Mangrove Shoreline Stabilization

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					                                                      consumer products that                                      exclusive feature of our patent pending encasement
Case Study:                                           are routinely driven                                        design that assures optimized growth and
Biscayne Bay Spoil Island                             against the island during                                   establishment of self-sustaining mangroves.
                                                      inclement weather events,
Shoreline Stabilization                               such as tropical storms,
                                                                                                                  Numerous tropical storms and hurricanes, which
                                                                                                                  included Floyd, Dennis, Irene, Emily, Frances, Jeanne,
                                                      hurricanes and cold fronts.
                                                                                                                  Chris and Katrina, caused high wind and wave activity
In 1992, Hurricane Andrew, a Category 5 storm         Following the planting, periodic site surveys were          at the site from 1997 to
crossed the south Florida coast and caused            performed to document the establishment of mangroves        2007.
unprecedented damage. The storm destroyed             and the resulting shoreline stabilization.
                                                                                                                  The inherent ability of the
mangroves on the spoil island of Chicken Key
                                                                                 At the site review in June       encasement device to
leaving a barren and eroding shoreline.
                                                                                 2001, the trees had begun the    protect plantings from
This island is located in the Biscayne Bay                                       adaptation process, which is a   inclement events is a
Aquatic Preserve off the Deering Estate in Coral                                 key principle of Riley           benefit of the REM
Gables, Florida. In 1997, five years after the                                   Encased Methodology™.            Principle of Isolation. Isolation of the seedling inside
storm, mangroves had not been able to naturally                                  The photo to the left as taken   the tubular encasement device ensures that juvenile
recruit along the eastern side of the island due to   during this site survey of the mangroves undergoing the     plants are protected from wind, waves, wrack and
the high-energy exposure to Biscayne Bay.             self-regulated adaptation process. The following photo      debris during the early stages of development when
                                                      shows splitting of the encasement                                                        most vulnerable to
Miami-Dade County, DERM, saw Chicken Key
                                                      as the cross sectional area of the                                                       environmental influence
as an opportunity for the implementation of
                                                      developing tree expands against                                                          and damage.
Riley Encased Methodology™ (REM 2010),
                                                      the interior encasement wall. The
Patents Pending, in restoration and shoreline                                                                                               The adjacent photos are
                                                      multi-position opening of the
stabilization of the island.                                                                                                                from the tenth year site
                                                      encasement at engineered stress
                                                                                                                                            survey conducted in 2007.
                              The photo to the        points facilitates the adaptation
                                                                                                                                            The trees have well
                              left shows instal-      process and is one of the patents
                                                                                                                  developed foliage, aerial or pneumatophore root
                              lation     of    the    pending features of our proprietary
                                                                                                                  systems, and have reached reproductive maturity. The
                              encasements along       encasement design and
                                                                                                                  shoreline of this spoil
                              the barren eastern      manufacture.
                                                                                                                  island      has    been
                              shoreline in 1997.
                                                      In the previous photo a black mangrove is in the            successfully stabilized
The planting included both Red (Rhizophora            foreground with the root system pneumatophores              and new habitat has been
mangle) and Black (Avicenna germinas)                 extending outside the encasement and above the              created for a variety of
mangroves to ensure protection of the spoil           surrounding sediment. A red mangrove is shown in the        birds,      fish    and
island from influence of the open waters of           background with its prop root structure also extending      crustaceans.
Biscayne Bay. Planting the two species at the         outside the encasement. In 2001, as evidenced by the
                                                                                                                  Chicken Key is a quintessential example of employing
proper elevation provided some diversity to           photos, the plantings were undergoing the adaptation
                                                                                                                  REM technology as a viable habitat creation,
more accurately restore the natural ecosystem.        process that would ultimately result in mature trees
                                                                                                                  restoration and shoreline stabilization tool.
                                                      independent of the encasements.
Wrack line was a major destructive influence
and inhibiting factor preventing natural              When the tree completes the self-regulated adaptation
recruitment and reestablishment of mangroves          process the encasement has automatically been split into                                    mangrove.org ®
along this shoreline. The following photo shows       three longitudinal sections enabling the removal of the                                     P.O. Box 510312
                                                                                                                  Phone: 321-431-6595
the collection of grasses, wood planks and            encasement from the environment. This is another            E-mail: riley@mangrove.org      Melbourne Beach, FL
roves along              three longitudinal sections enabling the removal of the                                       mangrove.org
                                                         encasement from the environment. This is another ex-         Phone: 321-431-6595
this shoreline. The following photo shows the                                                                                                          P.O. Box 510312
collection of grasses, wood planks and consumer          clusive feature of our patent pending encasement design      E-mail: riley@mangrove.org       Melbourne Beach, FL

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: Mangrove restoration and shoreline stabilization of spoil islands, Riley Encased Methodology� (REM), mangrove.org®.