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Adjectives _ Adverbs - Adjectives

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									Adjectives and Adverbs
                        Adjective
   A word that describes a         Adjectives answer
    noun or pronoun.
                                     the following
   It adds meaning to the
    sentence, but it is not          questions:
    necessary. Therefore,             How many/much?
    you can take it out and
                                      Which one?
    the sentence will still be
    correct.                          What kind?
   Adjectives are usually in
    front of the words they
    modify.
               Kinds of Adjectives
   Articles                  a, an, the

   Adjectives                Words used to describe
                               any noun or pronoun.

                              Words after linking verbs
   Predicate Adjectives       used to describe the
                               SUBJECT.
                              Adjectives that are
   Proper Adjectives          capitalized.
          Example Adjectives
   Beautiful         Colorful
   Pretty            Easy
   Handsome          Comfortable
   Clear             Tasty
   Bright            Delicious
   Bold              Creative
   Fast-paced        Intelligent
   German            Convertible
               Example P.A.
   The tornado was terrible.
    subject – tornado
    linking verb – was
    P.A. – terrible (It describes the tornado.)
         Predicate Adjective
 Adjective
 Follows a linking verb
 Describes the subject
      Example Proper Adjective
   A proper adjective is      I love Japanese food!
    an adjective that is        Japanese is a proper
    formed from a proper        adjective formed from the
    noun. It is usually a       proper noun Japan.
    word that refers to a      My aunt and uncle
    language or                 are German.
    nationality.                German is a proper
                                adjective formed from the
                                proper noun Germany.
                 Weird Adjectives
   Sometimes nouns can be used as
    adjectives.
       For example: Gym can be both a noun and an
        adjective.
    1. The gym smelled awful after basketball
    practice. (In this case gym is a noun.)
    2. The gym doors squeak when they are
    opened. (In this case gym is an adjective. It describes which
    doors.)
                 Weird Adjectives
   Sometimes pronouns can be adjectives.
     For example: Possessive pronouns are
      usually used as adjectives. (my, mine, your,
      yours, her, hers, his, its, our, ours, their,
      theirs)
     Our mission was to save the human race. (In
        this case our is used to describe which mission; it is
        an adjective.)
                  Weird Adjectives
   Sometimes verbs can be adjectives.
      For example haunted can be both a
       verb and an adjective. (Hint: verbs being used as
       adjectives usually end with “ed” or “ing”, but it does not HAVE to
       be an adjective they can still be verbs. You have to see how it is
       used in the sentence.)
1. The creepy house was haunted. (In this case
    haunted is a verb. It shows a state of being.)
2. The haunted house was creepy. (In this case haunted
    is an adjective. It tells which house was creepy.)
                    Adverbs
   Adverbs are words          Adverbs answer the
    used to describe            questions:
    verbs, adjectives, or       How?
    other adverbs.              When?
   They usually end with       Where?
    “ly.”
                                To What Extent?
   Adverbs can be in
    front of, in between,
    and behind the words
    they modify. (see
    examples)
            Example Adverbs
   Here               Yesterday
   There              Today
   Now                Too
   Later              Daily
   Horribly           Never
   Accurately         Not
   Very               Completely
   Always             Rarely
     Example Adverb Sentences
   She completely finished       Adverb before the verb.
    her homework.
   She is completely             Adverb in between the
    finished with her              verb.
    homework.
   She is finished with her      Adverb after the verb.
    homework, completely.          Take note of the comma.

                                  In all of the sentences
                                   completely tells to what
                                   extent she is finished with
                                   her homework.
 Comparison Using Adjectives and
            Adverbs
 Positive – use when only one thing is
  being described (no ending)
 Comparative – use when comparing two
  things (more or “er”)
 Superlative – use when comparing more
  than two things (most or “est”)
              Comparative
 Compares two things
 If the word is one syllable, add “er” or “ier”
  to the end of the adjective or adverb (there
  are a few exceptions).
 If the word is more than one syllable, add
  “more” in front of the adjective or adverb.
               Superlative
 Compares three or more things
 If the word is one syllable, add “est” or
  “iest” to the end of the adjective or adverb
  (there are a few exceptions).
 If the word is more than one syllable, add
  “most” in front of the adjective or adverb.
            Example Comparisons
Positive         Comparative      Superlative
Dark             Darker           Darkest

Fancy            Fancier          Fanciest

Difficult        More difficult   Most difficult

Quickly          More quickly     Most quickly

Funny            Funnier          Funniest
        Tricky Adjectives/Adverbs

   Good – Always an                    Well – used as an
    adjective (use after linking         adverb unless you are
    verbs unless you are referring       referring to
    to someone’s health, then use
    well.)                               someone’s health
                                         then it is an adjective
   Bad – Always an                     Badly – Always an
    adjective                            adverb


   Real – Always an                    Really – Always an
    adjective                            adverb
              Double Negatives
   Never use two negative       Negative words
    words in a sentence.             Scarcely
    Just like when you               Hardly
    multiply negative                Barely
    numbers in math, two             No
    negative words create a          Never
    positive.                        Neither
   For example: We don’t            Nobody
    have no homework.                None
    Really means you have            No one
    homework. The correct            Not (n’t)
    sentence is: We don’t            Nothing
    have any homework.               Nowhere

								
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