parameters, method and equipment
①Parameter: continuous equal effect A-level, Leq.
②Method: to conform to relevant regulation of ―Industrial enterprise boundary noise
monitoring method (GB12349-90)‖.
③Equipment: HS5670 sound-level meter.
(4) Criterions
The noise at west boundary conforms to IV-class standard ―Industrial enterprise

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                                                 JNSTPP EAR


boundary noise monitoring method (GB12349-90)‖, 70dB(A) at daytime and 55dB(A)
at night; and at other boundaries, II-class standard, 60dB(A) at daytime and 50dB(A)
at night.

3.2.3 Internal monitoring

(1) Major responsibility and duty
Internal monitoring station is to monitor pollutants concentration to the environment,
work environmental noise, and dust, also to periodically maintain and check
equipments. It is to take part in environmental accidents survey and pollution control
work; and to perfect all regulations and environmental monitoring files. It is to
evaluate environmental quality, and to finish temporary environmental monitoring
tasks assigned by the above sector. Its main apparatus are list in table 3-2.
Table 3-2 Major apparatus at internal monitoring station

   No.           Apparatus or equipment name                     Model        Purpose

    1                Electrical analysis scale                  BS210S        weight

    2          COD constant temperature heater                TH-12 model      COD

    3                   Spectrophotometer                      752 model     monitoring

    4                          Acid                           PHS-3C model      pH

    5         Electrical constant temperature dryer              CS202          dry

    6                      Ion activator                        PXS--215     monitoring

    7       Smoke continuous monitoring equipment                  --        monitoring

    8                   Noise level meter                  AWA6218 model       noise

    9                Oil concentration meter                   CMA-220       monitoring

   10                 Coal quality analyzer                       ――          For coal

   11                Other regular equipments                      --            --

(2)Monitoring plan
Seen in table 3-3.




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                                              JNSTPP EAR


Table 3-3 JNSTPP environmental monitoring plan
                                                                                                Cost
                                                                                Implemen
No   Factor        Locations         Parameters             Frequency           ter/supervi      (×
                                                                                     sor      104Yuan/a
                                                                                                  )

 1   Exhau      at chimney exit         SO2              Daily continuous                        2
     st gas
                                                                                   Jinan
 1   Exhau      at chimney exit     SO2、dust、      A day /term, one term/year   environme        2
     st gas                            NO2                                          ntal
                                    pH、COD、                                     monitorin
 2   Waste     Outlet at ash site   SS、NH3-N、             Two days/term,             g           2
     water                            F-、As                one-term/year        station/Jin
                                                                                  an EPB
                1m away from                           Once at day and night
 3   Noise      plant boundary          Leq                  /quarter                            1

               To set one
               monitoring point                  Once/ten-day except As
     Waste     at outlet of          pH、SS、     once/month, recycled water
                                              -
 1   water     Xiaoqing River       COD、oil、 、
                                            F        one-term/month,
                                                                                 Internal        4
               and ash site, and    As、S2-、etc        two-days/term
                                                                                monitorin
               monitoring                                                            g
               recycled water.                                                  station/Jin
                                                                                  an EPB
     Interio   Names, amounts,
 2     r of     and destination     Once/month           Interior of plant                       0.5
      plant




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                                      JNSTPP EAR



                        Chapter 4          Safety And Health

                                                   4.1 Sector in charge
Safety is the priority task of power plant. JNSTPP has achieved that employees work
safely, establishments run normally, in the course of produce electricity, by means of
quality and safety management system, to prevent vocational disease occurrence, and
to ensure staffs healthy and equipment safe.

4.1.1 Safety duty

Plant director is the first principal of safety during production, is to define safety
target, and decision making, and also provide resources insurance for target and
decision. The leader who is in charge is responsible for safety within the scope of his
duty, and for carrying out safe production work objectives, and responsible for the
plant director.
Safety and supervision sector is the major management department for safe and
civilized production. Under the leadership of the leader who is in charge, and
vice-senior engineer, and to supervise whole plant safety, and to map out technology
and labor insurance measures, also to examine implementation of counter-accidents
measures.
Production sector is to stipulate counter-accidents measures and implement, and in
charge of maintenance, improvement plan, and investment plan, and plan writing-up,
reporting, under the leadership of plant director, vice-production director (or senior
engineer).
Examination and maintenance sector is responsible for safety management in the
course of establishment check-up, maintenance. Operation sector is in charge of safety
during generating power; and Heat-power Company is in charge of safety during heat
supply.

4.1.2 Employees health duty

Personnel sector determines staffs who work on danger, poisonous position, and
timely adjust those who are ill-suited for these positions, and maneuver vocational
illness off their poisonous positions.
Health center is in charge of employees‘ health, and its underlying vocational disease
office in charge of employee vocational disease prevention, supervision, and etc.
Safety and supervision sector is responsible for activities that may impact employees‘
health, and bring forth measures to correct.
Health center assists vocational disease office to train employees to know about

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vocational disease knowledge.

             4.2 Safety target, education training and
                                             measures
4.2.1 Safety control target

Under leadership of plant director, three-level safety network which includes plant
safety supervisor, sector safety staff, and team or class safety staff comes into being.
Each level staff controls their own safety target, to supervise whole production course
so to arrive at:
(1) Team or class controls abortive action and abnormal case, to avoid light injury and
    hindrance;
(2) Sector controls light injury and hindrance to avoid severe injury and accidents;
(3) Plant controls severe injury and accident to avoid death, large damage of
    establishment and power network accident.

4.2.2 Safety education and training

(1) Safety and supervision sector map out annual safety training plan, after senior
engineer‘s approval and send to education training center to publicize, and each sector
will carry it out.
(2) Based on different position and level, to educate production staff about safe
technology and safety knowledge.
(3) For new on-duty staff, to ask them to fill out ―three-level safety education card‖ to
let them know ―three-level safety knowledge‖, and let them wait till passing the test.
(4) In each winter training, to have a ―safety rules test‖ to overall plant, and to
maintenance staff to have a test as well before large-scaled examination.
(5) Particular workers (craneman, driver, high-pressure welder) should have training
and qualified for the position according to ―Particular work safety management
standard‖.

4.2.3 Safety prevention measures

(1) To prevent electric shock accidents
It is necessary to put on insulative gloves when contacting electric equipment, and to
use security switch when using electric machines, to wear insulative shoes when
entering electric field, and examining power when electric establishment pause for
check-up, and to use spotlight while working at hearth and container, and use

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                                        JNSTPP EAR


insulated pole while hanging or taking out switch.
(2) To prevent personal casualty
It is necessary to wear plain glass spectacles when using grinding wheel to work and
checking hearth, to wear anti-ultraviolet radiation glasses when welding pipe parts,
and to wear sunglasses while gas welding and cutting, and to wear earplug at
high-noise sites.
(3) To prevent falling down and object dropping
While entering site for maintenance, it is necessary to wear safety helmet, and to hang
safety notice, to use safety equipment.
(4) To prevent dust pollution and silicosis
To wear protection veil while contact coal dust, and wear dustproof mask while
contact smoke.
(5) To prevent acid, alkali, poison, static, high temperature burning, and to prevent
sundries from dropping into equipment to destroy it.
While contact poison, dangerous materials, it is necessary to wear poison-proof mask,
and wear oil or acid resistant boots or gloves while working at oil tank or acid pot;
and to wear static-proof clothes while checking at hydrogen-making station; and to
wear heat-proof asbestos gloves and heat-proof clothes while contacting
high-temperature objects; and to wear cloth-knots clothes while entering generator
and cylinder.
(6) To prevent flood
To distribute rain boots, raincoat, plastic clothing, woven bag, diving pump with tube,
shovel, and explosion-proof flashlight, so on tools.
(7) To prevent frozen stiff
Before winter coming, to check if equipment is frozen proof with heat company, and
repair breakage to prepare establishment for anti-frozen.

                                         4.3 Staff health insurance
(1) To zealously work on vocational disease prevention
Employees, who work on poisonous position, should use preventive articles in right
way, and safety and supervision sector check their implementation.
Vocational disease prevention office is responsible for stipulating knowledge training
regarding how to prevent vocational disease, and education and training center carry it
out.
(2) To monitor worksites periodically


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                                       JNSTPP EAR


Operation sector monitor dust, noise, and environmental temperature at each quarter,
and report results to safety sector and production sector.
Employees‘ hospital monitor vocational disease factors with local disease prevent
organization, and report result to relevant department.
Related sectors will correct or adopt proper measures according to monitoring results.
(3) Employees health examination
Vocational disease prevention office stipulates list of annual employees health
examination, and distribute to each sector.
Each sector will follow the time and list determined by Vocational disease prevention
office, to organize employees to hospital within time limit.
Vocational disease prevention office will report examination result to the leader in
charge, personnel sector, and safety sector, any abnormal found, then notify the
person who is related.
Vocational disease prevention office organizes vocational illness to take recovery,
treatment and periodical exam.

     4.4 Safety and health insurance plan in 2007
JNSTPP has setup total budget RMB 410 thousand Yuan, for labor protection in 2007,
which is a part of production cost, controlled by personnel sector. It includes two parts:
cost in the plan, and cost beyond plan. Cost in the plan also called labor protection fee,
determined according to labor character and position, received by employee himself;
and cost beyond plan is based on maintenance plan yearly, to distribute fees to each
sector, to supplement necessary need for labor protection articles.

                                                               4.5 Summary
Safety and supervision sector and health center co-work to be responsible for safety
and health at JNSTPP. In order to ensure staff and establishment safe in the course of
heat supply, power generation, and property and multiple businesses, JNSTPP has
adopted all kinds of safety and prevention measures to map out safety prevention plan
in 2007 so that employees and equipments safety are assured.




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                                          JNSTPP EAR



                Chapter 5           Risk And Prevention Measures

                                                    5.1 Risk identification
5.1.1 Danger materials identification

AT JNSTPP, major danger materials include NaOH and HCl, H2SO4, H2, Hydrazine,
and diesel oil; and their physical and emergency handling is shown in table 5-1~5-6.
Table 5-1 NaOH physical characteristics and emergency handling
                Structural formula:NaOH International Code:82001 Molecular weight 40.01;
    Index
                danger sign::20
   Physical     Outlooking and condition: white and opaque, easy to solve
  characters
                Strong causticity: LD504820mg/kg
Causticity & Danger: not burn and can release lots of heat when encountering water and steam
Environmental   to become erosive liquid, can react with HCl to release heat, of strong erosion.
   action       Products after deposition: produce poisonous smoke

                1. when leakage
                To separate leakage area and set notice board, to suggest emergency
                handling person to wear poison-proof mask and clothes; not to directly
                contact leakage materials, to collect into clean container with lid with
                clean shovel and put lots of water to neutralize, then put into
                wastewater system; or to use lots of water to wash, if lots of leakage,
                hen collect and recycle or treat without danger.
                2. prevention measures
 Emergency      If necessary to wear poison-proof mask;
  handling
                To wear chemical safety protection glasses;
                To wear rubbery gloves;
                Or to shower after work.
                3. emergency handling
                Skin contact: to wash with water for 10~15 minutes, if burnt, then to hospital;
                Eyes contact: Wash with flowing water or hospital salt water for 15minutes, or
                with boric acid, or to hospital;
                Absorb in: run away to fresh air, if necessary, artificial respiration; to hospital;
                Swallow: To gargle if mind clear, or take dilute vinegar or lemonade, to hospital




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                                                  JNSTPP EAR


Table 5-2       HCl physical characteristics and emergency handling
    Index         Structural formula:HCl International Code:81013 Molecular weight 36.46; danger sign::20
   Physical       Outlooking and condition: colorless and slight yellow liquid, irritative smell
  characters
                  Strong causticity: LD50900mg/kg when rabbit passing by, and LC503124ppm in an hour
 Causticity &     when large rat passing by.
Environmental     Danger: react with active metals to release H2, and produce HCN when encountering cyanide,
   action         neutralize with alkali to release lots of heat, strong erosion
                  Product after burning: gaseous HCl

                  1. when leakage

                  To separate leakage area and set notice board, to suggest emergency handling person to wear
                  poison-proof mask and clothes; not to directly contact leakage materials and not to sprinkle
                  water, to cover with sand, dry limestone, then to collect and send to disposal sites. or to use
                  lots of water to wash, if lots of leakage, hen collect and recycle or treat without danger.

                  2. prevention measures

                  If necessary to wear poison-proof mask, and wear self-assistance aerophore;
  Emergency
                  To wear chemical safety protection glasses;
   handling
                  To wear rubbery gloves;

                  Or to shower after work.
                  3. emergency handling
                  Skin contact: to wash with water for 15 minutes, if burnt, then to hospital;
                  Eyes contact: Wash with flowing water or hospital salt water for 15minutes, or with boric
                  acid, or to hospital;
                  Absorb in: run away to fresh air, if necessary, artificial respiration; to hospital;
                  Swallow: To gargle if mind clear, or take milk, plant oil, to hospital
                  Fire extinguish: foggy water or sand.

Table 5-3       H2SO4       physical characteristics and emergency handling
                 Structural formula:H2SO4 steamy pressure 0.13kPa (145.8℃), smelting point 10.5℃, boiling
    Index
                 point 1330.0℃, relative density (water equal to 1) 1.830
   Physical      Outlooking and condition: colorless, transparent oily liquid, no smell
  characters
                 Strong causticity: LD5080mg/kg when large rat passing by, and LC50510mg/m3in two hours
 Causticity &    when large rat absorbing in, and 320mg/m3 when small rat absorbing in.
Environmental    Danger: drastically react with organic matters like benzene even burning,, also can react with
   action        active metals to release H2, and lots of heat, may boiling and spraying, strong erosion

                 1. when leakage

                 To separate leakage area and set notice board, to suggest emergency handling person to wear
                 poison-proof mask and clothes; not to directly contact leakage materials and not to sprinkle
                 water, to cover with sand, dry limestone, then to collect and send to disposal sites. or to use lots
                 of water to wash, if lots of leakage, build dam to collect and recycle or treat without danger.
 Emergency
  handling       2. prevention measures

                 If necessary to wear poison-proof mask, and wear self-assistance aerophore;

                 To wear chemical safety protection glasses;

                 To wear rubbery gloves;

                 Or to shower after work.


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                                                 JNSTPP EAR

                 3. emergency handling
                 Skin contact: to wash with water for 15 minutes, or wash with NaHCO3, then to hospital;
                 Eyes contact: Wash with flowing water or hospital salt water for 15minutes, or to hospital;
                 Absorb in: run away to fresh air, if necessary, artificial respiration; to hospital;
                 Swallow: To gargle if mind clear, or take milk, plant oil, to hospital
                 Fire extinguish: sand, water forbidden.




Table 5-4       H2 physical characteristics and emergency handling
    Index        Structural formula:H2 colorless and odorless gas
                 Outlooking and condition: smelting point –259.2℃, boiling point –252.8℃, relative density
   Physical      (water equal to 1) 0.07, critical pressure 1.3Mpa, critical temperature -240℃, combustion
  characters     temperature 400℃, combustive limit 4,1%~74.1%(V/V). It does not solve in water, ethanol,
                 aether
                 Health danger: it is an inert gas, suffocate only under high concentration, may occur narcotismat
 Causticity &    high concentration.
Environmental    Danger: can mix with air to combust, and explode when encountering fire or heat. It is lighter
   action        than air, and hard to emit when store and use. H2 can drastically react with F2, Cl2, and etc
                 Product after burnt:water

                 1. when leakage

                 To separate leakage area and remove people at upper wind direction, forbid out-and-in, cut off
                 power, and suggest emergency handling person to wear poison-proof mask and clothes;
                 reasonable ventilation to speed expansion, if possible, to guide leak gas to open air to burn; to
                 check and repair leakage containers before use it again.

                 2. prevention measures

 Emergency       If necessary to wear poison-proof mask, and wear self-assistance aerophore;
  handling
                 To wear static-proof clothes

                 To wear working gloves;

                 Smoke forbidden, and supervise when entering high-concentration areas.
                 3. emergency handling
                 Absorb in: run away to fresh air, if necessary, artificial respiration; to hospital;
                 Fire extinguish: cut off power, never extinguish burning fire if unable to cut off power;
                 Sprinkling cold water to cool container, and guide burning gas to open air if possible.
                 Extinguisher: foggy water or foam CO2 powder.

Table 5-5       Hydrazine physical characteristics and emergency handling
                 colorless smoky liquid, with strong ammonia; its relative density (water equals to 1) 1.01,
   Physical      relative density (air equals to 1) 1.11; steamy pressure 92kPa (25℃), flash point: 38℃, easy to
  characters     mix with water, and solve in ethanol, liquid ammonia and many organic solvent; melting point
                 1.4℃, boiling point 113.5℃, easy to combust and is poisonous.
                 It belongs to medium-level poison. Virtulent poison character: LD5060mg/kg while a large rat
                 passing by; 91mg/kg while a rabbit passing by; LC50746mg/m3 in four hours while a small rat
                 absorbs in. Chronic poison character: drastic reaction or chronic of animal is incentive
 Causticity &    aspiratory, weight loss, low blood pressure, white cells increasing, and liver, kidney damage.
Environmental    Mutagenicity character and micro body mutagencity: Bacillus breslaviensis 12g/l; microzyme
   action        200mmol/l. Mammal animals cell mutation: small rat lymphocyte 1mmol/l; procreation poison
                 character: large rat‘s belly lowest poisonous amount (TDLO): 50mg/kg (taking medicine after
                 6-16 days pregnancy), embryo poison; and small rat‘s belly lowest poisonous amount (TDLO):
                 48mg/kg (taking medicine after 6~9 days pregnancy), poison to embryo and impacts on bones


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                              JNSTPP EAR

and muscle.
It is easy to combust, with strong reductibility.
Its steam mix with air can form explosive mixture within a broad area. While encountering fire
to high-temperature to blast. It heated to decompose poisonous NO smoke. High energy when
burning can cause blast. It may automatic burn when encountering dust asbestos, wood and
some loose materials, and also can react with H2O2 or nitric acid and burn. It may decompose
and burn when contacting all kinds of metallic oxide, with strong causticity.




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                                                JNSTPP EAR


Table 5-6       Diesel oil physical characteristics and emergency handling
                 It is a mixture of alkane, olefin, naphthenic hydrocarbon, aromatic hydrocarbons, PAH and
                 small sulfur (2~60g/kg), nitrogen (lower than 1g/kg) and additives. It is a little brown liquid,
                 smelting point -18℃, boiling point 282~338℃, relative density (water equal to 1) 0.87~0.9,
   Physical
                 flash point 38℃, combustion temperature 257℃, used as fuel for diesel engine.
  characters
                 It is easy to combust and incentive, and easy to explode when encountering high temperature
                 and fire and oxidant; and can explode or break out when high temperature and container‘s
                 interior pressure high.
                 Health danger: skin contact is the major means to cause emergent kidney damage. Diesel can
 Causticity &    cause contact skin inflammation, oily acne. Any absorption of drop or liquid may cause
Environmental    inspiratory pneumonia. It can enter fetus blood by embryo. Diesel oil may cause symptoms of
   action        eyes, nose stimulation, giddy and headache.



5.1.2 Establishment and apparatus danger analysis

(1) Establishment with pressure
Boilers and steamer, that power generation and heat supply involves, are mostly
compressive container or track. If in the following case:
         Design and manufacture has limitation;
         Strength lowers down due to tiredness and erosion;
    Pressure release fails due to wrong operation or against operation regulation
causing over-temperature, or over-pressure.
     Extension of container lowers down due to long-time high temperature and
pressure operation;
When compressive establishment and apparatus overload its capacity, then explosion
occurs, as a result, injury or death, establishments damage and environmental
pollution goes with it.
(2) Heat exchanger
On the impact of high temperature, pressure, and heat exchange medium, the
connection between array tunes and tube board, can be easily damaged to cause
leakage, and pipe wall also can easily become thin due to medium swashing, to cause
heat exchanger leakage. If leaked medium enters into recycled water system, it may
easily cause fire or explosion.
(3) Machine pumps
① There are lots of operational pumps and machines during production, if any parts
of are uncovered, or covered mask broken, or wrong operation while maintaining and
checking, so as to cause unexpected startup, body or parts may be entangled in
machines to cause injury accidents; During normal operation, if employees do not
wear personal labor prevention articles, any contact with pump or machines parts may
cause mechanical injury accident.


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                                       JNSTPP EAR


② Pumps for transporting inflammable liquid, or tube, valves, pressure meters, can
leak inflammable liquid due to loose airproof, erosion, then liquid may encounter fire
source to cause fire.
③ At hydrogen-making station and its attached tube, static ground lead is not
reasonably laid down, resulting in explosive accidents; If connection is loose to cause
H2 leakage, accumulation of large amounts of H2, when meeting fire source, may
cause explosion.
④Machine pumps are major noise sources, endanger employees health, causing their
hearing sensitivity lowering down, even numb, or causing neurasthenic, heat blood
disease, and digestive disease. In addition, Noise disturbs information communication,
thereafter to cause high frequency of wrong operation, to affect production.
Long-term working at such condition may endanger employees‘ health.
(3) Electric establishments
①Overload or short circuit of transformer, transformer‘s oil leakage may cause fire;
And transformer trouble may cause power cut.
②If ground lead of electric establishments is not set, or not set in right way, isolation
broken or power lines broken to leak electricity,
③Damage of protection lead of dynamic cable or isolate cable damage during
operation, cable over-dry due to long-time overload, cable box connection loose,
welding loose, or connecting materials inappropriate choice, cable end surface moist,
or external fire source and heat source damage cable, all these factors may cause cable
fire.
④Power is the source of all mechanical apparatus, which ensures production system
in normal condition, if any trouble causing electric cut, all machines stop and lose
control, order is disturbed, that system is pressed and inflammable articles over
flooded, fire accident may occur.
(4) Mechanical check and repairing
①When checking and repairing establishments and pipelines, any non- inert
exchange or wrong exchange, startup against regulation may cause mixture gas
explode.
②Checking tools or parts of establishments are not right put, to drop or fall, causing
injury accident.
③Platform, ladder should set fence or slippery-proof steps, any damage of these
equipments may cause falling accidents while employees ascend.
④Vehicle‘s trouble, drivers‘ wrong operation, or against regulation, may cause
vehicle harm, and if no fireproof hat on vehicle, it may cause fire or explosion when
driving into explosive area.



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                                      JNSTPP EAR


5.1.3 Human, management and external environmental factors

(1) Human factor
According to statistic data, most accidents are cause by human being. Long-time
overload cause workers fatigue, non-concentrated, so to operate in wrong ways,
disease and alcohol, or wrong direction; abnormal psychological condition, or
identification objection, and so on, may cause accidents.
Unsafe action mainly include following aspects.
       Unable to concentrate, careless or impatient, wrong judgment;
     Not follow operation rules, and not inspect back and forth, even sleep
on-duty, or drop around, off-duty, read magazine, do personal work, or hand over and
take over duty not clearly so to cause hidden troubles cannot be found timely;
    Heroism to cause competition, and to work off hero to work against
operation rules;
    Not aspirant, unthinking, drift along, unclear with materials characters used
in the production, and lack regular and academic safety knowledge, and lack
academic knowledge and technique so to cause wrong operation;
     Poor health, easy to get tired; director dogmatical against rules, operator
carefree, arbitrary off-duty, unable to undertake work pressure, mental illness, and
abnormal spirit, carotic thinking, un-concentrated, or over excitement.
     Management staff has insufficient safety consciousness, unable to ensure
safety investment, and unable to carry out safety prevention measures, wrong
decision-making, or poor directing ability.
(2) Management deficiency factor
There is no management organization or unreasonable organization, disordered,
imperfect management regulation, unable to implement management measures; and
there is no principle for workers to follow, arbitrary action; and neither is there any
reward nor punishment so to cause low zeal, lack activity; or inspect carelessly, no
specific duty association, no perfect safe operation rules; no training, and workers do
not pass three-level education and technique training, or let untrained workers on-duty;
and pay less attention to safety issues so not to solve problem in time; no strict
supervision rules and wrong decision or even direct against rules; neither is there any
maintenance nor exchange plan or rules, or un-strict check and repair, unable to check
out troubled establishment so to cause equipment running with troubles. Because of
management deficiency, major person in charge and other safety management
employees may cause or enlarge accidents due to lack of safety knowledge.
(3) Working condition, temperature impact
The project is located at north semi-continental climate, with clear four seasons, and

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                                            JNSTPP EAR


hot in summer and cold in winter. If there is no frozen prevention measures for
establishment and employees, water supply system may frozen to block or split to
affect safe production. Especially fire control cooling water system is easy to frozen
to block to affect fire aid, causing fire disaster accidents enlarged. In summer, high
temperature may speed inflammable liquid to volatilize and increase fire danger.
Moreover, it is easy to affect workers‘ physical energy, and cause heatstroke or wrong
operation in high temperature.
If light is not strong enough, it is easy to cause operators visional fatigue, as a result,
to cause wrong operation and accidents.

5.1.4 Fire and explosion danger identification

Diesel oil, H2, and hydrazine are of danger of fire and explosion, so JNSTPP has to
adopt safety measures to compensate and to avoid accidents, for example: ①To
stipulate good rules according to state, sector, and industrial regulations; ② To
install annunciator for monitoring combustible gas at operation zones; ③ To set up
fire control system surrounding establishment and fire control materials.

5.1.5 Toxicity identification

Toxicity danger standard mainly comes from ―Toxic factors vocational contact limit at
working sites‖ (GBZ2-2002), details seen in table 5-7.
Table 5-7 Major toxic materials evaluation standard (mg/m2)
     No.             Toxic material         Standard value                  Notes
         1                HCl                    7.8            Maximum concentration limit
                                                              Contact concentration limit within
         2              H2SO4                     2
                                                                         short time
         3               NaOH                     2             Maximum concentration limit

Material‘s danger index can be calculated by following formula.

                                     Hi=Qi/C0i

     In which, Hi—Toxic material‘s danger index.

              Qi—material i‘s storage amount (kg), details seen in table 5-8;

              C0i—material i‘s concentration limit (mg/m3).

Table 5-8 Major toxic materials storage amount
    No.             Toxic material                       Storage amount(t/a)
     1                  HCl                                     1790
     2                 H2SO4                                    1230
     3                 NaOH                                      716



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                                       JNSTPP EAR


By above formula, the project‘s major materials‘ danger index is list in table 5-9.
Table 5-9 Major materials danger index of the project
    No.               Toxic material                   Danger index Hi

     1                    HCl                            2.29×105

     2                   H2SO4                            6.2×105

     3                   NaOH                             3.6×105

From table 5-7~5-9, it can be seen that the first dangerous material at JNSTPP is
H2SO4, and NaOH secondary.

5.1.6 Establishment danger extent identification

Without considering any safety measures, boiler equipments, steamer apparatus,
switch system, chemical water establishment all have high extent of danger.
Enterprise should follow state relevant laws, regulations and standard to design ,
produce, install, check and accept, to emphasize on explosion-proof design, technique
control, and chain apparatus and safe operation approaches, and implement safe space
in betweens, emergency accident handling, give an alarm and etc. to map out
scientific, detailed accident emergency aid precaution program, and periodically
educate workers about safety knowledge, to organize emergency aid practice for any
in case.

5.1.7 Fatal risk factors identification summary

The major raw material during production at JNSTPP is coal, water, and HCl, H2SO4,
NaOH, hydrazine, and diesel oil and so on dangerous materials involves little, so
toxicity danger like fire and explosion is not so outstanding in the case of all
prevention measures adopted.
Boilers and steamers have certain risk, and wrong operation and lack of safety
consciousness are major causes for accident. Therefore, it is critical to do well in
maintenance, examination, and reinforcing key points safety and protection, alarm
measures, so to discover hidden troubles to adopt effective counter measures to
prevent accidents.

                             5.2 Accident prevention measures
5.2.1 Historical accidents analysis at JNSTPP

Seen in table 5-10.
From table 5-10, it is easy to see that there is neither casualty nor severe accident
record since it is founded, yet several unnecessary small accidents occurred, and
JNSTPP should learn a lesson from it to reinforce management to avoid repetition.

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                                                 JNSTPP EAR


Table 5-10        Historical accidents record at JNSTPP

     Year           Accident description                    causes                           measures
                                                                                1.   Strictly follow rule;
                                             Examination workers do not         2.   Operating worker should
                                             follow rule to get contact with         forbid any action when rule
                                             other sectors so heat still sent        nor followed;
                                             out without closing air bag        3.   When examining, step by
                                             safety door, so accidents occur.        step to test, and necessary
                    Heat sent out without    Twice accidents are cause by
21st June 2004      closing air bag safety                                           test should be done before
                                             workers.                                approval;
                         door (twice)
                                                                                4.   All equipment should be
                                                                                     operated by check workers;
                                                                                5.   Operating workers should
                                                                                     check equipment before
                                                                                     work.

                                                                                1.Construction should consider
                                                                                impact of surrounding buildings;
                                                                                and necessary measures should
                                                                                be adopted when designing;
                                             A gouge is too near to dyke of
                                             ash site, and insufficient earth   2. Engineering sector and
24th march         East wall collapsed at
                                             filled back, so base of dyke of    relevant staff should be
2006               ash site in th eplant
                                             ash site subsided and crack        responsible for construction
                                             produced                           quality and supervision to
                                                                                remove hidden threat;

                                                                                3. To strictly follow all rules
                                                                                during construction.
                                                                                1. To reinforce inspection and
                                             Imbalance between external              report in time if hidden
                                             gouge and internal ash site             issues found;
                                             caused piping effect, when         2. To consult hydraulic and
                                             Zhao ash site and old Luokou            civil              engineering
                   Dyke collapsed at         ashsite are all in full service,        professionals       to      take
25th Nov. 2006     Luokou, the new ash       unable to adjust ash so storage         possible remedy measures;
                   site, about 30m long.     of ash at new site is too high.    3. To monitor and supervise
                                                                                     ashsite management;
                                                                                4. CC            should         focus
                                                                                     construction quality without
                                                                                     play around.
                                                                                1. Reinforce         in      driving
                                             Driver at reutilization plant           discipline;
                                             disobey operation rules, and       2. Set up warn sign and limit
                   Heat supply pipe was      also no sign to warn at location        vehicle height at pipes built
7th August 2007    bumped and broken at      that heat supply pipe crosses           on stilts;
                   reutilization plant       road, moreover, joint shelf with   3. To reinforce construction
                                             ground is not solid enough to           quality           supervision,
                                             expand the accident.                    management and approval.


5.2.2 Safety education and training

(1) Safety and supervision sector should map out annual safety training plan, to get
approval from senior engineer, and report to training center and publicize for each
sector to arrange.

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(2) Based on employees‘ position and function requirement, to teach tem necessary
safety techniques and knowledge.
(3) New staff should not go forth for his position until he/she receive third-level safety
training and pass the exam.
(4) At each winter, it is to organize all employees to take safety test, and arrange
safety exam before large-scaled maintenance.
(5) Special workers (such as lifting worker, interior driver, and high-pressure welder)
should follow relevant regulation to train before they are on-duty.

5.2.3 Safety prevention measures

(1) To prevent electric shock accidents
It is necessary to put on insulative gloves when contacting electric equipment, and to
use security switch when using electric machines, to wear insulative shoes when
entering electric field, and examining power when electric establishment pause for
check-up, and to use spotlight while working at hearth and container, and use
insulated pole while hanging or taking out switch.
(2) To prevent personal casualty
It is necessary to wear plain glass spectacles when using grinding wheel to work and
checking hearth, to wear anti-ultraviolet radiation glasses when welding pipe parts,
and to wear sunglasses while gas welding and cutting, and to wear earplug at
high-noise sites.
(3) To prevent falling down and object dropping
While entering site for maintenance, it is necessary to wear safety helmet, and to hang
safety notice, to use safety equipment.
(4) To prevent dust pollution and silicosis
To wear protection veil while contact coal dust, and wear dustproof mask while
contact smoke.
(5) To prevent acid, alkali, poison, static, high temperature burning, and to prevent
sundries from dropping into equipment to destroy it.
While contact poison, dangerous materials, it is necessary to wear poison-proof mask,
and wear oil or acid resistant boots or gloves while working at oil tank or acid pot;
and to wear static-proof clothes while checking at hydrogen-making station; and to
wear heat-proof asbestos gloves and heat-proof clothes while contacting
high-temperature objects; and to wear cloth-knots clothes while entering generator
and cylinder.
(6) To prevent flood


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To distribute rain boots, raincoat, plastic clothing, woven bag, diving pump with tube,
shovel, and explosion-proof flashlight, so on tools.
(7) To prevent frozen stiff
Before winter coming, to check if equipment is frozen proof with heat company, and
repair breakage to prepare establishment for anti-frozen.

5.2.4 Employees health insurance

(1) To zealously work on vocational disease prevention
Employees, who work on poisonous position, should use preventive articles in right
way, and safety and supervision sector check their implementation.
Vocational disease prevention office is responsible for stipulating knowledge training
regarding how to prevent vocational disease, and education and training center carry it
out.
(2) To monitor worksites periodically
Operation sector monitor dust, noise, and environmental temperature at each quarter,
and report results to safety sector and production sector.
Employees‘ hospital monitor vocational disease factors with local disease prevent
organization, and report result to relevant department.
Related sectors will correct or adopt proper measures according to monitoring results.
(3) Employees health examination
Vocational disease prevention office stipulates list of annual employees health
examination, and distribute to each sector.
Each sector will follow the time and list determined by Vocational disease prevention
office, to organize employees to hospital within time limit.
Vocational disease prevention office will report examination result to the leader in
charge, personnel sector, and safety sector, any abnormal found, then notify the
person who is related.
Vocational disease prevention office organizes vocational illness to take recovery,
treatment and periodical exam.

                         5.3 Flood emergency aid program
5.3.1 Dangerous locations

(1) Wires gouge, high or low pressure switch board room, 110kV generatrix, high or
low volts adaptors, circular adaptors, chemical water room, and so on electric

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establishments.
(2) Ash mud pumping room, rain water pump-house.
(3) No. 1~2 belt and tail of No.3 belt.
(4) Water treatment room, and circular pump-house.
(5) Seven plant doors.
(6) Internal sewer and joint with external sewers.

5.3.2 Flood-prevention team organization, duty and assignment

In order to mitigate impact during flood emergency, a emergency program has been
setup and each member‘s duty and assignment are narrated as follows.
(1) Flood emergency aid sector
General director: Plant director
Vice-director: corresponding vice director of the plant
Members: head of safety sector, head of each workshop, manager of materials supply
company, head of security sector, manager of property management company,
manager of heat supply company, and manager of the third-business company.
(2) Flood emergency aid sector office is set at safety production sector.
Leader: head of safety production sector
Vice-leader: secondary head of safety production sector
Members: particular employees of safety production sector
(3) Responsibilities and duties
To organize flood aid team and assign each member jobs;
To organize and arrange flood aid materials and apparatus;
To check and advance flood prevention measures implementation;
To order flood aid action when it happens;
To report to relevant department and seek for help;
To look into the case to analyze , summarize and learn a lesson.
(4) Assignments
General director: to overall direct and organize flood aid salvage work;
Vice director: to assist director to specify jobs;
Members:

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Head of operating sector is responsible for workshop, rainwater pump-house, wire
gouge, switch board room, transformation substation, and check salvation work.
Manager of maintenance sector assist workshop flood aid work;
Head of fuel sector directs No.0, 2, 3 belts, coal storage site flood aid and supervision.
Safety sector adjust production startup and close when flood happens, and convey
information, and salvation process.
Manager of material supply sector is responsible for materials supply and
transportation at flood emergent time.
Manager of heat supply company is responsible for directing heat exchange station,
heat supply pipes flood prevention, and injury.
Manager of property management company is responsible for prevention of water
back from gouge, and life supply, and to dredge sewer, rain gouge, and so on.
Security sector is in charge of security at flood time, to enhance supervision at each
gate of the plant, and block flood with sand bag when discovering flood to prevent
flood back to plant.

5.3.3 Flood salvation team organization and assignments

(1) To reinforce leadership to ensure safety during flood at Huang River, five teams
are organized for salvation.
①Interior salvation team:
Leader: vice-director of production
secondary leader: head of safety sector
Members: all employees of production sector, security sector, finance sector,
engineering sector, second-period office, labor and salary sector, and enterprise
planning sector.
②Exterior salvation team:
Leader: in charge vice-director
Secondary leader: manager of heat supply company
Members: all employees of heat supply company
③ East-yard salvation team
Leader: workers committee leader
Secondary leader: manager of the third-business company
Members: all employees of the third-business company


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④ Huang River salvation team
Leader: vice-director who is in charge property
Secondary leader: vice-manager of property management company
Members: all employees of property management company
⑤ Materials supply team
Leader: vice-director who is in charge material supply
Secondary leader: manager of materials supply company
Members: all employees of materials supply company
(2) Duties and assignments
Interior salvation team is in charge of internal staff, and establishments;
Exterior salvation team is in charge of external pipelines, heat exchange station,
construction sites.
East-yard salvation team is responsible for east residential areas, production
establishments, people‘s safety.
Huang River salvation team is under Tiaoqiao District flood salvation center to protect
riverbank.
Materials supply team is to purchase all supplies and transport to the sites.

5.3.4 Equipments and tools

20 4-inch diving pump, 1000m wires, 20 switches and corresponding drainpipes, 30
lights, 200 sand bags at each gate. Supplies for Huang River are to be prepared
according to requirement above. All mentioned supplies cannot be used for other
purposes.

5.3.5 Particular cases handling

(1) Salvation sector should actively participate in flood work when storm;
(2) To prepare for rain water back in plant when storm;
(3) To pile up sand bags when discovering water back in plant, and start rain pump to
drain water.
(4) When rainwater accumulated in the plant, to pile sand bags and start dive pump to
drain water.
(5) To assign staff to supervise key points such as wire gouge, No.0, 2, 3 belts, ash
mud pump, circular pump, and rain pump, to report water leveling time.


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(6) To stop all equipments when all prevention measures adopted but still endangering
people and establishments safety.

   5.4 Pressure-carriers establishment explosion
                         emergency aid program
5.4.1 Purpose for emergency program

To deal with accidents effectively so to reduce economic loss and people injury at
most.

5.4.2 Scope

This rule is for all pressure establishments, like boilers, pressure containers, and steam
pipes to take emergent preparation and action when explosion occurs.

5.4.3 Organization establishments and duty

     5.4.3.1 It is to setup emergency aid team to deal with accidents if occurrence.
The team‘s duty is:
(1) To check and supervise implementation of national laws, regulations, and rules;
(2) To organize people to handle severe accidents;
(3) To check and supervise each sector to do it well in preparation of emergency aid
for accidents;
(4) To supervise each sector to deal with accidents effectively according to emergency
aid program;
(5) To report to the above sector about accidents;
(6) To organize relevant sector to look into accidents, and deal with after-issues, so to
recover normal production;
(7) It is made up of director, vice-directors, and relevant head of sectors, and each
sector will handle accidents according to category of accidents, and organize people to
practice.
     5.4.3.2 Emergent accident site salvation team
The leader is delegated to the top-level leader at the site, and all heads of sectors are
members of this sector. The leader‘s duty is:
(1) To call on each head of sectors at the site, and to determine each assignments at
    site;

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(2) To bring out necessary proposal for the team to carry out;
(3) To define site scope and control it;
(4) To study site salvation program and decide personnel, support and shift;
(5) To control process, and ask for assistance from outside when human and materials
    resources are insufficient. All other sectors should coordinate with emergency aid
    program to help.
     5.4.3.3 Setup site security team
Security sector of plant undertakes this job, which includes:
(1) To guard the site and set separation line and evacuate people;
(2) To direct fire control in the course of emergency salvation, and contact local
    police and ambulance for assistance;
(3) Each sector adopts remedy measures and improve process, which is check and
    approved by plant leadership group and security sector.
     5.4.3.4 Medical help team
Health center undertakes this job which includes:
(1) To store sufficient medicines;
(2) To arrive at the site in time to help with need;

5.4.4 Pressure-carrier explosion emergency aid measures and prevention

measures

     5.4.4.1 Emergency aid program
(1) When establishments explode due to pressure-carrier, operator should cut off
accident spot and separate accident from expanding;
(2) The top leader at the site is the director of the site emergency aid program, and
also to report to the above sector, if necessary to notify relevant departments;
(3) When pressure-carrier pipes, and establishments explode, operators should swiftly
remove those system endanger to body and equipments, meanwhile, to ensure
non-accident system running in order to control impact to the minimum scope. To
close coming water, steam valves first and then to water-outing and steam-outing
valves.
(4) To protect the site before security team arrives, and to set guard line.
(5) Security team, medical help team should arrive at the site in time when accidents
occur.


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     5.4.4.2 Prevention measures
(1) To purchase qualified pressure-carrier boilers, containers with certificates, and
receive manufactures‘ quality certificate and local examination certificate.
(2) To register and apply for use before using these pressure-carrier establishments. To
replace those products made before April 1982 if information unclear, and safety poor.
(3) To periodically check and correct safety protection establishments such as safety
valves, pressure-gauge, and liquid-level meter.
(4) To periodically exam establishment, if under III-class standard, to repair and
upgrade in recent large maintenance; for those defined fifth-grade containers, no more
use again; to re-operate those that stop using for over two years, it is necessary to
check it again to make sure it qualified.
(5) To map out operation rules for pressure-carrier boilers, containers, and to
determine specific operation method, key points for examination, and emergency
handling measures. Operators of these establishments should be technically trained
and qualified before on-duty.
(6) To stipulate deoxidizer operation rules, to determine switch points and it is
forbidden to pump high pressure steam into deoxidizer, at least 2 safety gate and
automatic pressure-adjustment and alarm equipments.

    5.5 Heat supply network accident emergency
                                   aid program
In order to swiftly handle case that heat supply network are broken; or standing shelf
falls off, to reduce life and property loss to the lowest degree, according to ‗Law of
safety production of P.R.C.‖, this emergency aid program is stipulated.

5.5.1 Applicable areas

(1) West pipelines
It starts from internal pressure-reduction station, passing by Tengfa gas station, Sixth
textile plant, second-textile plant, Bus station, Peer plant, 90 hospital, weather Bureau,
airforce hospital, West Garden, Wanshen garden, Coal Bureau, and ends at heat
exchange station of railway engineering company.
(2) South pipelines
It starts from internal pressure-reduction station, passing by first-textile plant, Towel
plant, Yuanshou textile plant, Fourth textile plant, Danfeng heat exchange station, and
ends at heat exchange station of 15th middle school.
(3) East pipelines

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It starts from internal pressure-reduction station, passing by Yuxing Chemical Plant,
Shandong Normal college, and ends at wastewater treatment plant.
(4) North pipelines
It starts from internal pressure-reduction station, passing by Jinan Chemical Plant, and
ends at Luokou railway station.

5.5.2 Salvation organization structure and duties

     5.5.2.1 Structure
In order to effectively carry out emergency aid program, an emergency aid team has
been setup, which includes site directing center, security group and medical help
group.
(1) General directing center
Director: plant director
Members: head of production sector, safety sector, heat supply company, security
sector, materials supply company, property management company.
(2) Site directing center
Site director: manager of heat supply company
Vice-director: vice-manager of heat supply company
Members: head, staffs and special workers of each sector of heat supply company,
(3) Security group
Leader of the group: head of security sector
Members: all employees of security sector
(4) Medical help group
Leader: manager of property company
Members: head and all staffs of health center
     5.5.2.2 Duties
(1) To organize all relevant groups to the site for salvation to reduce loss to the lowest
degree.
(2) To assign all necessary tasks for emergency salvation program, and to make
decision and adjust program according to reality.
(3) To organize all necessary materials, establishments, human resources and locations,
and return and make compensation after accidents dealt.
(4) To notify relevant people and evacuate to safe places.

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(5) To stabilize social order and comfort injury after accident.
(6) To look into the accident with relevant sector above.
(7) To publicize causes, responsibilities, and disposal opinions of the accident.
(8) To handle daily tasks and work on other tasks from general directing center.

5.5.3 Salvation measures

(1) The sector on-duty should notify general directing center as soon as receiving
accident report, meanwhile to start emergency salvation program.
(2) According to director‘s arrangement, to carry out site salvation, medical help.
(3) Security group should reach the site promptly to separate the accident area, and
evacuate irrelevant people, and notify police if necessary; to protect, take photographs,
and take detailed record for accident site while helping with salvation, so to provide
basis for analysis of the accident.
(4) Salvation team adopts measures to cut off accident source, and all materials,
vehicles, and establishments are at site for assignment.
(5) Medical help group should save injured people, send to hospital if severe.

                  5.6 Fire accident emergency program
5.6.1 Purpose

According to ―Law of fire control‖, it is necessary to preserve high consciousness of
safe fire control, to obey all regulations and implement all kinds of fire control
measures, to connect fire prevention with fire control to reduce loss at maximum
extent.

5.6.2 Danger locations

Steam units, coal boilers, and coal powder making system, and transformation
substation, and gas station.
     5.6.2.1 Salvation team and duties
(1) Site salvation directing center
Production director of plant is the head of site salvation directing center, to organize
all staffs on-duty to control fire.
(2) Security sector
Head of security sector is responsible for site guard, and guide fire control vehicles,
ambulances to the site in time.

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(3) Medical help sector
Head of health center is responsible for salvation of site injured people.
(4) General directing office
Plant director and production director co-work to organize all possible resources to
control fire.
     5.6.2.2 Salvation measures
Staff on-duty should inspect periodically, and report relevant people when fire
accident occurs , and to cut off power circuits, gas pipelines and some dangerous
sources according to order of leader on-duty.
(1) Leader on-duty and staff at security sector and medical help center, should arrive
at the site in time, and call fire control center for help and report to plant director, to
organize for salvation. Security sector is in charge of site guard and evacuate people,
and guide fire control vehicles, ambulances to the site; and medical help staff save the
injured.
(2) Plant director organizes all resources for fire extinguishing, and deal with
problems arising from an accident.
(3) Production sector is responsible for organizing professionals for fire control, and
look into the accident with security and fireman.

                                5.7 Environmental monitoring
Internal environmental monitoring station and Jinan environmental monitoring station
co-work on monitoring on accident site, and learn a lesson from it, and provide a basis
for decision-making.

                               5.8 Leakage removal measures
After accident or emergency controlled, it is necessary to remove pollution sources.
Those solids or liquids that can be collected, should be collected in the buckets or
plastic bags, if not, then wash with lots of water into sewers, to wastewater treatment
plant.

                                                  5.9 Safety protection
(1) Emergency staff safety protection
Site emergency staff should have corresponding establishments based on character of
accidents, to take safety measures, and follow emergency program procedure
regarding outing-and-going strictly.
(2) Stricken population safety protection

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Site emergency directing center should be responsible for population‘s safety
protection, which includes:
 Timely notify population about safety protection measures according to
characters of accident.
 To determine means to evacuate population according to local climate, geological
characters, and population density.

                                   5.10 Emergency termination
5.10.1 Termination condition

(1) Accident has been controlled, and condition removed;
(2) Pollution leakage or release has been reduced within the limit;
(3) Danger from accident has been completely removed, no more occur again;
(4) There is no more need for all professional emergency aid action;
(5) Prevention measures to protect populations has been adopted, and potential
medium or long-term impact has been reasonable or acceptable, or to lower level.

5.10.2 Termination procedure

(1) Site directing center determine termination timing, and get approval from general
emergency directing sector.
(2) Site directing center notifies salvation team of relevant sectors regarding salvation
termination order.

5.10.3 Action after emergency program termination

(1) Relevant sectors should look into accident to find causes to prevent repetition;
(2) To record and build files to accidents, and to organize relevant professional
departments to evaluate and recheck emergency program.
(3) Sectors that are involved in emergency action should organize, direct emergency
equipments maintenance, to keep them in good condition.

 5.11 Emergency program practice and training
It is to set up rules for those environmental management staff and relevant operators
to train first and be on-duty after. Emergency program organization should
periodically train and practice relevant people to enhance capacity to work on real
sites, and collect experiences.

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After each practice, it is necessary to check if all regulations of emergency program
are followed, and find deficiency and shortage, which contains:
(1) If communication system works under good condition during accidents;
(2) If all population evacuated safely;
(3) If all relevant emergency salvation team arriving at sites timely;
(4) If accident controlled from expansion effectively;
(5) It is necessary to bring forth solution to problems discovered in practice, to
    improve and modify program;
(6) It is necessary to modify program when danger sources and establishments vary;
(7) To notify all relevant team and groups about revised emergency aid program.




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                              Chapter 6                  Social Impacts

               6.1 Relationship between employee and
                                           enterprise
Enterprise‘ growth is based on employees‘ growth, so JNSTPP has adopted a series of
measures and improved personnel system, work environment, benefits, and training to
raise their staffs‘ enthusiasm, and built a favorable reliant-relationship.

6.1.1 Personnel system

   6.1.1.1 Human resources structure
(1) Age structure
Seen in table 6-1.
Table 6-1 Age structure at JNSTPP
                                                   Various age range
      Items                                                                              Sub
                         Under 30        31-40           41-50       50 above
                                                                                        -total
    Number                 153           485             224            130              992
 Percentage (%)            15.4           49             22.5           13.1             100
(2) Education background structure
Seen in table 6-2.
Table 6-2 Education background structure
                                                 Various age range
  Items
                 Under         High       Vocational     Technical     Bachelor   Master    Sub-total
              middle-school   school       school         student
 Number           219             309        109            254          101        0            992

Percentage        22.1            31.2                      25.6         10.2       0            100
   (%)                                       11

(3) Gender structure
There are 306 female employees at JNSTPP, accounting for30.8%, of which 103
women are on administrative position, accounting for 12.1% of total management
position 66.
   6.1.1.2 System for employee to involve decision-making, management,
promotion and competition
An open system for affairs in JNSTPP has been established, critical affairs such as
plant development planning, management rules and some related to long-term

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development plan and employees‘ benefits, should be approved in employee
representatives meeting.
Employee‘s promotion and competition should base on ―openness, rightness, and
impartiality‖, conform to ―work standard‖, ― management standard‖, ―position
promotion qualification‖, ―employee dynamic management details‖ and so on to carry
out the activity under many parts‘ supervision.

6.1.2 Employee‘s training

In the course of development, JNSTPP pay much attention to employee training, built
―education training center‖ to start different functional training, especially to sectors
involving environmental factors positions, to arrange relevant training content by
combining with yearly training plan.
(1) Position training
In reply to ―one position for multiple functions‖, to train all operational employees,
and periodically emulation, and middle-level management training to learn knowledge
of management, laws, and regulations.
(2) Environmental training
According to ―environmental training plan in 2007‖, JNSTPP has held following
training classes:
     To organize middle-level and above leaders to learn new environmental laws,
regulations on website, and publicize ―Emission standard of air pollutants for thermal
power plant‖ (DB37/664-2007), ―Integrated discharged standard of water pollutant of
Xiaoqing River basin in Shandong Province‖ (DB37/656-2006) by OA.
      For training pending employees before on-duty, to arrange ISO14001
standard content such as quality, safety and environment management guideline and
environmental management consciousness to learn all important environmental
factors.
      To request sectors related to important environmental factors, to arrange
relevant training, to learn position environmental factors, to grasp operation safety
rules and relevant documents, and familiar with target of position, program and index,
and potential impact if against rules.
        To train employees on desulfurizing establishment.

   6.2 Relationship between enterprise and local
                                       residents
As an old plant with many years history, JNSTPP fairly emphasize on relationship
with local residents. During 1992~2006, JNSTPP has reconstruct a series of

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equipment for saving energy, increasing capacity and protecting environment, to build
up a ―green energy base‖, and to step on sustaining development.
(1) Reconstruct dust catcher equipment to provide good environment for local
    residents
Before 1997, local residents dissatisfied with heavy dust and smoke from JNSTPP due
to its low dust catcher coefficient. To meet national standard while improve
relationship with local residents, in1997, 1999, and 2000, JNSTPP has spent RMB
16.8 million Yuan on changing three water-film dust catchers into electric dust
catchers, dust removal coefficient up to 99.6% from 85%, which completely change
status of foggy surrounding, dust concentration far below limit standard by the state,
making contribution to Jinan City blue sky and clean air.
(2) Building a new desulfurizing establishment to reduce pollution
In order to fulfill the pollutants total amount control target, JNSTPP has spent RMB
over 20 million Yuan on reconstructing three coal boilers with double-alkali
technology, it started from October 2006, and will greatly decrease SO2 emission after
built.
(3) Heat supply reconstruction reduce number of city small boilers
To meet people‘s daily increasing life quality requirement, JNSTPP reconstructed
pumping condensed units without building new, or enlarging, and increasing air
pollution, to use circular hot water for heat supply so to increase heat supply coverage
200×104m2.

             6.3 Relationship between enterprise and
                                             society
JNSTPP actively fulfill citizen‘s duties as it develops and trains its employees, and
make every effort to gain society rely and support.

                                                               6.4 Summary
JNSTPP has adopted a series of measures and improved personnel system, work
environment, benefits, and training to raise their staffs‘ enthusiasm, and built a
favorable reliant-relationship.
Meanwhile, to develop enterprise persistently, JNSTPP emphasize on relationship
with local residents and society. One side, during 1992~2006, JNSTPP has
reconstructed its establishments for saving energy, increasing capacity and protecting
environment, to create a favorable settings for local residents; on the other side,
JNSTPP organize to take part in social greening activity, and volunteer activity public
affairs, to make effort to gain residents and society support and confidence.


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                       CHAPTER 7                EA CONCLUSION
After auditing test and examination, checking proof, and made following conclusion.

                                                            7.1 Conclusion
7.1.1 Current EP condition

(1) Exhaust emission
At JNSTPP, its concentration of dust and SO2, except for NOx, cannot meet pertinent
criterions, and the amount of dust, SO2 and NOx, respectively, are 738.81t/a,
5790.81t/a and 528.97t/a, in which dust and SO2 amount both surpass the target in
document[2006] 183 ―Jinan City EPB Notice regarding major pollutants amount
                    No.
control plan during the next five-year‖.
In 2006, the total amount of SO2 in Jinan City is about 72833t/a, and JNSTPP
contributed 5790.81t/a, accounting for 8%.
In order to meet standard and total pollutants amount control target, it is proposed to
reconstruct three coal boilers to desulfurizing by double-alkali technology to reach
high desulfurizing and dust catching coefficient, at present, reconstruction is on-going,
and will be finished by the end of 2007, as a result, dust and SO2 can meet the
requirement of the first-period in ―Emission standard of air pollutants for thermal
power plant‖ (DB37/664-2007).
(2) Wastewater
JNSTPP adopts water reutilization management, to reuse most of its wastewater, and
only little discharges into Xiaoqing River to meet pertinent criterions and total
pollutants amount control target set by Jinan EPB.
(3) Solid wastes
Its major solid wastes is slag, 90% is reutilized for concrete production.
(4) Noise
After all noise elimination and vibration reduction, its four boundary noise can meet
pertinent standards.

7.1.2 Environmental management

JNSTPP has set up an environmental management system in which plant director is a
team leader, and vice-plant director is responsible for details, taking production sector
as major EMO, and establishing monitoring station at running sector. Each sectors of
plant will coordinate with each other to be responsible for environmental management


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work. Appointed environmental engineer and plant monitoring station will be
responsible for implementation of EMP.
Regular monitoring task is undertaken by Jinan environmental monitoring station and
internal monitoring station, at the same time it has set on-line smoke monitoring
system on boilers.

7.1.3 Safety protection measures and plan

Safety and health work is undertaken by safety supervision sector and employee
hospital. JNSTPP has adopted all kinds of safety protection measures so to ensure
heat supply safely, and staffs health and establishments safe.

7.1.4 Risk and prevention measures

The major raw material during production at JNSTPP is coal, water, and HCl, H2SO4,
NaOH, hydrazine, and diesel oil and so on dangerous materials involves little, so
toxicity danger like fire and explosion is not so outstanding in the case of all
prevention measures adopted.
Boilers and steamers have certain risk, and wrong operation and lack of safety
consciousness are major causes for accident. Therefore, it is critical to do well in
maintenance, examination, and reinforcing key points safety and protection, alarm
measures, so to discover hidden troubles to adopt effective counter measures to
prevent accidents.
So far, JNSTPP has no record of death accidents, and very low frequency of
establishments accident.

7.1.5 Social impact

JNSTPP has adopted a series of measures and improved personnel system, work
environment, benefits, and training to raise their staffs‘ enthusiasm, and built a
favorable reliant-relationship, and build solid foundation for its development.
Meanwhile, to develop enterprise persistently, JNSTPP emphasize on relationship
with local residents and society. One side, during 1992~2006, JNSTPP has
reconstructed its establishments for saving energy, increasing capacity and protecting
environment, to create a favorable settings for local residents; on the other side,
JNSTPP organize to take part in social greening activity, and volunteer activity public
affairs, to make effort to gain residents and society support and confidence.

                                  7.2 Measures and suggestion
(1) JNSTPP should conform to EA requirement, to gradually settle all environmental
    management relationship, and to periodically develop EA, continually improve

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   environmental management level while holding industrial environmental
   management work.
(2) It should strengthen environmental establishments running management, to ensure
    all environmental establishments in good running condition and designed
    efficiency, and ensure all pollutants to meet pertinent criterions.
(3) To reinforce safety and environmental protection education to staffs, and carry out
    all labor protection measures, to raise workers‘ safety and environmental
    consciousness to ensure staff health and safe.
(4) To adopt mature, effective risk-precaution measures to establish emergency
    precaution program, and to strictly control monitoring control reporting measures,
    to prevent and reduce accidents, body injure and environmental accidents. To
    carry on safety production examination monthly, quarterly, to emphasis on
    multi-production, traffic, and involved foreign work safety management, and to
    implement safety measures, to stop management bug and to eliminate weak points
    so to absolutely stop accidents occurrence.
(5) Enterprise should, according to its own industrial characters, strengthen
    communication with local community, to publicize its description, energy-saving
    countermeasures, and pollution condition to the society.
(6) To faithfully carry out greening within the area of plant and its surrounding, to
    enlarge green areas to beautify environment and clean air.
(7) It should strengthen wastewater recycle to reduce discharging into Xiaoqing River
    to pollute surface water.




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