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					                        Experiencing English 2




         Unit 8
         Computers
         and Security


Unit 8
         Experiencing English 2




Unit 8
                             Experiencing English 2




                             Unit 8
             Computers and Security
                              Part I

         Listen
                  and


                        Talk
Unit 8
                                                                                               Experiencing English 2

    Unit 8 Computers and Security

                                                     Unit 8
                                     Computers and Security
          Directions: Listen to the following passage and try to fill the missing
         words. Click here to listen.

             Have you ever listed everything the computer does to enhance modern life? From finding
         research to doing research, from 1. __________ use to home use, from 2. ___________ with friends
         and family to searching for a job, computers simplify our lives and allow us to learn and 3.
         _________ things with the click of a mouse. The Internet is like a highway system, moving bits of
         information across telephone lines and cables with such speed that when we 4. __________ the web
         address or search for websites, within seconds the information appears on the computer screen. The 5.
         __________ of the computer and the Internet has revolutionized how we live and work. How did we
         ever 6. __________ __________without computers?

              There is 7. ___________ in all things and the computer is not an exception. While it provides us
         with many good things at our fingertips, there are those who 8. __________ programs that infect the
         computer with “viruses” which destroy its 9. __________ and frustrate the computer owner. Anti-
         virus programs, however, are 10. ___________ to combat the problem. Cybercrime is also rising as
         Internet privacy is violated in a variety of ways, creating the need for better Internet security systems
         to be developed.
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                      keys
     1.business      2. communicating
     3. discover     4. type in
     5. invention    6. get along
     7. opposition    8. create
     9. memory       10. available




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         Passage A



               You Are the
                 Weakest
              Link, Goodbye



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        NEW WORDS




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                                         Computer Virus



          A computer virus is a program that invades your computer system, hides there,
           and makes copies of itself. Viruses spread when you launch an infected
           application or start up your computer from a disk that has infected system files.
          All computer viruses are manmade. A simple virus that can make a copy of
           itself over and over again is relatively easy to produce. Even such a simple
           virus is dangerous because it will quickly use all available memory and bring the
           system to a halt.
          It is highly recommended that you have Virus Protection installed in your
           computer before you consider downloading anything.
         http://www.internet101.org/virus.html/

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                                          Macro Viruses




            Macro viruses are computer viruses that use an application's own macro
            programming language to distribute themselves. These macros have the
            potential to inflict damage to the document or to other computer software.
            The infecting files can be modified or deleted and may not be recoverable.
         http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q187243

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                                        Melissa




        Melissa affects Word documents. If launched, the macro virus will
         attempt to start Microsoft Outlook to send copies of the infected
         document via email to up to 50 people in Outlook’s address book as
         an attachment.
        The email subject line reads "Important Message from [the name of
         someone]," and the message reads "Here is that document you asked
         for...don't show anyone else ;-)".
         http://www.melissavirus.com/

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                                            The Love Bug
              The Love Bug virus is also called the Loveletter
              Virus, or simply I Love You.

             The virus is circulating through
              email and affecting many
              customers. If run, the virus could
              overwrite .jpg, .mp3, and other
              file types, and attempt to send a
              copy of itself to everyone in the
              recipient's address book.
              The e-mail containing the virus typically carries a
              subject line of "ILOVEYOU". Inside the mail is a
              short message saying "Kindly check the attached
              LOVELETTER coming from me" and an attachment
              named LOVE-LETTER-FOR-YOU.txt.vbs.

         http://www.microsoft.com/misc/data/lovelettervirus.htm


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                           TEXT
     1.Do    you remember the good old days?
         Innocent times spent sharing documents
         and executable files without a care in the
         world. Okay, every month or so you might
         encounter a boot sector virus — but they
         were easy to deal with even if the anti-virus
         software didn't pick them up.


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                       innocent
     a sweet innocent baby.
     一个可爱天真的婴儿。
     How innocent we were!
     那时我们多么的单纯!
     He was judged innocent.
     他被判无罪。
     A gentle, innocent person.
     温和温和、天真的人


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     还记得美好的往日时光吗?在那样的纯真年
         代,我们共享文档和可执行文件,根本没有
         半点顾虑。不错,每隔一个月左右你可能会
         碰到一个引导扇区病毒,不过这些很容易对
         付,就算杀毒软件没有把它查出来也不要紧。




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                                                 Experiencing English 2




        2.But those long lazy summers disappeared too
         fast. Macro viruses made Information Technology
         (IT) administrators grow up fast as they realized
         there was a type of virus which could spread very
         quickly throughout an organization. It wasn't
         unusual to find hundreds of computers within
         personal company infected by viruses transmitted
         via email attachments. The IT staff were amongst
         the fittest departments in your company, running
         from Personal Computer (PC) to the next cleaning
         them up


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                  Notes to the Text
         1. But those long lazy summers disappeared too
           fast. (para. 2)

          That summer doesn't last as long as we
          would like it to last.


          那些长长的夏日,悠闲自得,可惜消逝得太快。



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                   Notes to the Text
         2.It wasn't unusual to find hundreds of computers
           within one company infected by viruses
           transmitted via email attachments. (para. 2)
          It was often the case that in the same
          company hundreds of computers would have
          viruses because the employees had opened
          email attachments containing these viruses.

          一家公司里的数百台计算机因为发送电子邮件附件而感染
          病毒,这是十分平常的事。

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                     clean up
     1.打扫;整理
      She is cleaning up the kitchen now.
     她现在正在打扫厨房。
     2. 清理
      We should clean up the past-due bills.
     我们应该清理逾期票据。




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     那些长长的夏日,悠闲自得,可惜消逝得太
         快。宏病毒使IT管理者们迅速成长起来,他
         们意识到有的病毒能迅速扩散到整个机构。
         一家公司里的数百台计算机感染了通过电子
         邮件附件传播的病毒,也是十分平常的事。
         公司各部门中身体最好的当属IT员工,因为
         他们奔走于各台计算机之间,清理病毒。


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        3.There had to be a better way. Companies now
         realize that viruses aren't "urban myths", and can
         have a serious impact on their operations. They
         invest in anti-virus software on the desktops,
         servers and email gateways and even put in place
         procedures to ensure their anti-virus is up-to-date
         with the very latest detection routines.
         4.It sounds like companies have put in place
         adequate defenses to protect against viruses. But
         have they?


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                 Notes to the Text
     3.Companies now realize that viruses aren't
       "urban myths", and can have a serious impact
       on their operations. (para. 3)

         Companies now understand that viruses are not
         modern made-up stories , and they can do great
         harm to a company's operations.

         各家公司现在都意识到病毒并不是“现代神话”,而会严
         重影响到公司的实际运作。


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                        impact
     His return from abroad will have great impact
      on the political world.
     他从国外回来将对政界有很大影响。
     A speech that lacked impact.
     毫无影响力的演说
     Finding staff qualifications, job, age, enterprise
      identity and enterprise-scale has an impact on
      employee involvement.
     发现员工的学历、职位、工龄、企业属性和企业规
      模对员工参与有所影响。
     This book have a far-reaching impact on
      readers.
     这本书对读者产生了长远影响。
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     3.防病毒得想个更好的办法才行。各家公司
         现在都意识到病毒并不是“现代神话”,而
         确实会严重影响到公司的运作。他们投资杀
         毒软件,安装在计算机、服务器以及电子邮
         件网关上,甚至还采取措施确保使用最新的
         检查程序,随时更新杀毒软件。

         4.听起来好像各公司已经采取了充分的措施
         防范病毒。可事实真的如此吗?

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        5. Anti-virus software detects most of the viruses your
         users are likely to encounter — often without the user even
         knowing. However, the software must be updated regularly,
         preferably daily in any large company. Even then, a very
         new virus can infect your users. With the rapid
         transmission of files through networks and the Internet, a
         virus can spread a considerable distance before it can be
         identified and protected against. Fortunately, only a few
         viruses ever do this but the likes of Melissa and the Love
         Bug can inflict serious damage before their progress is
         stopped. Whilst employees become suddenly aware during
         the ensuing media excitement, they soon forget about the
         virus threat as the stories disappear from the news
         headlines.


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                 Notes to the Text
     4.With the rapid transmission of files through
       networks and the Internet, a virus can spread
       a considerable distance before it can be
       identified and protected against. (para. 5)
         With the fast spread of information through
         networked computers and the Internet, a virus
         can reach many computers before anything
         can be done about it.
         通过网络和互联网,文件可以快速地传输,等到人们发现
         一种病毒并加以防范时,病毒可能已经扩散到了相当的范
         围。
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                              Experiencing English 2




     Like author, like book.
     [谚]什么样的作家写什么样的作品;文如其人。
     Like master, like man.
    有其主必有其仆。
     Like mother, like daughter.
     有其母必有其女。
     Like father, like son.
     [谚]有其父必有其子。



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                         ensue
         vi. 跟着发生, 继起
          vt. 追求

     The evils ensue from lack of a stable government.
     这些弊病是由于缺乏一个稳定的政府而引起的。
     Let him seek peace and ensue it!
     让他去追求和平并为和平而奔波吧。
    


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        5.杀毒软件确实能检测出用户会碰到的绝大多数病
         毒,而且往往在用户毫不察觉时就已经处理完毕。
         然而,软件必须定期更新,大公司则最好是每天更
         新一次。即使是这样,新的病毒也还是可能感染用
         户。通过网络和互联网,文件可以快速地传输,等
         到人们发现一种病毒并加以防范时,病毒可能已经
         扩散到了相当的范围。好在只有少数几种病毒有这
         么大的破坏力,不过像梅利莎和爱虫病毒则是例外,
         人们还来不及制止,它们就已经造成了严重的破坏。
         然后媒体轰动,员工会突然警觉起来,但一旦新闻
         头条不再报道这些事件,他们就会很快将其抛之脑
         后。

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                                          Experiencing English 2




 6.This    is the danger. Complacency can set
    in when there is no perceived "action" on the
    virus front with no global crisis, and the
    importance of being vigilant about viruses
    recedes in your users' minds. They forget
    what the big deal was in the first place —
    after all,anti-virus software deals with the
    viruses, doesn't it? And isn't it the IT
    department's job to look after this sort of
    thing?


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                                               Experiencing English 2




                Notes to the Text
     5.Complacency can set in when there is no
       perceived "action" on the virus front and no
       global crisis and the importance of being
       vigilant about viruses recedes in your users'
       minds.(para. 6)
       People may ignore viruses and stop worrying
       about them when no major worldwide viruses
       have been reported recently, and the need to be
       very on guard against viruses is easily forgotten..
         若病毒战线没有能察觉到的“大动作”,也没有全球性的
         危机,人们就会变得心安理得,对病毒保持警惕的重要性
         的意识就会在用户的脑子中渐渐淡化。
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                                           Experiencing English 2




            set into :become established
     The hot weather now set in.
     炎热的天气这时开始了。
     Winter has set in early this year.
     今年冬天来得早。
     Soon afterward drought set in.
      不久之后又发生了干早。




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     The opera is set in 1949.
      这个歌剧故事发生在1949年。
     Rot has set in
     开始腐烂了。
     Complications set in, and the patient
      died.
     病人因出现并发症而死亡。


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                          Experiencing English 2




     这正是危险所在。若病毒战线没有能察觉到
         的“大动作”,也没有全球性的危机,人们
         就会洋洋自得,对病毒保持警惕的重要性的
         意识就会在用户的脑子中渐渐淡化。他们会
         忘掉这件首要大事——毕竟杀毒软件会对付
         病毒,不是吗?何况,这不也正是IT部门的
         职责所在吗?


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                                                          Experiencing English 2




        7.Before you know it your users are opening unsolicited
         attachments once more, downloading unauthorized
         software, and putting your company's data and credibility at
         risk. All because the users think that they are working in a
         safe environment. Employees see anti-virus software,
         firewalls and IT departments as guarantees that their
         computers will work and be safe. Of course, there aren't
         any guarantees. Anti-virus software plays one, albeit
         important, part in the defense of your company from
         malicious attack but the security of your computer system
         is only as strong as the weakest link. And that, more often
         than not, is the human factor.


Unit 8
                                                Experiencing English 2




                  Notes to the Text
     6.but the security of your computer system is
       only as strong as the weakest link.(para. 7)

         But the security of your computer system
         against viruses rests with its user who is
         actually the weakest point.

         公司的计算机系统安全与否实际上系于最薄弱的一个环节 .




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                                         Experiencing English 2




                   malicious
    a  malicious remark
     怀有恶意的 语言
     malicious fierce-tempered woman.
      恶毒的、脾气暴躁的妇女。
     A malicious, spiteful comment.
      恶毒话充满敌意的恶毒评价



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        7.你还没有反应过来,用户们又一次打开了来历不
         明的附件,下载了非法软件,将公司的数据资料和
         信誉置于危险之中。这一切都是因为用户们认为他
         们的操作环境很安全。员工们认为杀毒软件、防火
         墙以及IT部门足以保障他们的计算机正常运作,而
         且没有危险。其实保障根本没有的。杀毒软件的作
         用固然很重要,但在保护公司不受恶意攻击的战斗
         中,只能起到一定的作用。公司的计算机系统安全
         与否实际上系于最薄弱的一个环节,而这个环节往
         往就是人的因素。



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                                                          Experiencing English 2




         8.No employer wants to come across as a killjoy or an
         ogre. Most will willingly accept that the happiest employees
         are those who feel that they are respected and trusted by
         their employer. Many companies accept that employees
         will send and receive a certain amount of personal email
         and make the odd personal telephone call.

          9.However, the worry comes when employees start risking
         company security in pursuit of personal amusement. Funny
         screensavers and games downloaded from the Internet
         can seem harmless enough but they could easily be
         harboring a dangerous virus.


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                  Notes to the Text
     7.However, the worry comes when employees
       start risking company security in pursuit of
       personal amusement.(para. 9)

         But the worry arises when employees start breaking
         the company security rules in order to amuse or
         entertain themselves by doing personal downloading
         from the Internet.
         但是,如果员工为了追求个人乐趣而置公司安全于不顾,
         就着实堪忧了。


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                                        Experiencing English 2




                     harbor
     SurpriseAttack on Pearl Harbor
      袭击珍珠港
     Harboring criminals is an offense in law.
     窝藏罪犯是犯法的。
     He harbors a wish to be a world
      championship. (喻)
     他内心怀有当一名世界冠军的愿望。


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         8.身为雇主,谁都不愿扮演令人扫兴或者令人生
         畏的角色。大多数人都愿意相信,员工若能感受到
         雇主的尊重和信任,肯定会很开心的。很多公司都
         默许员工接发一定数量的私人电子邮件,偶尔打一
         两个私人电话。
           9.但是,如果员工为了追求个人乐趣而置公司
         安全于不顾,就着实堪忧了。从互联网上下载有趣
         的屏保或者游戏,看起来好像没有危险,不过它们
         很可能是危险病毒的藏身之所。



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        10. Software downloaded from the net is often unlicensed
         and unsupported, and may cause conflicts with existing
         software in use at your company. Unlicensed, pirated
         software is an ideal vector for a computer virus. Virus
         writers and hackers often use such software as the ideal
         "kick-start" for their virus distribution.
        从网上下载的软件经常是无使用授权的,而且不提
         供支持,可能与公司使用的其他软件发生冲突。未
         经许可的盗版软件是计算机病毒的理想的携带者,
         制造病毒者以及黑客们经常利用这类软件作为病毒
         扩散的理想开端。


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                 Notes to the Text
     8.Virus writers and hackers often use such
       software as the ideal "kick-start" for their virus
       distribution.(para. 10)

         Virus writers and people who break into other
         people's computer files often use such software
         as the best means to get their viruses to start
         spreading.
         制造病毒者以及黑客们经常利用这类软件作为病毒扩散的
         理想开端。


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         11.It is vitally important that employees be educated
         about the virus threat but this cannot be a one-off event.
         The potential threat should always be in the back of an
         employee's mind and precautionary measures should be
         taken as a matter of course. There is no harm in reminding
         people about what could happen if they let their guard
         down. In the end, education is the key to a virus-free
         environment and this is a continual process. It may not be
         the most exciting thing on the agenda but it works.
          12.The lesson is simple. You can have the best software
         in the world protecting your company's defenses; you can
         even be the biggest IT company in the world; but without
         your users practicing safe computing they will always be
         the weakest link.


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                                                Experiencing English 2




                  Notes to the Text
    9.The potential threat should always be in the
      back of an employee's mind and precautionary
      measures should be taken as a matter of
      course.(para. 11)
         Employees should always be aware of the
         possibility of a virus infection and they should
         take protective measures as their daily routine.

         员工的潜意识里应该随时留意潜在的危险,而且应该总是
         采取防范措施。


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                                       Experiencing English 2




               precautionary
     precautionary demand for money
      预防性货币需求
     Take precautionary measures;
     采取预防措施;
     give precautionary advice.
      给予预防的建议



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                                Experiencing English 2




                   Let down
     Letdown the sails.
      放下船帆
     She let down the blind.
      她把百叶窗放下了
     Don„t let me down.
      别叫我失望啊。



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                             Experiencing English 2




    
           11.对员工进行有关病毒危害的教育至关重要,
         但这种教育不能一劳永逸。员工的潜意识里应该随
         时留意潜在的危险,而且应该总是采取防范措施。
         应该提醒人们如果放松警惕会有什么后果。归根结
         底,营造无病毒环境,教育才是关键,而且应该坚
         持不懈。这可能不是日程表上最激动人心的事,但
         是行之有效。
            12.道理很简单。你也许拥有世界上最好的软件
         来保护公司的防护系统,甚至可能是世界上最大的
         IT公司,但如果你的用户不注意计算机的使用安全,
         他们将始终是最薄弱的环节。


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                                             Experiencing English 2




              Summary of the Text
         The weakest link in the protection of a
         company's computers against viruses is the
         individual computer user. There is a strong
         tendency that the employees assume it is the
         company's computer security experts' job to
         worry about the viruses and they can bring
         the problem under control. But everyone must
         do their share to prevent viruses. Any
         unsolicited email attachment or any untested
         type of software may contain a virus.

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                                          Experiencing English 2




             Summary of the Text
         Even the best anti-virus software is not
         always effective and must be frequently
         updated. Constant education of all
         employees about viruses is the key to
         virus prevention. No one should ever be
         allowed to relax their defenses, even if
         this means the company must have
         some rules set that employees might not
         like.
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                                     Experiencing English 2




 Exercises
                  Keys to Ex. 4 :
     1.The reason I didn't do well in my
       exams was that I just didn't have
       adequate time to prepare.
     2.It is vitally important that we get
       extra funding for the project.
     3.Ms. Robbins was caught delivering
       a copy of a confidential document
       to a newspaper reporter.?

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                                    Experiencing English 2




 Exercises
                  Keys to Ex. 4 :
     4.The quick distribution of the virus
       caused great damage to the
       network system across the country.
     5. Traffic noise, pollution, huge
       concrete buildings - how can
       people survive in a(n) urban area!
     6.The firm has identified 60 potential
       customers at home and abroad.

Unit 8
                                    Experiencing English 2




 Exercises
                  Keys to Ex. 4 :
     7. I've had continual problems with
       this car ever since I bought it!
     8. A computer virus may hide in a
       computer's memory, calling up and
       infecting each of the machine's
       data files in turn.



Unit 8
                                    Experiencing English 2




 Exercises
                  Keys to Ex. 4 :
     9. He says he'll stop supplies getting
       in, but it's just an empty threat
       because there are many other
       accesses suppliers.
     10. A(n) updated version of the
      software will be available within
      six months.


Unit 8
                                   Experiencing English 2




 Exercises
                 Keys to Ex. 5 :
     1.When the boxer let down his guard,
       he was knocked out by the
       opponent.
     2.In the interview the applicant
       came across as being extremely
       intelligent.
     3. In the back of his mind was the
       vague idea that he had met her
       before.
Unit 8
                                      Experiencing English 2




 Exercises
                    Keys to Ex. 5 :

         4. I check my email box every
           evening as a matter of course.
         5. We spent all Saturday morning
           cleaning up the dormitory.




Unit 8
                                    Experiencing English 2




 Exercises
                  Keys to Ex. 7 :
     1.In pursuit of a healthier diet,
       people are eating more fish than
       they used to.
     2. We need to have the roof repaired
       before he bad weather sets in.
     3. The disease is spreading, and all
       young children are at risk.


Unit 8
                                       Experiencing English 2




 Exercises
                    Keys to Ex. 7 :

         4. The information is transmitted
           form one computer to another
           through a telephone line.
         5. Jack is a fairly good runner. He
           wins more often than not.




Unit 8
                                                   Experiencing English 2




                      Keys to Ex. 8 :

        1 It sounds like this high-tech company has put
         in place many favorable measures to protect
         against brain drains.

        2 The worry comes when paper-mills ignore the
         environmental pollution in pursuit of profits.

        3 It‟s vitally important that one attend a test-
         preparation class before taking a TOEFL test but
         this cannot be a one-off event if he really wants to
         have a good command of English.
Unit 8
                                            Experiencing English 2




    4     The potential threat should always be in
         the back of a doctor’s mind and appropriate
         measures should be taken in no time once
         emergency arises.

    5     In the end, science and education are the
         keys to a prosperous country and this is a
         continual process.

Unit 8
                  Experiencing English 2




         Thank You!

Unit 8
                                 Experiencing English 2




           Related Information
          Personal Computer
          The Internet
          Email
          Computer Virus
          Macro Virus
          Melissa
          The Love Bug

Unit 8
                                                          Experiencing English 2




                   Personal Computer (PC)



               All computers, from the first room-sized mainframes,
                to today's powerful desktop, laptop and even hand-
                held PCs, perform the same general operations on
                information. What changes over time is the
                information handled, how it is handled, how much is
                moved around, and how quickly and efficiently it
                can be done.
         http://www.pcguide.com/intro/works/jobs.htm

Unit 8
                                          Experiencing English 2




                The Internet
 The Internet is a computer network made up of
  thousands of networks worldwide. No one knows
  exactly how many computers are connected to the
  Internet. It is certain, however, that these number
  in the millions and are increasing at a rapid rate.
 An Internet user has access to a wide variety of
  services: electronic mail, file transfer, vast
  information resources, interest group membership,
  interactive collaboration, multimedia displays,
  real-time broadcasting, shopping opportunities,
  breaking news, and much more.

Unit 8
                                                                  Experiencing English 2




                                                          Email
                   What is an email address made up of?


         Even with the multimedia excitement of the Web,
          Electronic Mail (email) is the most frequently used
          application of the Internet. Many people who have
          access to the Internet at school, home, and work, use
          the Internet for no other purpose than to send and
          receive email.
         Email allows computer users locally and worldwide to
          exchange messages. Each user of email has a mailbox
          address to which messages are sent. Messages sent
          through email can arrive within a matter of seconds.
         http://www.internet101.org/email.html/

Unit 8
                                                          Experiencing English 2




                                         Computer Virus



          A computer virus is a program that invades
           your computer system, hides there, and makes
           copies of itself. Viruses spread when you
           launch an infected application or start up your
           computer from a disk that has infected system
           files.
         http://www.internet101.org/virus.html/

Unit 8
                                                Experiencing English 2




        All computer viruses are manmade. A simple
         virus that can make a copy of itself over and
         over again is relatively easy to produce. Even
         such a simple virus is dangerous because it
         will quickly use all available memory and bring
         the system to a halt.
        It is highly recommended that you have Virus
         Protection installed in your computer before
         you consider downloading anything.

Unit 8
                                                                                  Experiencing English 2




                                                                           Macro Viruses




             Macro viruses are computer viruses that use an
             application's own macro programming language to
             distribute themselves. These macros have the
             potential to inflict damage to the document or to other
             computer software. The infecting files can be
             modified or deleted and may not be recoverable.
         http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q187243

Unit 8
                                                  Experiencing English 2




                                        Melissa


    Melissa affects Word documents. If launched,
     the macro virus will attempt to start Microsoft
     Outlook to send copies of the infected
     document via email to up to 50 people in
     Outlook‟s address book as an attachment.
    The email subject line reads "Important
     Message from [the name of someone]," and
     the message reads "Here is that document
     you asked for...don't show anyone else ;-)".
         http://www.melissavirus.com/

Unit 8
                                                                    Experiencing English 2




                                            The Love Bug
              The Love Bug virus is also called the Loveletter
              Virus, or simply I Love You.

             The virus is circulating through
              email and affecting many
              customers. If run, the virus could
              overwrite .jpg, .mp3, and other
              file types, and attempt to send a
              copy of itself to everyone in the
              recipient's address book.
              The e-mail containing the virus typically carries a
              subject line of "ILOVEYOU". Inside the mail is a
              short message saying "Kindly check the attached
              LOVELETTER coming from me" and an attachment
              named LOVE-LETTER-FOR-YOU.txt.vbs.

         http://www.microsoft.com/misc/data/lovelettervirus.htm


Unit 8
                         Experiencing English 2




            Unit 8
         Computers and
           Security




Unit 8
                           Experiencing English 2



               Passage B


         So Sorry to Bug You




Unit 8
                                                             Experiencing English 2




                       Lead-in Pictures
         Before reading Passage B, describe the following pictures .




Unit 8
                               Experiencing English 2



           Warm-up questions


         1.How often do you email
          your friends?




Unit 8
                                 Experiencing English 2



            Warm-up questions

         2. How would you solve the
          problem if your computer is
          inflicted by viruses?




Unit 8
                                Experiencing English 2



            Warm-up questions

         3. What would you do if
          you accidentally spread
          a virus?




Unit 8
                                                                           Experiencing English 2




                                          Josh Quittner
            A graduate of Grinnell College and the
             Columbia School of Journalism, Joshua
             Quittner is managing editor of ON magazine
             (formerly TIME Digital) a monthly guide to
             personal technology.

            He is responsible for the editorial direction
             of the magazine, development of stories and
             the expansion of its web site,
             onmagazine.com.

            Quittner also writes a weekly column in the "Personal Time" section
             entitled "Your Technology," which combines practical advice with
             engaging personal stories.

            Quittner was named one of top 20 most influential technology journalists
             two years in a row by ADWEEK's Technology Marketing magazine.
             http://www.time.com/time/columnist/quittner

Unit 8
                                                        Experiencing English 2




                                         Mexico
                                     Mexico Volcano




              Colorful Skyscrapers

         Mexico is the largest Spanish-
         speaking country and the second-
         largest Roman Catholic nation in the
         world. Mexico City, the capital, is one
         of the world's fastest-growing
         metropolitan areas with an estimated
         population of 18 million.

            Ancient Native American civilizations flourished
             there for centuries before the Spanish conquest in
             the 16th century. It was ruled as a colony for more
Unit 8       than 300 years and gained independence on Oct. 4,
                                                              Experiencing English 2




                        Yucatan, Mexico



             Yucatan Maya Ruins: Sculpture and Pyramid




         The Yucatan peninsula has been the home of the Maya for at least
         4,000 years. Breathtaking sculpture and mural-covered pyramids
         stand witness to the magnificent civilization, which formerly
         existed here. Today, thatch-covered houses and hand-
         embroidered costumes of villagers are vivid reminders that the
         Maya are still very much alive.
Unit 8
                                                                                     Experiencing English 2




                The Andromeda Strain



           Michael Crichton, author of The Andromeda Strain,        The Movie: A group of scientists
           Congo, The Great Train Robbery, The Rising Sun,          investigate a deadly new alien
           Jurassic Park, and The Lost World.                       virus before it can spread...

         ANDROMEDA STRAIN's concept is                 The Andromeda Strain [1971]
         simple: "A top-secret government              Directed by Robert Wise
         team investigating rare diseases,             Screenplay by Nelson Bidding
                                                       Adapted from novel by
         some so bizarre they seem to come                              Michael Crichton
         from outer space." It combines a
                                               http://www.audiobooksonline.com/ shopsite/0375415807.html
         classic science-fiction theme (disaster
         virus) with a contemporary distrust of
Unit 8
         political affairs.
                                                                              Experiencing English 2




              The Homepage Virus
  VBSWG.X, also known as
  Homepage, is an e-mail worm
  found on May 9th, 2001.
  Homepage worm spreads
  using Outlook Application. It
  sends messages with the
  content as shown in the
  picture right:
     When the attached file is
     executed, the worm will send
     (mass mail) itself to each
     recipient in every address
     book. Then the worm tries to
     hide the mass mailing. It
     deletes all messages from
     Inbox and Deleted Items        http://www.europe.f-secure.com/v-descs/vbswg_x.shtml
     folders which contain a
     subject 'Homepage'.
Unit 8
                                                                                                     Experiencing English 2




                                    The Philippines



                      Jeepney Cab and Billboard in the
                      Streets of the Philippines

            The Philippines is an independent
             island nation in the western Pacific
             Ocean some 800 km off the coast of
             mainland Southeast Asia. Over
             centuries foreign elements have                                          Light Rail Transit in Manila
             been added to the native Malay
               http://www.earthtech.com/services/transportation/projects/manila.htm
             culture, creating a culture that
Unit 8
                   Experiencing English 2




    NEW   WORDS




Unit 8
                                                   Experiencing English 2




                                        TEXT
         You’d think after all these years I’d know better
         than to spread a virus by email. You’d be wrong.

        1.The email was from a woman I knew decades
         ago, back when we were spooning teenagers.
         We had corresponded electronically maybe
         three times since then, I swear. The subject line
         on this latest missive was “Homepage.” The
         message read, simply: “Hi! You’ve got to see
         this page! It’s really cool.” It was signed with a
         goofy emotion, a winking, sideways smiling face-
         ;0). “Ho, ho! You sly thing!” I thought, recalling
         the feverish summer of ’70... and clicked on the
         attached file. Pause. Uh-oh.
Unit 8
                                        Experiencing English 2




                  correspond
    I correspond with him regularly.
      我经常和他通信。
     Her job corresponds with her interests.
     她的工作符合她的志趣。
     His actions do not correspond with his
      words.
     他言行不一。


Unit 8
                              Experiencing English 2




        你可能想,这么多年了,还用电子邮件传播病毒,
         我不至于这么笨吧。那你可就错了。

           1.那封电子邮件来自我几十年前认识的一个女
         人,那时我们只有十几岁,痴痴地相恋着。我敢发
         誓,自那以后我们仅通过电子邮件的方式联系过三
         次左右。这最新的信件的主题是“主页”。正文很
         简单:“嗨!你一定得看看这个页面。真的很酷
         哦。”签名处是个傻乎乎的表情,一个挤眉弄眼的
         笑脸;-0)。“呵呵,你这家伙,够狡猾的!”我心
         想,思绪回到70年那个狂热的夏天···然后点击了附
Unit 8
                                                    Experiencing English 2




         2.It was the dumbest thing I‟d done since 1979,
         when I pitched a tent on a colony of army ants in
         Mexico. My screen started shimmering like a
         Yucatan sunset. I had unleashed a computer virus.
          3.I felt like the doctor in The Andromeda Strain;
         the clock was outracing me. I went to my email
         program, clicked on File, then selected Work
         Offline. That, I assumed, would cordon me off from
         the Net and keep me from spreading the bug while
         I figured out how to get rid of it. Next I checked my
         Outbox. Argh! Sixty-five messages were queued
         up, waiting to be sent to my friends. Each was
         from me. Each bore the subject line “Homepage.”
Unit 8
         Each had a file attached, as doom-laden as a
                                             Experiencing English 2




                  Notes to the Text

    1. I had unleashed a computer virus.(para. 2)

         I had sent a virus out.



         我释放了一个计算机病毒。




Unit 8
                                              Experiencing English 2




               Notes to the Text

    2.I felt like the doctor in The Andromeda Strain;
      the clock was outracing me. (para. 3)
       I felt like the doctor in a famous science
       fiction horror movie; the virus was spreading
       faster than I could stop it.

         我感觉自己像是电影《人间大浩劫》里的博士一般,跟时
         间赛跑。



Unit 8
                                             Experiencing English 2




                 Notes to the Text
     3.Each had a file attached, as doom-laden as a
       warhead. (para.3)

         Each message contained a dangerous virus in
         the attachment, like a fatal bomb.

         每一封都有一个附件,像弹头一般的不怀好意。




Unit 8
                                           Experiencing English 2




                       cordon
     Demonstrators   broke through the police
      cordon.
      示威群众突破了警戒线。
     cordon of police
     警戒线
     post [place, draw] a cordon
     布设警戒线


Unit 8
                                Experiencing English 2




                   figure out
          We'll figure it out.
          我们会想出办法来的。(from “Prison
           Break”《越狱》)
          I couldn't figure it out.
          我简直给弄傻了。




Unit 8
                                           Experiencing English 2




    I  can't figure out the puzzle.
     我算不出那难题。
     I just can't figure him out.
      我简直摸不透他。
     Can you figure the total cost out?
      你能把全部成本算出来吗?



Unit 8
                             Experiencing English 2




         2.1979年,我在墨西哥把帐篷搭在了一群行军
          蚁的地盘上。自那以后,这是我做的第二件傻
          事了。我的屏幕开始微微发亮,就像尤卡坦的
          落日。我释放了一个计算机病毒。
          3.我感觉自己像是电影《人间大浩劫》里的博
          士一般,跟时间赛跑。我打开电子邮件程序,
          点击“文件”,选择“脱机工作”。我想这样
          一来就可以切断与因特网的联系,不至于传播
          病毒,再想办法清除。然后我查看了发件箱。
          天呐!65封邮件排着队,等着发送给我的朋友
          们,每一封的发件人都是我,每一封的主题都
          是“主页”,每一封都有一个附件,像子弹一
Unit 8    般充满敌意。
                                                  Experiencing English 2




        4.I deleted the messages and emptied the Recycle
         Bin. Then I went to the Web for guidance. Cursing
         myself for not using an anti-virus program on my
         home computer, I learned that the Homepage
         virus is the most common bug — technically, it’s a
         “worm” — out there. It afflicts only PC users of
         Microsoft Outlook and would not damage my
         computer. But it would immediately mail itself to
         everyone in my address book — that is, everyone
         to whom I’ve ever sent a Reply message. The
         worm also resets your browser’s home page to
         one of four porn sites. This last bit had not
         happened to mine. Was I spared?
Unit 8
                                       Experiencing English 2




                      afflict

     Famine  and war still afflict mankind.
     饥饿和战争仍使人类遭受痛苦
     I wish you would not afflict me with
      your constant complains.
     我希望你不要总是抱怨而使我苦恼。



Unit 8
                                         Experiencing English 2




                      Spare adj.
          1.备用的   e.g. a spare tire
          备用轮胎
           2.多余的,剩余的
          spare cash
          余款
          If you have a spare bed, may I stay
           tonight?
          如果你有空床的话,今晚我可以留下吗?
          Have you any spare time to help me?

Unit 8
          你有空帮助我吗?
                               Experiencing English 2




                spare vt.
     节约,  吝惜
     不用, 省掉; 略而不说
     抽出, 剩下; 出让, 割爱
     放过, 饶恕; 不杀, 饶命; 不伤害, 使某人免遭
      (麻烦、痛苦等)
     spare no efforts [pains]
     不遗余力
     spare no expense
     不惜工本 =spare sb. his life)饶某人一命
Unit 8
                                        Experiencing English 2




     Can you spare the time to help me?
     你能抽出这段时间帮我吗?
     Can you spare me this book for a while?
     这本书能让我看一会儿吗?
     He did the work to spare you the trouble.
     他做了那件事使你免去麻烦。



Unit 8
                              Experiencing English 2




        4.我删除了邮件,清空了回收站,然后上网去找相
         关资料。我骂自己,怎么不在家用计算机上装一个
         杀毒软件,然后我得知“主页”病毒是一种最常见
         的病毒,专业术语叫“蠕虫”,只影响Microsoft
         Outlook的个人计算机用户,不会破坏我的计算机,
         但它会很快自动发送到我地址簿里的所有联系人,
         确切地说是我回复过的每一个联系人。这蠕虫还会
         把你的浏览器的主页设置成四个色情网站的一个。
         最后一种情况没有发生在我的计算机上。我是不是
         逃过一劫了呢?
Unit 8
                                                 Experiencing English 2




        5. Gingerly, I fired up Outlook and connected to
         the Net. Fifty messages poured into my Inbox.
         Most were from corporate servers — such as Time
         Inc.’s — informing me that my email was being
         returned unopened since it contained a virus. The
         last message was from my friend Marshall: “If you
         don’t mind my asking, which homepage?” Double
         argh! I had spread the accursed worm. I wrote a
         mea culpa warning, which I mailed to everyone in
         my address book: Don’t click on that attachment!
Unit 8
                                               Experiencing English 2




                  Notes to the Text
     4.Double argh!(para. 5)



         (It was) extremely embarrassing and
         disgusting!


         天呐!天呐!


Unit 8
                                        Experiencing English 2




                     fire up

     We had better fire up the furnace.
     我们最好把炉子生起来。
     The teacher is good at firing up the
      imagination of his pupils.
     这位教师很善于激发学生们的想像力。




Unit 8
                            Experiencing English 2




     5.我战战兢兢地打开了Outlook,联机工作。
         50个邮件一下子涌到我的收件箱里。大多数
         是来自Time Inc.等公司服务器,通知我邮件
         因为含有病毒而被直接退回。最后一个邮件
         是我的朋友马歇尔的:“要是你不介意的话,
         我想问是哪个主页?”天呐!天呐!我已经
         传播了这个该死的蠕虫。我写了一封道歉邮
         件,发给地址簿里的每一个联系人,警告他
         们“别点击附件!”
Unit 8
                                                      Experiencing English 2




              6. The worst part was that many of the people I
             had emailed were newbies — subscribers who
             had emailed me for help in connection with this
             column. Most of these folks were kind; only one
             asked me to remove her name from my address
             book. A guy from the Philippines, birthplace of
             the dread Love Bug virus, wrote, “It is quite
             ironic that I got a worm from you.”

             7. Let that irony be a lesson to you: Never open
             an attachment, even from a friend, unless you‟ve
             been told to expect it. And always use virus
             protection. Finally, if you get an email from me
             whose subject is “Homepage,” run.
Unit 8
                                     Experiencing English 2




                in connection with
         the problems in connection
          with agriculture
         关于农业的一些问题
         I'm phoning in connection with
          the March trade fair.
         我打电话是要谈谈关于3月份的交
          易会的事情。

Unit 8
                                        Experiencing English 2




          9.Tellme all you know in connection
           with that matter.
          把你知道的关于那件事的所有情况都告
           诉我。
          The idea of "one country, two
           systems" had first been suggested
           not in connection with Hong Kong
           but in connection with Taiwan.
          “一国两制”构想的提出还不是从香港问
Unit 8     题开始的,是从台湾问题开始的。
                                               Experiencing English 2




                 Notes to the Text
     5.The worst part was that many of the people I
       had emailed were newbies - subscribers who
       had emailed me for help in connection with
       this column. (para. 6)
         The worst thing was that many of the people I
         had emailed were new subscribers who sent
         emails to me for advice about the online
         computer column .
         最糟糕的是,我的邮件收件人很多都是新手,这些订户发
         过邮件给我,要我就这个栏目提供帮助。

Unit 8
                                                Experiencing English 2




                 Notes to the Text

    6.Finally, if you get an email from me whose
      subject is "Homepage," run. (para. 8)
         Finally, if you get an email from me with the
         title "Homepage," delete it immediately.

         最后,要是你收到我的电子邮件,主题是“主页”,赶紧
         跑开。



Unit 8
                       Experiencing English 2




         最糟糕的是,我的邮件收件人很多都是
         新手,这些订户给我发邮件,要我就与该
         栏目相关的内容提供帮助。这些人大多数
         都很友好,只有一个人要求我把她的名字
         从我的地址簿里删除。有个菲律宾(可怕
         的爱虫病毒的发源地)的家伙写道,“我
         从你这儿收到蠕虫,真是够讽刺的。”
    

Unit 8
                       Experiencing English 2




     从这个讽刺中吸取点教训吧:千万别
         打开附件,就算是朋友的邮件也不可
         以,除非你事先得到通知。一定要时
         时使用病毒防护措施。最后,要是你
         收到我的电子邮件,主题是“主页”,
         赶紧溜之大吉。


Unit 8
                                               Experiencing English 2




              Summary of the Text
         The author, who writes an online computer
         column and ought to know better, had his
         personal computer attacked by a virus when
         he opened an attachment from a former
         girlfriend without using virus protection. The
         computer automatically forwarded the
         attachment to all the addresses in the author's
         address book. He quickly stopped 65 infected
         messages from being sent, but soon received
         50 replies from other people stating

Unit 8
                                                Experiencing English 2




              Summary of the Text
         that the attachment to his message contained
         a virus. Then he wrote to everyone in his
         address book apologizing and warning them
         of the virus. Fortunately most of them forgave
         him. Only one subscriber to his column asked
         to be deleted from its mailing list. The lesson
         of this story is to use virus protection and
         ignore unexpected attachments.


Unit 8
                                         Experiencing English 2




                     Exercises
         Keys to ex.13

     1.The Shetlands are famous for their
       colonies of seabirds.
     2.The company now has some of the most
       technologically advanced design and
       manufacturing systems in Europe.
     3.They cursed the traffic, realizing they
       would be late again.


Unit 8
                                            Experiencing English 2




                     Exercises
     Keys to ex.13
     4. She’s not very diligent at corresponding
       with friends-you scarcely ever get a
       letter from he.
     5. I figure that different folks like different
       things.
     6. They developed a more effective
       national policy to fight against this
       dread disease.
     7. I don’t know anything about what has
       happened, I swear.
Unit 8
                                        Experiencing English 2




                    Exercises
    Keys to ex.13
     8. We lost everything in the earthquake,
       but thank God, our lives were spared.
     9. The new policy provided protection
       for the domestic car industry by
       imposing import duties on foreign cars.
     10. The actress felt that the questions
      were only set up to make her look
      dumb, so she just kept silent at the
      press conference.

Unit 8
                                    Experiencing English 2




                     Exercises
         Keys to ex.14
     1.The demonstrators couldn’t reach
       the embassy because the whole
       area was cordoned off.
     2.She fired up the car engine, slipped
       it into gear, and went speeding off.
     3.We queued up patiently to get
       tickets for the concert.

Unit 8
                                          Experiencing English 2




                      Exercises
     Keys to ex.14

         4. Let’s get rid of that old chair
          and buy a new one.
         5. Thousands of pounds poured
           into our London office in
           response to the broadcast
           advertisement.


Unit 8
                                    Experiencing English 2




                  Exercises
     Keys to ex.15
     1.If you deleted 50 words, we can
       put the whole story on one page.
     2.On display were boxing gloves
       which bore the famous boxer’s
       signature.
     3. We can’t figure out why he did
       such a dumb thing.

Unit 8
                                       Experiencing English 2




                     Exercises
     Keys to ex.15

         4. The Johnsons were very kind to
          me. They made me feel like one
          of the family.
         5. They say they want to talk to
           you in connection with the
           details of the contract.


Unit 8
                  Experiencing English 2




         Thank You!

Unit 8

				
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