TIP on Korea Teaching about East Asia Five themes of Geography for Korea Heather Post Ionia High School Ionia, Michigan 1. The classes I teach offer me many opportunities to teach about East Asia. In Global Studies, I will teach about East Asia for approximately 2 weeks. In my World Literature class, I can teach about East Asia for several weeks. In my Environmental Science class, I can teach about East Asia throughout the class, as many of the environmental problems occurring in the United States also occur in East Asia. I will be able to share the lesson plans I use with my staff. I have already discussed the materials I received in this class with members of the staff of Ionia High School. They know they may borrow whatever materials they want when they are talking about East Asia in their own classrooms. 2. I will be using this lesson in Global Studies to introduce my lessons on Korea. This lesson will get the students thinking about the Korean Peninsula and also about the differences between North and South Korea. In other lessons, we will look at the religions, culture and other current issues. In Environmental Science, when I teach about biomes and ecosystems, I will be doing a lesson on the ecosystem of the DMZ. 3. Standards and Benchmarks for the lesson focusing on the themes of geography. 2.1.1 - Describe world issues effects on various cultures. 2.4.2 - Explain how different regions are changing 5.1.1 – Locate information for a topic using a variety of sources, technology 5.1.3 – Make generalizations on a topic by interpreting a variety of sources. 4. Lesson Plan: Comparing North and South Korea, using the 5 themes of geography. Time needed – 1 class period Objectives: The student will understand the geography of North Korea and South Korea. (theme of place) The student will be able to relate 3 factors that differentiate North Korea from South Korea. (Theme of Region) The student will make predictions about North Korea’s nuclear program and the reasons behind this. Set up and prior knowledge: The students have had experience with making maps in class. These have been teacher directed, telling the students what needs to be placed on these maps. In this lesson, the student will be looking at maps that have already been created of North Korea and South Korea. They will be answering questions. Ask the students to talk about a region of the world you have recently talked about in class. Using the sheet provided, have the students answer the “Using prior knowledge” questions before passing out the maps on North Korea and South Korea. (You may need to change the first question to fit where you are in your curriculum.) Once the students have answered these questions, have the students go to www.mapquest.com/atlas to find the other information. The lesson: Now that the students have had a chance to look at the physical geography of North Korea and South Korea, they can begin to look at the cultural conditions of the 2 countries. Using the same website that was used for the physical features, have the students find the information on the sheet labeled “Same Peninsula, Worlds Apart”. The student will create a Venn Diagram to show the similarities and differences between North Korea and South Korea. The students need to answer the questions based on the Venn Diagram and the chart they created. Some of the questions at the end assume prior knowledge of the events going on in North Korea. These could also be used as a chance to get them thinking about this topic, before it is explored in another class period. Evaluation: After the students have created their Venn Diagram and answered their questions, as a class make a Venn Diagram. Use the paragraph at the end to evaluate what the student has learned. 5. Resources: Michigan Social Studies Standards and Benchmarks World Geography by American Guidance Services http://www.isp.msu.edu/asianstudies/wbwoa/index.html www.mapqueest.com/atlas Help was given by Matt Slezak, teacher at Ionia High School, in the creation of the Venn Diagram Name __________________ Geography of the Korean Peninsula Using prior knowledge 1. We have just finished talking about China. List at least 3 bodies of water, 3 specific land formations and 3 cities we discussed and learned about in China. Bodies of Water Land Formations Cities 2. How does the placement of mountains, rivers, oceans and other physical features affect the movement of people and goods in a country? 3. How do the physical features of a country affect where people live and what they can grow on the land? North Korea and South Korea: Physical Geography In order to find the information you will need, go to www.mapquest.com/atlas. Once on this site, go to atlas map index and click on North Korea. 1. Look at the physical feature map of North Korea. What 2 countries border North Korea? 2. About how much of North Korea is covered with mountains? What does this tell you about the available farm land? What problems might this cause? 3. Name the 3 seas that surround North Korea. Go back to atlas map index and click on South Korea. Answer the following questions. 1. What is the only country that physically borders South Korea? Which country is just across the sea? 2. South Korea has mountains. Do they seem to have as many mountains as North Korea? How could this situation help South Korea? (What are they going to be able to do that North Korea cannot?) 3. Name 3 bodies of water that surround South Korea. Name ______________________ Same Peninsula, World’s Apart Find the following information using this website: www.mapquest.com/atlas Click on atlas map index to find the countries you are looking for. Category North Korea South Korea Area (in miles) Current Population Population in 2050 Literacy (total) Life expectancy men Life expectancy women Government type Arable land (percentage) Main line telephones Cell phones Internet providers GDP per capita Language Religion Use the Venn diagram that is attached to show in another way, the information you have just learned. Answer the following questions. 1. Which country is better off with technology? How could having all this technology help them? 2. Which country is better off financially? What things could this country do that the other could not? 3. Are either of these countries experiencing large population growth issues? Why might this actually be good for these countries? 4. Which country has the most arable land? How is this going to help this country? What problems might the other country face? Going beyond: North Korea has been in the news a lot recently with its nuclear testing. After looking at some of the issues from the chart above, answer the following questions. 1. Why might North Korea be doing these nuclear tests, even though most of the world is against them trying to get nuclear power? 2. What countries might North Korea be trying to scare with these tests? List at least 3. Why might they want to do this? 3. What problems might North Korea be creating for itself and for South Korea? 4. What are some things the world could do to help North Korea so that it does not feel the need to have these nuclear tests? 5. You decide: Does North Korea have a right to do these things to help its country? Give at least 2 reasons to support your belief. 6. In a paragraph, choose 3 of the issues we discussed or choose other issues from the chart above and discuss the differences in the 2 Korean nations.