Docstoc

JEOPARDY___

Document Sample
JEOPARDY___ Powered By Docstoc
					WORTH:
  The Enlightenment and Eighteenth
           Century Thought

The
                100   200   300   400   500
Philosophes
Enlightenment
Thought
                100   200   300   400   500

Enlightened
                100   200   300   400   500
Despots
Enlightened
                100   200   300   400   500
Religion

Terms/ Ideas    100   200   300   400   500

WORTH:
MAIN

 Who was Francois Marie Arouet or
            Voltaire.
He was the most famous of the
 18th Century Philosophes, who
 wrote Candide, a satire on
 French society, and Letters on
 the English, which praised the
 English government.
                           SUBJECT:Philosophes
WORTH:   200 300 400 500
MAIN
         Who was Immanuel Kant?

 He was the German Philosophe
  who wrote, A Critique on Pure
  Reason, and divided truth into
  a priori, or that which is known
  and empirical truth, which can
  be experienced by the senses.
                           SUBJECT:Philosophes
WORTH:   200 300 400 500
         What was The Spectator?
MAIN




This was the publication printed
 by Joseph Addison and Richard
 Steele, which promoted the
 reading of books, and the value
 of polite discussion.

                            SUBJECT:Philosophes
WORTH:    200 300 400 500
 Who were Denis Diderot and Jean
      Le Rond d’Alembert?

MAIN

These were the two French Philosophes
 who edited the Encyclopedia, a collection
 of essays and illustrations that eventually
 numbered seventeen volumes of text and
 eleven of illustrations.

                            SUBJECT:Philosophes
WORTH:    200 300 400 500
Who was Jean –Jacques Rousseau?
MAIN

He was the French Philosophe who
 asked the question of what really
 constitutes the good life? He also
 said that civilization and the
 Enlightenment had corrupted
 human nature, as well as that
 society was more important than
 the individual.
                           SUBJECT:Philosophes
WORTH:   200 300 400 500
Who were Isaac Newton and John
            Locke?

 MAIN

These are the two Englishmen that
 influenced the philosophes of the
 Enlightenment and championed
 empirical thought and research.

WORTH:   200 300 400 500   SUBJECT: Enlightenment Thought
 What were the Salons? One of these Salons
       was maintained by Madame Helvetius, wife
       of the scientist Helvetius. Ben Franklin
       reportedly proposed to her, when she refused, out of
       devotion to her late husband, Franklin claimed he
       had visited Heaven in a dream and found Helvetius
       married there to Franklin's own deceased love,
       Deborah."Come, let us revenge ourselves," sly dog.
MAIN
These were the meeting places for
 the Philosophes, and the
 educated middle class, to meet
 and discuss the ideas of the day
 in the 18th Century.
WORTH:         200 300 400 500    SUBJECT:Enlightenment Thought
 MAIN
What was Montesquieu’s, Spirit of
 the Laws? ( he spent 20 years
  researching and writing this
         masterpiece)
This was the important work that
 praised the English form of
 government and devised the
 separation of powers and the system
 of checks and balances which
 influenced the U.S. Constitution.
WORTH:   200 300 400 500   SUBJECT:Enlightenment Thought
      What were Newspapers and Print
 MAIN
                 Culture?

This was the new medium that
 allowed the ideas of the
 Enlightenment to spread to
 the educated middle class and
 aristocracy.

WORTH:   200 300 400 500   SUBJECT:Enlightenment Thought
MAIN

Who were the Physiocrats? ( Free
 Enterprise and Laissez faire)

These were the economic reformers of
 the Enlightenment with Francois
 Quesnay and Pierre Dupont leading
 the way, with Adam Smith
 championing the cause in the English
 speaking world.

WORTH:   200 300 400 500   SUBJECT:Enlightenment Thought
MAIN
    Who were Joseph II of Austria,
Frederick II, (the Great) of Prussia and
  Catherine II ( the Great) of Russia?
These are the three monarchs of the
 18th century most closely associated
 with the Enlightenment and
 considered by some of the
 Philosophes to be Enlightened
 Despots.

WORTH:   200 300 400 500 SUBJECT:Enlightened Despots
   Who was Frederick II of Prussia?
  ( most of the reforms were used to
justify Frederick’s expansionist policies)
MAIN

He was the monarch who after
 over a decade of continuous
 fighting sought to promote
 Enlightenment ideas in
 agriculture, a mortgage credit
 system, religious tolerance, and a
 codification of laws.
WORTH:   200 300 400 500 SUBJECT:Enlightened Despots
 MAIN

        Who was Joseph II of Austria?
He was the monarch who was nicknamed
 the “ Peasant Emperor” and slept on a
 straw pallet and ate mostly beef, which
 may explain his humorless personality. He
 did attempt to end serfdom in his
 domains, limit the power of the Catholic
 Church, improved agriculture and
 transportation and attempted to tax the
 nobility.
WORTH:      200 300 400 500 SUBJECT:Enlightened Despots
Who was Catherine II ( the Great of
  Russia)? Her husband Peter III was
     probably murdered with at least her
      knowledge and at worst case her
 MAIN
                assistance.
This was the monarch, who lived
 in fear for 20 years at the court
 of Elizabeth I, and after a brief
 interlude becomes the
 “Enlightened Monarch” who rules
 from 1762 until 1796.
WORTH:    200 300 400 500 SUBJECT:Enlightened Despots
   What was Poland? (Partition of
MAIN 1772, 1793, and 1795)?
This is the country that completely
 disappears, divided by the three
 Enlightened Despots, who
 supposedly embraced the
 philosophes disgust with
 warfare, but actually embrace
 huge tracts of territory of this
 country that does not re-emerge
 until after World I.
                         SUBJECT:Enlightened Despots
WORTH:   200 300 400 500
MAIN
 What was Deism? (a belief that most
 holy scriptures are human generated
  and thus subject to interpretation)
This was the religion of the
 Enlightenment, including those
 enlightened thinkers like
 Jefferson, Franklin, and Madison,
 who were religiously tolerant and
 dedicated to science and reason.
WORTH:   200 300 400 500 SUBJECT:Enlightened Religion
           What was Islam?
MAIN

This was the religion that was often
 criticized by Enlightened
 Philosophes and was looked on
 by Voltaire, a voice of religious
 toleration, as a religion of
 fanaticism.

WORTH:   200 300 400 500 SUBJECT:Enlightened Religion
   Who was Edward Gibbon in his,
  History of the Decline and Fall of
 MAIN    the Roman Empire?
This was the influential
 historian and writer who
 along with other causes,
 blamed Christianity for the
 fall of the Roman Empire.
WORTH:   200 300 400 500 SUBJECT:Enlightened Religion
  What was, The Turkish Embassy
     Letters, written by Lady Mary
 MAIN
               Montagu?
This was a literary work written by an
 English woman who had access to
 women’s quarters in the Ottoman
 Empire and wrote that Turkish
 women were relatively free and well
 treated by their husbands.
WORTH:   200 300 400 500 SUBJECT:Enlightened Religion
 MAIN

What was Nathan the Wise, written by
         Gotthold Lessing?

This was the play written in 1779,
 by a German playwright and
 critic which called for religious
 toleration for all religions, not
 just Christianity.

WORTH:   200 300 400 500 SUBJECT:Enlightened Religion
         Who was Voltaire?
MAIN


He was the famous philosophe
 who stated, “Crush the infamous
 thing”, referring to the Catholic
 Church and “ I may not agree
 with what you say, but I will
 defend to the death your right to
 say it”, defending free speech.

WORTH:   200 300 400 500   SUBJECT:Enlightenment Terms/Ideas
MAIN
         Who was Baruch Spinoza?
This was the Jewish writer who
 was criticized by both his Jewish
 peers and Christians alike for
 looking at religion and nature
 with a scientific approach, and in
 his work Ethics states that they
 are closely entwined and that
 man is just another part of the
 natural world.
WORTH:     200 300 400 500   SUBJECT:Enlightenment Terms/Ideas
MAIN
       Who was Cesare Beccaria?

He was the Italian Philosphe
 who proposed a reform in the
 prison system prevalent in
 Europe during the 18th
 century in his work, “On
 Crimes and Punishment”.

WORTH:    200 300 400 500   SUBJECT:Enlightenment Terms/Ideas
Who was Jean Jacques Rousseau?
( he may have been afraid of child
support, since he deserted his wife
 MAIN      and children)
This was the Philosophe who in his
 novel Emile set forth a rather
 traditional and conservative
 approach to the role of women and
 stated that they operated in different
 spheres then men, and should be
 educated to be subordinate to men.
WORTH:   200 300 400 500   SUBJECT:Enlightenment Terms/Ideas
 MAIN
   Who was Mary Wollstonecraft?
( mother of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelly
      author of Frankenstein )
She was the woman writer and
 Philosophe who advocated an
 equal education for women
 which would allow them to
 envision all the possibilities that
 were open to men.
WORTH:   200 300 400 500   SUBJECT:Enlightenment Terms/Ideas

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:23
posted:5/14/2010
language:English
pages:27