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									                       DRUGYEL HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
                          MID-TERM EXAMINATIONS (2008)
                                Reading and Literature
                              English Paper II – Class XII

Writing Time: 3 ¼ hours                                             Total Marks: 100

Read the following directions carefully.

   1. This paper has four sections, Section A for Short Stories, Section B for Essay, Section C
      for Poetry and Section D for Drama.
   2. In each section, there are two sets of questions: Set I and Set II. Set I comprises of
      Question No. 1(a) and 1(b) and Set II corresponds to Question No.2 across all sections.
   3. You are required to answer four sets of questions in all, one set from each section. Your
      choice must include at least one Set II question (question no.2) from any section.
   4. Do not attempt questions from two different sets. Your choice is strictly between the two
      sets of questions provided for each section.
                                             SECTION A
                                         SHORT STORIES

Answer the questions in this section with reference to the story “The Elephant” by
Slawomir Mrozek.

                                      SET 1: 25 MARKS

Question 1 (a)                                                              [1 X 5 = 5]

Choose the correct answer that fits the given question and write it in your answer sheet.

   1.      The anniversary of the liberation was on

           A. 20th July               B.     21st July
           C. 22nd July               D.     23rd July

   2.      Particularly “sluggish” means

           A. rather lazy             B.     slow
           C. very slow               D.     peaceful

   3.      Money saved by a rubber elephant can be used to

           A. run the zoo                        B.          buy the animals for the zoo
           C. help the common task and struggle. D.          purchase a jet plane

   4.      The word “Carcass” means a

           A. sea mammal              B.     dead body of an animal
           C. kind of sea weed        D.     metal used in ammunition

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     5.      The director insisted on haste in making the rubber elephant because

             A.   the zoo was going to be inspected
             B.   the zoo was going to be inaugurated
             C.   he was expecting a bonus
             D.   he was expecting a promotion

Question 1 (b)                                                                [5 X 4 = 20]

Read the following questions carefully and answer them briefly.

1.        What were the frustrations of the two workers blowing up the rubber elephant?       [5]

2.        What do you think the elephant stands for in Bhutan?                                [5]

3.        Explain the reasons for the Director suggesting a cheaper elephant?                 [5]

4.        He regarded his animals as stepping stones on the road of his career. Explain?      [5]

                                       SET 2: 25 MARKS
Question 2                                                                             [25]

1.        Analyze the impact on children and the readers when the rubber elephant rises in the air
          at the end of the story?                                                          [10]

2.        Discuss the allegorical and satirical aspects of the story “The elephant.”          [15]

                                                 SECTION B
Read the essay given below carefully. From the two sets of questions on this text, choose
one set and write your responses in your answer sheet.

                   Better Shape up – Bhutan Times Editorial 29th October 2006
It is recurring issue, more likely a nightmare. Most of us are not even surprised leave alone
outraged. Our sensibilities have been diminished by the constancy of it all. Death by injury, drug
overdose, depression or suicide, these are becoming all too common with our youth. Some will
wish away these tragedies as stray incidents. Others will vehemently disagree. When people
bemoan the number of gang fights and gory aftermath, there is attention called for. We have to
remember that drug or depression related deaths and suicides are mostly not reported. This is
because nobody wants to intrude into the privacy of already distraught family. Yet, by all
indications, the numbers are high. And it will obviously get higher unless quick action is taken.

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                                              Page 2 of 8
For all our concerns, the reality is that the problem poses no easy solutions. Just what kind of
action will have an impact? The parameters are so wide as to bewilder those seeking to reverse
these trends. This is not just a law and order situation. It will not go away with clampdown or
the imposition of sterner punishment. It calls for the involvement of parents, teachers, officers of
the law, youth organizations, the government and even clergy. The psyche of an adolescent is
like that of a hydra headed monster, always in flux. It is situations; circumstances and
surrounding that mould the varying minds in these heads.

The issue of abnormal youth is rooted both in victimization as well as perpetration. At the family
level, we are talking either authoritarianism in child rearing or too much laxity. The negatives
are low parental involvement, emotional attachment and home education. A child is most
vulnerable when there is conflict, substance abuse or criminality and poor monitoring and
supervision on the part of parents. Separation and subsequent neglect leave in its wake
permanent scars that later manifest in the problems we see today. It is therefore now upon
parents to seriously consider all these factors. In the end, it is not just the child but the parents
who suffer as well. As the saying goes, there is no greater pain than to outlive your children.

The other, equally significant determinant to deviation is the peer group. The mindset of a young
person is largely shaped by association with friends. Hanging out with delinquent peers and
getting initiated into gangs inevitably results in trouble. Social rejection by peers, poor academic
performance and the lack of participation in conventional activities also open the door to quick-
fix remedies like drugs and alcohol.

Given the bleak scenario prevailing, there is the need for parents and teachers to be alert and
vigilant at all times. In most cases, the signs are always there, unspeaking yet crying out for
help. Attention deficit, hyperactivity, learning disorders, high emotional distress and poor
behavioural control should not be viewed as a child just being naughty or dumb. Child
psychologists caution against ignoring the display of such attributes. Seek help before it is too

Youth has always been given a special place in our society. They have been entrusted with the
future of the nation by His Majesty the King. A Trust Fund has been established to ensure their
employment. However, on their part, they need to shape up. And to get them there, it is the
elders who must make a concerted effort.

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                                            Page 3 of 8
                                       SET 1: 25 MARKS

Question 1(a)                                                         [1 X 5 Marks]

Choose the correct answer for each of the questions from the options provided. Copy the number
of question and write the response in your answer sheet. (Choosing more than one answer for
one question shall be considered invalid. No marks shall be awarded for such answers).

1.     Drugs or depression related deaths and suicides are mostly not reported because:
          (a)   People fear youth
          (b)   There is no law for it
          (c)   People protect privacy of already distraught family
          (d)   People overlook youth issues

2.     Which of the following statement is true?
          (a)   Youth problem poses no easy solution
          (b)   People are worried about the youth
          (c)   You issues are becoming not that too problematic
          (d)   None of the above

3.     Deviation of youth is promoted by all of these except:
          (a)   Carelessness on the part of the parents
          (b)   Peer group
          (c)   Lack of monitoring
          (d)   Strict parents

4.     Which of the following is nearly the same in meaning as the word ‘delinquent’ as used in
       the passage?
          (a)   Law-abiding
          (b)   Anti-social
          (c)   Normal
          (d)   Well behaved

5.     The essay is written in the form of:
          (a)   narrative
          (b)   argumentative
          (c)   persuasive
          (d)   expository

Question 1(b)                                                            [20 Marks]

1.     What are the attitudes of adults to prevailing youth issue?               [5]
2.     What measures are suggested by the author to overcome youth issues?       [5]
3.     What are the conclusions drawn in his essay?                              [5]
4.     Why does the author say that death by injury, drug overdose, depression or suicide is
       becoming too common with the youth?                                       [5]

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                                              Page 4 of 8
                                   SET 2: 25 MARKS

Question 2

1.    What are the reasons for the author claiming that youth issues are becoming chronic in
      Bhutanese society?                                        [10]

2.    Show where the writer has used examples, facts, opinions or personal experience to
      present his ideas. Are they valid?                    [15]

                               SECTION C: POETRY
Direction: Read the following poem carefully and answer the questions that follow:

                           MENDING WALL – Robert Frost

                    Something there is that doesn't love a wall,
                    That sends the frozen-ground-swell under it
                    And spills the upper boulders in the sun,
                    And makes gaps even two can pass abreast.
                    The work of hunters is another thing:               5
                    I have come after them and made repair
                    Where they have left not one stone on a stone,
                    But they would have the rabbit out of hiding,
                    To please the yelping dogs. The gaps I mean,
                    No one has seen them made or heard them made,       10
                    But at spring mending-time we find them there.
                    I let my neighbor know beyond the hill;
                    And on a day we meet to walk the line
                    And set the wall between us once again.
                    We keep the wall between us as we go.               15
                    To each the boulders that have fallen to each.
                    And some are loaves and some so nearly balls
                    We have to use a spell to make them balance:
                    "Stay where you are until our backs are turned!"
                    We wear our fingers rough with handling them.       20
                    Oh, just another kind of outdoor game,
                    One on a side. It comes to little more:
                    There where it is we do not need the wall:
                    He is all pine and I am apple orchard.
                    My apple trees will never get across                25
                    And eat the cones under his pines, I tell him.
                    He only says, "Good fences make good neighbors."
                    Spring is the mischief in me, and I wonder
                    If I could put a notion in his head:
                    "Why do they make good neighbors? Isn't it          30
                    Where there are cows? But here there are no cows.
                    Before I built a wall I'd ask to know
                    What I was walling in or walling out,
                    And to whom I was like to give offense.
                    Something there is that doesn't love a wall,        35
                    That wants it down." I could say "Elves" to him,

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                       But it's not elves exactly, and I'd rather
                       He said it for himself. I see him there,
                       Bringing a stone grasped firmly by the top
                       In each hand, like an old-stone savage armed.       40
                       He moves in darkness as it seems to me,
                       Not of woods only and the shade of trees.
                       He will not go behind his father's saying,
                       And he likes having thought of it so well
                       He says again, "Good fences make good neighbors."   45

                                     SET 1: 25 MARKS
Question 1(a)                                                          [1 x 5 Marks]

Choose the correct answer for each of the questions from the options provided and write in your
answer sheet with appropriate serial number. (Choosing more than one answer for one question
shall be considered invalid. No marks shall be awarded for such answers).

1.     Who is the speaker of the poem?
       a)       The neighbour
       b)       The Poet
       c)       Elves
       d)       The Old man

2.     Which of the following is not true according to the speaker in the poem?
       a)       We do not need to built wall
       b)       Nobody has seen or heard who has made the gap in the wall
       c)       That the wall needs mending as it separates him from his neighbour
       d)       Mending the wall as just another game played outside

3.     The comparison of the neighbour like an old-stone savage, moving in darkness reflects
       a)       Anti-traditional
       b)       Broad-minded
       c)       Ignorance
       d)       None of the above

4.     The poem is in the form of:
       a)       A lyric
       b)       A blank verse
       c)       A ballad
       d)       A dramatic monologue

5.     The wall in the poem is a metaphor of
       a)       rules
       b)       tradition
       c)       boundaries
       d)       all the above

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Question 1(b)                                                              [20 Marks]

1.     What reasons does the speaker cite to show that there is no need to mend
       the wall?                                                                            [5]

2.     Why does the neighbour think that "good fences make good neighbours"?
       Give reasons.                                                                        [5]

3.     In what ways do "walls" become metaphorical and/or symbolic in the poem?             [5]

4.     Discuss the contrasting thinking of the speaker and the neighbour throughout
       the poem?                                                                            [5]

                                     SET 2: 25MARKS
Question 2                                                                         [1 x 5 = 5]

1.     Write down the form and use of the language in the poem?                              [10]

2.     How does Frost create conflict or tension in his poems and how does he
       resolve it?                                                                           [15]

                                 SECTION D
                       DRAMA: Episode in the life of an author
                               SET 1: 25 Marks
Question 1(a)                                                                      [1 x 5 = 5]
Choose the correct answer that fits the given question and write it in your answer sheet.

1.     In the letter “my own love” refers to
       a)       the author     b)     the woman
       c)       La Surette     d)     Ardele

2.     Moliere is a writer from
       a)       Rumania        b)     Italy
       c)       France         d)     England

3.     What is the author’s name?
       a)       Gustave        b)     Gontran
       c)       Leon           d)     Jacques

4.     The woman who telephoned wants to speak to

       a)       her first husband     b)       her husband
       c)       the author            d)       the maid

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5.     The climax of the play is when

       a)       The author reads the letter in Ardele’s closet.
       b)       The housing inspector finds out the truth about the rooms.
       c)       Cascades of water begin to fall from the ceiling.
       d)       The author looses hold of the entire situation.

Question 1(b)                                                                [5 x 4 = 20]

Read the following questions carefully and answer them briefly.

1.     Who is Madame Bessarabo and with what purpose does she come to the author?
       To what extent does she try to fulfil her goals?                           [5]

2.     La Surette visits the author several times blackmailing the author emotionally
       to get money. What would you do to prevent this if you were in the shoes of the
       author?                                                                              [5]

3.     Evaluate the relationship of the author with his wife, Ardele.                       [5]

4.     Discuss two characters, their problems and whether they succeeded in getting the
       authors help?                                                                    [5]

                                     SET 2: 25 MARKS
Question 2                                                                   [25 Marks]

1.     Elucidate that “Episode in the life of an author” is a farce.                        [10]

2.     Select and explain three important comical scenes from the episode in the life of
       an author.                                                                        [15]

                                 “ALL THE BEST”

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