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MASHAV ISRAEL’S AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION SEXUAL HEALTH AND AIDS PREVENTION AMONG ADOLESCENTS Development is a global issue which requires MASHAV’s activities focus primarily on areas immense attention, resources, and political efforts in which Israel has a competitive advantage R esearch indicates that young people between their own personal empowerment. The objective by the international community’s many fora such including: agriculture and rural development; the ages of 15 and 24 are at the greatest risk of of the professional program is to generate personal as the United Nations, ECOSOC, OECD, as well water resources management; micro-enterprise contracting AIDS. MASHAV’s educational approach commitment among participants to promote as multilateral development banks and agencies. development; community development; medicine to Sexual Health and AIDS Prevention among adolescent sexual health as a means of curtailing the Guided by the Millennium Development Goals and public health, empowerment of women and Adolescents incorporates effective and innovative spread of AIDS in their countries, and encouraging (MDGs), adopted by the UN General Assembly, education. At the same time MASHAV operates Medicine and Public Health tools for HIV prevention and for strengthening educational programs based on the educational MASHAV’s approach is to ensure social, economic according to the needs and demands originating the self-esteem, health, and awareness of youth model developed in Israel. and environmental sustainable development. from the partner countries, as opposed to a supply (especially females), thus setting the foundations for initiated by Israel that might not be relevant and One sixth of the human race, 1.2 billion people, effective elsewhere. live in extreme poverty, defined by the UN as PUBLIC HEALTH AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT having an income of less than one dollar per day. Programs are based on a “train the trainers” More than three hundred million of these people approach to institutional and human capacity T his comprehensive program focuses on the emergency planning, and mass casualty management. live in Africa, where they make up almost half of building, with professional programs conducted management of critical public health issues in Special emphasis is put on emergency preparedness the total population. in Israel and in-situ. Project development is disasters and emergencies, including natural and programs as a link between emergency managers, supported by the seconding of short and long- technological disasters, mass casualties, and terrorist development planners and field practitioners. People living in extreme poverty suffer from term experts, as well as on-site interventions. attacks. It focuses on logistical and managerial issues starvation, lack of safe drinking water and T he objective is to foster health and security by during and after an event, introducing the concept proper sanitation, poor medical care and chronic In its programs and philosophy, MASHAV adheres enhancing health systems capacities to prepare of risk management as a framework (the overall unemployment. They cannot afford to send to the accepted international principles as stated, for and respond to a crisis - with inter-sectoral framework being public safety) for policy making, dimensions especially highlighted. their children to school, and they frequently among others, in the Earth Summit in Rio de lack suitable clothing, shoes and shelter. The Janeiro; the Johannesburg Summit on Sustainable population is ravaged by HIV/AIDS, other Development; the Monterrey Consensus; the ESTABLISHING MOTHER AND BABY NEO-NATAL UNITS diseases, by drought, civil war, and isolation from Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness; the Accra urban centers. Many live without hope for the Agenda for Action; and the Doha Conference on M ASHAV together with the Joint Jewish Distribution MASHAV also funded a three month Train of Trainers future. Financing for Development. Committee(JDC), and with the assistance of the course on neonatal nursing for two doctors and two nurses in Israel. As part of the project, MASHAV has Coinciding with the UN Millennium Declara- Since its establishment, MASHAV has promoted Millennium Cities Initiative (MCI) joined together to also conducted and funded on-site courses targeted tion, MASHAV’s first priority is to take part in the centrality of human resource enrichment and assist the city of Kumasi, Ghana, in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), through the at strengthening the capacity of health service the international community’s commitment to institutional capacity building in the development transfer of knowledge and technology supported by providers to provide effective and efficient care in achieve the MDG’s and halve poverty and hunger process – an approach which has attained global model projects. many different areas, including trauma and medical by the year 2015. Since its inception, MASHAV’s consensus. emergencies, neonatal nursing, nutrition care, and work in the developing world has been guided The success of development work necessitates T o address the unacceptably high rate of neonatal support for persons infected with HIV/AIDS. The mortality, MASHAV constructed, refurbished and by the basic approach that development a responsible and involved political leadership, professional courses have also empowered health equipped two new Mother and Baby Units (MBU) teams to plan and implement programs aimed at the work is organic in nature. It is impossible to either on the national or local level, and a cadre in Kumasi hospitals, in order to improve the care for prevention of non-communicable diseases that are on concentrate efforts in one area, such as food of locally based professionals capable of taking neonates, and ultimately, reduce neonatal mortality. the rise. security, without providing proper attention to ownership, while adhering to regional, national health care, community building and education. and local development strategies and goals. Only through a sustainable and comprehensive Moreover, the approach of any development development program can measured results be program must be comprehensive, inclusive and obtained and the desired impact felt by those carried out in an integrative fashion, thereby who need assistance the most. As no one country endorsing a holistic approach to meeting all basic or aid agency can single-handedly tackle the human needs. ALL PROFESSIONAL PROGRAMS AND MODELS CAN BE ADAPTED TO REGIONAL, causes leading to extreme poverty, the need to NATIONAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES. ADDITIONAL DETAILS coordinate and combine efforts and resources Israel’s own development experience enables it to ARE READILY AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST is essential if the donor community and client design comprehensive and integrative programs countries are to realize the the Millennium both for urban and rural settings, which are of Development Goals. critical concern to developing countries. Israel’s Agency for International Development Cooperation http://mashav.mfa.gov.il email@example.com Following is an overview of MASHAV’s programming in the field of State of Israel Israel Ministry of Tel. 972-2-5303220 Fax. 972-2-5303727 Foreign Affairs Medicine and Public Health. �������� ������ ��� ������������� ����������� ����������� �������� �� ������� ������� M ASHAV serves as a bridge between Israel’s medical community and the developing world. Its programs in the field of emergency medicine, public THE FOLLOWING ARE BRIEF DESCRIPTIONS OF SOME OF MASHAV’S PROFESSIONAL PROGRAMS IN THE FIELD: health and infant and maternal healthcare are characterized by a long-term approach, focusing on the delivery of medical services, particularly in rural regions. Programs in these fields include assisting in the process of reforms being implemented on administrative and organizational levels, as well as concentration on human and institutional capacity building. DEVELOPING AND ORGANIZING A TRAUMA SYSTEM E ach year, thousands of people around the disasters. MASHAV designed in cooperation world die from natural disasters and millions with one of Israel’s leading medical centers a more are injured. Apart from the human professional capacity building program geared HIV/AIDS Medicine and Public Health suffering, the financial damages incurred by specifically subject for nurses and physicians. natural catastrophes are estimated at billions Upon completion of the program, participants A ccording to WHO/UNAIDS data, AIDS is MASHAV offers activities to train professionals of dollars annually. Governments and relief are required to present a model for the one of the world’s leading causes of death, on topics including: Education for Sexual Health organizations need to learn to operate and establishment of a trauma system in their most notably in developing countries. There are and Prevention of AIDS among Adolescents; respond quickly and efficiently to these own countries. indications of a sharp and continuing increase Care and Support of Children Affected by in new cases of AIDS, both in urban and rural HIV/AIDS; Training HIV Experts and Support areas. To address these dire circumstances, Schemes; and more. ESTABLISHING MOTHER AND CHILD WELL-BEING CENTERS – “TIPAT CHALAV ” NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES F or more than 70 years Israel’s Ministry Chalav” clinics are oriented toward social of Health has provided highly effective equality and equity in health, as they are N on-communicable diseases are a serious and poverty, how to minimize the health and antenatal and well-being infant services. specifically geared to address the needs of threat to global well-being. They present economic losses among the economically These services have succeeded in diminishing under-served populations. a growing economic and social challenge for active population, and how to prepare for infant mortality and maternal morbidity and many developed and developing countries. the pressures on health systems resulting from mortality; provided immunization coverage; T his model presents unique qualities that The challenges include how to address the the growing numbers of people with non- and has been proven to be an effective tool could be replicated and adapted to other links between non-communicable diseases communicable diseases. for health education for mothers. The “Tipat national settings: Universal, widely available to Chalav” (“Drop of Milk”) clinics are primarily all segments of society (regardless of income); staffed by public health nurses, and a small Widely accessible with solid infrastructure; number of physicians. The clinics in each Employment of highly competent nursing EMERGENCY AND DISASTER MEDICINE community have a long lasting relationship and and medical personnel; Focus on health commitment to their patients, and serve as a promotion, with specific attention to under- E mergency Medicine and National Disaster to implement the acquired knowledge. Over unique model of a community health service served populations; Continuity of service Preparedness are disciplines which have been the years MASHAV has set up trauma units that is both broad and specific as it targets from birth to adulthood; Culturally sensitive given priority on the agendas of the majority of in developing countries and implemented local needs while addressing national priorities. service provision; Rapidly responsive to both developed and developing countries. simulation projects in national and regional The clinics are supported and monitored by emergencies and unforeseen situations such disaster management following professional a system of district and regional health offices as communicable disease outbreaks, acts of M ASHAV’s expertise in these fields includes acting as the statutory authority on which the terrorism, and natural disasters, while utilizing training. MASHAV has also organized inter- training activities both in Israel and abroad, legal aspects of the clinics are based. “Tipat available local health personnel. national training activities, seminars and and professional consultations, including the professional meetings in the field. establishment of infrastructural pilot facilities WATER, SANITATION, AND HEALTH A ccording to the World Water Development people without access to safe drinking water Report, problems of poverty are inextricably and basic sanitation. HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE linked with those of water - its availability, T oday’s challenges are various and I srael is often called upon to dispatch aid to missions in partner countries. These missions, proximity, quantity and quality. Improving the contradictory- Improving water quality to countries in the wake of earthquakes, floods, designed to treat patients suffering from various access of poor people to potable water has the supply a growing population, and minimizing famine, and other natural disasters. MASHAV degrees of blindness and ocular disease, are potential to make a major contribution towards negative environmental impacts in order to is the body responsible for coordinating Israel’s undertaken by teams of Israeli ophthalmologists poverty eradication and the improvement of limit water hazards for both humans and official humanitarian assistance program. In and operate on the premises of local hospitals the quality of life. The combination of safe animals. MASHAV’s program aims to train these cases, MASHAV is able to use its vast or clinics. drinking water and hygienic sanitation facilities participants in various aspects of water quality, experience in crisis response in order to rapidly Hundreds of surgical procedures are performed is a precondition for health and success in the present innovations in water treatment, dispatch needed supplies, medicines, and by the visiting Israeli teams which work together fight against poverty, hunger, child deaths and examine links between wastewater and medical assistance to countries in crisis. with local staff, restoring sight to many of the gender inequality. In adopting the Millennium drinking water including water treatment and F or more than 50 years MASHAV has been patients. Israeli ophthalmologists also train the Development Goals, the countries of the world hazards, and discuss implementing legislation conducting blindness prevention and eye-care local personnel, and provide equipment. pledged to reduce by half the proportion of on water quality and water sampling.
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