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Mangrove restoration and shoreline stabilization of spoil islands, Riley Encased Methodology� (REM), mangrove.org®.
consumer products that exclusive feature of our patent pending encasement Case Study: are routinely driven design that assures optimized growth and Biscayne Bay Spoil Island against the island during establishment of self-sustaining mangroves. inclement weather events, Shoreline Stabilization such as tropical storms, Numerous tropical storms and hurricanes, which included Floyd, Dennis, Irene, Emily, Frances, Jeanne, hurricanes and cold fronts. Chris and Katrina, caused high wind and wave activity In 1992, Hurricane Andrew, a Category 5 storm Following the planting, periodic site surveys were at the site from 1997 to crossed the south Florida coast and caused performed to document the establishment of mangroves 2007. unprecedented damage. The storm destroyed and the resulting shoreline stabilization. The inherent ability of the mangroves on the spoil island of Chicken Key At the site review in June encasement device to leaving a barren and eroding shoreline. 2001, the trees had begun the protect plantings from This island is located in the Biscayne Bay adaptation process, which is a inclement events is a Aquatic Preserve off the Deering Estate in Coral key principle of Riley benefit of the REM Gables, Florida. In 1997, five years after the Encased Methodology™. Principle of Isolation. Isolation of the seedling inside storm, mangroves had not been able to naturally The photo to the left as taken the tubular encasement device ensures that juvenile recruit along the eastern side of the island due to during this site survey of the mangroves undergoing the plants are protected from wind, waves, wrack and the high-energy exposure to Biscayne Bay. self-regulated adaptation process. The following photo debris during the early stages of development when shows splitting of the encasement most vulnerable to Miami-Dade County, DERM, saw Chicken Key as the cross sectional area of the environmental influence as an opportunity for the implementation of developing tree expands against and damage. Riley Encased Methodology™ (REM 2010), the interior encasement wall. The Patents Pending, in restoration and shoreline The adjacent photos are multi-position opening of the stabilization of the island. from the tenth year site encasement at engineered stress survey conducted in 2007. The photo to the points facilitates the adaptation The trees have well left shows instal- process and is one of the patents developed foliage, aerial or pneumatophore root lation of the pending features of our proprietary systems, and have reached reproductive maturity. The encasements along encasement design and shoreline of this spoil the barren eastern manufacture. island has been shoreline in 1997. In the previous photo a black mangrove is in the successfully stabilized The planting included both Red (Rhizophora foreground with the root system pneumatophores and new habitat has been mangle) and Black (Avicenna germinas) extending outside the encasement and above the created for a variety of mangroves to ensure protection of the spoil surrounding sediment. A red mangrove is shown in the birds, fish and island from influence of the open waters of background with its prop root structure also extending crustaceans. Biscayne Bay. Planting the two species at the outside the encasement. In 2001, as evidenced by the Chicken Key is a quintessential example of employing proper elevation provided some diversity to photos, the plantings were undergoing the adaptation REM technology as a viable habitat creation, more accurately restore the natural ecosystem. process that would ultimately result in mature trees restoration and shoreline stabilization tool. independent of the encasements. Wrack line was a major destructive influence and inhibiting factor preventing natural When the tree completes the self-regulated adaptation recruitment and reestablishment of mangroves process the encasement has automatically been split into mangrove.org ® along this shoreline. The following photo shows three longitudinal sections enabling the removal of the P.O. Box 510312 Phone: 321-431-6595 the collection of grasses, wood planks and encasement from the environment. This is another E-mail: email@example.com Melbourne Beach, FL roves along three longitudinal sections enabling the removal of the mangrove.org encasement from the environment. This is another ex- Phone: 321-431-6595 this shoreline. The following photo shows the P.O. Box 510312 collection of grasses, wood planks and consumer clusive feature of our patent pending encasement design E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Melbourne Beach, FL
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