consumer products that exclusive feature of our patent pending encasement
Case Study: are routinely driven design that assures optimized growth and
Biscayne Bay Spoil Island against the island during establishment of self-sustaining mangroves.
inclement weather events,
Shoreline Stabilization such as tropical storms,
Numerous tropical storms and hurricanes, which
included Floyd, Dennis, Irene, Emily, Frances, Jeanne,
hurricanes and cold fronts.
Chris and Katrina, caused high wind and wave activity
In 1992, Hurricane Andrew, a Category 5 storm Following the planting, periodic site surveys were at the site from 1997 to
crossed the south Florida coast and caused performed to document the establishment of mangroves 2007.
unprecedented damage. The storm destroyed and the resulting shoreline stabilization.
The inherent ability of the
mangroves on the spoil island of Chicken Key
At the site review in June encasement device to
leaving a barren and eroding shoreline.
2001, the trees had begun the protect plantings from
This island is located in the Biscayne Bay adaptation process, which is a inclement events is a
Aquatic Preserve off the Deering Estate in Coral key principle of Riley benefit of the REM
Gables, Florida. In 1997, five years after the Encased Methodology™. Principle of Isolation. Isolation of the seedling inside
storm, mangroves had not been able to naturally The photo to the left as taken the tubular encasement device ensures that juvenile
recruit along the eastern side of the island due to during this site survey of the mangroves undergoing the plants are protected from wind, waves, wrack and
the high-energy exposure to Biscayne Bay. self-regulated adaptation process. The following photo debris during the early stages of development when
shows splitting of the encasement most vulnerable to
Miami-Dade County, DERM, saw Chicken Key
as the cross sectional area of the environmental influence
as an opportunity for the implementation of
developing tree expands against and damage.
Riley Encased Methodology™ (REM 2010),
the interior encasement wall. The
Patents Pending, in restoration and shoreline The adjacent photos are
multi-position opening of the
stabilization of the island. from the tenth year site
encasement at engineered stress
survey conducted in 2007.
The photo to the points facilitates the adaptation
The trees have well
left shows instal- process and is one of the patents
developed foliage, aerial or pneumatophore root
lation of the pending features of our proprietary
systems, and have reached reproductive maturity. The
encasements along encasement design and
shoreline of this spoil
the barren eastern manufacture.
island has been
shoreline in 1997.
In the previous photo a black mangrove is in the successfully stabilized
The planting included both Red (Rhizophora foreground with the root system pneumatophores and new habitat has been
mangle) and Black (Avicenna germinas) extending outside the encasement and above the created for a variety of
mangroves to ensure protection of the spoil surrounding sediment. A red mangrove is shown in the birds, fish and
island from influence of the open waters of background with its prop root structure also extending crustaceans.
Biscayne Bay. Planting the two species at the outside the encasement. In 2001, as evidenced by the
Chicken Key is a quintessential example of employing
proper elevation provided some diversity to photos, the plantings were undergoing the adaptation
REM technology as a viable habitat creation,
more accurately restore the natural ecosystem. process that would ultimately result in mature trees
restoration and shoreline stabilization tool.
independent of the encasements.
Wrack line was a major destructive influence
and inhibiting factor preventing natural When the tree completes the self-regulated adaptation
recruitment and reestablishment of mangroves process the encasement has automatically been split into mangrove.org ®
along this shoreline. The following photo shows three longitudinal sections enabling the removal of the P.O. Box 510312
the collection of grasses, wood planks and encasement from the environment. This is another E-mail: email@example.com Melbourne Beach, FL
roves along three longitudinal sections enabling the removal of the mangrove.org
encasement from the environment. This is another ex- Phone: 321-431-6595
this shoreline. The following photo shows the P.O. Box 510312
collection of grasses, wood planks and consumer clusive feature of our patent pending encasement design E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Melbourne Beach, FL