Learner-centered Approach towards Education for Sustainable by vgw19124

VIEWS: 9 PAGES: 21

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 Learner-centered Approach: towards Education for Sustainable Development :
                International Progress, Trends, and Practices

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        Learner-Centered
       Teacher Education

Teacher Education Programme
  that
• Treat each student as a
  self-directed learner
! Enables graduates to implement
  learner-centered education

                                   2
  Kookaburras: Use learner-centered approach to teach their young to fly; so do other animals


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!"#B$38#$7&8'$,&$/ABCCC                                                                3
             Foundations for
   Learner-Centered Teacher Education
• Philosophical
 Human beings - ‘will’; active agent (James, 1983)

• Psychological
 Learning theory – construction of knowledge

• Cultural
 Confucius: ‘teach a person according to what he is
  good for’; ‘In teaching there is no class
  distinction’

• Pragmatic
 Need for self-directed lifelong learning
                                                      4
                        Learning Intelligence
                         Learning Intelligence
 Learner-Center Psychological Foundations (APA, 1997)
 Learner-Center Psychological Foundations (APA, 1997)
  Cognitive & Metacognitive             Motivational & Affective
• Learning: active construction of • Motivation to learn affects
  knowledge by learner                 learning; motivation affected by
• Learner: goal directed               learner states
         Cognitive and
• Knowledge construction: link
                                                Motivational &
                                     • Intrinsic motivation: tasks
   Metacognitive Factors
  new information with prior                Affective Factors
                                       novelty and difficulty,
  knowledge                            relevance, choice and control
• Strategic thinking                 • Motivation affects effort to
• Thinking about thinking              learn
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• Context of learning          "$")*'-$"
Developmental & Social           J#<3"9         Individual Factors
• Learning most effective:                  • Individual differences in
  developments within and across              learning style, capacity,
  domains taken into account                  prior experience
     Developmental and               • learning most effective when
• Learning affected by social              Individual Factors
         Social Factors
  interactions, interpersonal          take into account linguistic,
  relations, and communication         cultural, and social!differences
  with others.                       • assessment for learning: include
                                       diagnostic, process, outcome
                                                                          5
 Contextualized Multiple Intelligences
(CMI) and Triplization!K'/"%=I*LMMLI*LMMDN
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                      Technological
                       Intelligence


     Social                                         Cultural
  Intelligence                                    Intelligence
                           Learning
                          Intelligenc
                               e

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             Political                     Economic
           Intelligence                   Intelligence
                                                                 6
          Research Questions

Learner-centered Education
•   How to prepare teachers?
•   What are the challenges?
•   What are the strategies to manage
    these challenges?



                                        7
              Domains of Excellence of
              Domains of Excellence of
         Learner-Centered Teacher Education
         Learner-Centered Teacher Education


     Teaching and                           Student Development
  Learning Excellence                            Excellence
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  School Development                                  Professional
      Excellence                                       Excellence


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    6 Core Professional Values Underpinning the
    6 Core Professional Values Underpinning the
      Generic Teacher Competence Framework
      Generic Teacher Competence Framework
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Learner-centered Teaching & Learning Excellence
Learner-centered Teaching & Learning Excellence
 Subject Matter Knowledge               Curriculum & Pedagogical
 • Excellent command                     Content Knowledge
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 • Keep abreast of new knowledge          • Design curriculum that fosters
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 • Synthesis of Inter-disciplinary          competence for self-learning
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                                            and supports CMI
   knowledge
 • Competence in prioritizing
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                                            development
   subject knowledge                      • Relevance of curriculum
                                 !"#$%"$& Alignment of teaching strategy
                                          •
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 Teaching Strategies,              8#<3"9            Assessment &
 Language & ICT
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                                                Evaluation
 • Metacognitive strategies
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                                      • Competence in learning
 • ICT competence for CMI               oriented assessment
   development                        • Excellence in assessment
 • Multiple teaching strategies for     literacy
   CMI development for diverse        • Competence in self-evaluation
   needs                                and monitoring for self (as
 • Language competence                  teacher) and students
                                                                             10
                                      • Sharing on new assessment
                                        knowledge
 Learn-center & Teacher-center Teaching Approaches

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    Balance between teacher-directedness and
           learner-centered education
• Phases    Exploration    Crystallization Consolidation   Extension
Confidenc   Apprenhensiv
            Apprehensive   Building       Strong           Strong
  e           e
Knowledg                                                   Creation &
            Uninformed     Emerging       Formation
  e                                                        Transfer
Interest
Interest    Emerging
            Emerging       Willing
                           Willing        Commitment
                                          Commitment       Intensified
                                                           Intensified
Teacher
Teacher     Motivate
            Motivate       Sustain
                           Sustain        Commit
                                          Commit           Advocate
                                                           Advocate
•
•           Guide
            Guide          Inspire
                           Inspire        Challenge
                                          Challenge        Recognise
                                                           Recognise
•
•           Show
            Show           Explain
                           Explain        Delegate
                                          Delegate         Celebrate
                                                           Celebrate
•
•           Direct
            Direct         Facilitate
                           Facilitate     Share
                                          Share            Extend
                                                           Extend
•           Invite
            Invite         Support
                           Support        Particpate
                                          Particpate       Collaborate
                                                           Collaborate
•                                         Participate

                                                                       12
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                       Public exam
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Produc
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t            Mid-term test
                                         License Exam

                       School-based                           PBL
                        Assessment
                  1-min Quiz                    Concept Map
Process
           In-lesson
           Questions                      Portfolio


          Exploratio     Consolidation    Crystallizatio  Extension
          n                               n
            Teacher-centered                     Learner-centered
                                                                      13
Learner-Center Student Development Excellence
Learner-Center Student Development Excellence
Development in Self-Learning        Rich Learning Experiences
• Builds strong foundation for    • Provide rich and diverse
  self-learning                     learning experiences for
     - Meta-cognition & cognition   students
        Development in
     - Goal Orientation                    Students’ Rich
                                     - From experts of diverse
                                       backgrounds
    Self-Learning & CMI
• Encourage CMI develoment           Learning Experiences
                                     - In diverse contexts,
• Facilitate intelligence &
                                     - From multiple sources
  knowledge transfer
                                  • Contribute to excellence in
                             V*.-$" global and local learning
                                    environments
Students’ Diverse Needs C$-:"994-%#<         Rapport and Care
                             J#<3"9
• Understand and support                  •Build trust and rapport
  students’ diverse needs                 with students
• Capitalize on diversity of     • Provide a safe learning
 Students’ Diverse Needs
  students                         Rapport with Students
                                   environment for learning
• Develop in students the          exploration and experimentation
 capacity to contribute to
 learning with a diverse team,
                                                                     14
 locally and
 globally
             Project-Based Learning (PBL)

                                                Project centered;
                                                Problem ill-defined;
                                    C           Group work;
            R(#4$.#9"                           Self-directed;
                                                Cross-discipline;
           F0-+'#8=$;JJ?I                       Teacher support.
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               Self-learning                S
Identify                        Clarify                  Discover
problem                        Problem                   Solution
               Gp-learning                  G
                                                          S     G
S     G
                    S                       S
Reflect &                      Present                   Evaluate
 Review                        Solution                  Solution
                    G                       G
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What are the things you learn
from this project that you
would not have learned
otherwise?
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 Would you recommend your good friends to take
 part?
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Learner-Center School Development Excellence
Learner-Center School Development Excellence
      Self-learning School               Contextualized Multiple
• Build a school culture of                 Intelligent School
  self-learning, self-monitoring      • Contribute to building up a CMI
  and continuous improvement           Contextualized
     Self-learning                      school
• Foster a school culture of               Multiple
                                      • Focus on learning how to learn
        School
  genuine sharing and caring          • Transfer global knowledge and
• Contribute and facilitate local     Intelligent School
                                        make it relevant to local context
  knowledge transfer                       • Facilitate school-based
                                  V*.-$"
                               C$-:"994-%#< learning of peers &
      Home, Community            J#<3"9      students Policies, and
                                                Vision,
(Local & Global) collaboration                    Practices
Home, Community
• Draw resources from multiple
  sources (home, community)
                                           Policies,
                                     • Active contribution to school’s
                                       vision building, policy
 (Local & Global)
• Mediate between world, school         Procedures and
                                       development and daily praxis
  & home                             • Meet local demands,
   collaboration
• Develop consensus on                     Practices
                                       expectations
  educational expectations           • Foster international outlook in
                                       school’s vision, policy & practice   18
  Learner-Center Professional Excellence
  Learner-Center Professional Excellence
   Teachers’ development in             Drive agent for school-based
     Lifelong Self-Learning                and local developments
• Continuous professional and          • Drive agent for school-based
    Teachers’ Continuous
  personal development for                      Drive agent for
                                          reform and development in
                                          teaching and learning
 Development in Lifelong
  competence in lifelong                   school-based and local
                                          (metacognition, change in ‘habit
  self-learning (competence,
          Self-Learning                         developments
                                          of mind’, policy, self-evaluation,
  strategies, commitment)                 feedback, improvement)
• Active contribution to peers’               • Leadership in local
                                   V*.-$"       education reforms
  professional development
                                C$-:"994-%#<
Collaborative professional        J#<3"9        Networked learning and
 relations across borders                   central platform for
• Network and collaborate with          Networked learning and
                                           borderless knowledge
         Collaborative                          excellence
  professional peers across               central platform for
   Professional relations
  boarders                                borderless knowledge
                                      • Active contribution to building
        across borders                  up of knowledge platform for
• Active contribution to vision                  excellence
                                        innovation, knowledge transfer,
  building and collaboration of
  world education                       teaching and management of
                                                                               19
                                        schools and systems
              Challenges
              Challenges
" Develop consensual understanding about
" Develop consensual understanding about
  Learner-center education:
  Learner-center education:
  !Nodirection from teacher
  ! direction from teacher
   No
  !Technology-basededucation
  !Technology-based education
" Ensure learning in learner-center approach
" Ensure learning in learner-center approach
" Capitalize on student diversity
" Capitalize on student diversity
" Quality assurance of learner-center
" Quality assurance of learner-center
  Teacher Education
  Teacher Education
" Sustain concerted effort from all parties
" Sustain concerted effort from all parties
  " Tension between schools & system
  " Tension between schools & system
  " Tension between local and global perspectives
  " Tension between local and global perspectives
                                                    20
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