VIEWS: 14 PAGES: 3 POSTED ON: 5/14/2010
3/18/2010 WHAT IS MARRIAGE TRAFFICKING? Some confusion and no single definition A range of forms (means and purposes) contributes to the confusion Involves: R i f i l( ll b Recruitment of a women or girl (normally by FOR BETTER OR WORSE: force, coercion or deception) MARRIAGE TRAFFICKING For the purpose of either servile marriage AND/ IN ASIA OR deployment in prostitution/ forced labouring Dr Sallie Yea, Honorary Research Fellow, Monash By means of the use of a broker or agency, Asia Institute, Monash University, Melbourne, religious-cultural intermediaries, familial AUSTRALIA. networks, or abductors WHAT IS MARRIAGE TRAFFICKING? (CONT...) BROKERED SERVILE MARRIAGE Marriage Trafficking can therefore take four Where marriage brokers/ facilitation agencies are main forms: involved in providing introductions and making Brokered servile marriage (where the arrangements for marriage between two parties; exploitation takes place primarily within the can include situation where force is involved (see marriage) g ) Forced Marriage). False marriage where marriage is a means of Case: Vietnam, Cambodia and the Philippines to realising the movement of and control over South Korea, Taiwan and Malaysia another person (where exploitation takes place Case: North Korea to China primarily through, but not within the marriage) Case: domestically within China OR a combination of the above two forms Forced servile marriage (where the exploitation also takes place primarily within the marriage) FALSE MARRIAGE FORCED MARRIAGE Marriage as a means of realising the movement Where the marriage is conducted without the of and control over another valid consent of one or both parties, where duress Case: Vietnam to South Korea is a factor (emotional pressure or assault/ abduction) India, Case: domestically within India Pakistan Case: transnationally from Australia to Lebanon 1 3/18/2010 ISSUES FOR MARRIAGE TRAFFICKING CASE STUDY OF MARRIAGE BROKERING/ VICTIMS SERVILE MARRIAGE IN SOUTH KOREA Domestic Violence THE RESEARCH Homicide & Suicide Based on fieldwork conducted primarily in 2003 Forced confinement and 2005 (6 months in total); further work Removal of freedom of movement and association planned pending funding Psychological harms in-depth Qualitative study based on in depth interviews Child abuse and observations over periods of 2 – 6 months Forced labour/ domestic servitude respectively (Marital) rape Twelve participants from the Philippines Humiliation (eg. Forced virginity tests) Accessed through a shelter and support centre for Malnutrition Filipino migrants in South Korea (Seoul) (10 Citizenship/ residency participants) and the Philippines Embassy Safe House for Migrants (Seoul) (2 participants) CASE STUDY OF MARRIAGE BROKERING/ CASE STUDY OF MARRIAGE BROKERING/ SERVILE MARRIAGE IN SOUTH KOREA SERVILE MARRIAGE IN SOUTH KOREA THE KOREAN CONTEXT THE RISE OF FOREIGN MARRIAGES Rapid economic development and globalisation INVOLVING SEA AND MONGOLIA The decline of agriculture as the socio-cultural A major increase in the rise of foreign brides from and economic basis for Korean identity SEA and Mongolia (also Russia and CARs) over the past decade Gender ii k f lfil “b i h G d transition as women seek to fulfil “bright lights” migration to urban areas The main source countries of brides are the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, The export of Korean TV dramas to Southeast Mongolia, Russia. Asia romanticising Korean familial life and modernisation achievements CASE STUDY OF MARRIAGE BROKERING/ CASE STUDY OF MARRIAGE BROKERING/ SERVILE MARRIAGE IN SOUTH KOREA SERVILE MARRIAGE IN SOUTH KOREA BROKERS: A NEW KOREAN INDUSTRY FILIPINAS EXPERIENCES T’ongil Kyo (Unification Church) as international Domestic Violence and a Husband’s Marginal marriage facilitator (1990s) Position The rise of private marriages agencies in the Amelia 2000s; including unlicensed agencies (borokko) and licensed agencies (kyorhon sangdamso) Reproductive Labour and Livelihood Aspirations The concomitant rise of local governments Dashed offering “marriage tours” Glenda Many based in the provincial capitals ( for example, Kwangju, Chonju) Content analysis of 7 sites for this research 2 3/18/2010 EMERGING ISSUES AND FUTURE HUMAN TRAFFICKING? RESEARCH The women in this study were trafficked because, The role of brokers and intermediaries as “agents of deception” (eg. The fluidity of agents in different although they entered into their marriages types of trafficking) voluntarily and without coercion or force, they The differences and similarities between women of were all deceived about various matters various ages and nationalities (motivations and g including... experiences) (eg. Older women seeking “love”, younger women seeking economic opportunities) Husband’s character The departures marriage trafficking presents from trafficking to the sex industry (eg. Isolation and Husband’s circumstances inability to detect marriage trafficking victims) Place of residence Increasing understanding of victim’s needs and circumstances (eg. Citizenship and child rights) Husband’s family Cultural issues and understandings of marriage/ Wife’s responsibilities and situation wives and gender norms as they may relate to human trafficking (eg. Boy preference) 3
"Microsoft PowerPoint - AIC-41734 Marriage trafficking in Asia"