JR Tucker School AP Terms List

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JR Tucker School AP Terms List Powered By Docstoc
					                                           AP Terms
                                JR Tucker School AP Terms List
                                Written by Mr. Mable, Instructor

This list is compilation of terms from Mr. Mable’s J. R. Tucker School AP Terms List and the
      Psychology Teacher Network “Top 100” Terms and Concepts for psychology.

                                                   34. brain: What part do we share with
1.  Aaron Beck’s view of depression                      animals? How do we differ?
2.  absolute threshold                             35. brainstorming
3.  achievement vs. aptitude tests                 36. Broca’s aphasia (expressive) located in
4.  action vs. resting potential                         the left frontal lobe
5.  acuity-vision                                  37. bystander intervention: factors that
6.  aggression                                           influence it
7.  Ainsworth Strange Situation (paradigm)         38. Cannon’s critique of James-Lange
8.  Albert Bandura: major view of learning               theory
      and Bobo Doll experiment                     39. Carl Rogers: person (client) centered
9. Albert Ellis—Rational Emotive Therapy                 theory
      (RET)                                        40. Carol Gilligan’s critique of Kohlberg’s
10. Alfred Adler—inferiority complex                     theory
11. all-or-nothing law (all-or-none) of neural     41. central nervous system
      firing                                       42. chaining
12. altruism                                       43. character disorders: major ones
13. American Psychological Association             44. childhood characteristics
      (APA)                                        45. chunking
14. amnesia (anteriogerade & retrograde)           46. classical conditioning (distinguish
15. anxiety                                              between operant conditioning)
16. anxiety disorder                               47. Clever Hans experiment
17. apparent notion                                48. cognitive development
18. arousal                                        49. cognitive dissonance theory
19. artificial intelligence                        50. color blindness: kinds
20. Asch’s conformity study (line segments)        51. complementary colors
21. attachment                                     52. conflicts: four kinds
22. attitude change, factors influencing           53. conformity
23. attribution theory                             54. consciousness
24. aversive conditioning (good or bad?)           55. control group
25. aversive conditions                            56. correlation coefficient
26. Babinsky response                              57. correlational method
27. behavior as being adaptive                     58. cortexes of the grain: major ones
28. bell curve (normal distribution                59. cross cultural studies
29. Benjamin Worf’s theory of linguistic           60. cross sectional studies
      relativism (determinism                      61. crystallized intelligence—acquired and
30. binocular depth cues                                 usually does not decline with age
31. binocular disparity                            62. CS-CR-USC-UCR
32. blind spot                                     63. Daniel Goleman’s views of emotional
33. blood brain barrier                                  intelligence



                                                                                                 1
64. David McClelland’s achievement              101. feature (signal) detector cells: Hubel
      motivation studies                             & Wisel’s research on visual
65. David Rosenhan’s study in a mental               processing
      institution                               102. feature analysis
66. defense mechanisms: major ones              103. feral children
67. deindividuation                             104. fetal alcohol syndrome: characteristics
68. deinstitutionalalization                    105. figure—ground—phenomenon
69. dendrite (purpose of)                       106. foot-in-the-door phenomenon
70. depression: trycyclic antidepressants are   107. formal operations
      most widely used to treat                 108. fovea
71. descriptive vs. inferential statistics      109. Francis Galton’s research
72. determinism                                 110. free association
73. developmental psychology                    111. frequency (audition)
74. Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental     112. frequency polygon
      Disorders (purpose & limits)              113. Freud’s stages of psychosexual
75. difference threshold (jnd)                       development
76. discrimination (in learning theory & race   114. Freudian dream analysis: two levels of
      relations)                                     interpretation
77. displacement                                115. frustration-aggression hypothesis
78. dissociative disorders                      116. functional fixedness
79. distance cues                               117. fundamental attribution error
80. dominant responses (aided by social         118. galvanic skin response (GRS)
      facilitation)                             119. ganglia
81. Down’s syndrome                             120. Gansfeld Procedure
82. dream analysis                              121. Gate Control Theory of Pain
83. drives                                      122. generalizability of a study
84. Ebbinghaus’ research on memory              123. genotype & phenotype
85. echoic memory                               124. Gestalt principles of organization
86. effects of marijuana                        125. Gestalt psychology
87. eidetic memory                              126. glial cells
88. electroconvulsive shock therapy             127. group therapy (advantages of)
89. Elizabeth Loftus’ research on eyewitness    128. groupthink
      testimony                                 129. gustatory sense: detects only sweet,
90. empiricism                                       sour, salty, bitter
91. endocrine organs and hormones secreted      130. habituation
      by them                                   131. Hans Seyle’s General Adaptation
92. endorphins                                       Response
93. engram                                      132. Harry Harlow’s research with
94. episodic memory (a.k.a. flashbulb)               surrogate mothers
95. equity theory of relationships              133. Hawthorne Effect
96. Erik Erikson’s stages of psychosocial       134. heuristics: major types
      development                               135. hierarchy of needs (Maslow) put in
97. ethics of testing                                order
98. experiment: be able to design one           136. high vs. low self-monitors
99. extinction                                  137. hindsight bias
100. false consensus effect                     138. histogram



                                                                                          2
139. homeostasis                                181.   linear perspective
140. Howard Gardner’s view of multiple          182.   linkage analysis
     intelligence                               183.   lithium (bi-polar disorders)
141. hue: British term for color                184.   localization of sound (How is it done?
142. hybrid                                            Why are 2 ears needed?)
143. hypnosis: major theories of                185.   longitudinal study
144. hypothalamus                               186.   long-term potentiation
145. hypothesis testing                         187.   loss of information from short-term
146. id, ego, superego                                 memory
147. IDEAL (strategy for solving problems)      188.   major neurotransmitters
148. identical twin research                    189.   Martin Seligman’s “learned
149. identification vs. internalization                helplessness’
     (Freudian terms)                           190.   measures of central tendency: mean,
150. illusory correlation                              median, mode
151. imaging techniques: PET, CAT, MRI,         191.   measures of variability: range,
     fMRI                                              standard deviation
152. imprinting                                 192.   memory: kinds (sensory, short-term,
153. incentives                                        long-term)
154. independent/dependent variables            193.   mental age
155. induced motion                             194.   mental illness
156. inductive vs. deductive reasoning          195.   mental imagery
157. industrial (organizational) psychology     196.   mental set
158. infant-mother attachment                   197.   metacognition
159. information-processing approach            198.   method of loci
160. ingroup and outgroup bias                  199.   milieu therapy
161. inner ear—vestibular sense                 200.   Minnesota Multiphasic Personality
162. instinct                                          Inventory (MMPI): use for what?
163. instrumental—operation conditioning        201.   misinformation effect
164. intelligence                               202.   modeling
165. intelligence quotient (IQ)                 203.   monocular vs. binocular depth cues
166. intelligence tests (major kinds used)      204.   motion aftereffect
167. interference (proactive vs. retroactive)   205.   motion parallax
168. internal consistency reliability           206.   myelin sheath: where and purpose
169. internalization                            207.   narcissism
170. introversion-extroversion                  208.   nature vs. nurture controversy
171. James-Lange theory of emotions             209.   nervous system: major parts
172. John Garcia’s ideas on the limits of       210.   neuron: 3 basic parts
     conditioning                               211.   neurotransmitters: major kinds
173. just-world phenomenon                      212.   newborn baby reflexes
174. Karen Horney’s view of development         213.   next-in-line effect
175. kinesthetics                               214.   normative social influence
176. Kohlberg’s stages of moral reasoning       215.   norms
177. Kubler Ross’ stages of dying               216.   novelty preference
178. L-dopa                                     217.   obesity (role of hypothalamus)
179. learning curve                             218.   Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
180. limbic system: structures and function            (OCD)



                                                                                            3
219. occipital love                            256.   reality principle (function of ego)
220. Oedipal conflict                          257.   recessive vs. dominant genes
221. one eye problem: what you couldn’t        258.   reflex arc
     do well if you had only one eye           259.   reliability vs. validity in testing
222. operationalizing a definition             260.   REM sleep
223. opponent-process theory of emotions       261.   repression
224. opponent-process theory of visual         262.   reticular formation: related to sleep,
     processing (afterimages)                         arousal, attention
225. optic disc                                263.   retinal disparity (a.k.a. binocular
226. optic nerve                                      disparity)
227. pancreas                                  264.   Robert Rescorla’s findings on
228. panic attacks (best treatment)                   conditioning
229. paradoxical sleep: Why is REM called      265.   rods and cones (structures &
     this?                                            differences)
230. paresis                                   266.   rooting reflex
231. perceptual constancy (size, color,        267.   sample
     shape)                                    268.   scatterplot: most often used to plot
232. perceptual set                                   correlations
233. personal space                            269.   schedules of reinforcement (5 kinds—
234. personality                                      most effect)
235. perspective in psychology (major          270.   schema
     ones)                                     271.   schizophrenia
236. phenylketonuria (PKU)                     272.   selective attention
237. phi phenomenon                            273.   self-efficacy
238. phonemes vs. morphemes                    274.   self-fulfilling prophecy
239. photoreceptors                            275.   self-serving bias
240. Piaget’s stages of cognitive              276.   semantic memory
     development                               277.   serial position effect
241. pineal gland (function and what makes     278.   set point
     it unique?)                               279.   sexual characteristics (primary &
242. pitch                                            secondary)
243. pituitary gland                           280.   sexual identity vs. gender identity
244. plasticity                                281.   shaping
245. positive reinforcement                    282.   signal detection theory
246. post traumatic stress disorder            283.   significant level/difference
247. prejudice                                 284.   sleep disorders: major kinds
248. Premack principle                         285.   sleeper effect
249. primary effect                            286.   social cognitive theory
250. projective tests: TAT & Rorschach         287.   social exchange theory
251. prosocial behavior: what is it and give   288.   social facilitation
     an example                                289.   social influence
252. prototype                                 290.   social loafing
253. proximity (effects on relationships)      291.   social trap
254. punishment: why it may not be             292.   socialization
     effective and might backfire              293.   somatoform disorders: major kinds
255. Rational Emotive Therapy



                                                                                           4
294. somatosensory cortex: location and
     used for what sense?
295. stages of learning (acquisition,
     extinction, spontaneous recovery,
     generalization)
296. standard deviation
297. Stanley Milgram’s experiment with
     obedience
298. Stanley Schachter’s Two Factor
     Theory
299. stereotype
300. stimulus generalization
301. stranger anxiety
302. systematic desensitization
303. Tay-Sachs disease
304. testable hypothesis
305. thalamus (what doesn’t get routed
     through here?)
306. Thorndike’s Law of Effect
307. thyroid gland
308. token economy
309. Tourette’s syndrome
310. tragedy of the commons
311. traits
312. transduction
313. Turner’s syndrome (X with missing
     chromosome)
314. unconscious
315. unconscious motivation
316. validity: different kinds
317. vestibular sense
318. visual angle
319. visual cliff
320. visual dept perception
321. water balance (role of hypothalamus)
322. Weber’s law
323. Wernicke’s aphasia (receptive) located
     in left temporal lobe
324. Wilder Penfield’s research on the brain
325. William James (functionalism)
326. William Wundt (structuralism)
327. Yerkes/Dodson Arousal Law
328. Zajonc’s “mere exposure effect”
329. Zimbardo’s prison experiment

                         Compiled 3/31/10



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