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					                                                                                                                                     MASHAV
                                                                                                                                       ISRAEL’S AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL
                                                                                                                                             DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION


            SEXUAL HEALTH                     AND     AIDS PREVENTION                   AMONG          ADOLESCENTS                  Development is a global issue which requires          MASHAV’s activities focus primarily on areas
                                                                                                                                    immense attention, resources, and political efforts   in which Israel has a competitive advantage
R esearch indicates that young people between                               their own personal empowerment. The objective           by the international community’s many fora such       including: agriculture and rural development;
the ages of 15 and 24 are at the greatest risk of                           of the professional program is to generate personal     as the United Nations, ECOSOC, OECD, as well          water resources management; micro-enterprise
contracting AIDS. MASHAV’s educational approach                             commitment among participants to promote                as multilateral development banks and agencies.       development; community development; medicine
to Sexual Health and AIDS Prevention among                                  adolescent sexual health as a means of curtailing the   Guided by the Millennium Development Goals            and public health, empowerment of women and
Adolescents incorporates effective and innovative                           spread of AIDS in their countries, and encouraging
                                                                                                                                    (MDGs), adopted by the UN General Assembly,           education. At the same time MASHAV operates




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Medicine and Public Health
tools for HIV prevention and for strengthening                              educational programs based on the educational
                                                                                                                                    MASHAV’s approach is to ensure social, economic       according to the needs and demands originating
the self-esteem, health, and awareness of youth                             model developed in Israel.
                                                                                                                                    and environmental sustainable development.            from the partner countries, as opposed to a supply
(especially females), thus setting the foundations for
                                                                                                                                                                                          initiated by Israel that might not be relevant and
                                                                                                                                    One sixth of the human race, 1.2 billion people,
                                                                                                                                                                                          effective elsewhere.
                                                                                                                                    live in extreme poverty, defined by the UN as
                             PUBLIC HEALTH                 AND        EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT                                          having an income of less than one dollar per day.     Programs are based on a “train the trainers”
                                                                                                                                    More than three hundred million of these people       approach to institutional and human capacity
T his comprehensive program focuses on the                                  emergency planning, and mass casualty management.       live in Africa, where they make up almost half of     building, with professional programs conducted
management of critical public health issues in                              Special emphasis is put on emergency preparedness       the total population.                                 in Israel and in-situ. Project development is
disasters and emergencies, including natural and                            programs as a link between emergency managers,                                                                supported by the seconding of short and long-
technological disasters, mass casualties, and terrorist                     development planners and field practitioners.           People living in extreme poverty suffer from
                                                                                                                                                                                          term experts, as well as on-site interventions.
attacks. It focuses on logistical and managerial issues                                                                             starvation, lack of safe drinking water and
                                                                            T he objective is to foster health and security by
during and after an event, introducing the concept                                                                                  proper sanitation, poor medical care and chronic      In its programs and philosophy, MASHAV adheres
                                                                            enhancing health systems capacities to prepare
of risk management as a framework (the overall                                                                                      unemployment. They cannot afford to send              to the accepted international principles as stated,
                                                                            for and respond to a crisis - with inter-sectoral
framework being public safety) for policy making,                           dimensions especially highlighted.                      their children to school, and they frequently         among others, in the Earth Summit in Rio de
                                                                                                                                    lack suitable clothing, shoes and shelter. The        Janeiro; the Johannesburg Summit on Sustainable
                                                                                                                                    population is ravaged by HIV/AIDS, other              Development; the Monterrey Consensus; the
                      ESTABLISHING MOTHER                             AND   BABY NEO-NATAL UNITS                                    diseases, by drought, civil war, and isolation from   Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness; the Accra
                                                                                                                                    urban centers. Many live without hope for the         Agenda for Action; and the Doha Conference on
M ASHAV together with the Joint Jewish Distribution                         MASHAV also funded a three month Train of Trainers      future.                                               Financing for Development.
Committee(JDC), and with the assistance of the                              course on neonatal nursing for two doctors and two
                                                                            nurses in Israel. As part of the project, MASHAV has    Coinciding with the UN Millennium Declara-            Since its establishment, MASHAV has promoted
Millennium Cities Initiative (MCI) joined together to
                                                                            also conducted and funded on-site courses targeted      tion, MASHAV’s first priority is to take part in      the centrality of human resource enrichment and
assist the city of Kumasi, Ghana, in achieving the
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), through the                            at strengthening the capacity of health service         the international community’s commitment to           institutional capacity building in the development
transfer of knowledge and technology supported by                           providers to provide effective and efficient care in    achieve the MDG’s and halve poverty and hunger        process – an approach which has attained global
model projects.                                                             many different areas, including trauma and medical      by the year 2015. Since its inception, MASHAV’s       consensus.
                                                                            emergencies, neonatal nursing, nutrition care, and
                                                                                                                                    work in the developing world has been guided          The success of development work necessitates
T o address the unacceptably high rate of neonatal                          support for persons infected with HIV/AIDS. The
mortality, MASHAV constructed, refurbished and                                                                                      by the basic approach that development                a responsible and involved political leadership,
                                                                            professional courses have also empowered health
equipped two new Mother and Baby Units (MBU)                                teams to plan and implement programs aimed at the
                                                                                                                                    work is organic in nature. It is impossible to        either on the national or local level, and a cadre
in Kumasi hospitals, in order to improve the care for                       prevention of non-communicable diseases that are on     concentrate efforts in one area, such as food         of locally based professionals capable of taking
neonates, and ultimately, reduce neonatal mortality.                        the rise.                                               security, without providing proper attention to       ownership, while adhering to regional, national
                                                                                                                                    health care, community building and education.        and local development strategies and goals.
                                                                                                                                    Only through a sustainable and comprehensive
                                                                                                                                                                                          Moreover, the approach of any development
                                                                                                                                    development program can measured results be
                                                                                                                                                                                          program must be comprehensive, inclusive and
                                                                                                                                    obtained and the desired impact felt by those
                                                                                                                                                                                          carried out in an integrative fashion, thereby
                                                                                                                                    who need assistance the most. As no one country
                                                                                                                                                                                          endorsing a holistic approach to meeting all basic
                                                                                                                                    or aid agency can single-handedly tackle the
                                                                                                                                                                                          human needs.
          ALL      PROFESSIONAL PROGRAMS AND MODELS CAN BE ADAPTED TO REGIONAL,                                                     causes leading to extreme poverty, the need to
               NATIONAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES.                                  ADDITIONAL        DETAILS                coordinate and combine efforts and resources          Israel’s own development experience enables it to
                                          ARE READILY AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST                                                        is essential if the donor community and client        design comprehensive and integrative programs
                                                                                                                                    countries are to realize the the Millennium           both for urban and rural settings, which are of
                                                                                                                                    Development Goals.                                    critical concern to developing countries.

                                  Israel’s Agency for International
                                  Development Cooperation
                                  http://mashav.mfa.gov.il mashav@haigud.org.il
                                                                                                                                                      Following is an overview of MASHAV’s programming in the field of
                                                                                          State of Israel   Israel Ministry of
                                  Tel. 972-2-5303220 Fax. 972-2-5303727                                       Foreign Affairs                                            Medicine and Public Health.
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                   M    ASHAV serves as a bridge between Israel’s medical community
and the developing world. Its programs in the field of emergency medicine, public
                                                                                                                            THE FOLLOWING ARE BRIEF DESCRIPTIONS OF SOME OF
                                                                                                                            MASHAV’S PROFESSIONAL PROGRAMS IN THE FIELD:
health and infant and maternal healthcare are characterized by a long-term approach,
focusing on the delivery of medical services, particularly in rural regions. Programs
in these fields include assisting in the process of reforms being implemented on
administrative and organizational levels, as well as concentration on human and
institutional capacity building.
                                                                                                                         DEVELOPING          AND     ORGANIZING      A   TRAUMA SYSTEM
                                                                                                           E ach year, thousands of people around the          disasters. MASHAV designed in cooperation
                                                                                                           world die from natural disasters and millions       with one of Israel’s leading medical centers a
                                                                                                           more are injured. Apart from the human              professional capacity building program geared
                                           HIV/AIDS




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Medicine and Public Health
                                                                                                           suffering, the financial damages incurred by        specifically subject for nurses and physicians.
                                                                                                           natural catastrophes are estimated at billions      Upon completion of the program, participants
A ccording to WHO/UNAIDS data, AIDS is                 MASHAV offers activities to train professionals
                                                                                                           of dollars annually. Governments and relief         are required to present a model for the
one of the world’s leading causes of death,            on topics including: Education for Sexual Health
                                                                                                           organizations need to learn to operate and          establishment of a trauma system in their
most notably in developing countries. There are        and Prevention of AIDS among Adolescents;
                                                                                                           respond quickly and efficiently to these            own countries.
indications of a sharp and continuing increase         Care and Support of Children Affected by
in new cases of AIDS, both in urban and rural          HIV/AIDS; Training HIV Experts and Support
areas. To address these dire circumstances,            Schemes; and more.
                                                                                                                         ESTABLISHING MOTHER AND CHILD WELL-BEING
                                                                                                                                 CENTERS – “TIPAT CHALAV ”
                            NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES                                                      F or more than 70 years Israel’s Ministry           Chalav” clinics are oriented toward social
                                                                                                           of Health has provided highly effective             equality and equity in health, as they are
N on-communicable diseases are a serious               and poverty, how to minimize the health and         antenatal and well-being infant services.           specifically geared to address the needs of
threat to global well-being. They present              economic losses among the economically              These services have succeeded in diminishing        under-served populations.
a growing economic and social challenge for            active population, and how to prepare for           infant mortality and maternal morbidity and
many developed and developing countries.               the pressures on health systems resulting from      mortality; provided immunization coverage;
                                                                                                                                                               T his model presents unique qualities that
The challenges include how to address the              the growing numbers of people with non-             and has been proven to be an effective tool         could be replicated and adapted to other
links between non-communicable diseases                communicable diseases.                              for health education for mothers. The “Tipat        national settings: Universal, widely available to
                                                                                                           Chalav” (“Drop of Milk”) clinics are primarily      all segments of society (regardless of income);
                                                                                                           staffed by public health nurses, and a small        Widely accessible with solid infrastructure;
                                                                                                           number of physicians. The clinics in each           Employment of highly competent nursing
                       EMERGENCY           AND      DISASTER MEDICINE                                      community have a long lasting relationship and      and medical personnel; Focus on health
                                                                                                           commitment to their patients, and serve as a        promotion, with specific attention to under-
E mergency Medicine and National Disaster              to implement the acquired knowledge. Over           unique model of a community health service          served populations; Continuity of service
Preparedness are disciplines which have been           the years MASHAV has set up trauma units            that is both broad and specific as it targets       from birth to adulthood; Culturally sensitive
given priority on the agendas of the majority of       in developing countries and implemented             local needs while addressing national priorities.   service provision; Rapidly responsive to
both developed and developing countries.               simulation projects in national and regional        The clinics are supported and monitored by          emergencies and unforeseen situations such
                                                       disaster management following professional          a system of district and regional health offices    as communicable disease outbreaks, acts of
M ASHAV’s expertise in these fields includes                                                               acting as the statutory authority on which the      terrorism, and natural disasters, while utilizing
                                                       training. MASHAV has also organized inter-
training activities both in Israel and abroad,                                                             legal aspects of the clinics are based. “Tipat      available local health personnel.
                                                       national training activities, seminars and
and professional consultations, including the
                                                       professional meetings in the field.
establishment of infrastructural pilot facilities

                                                                                                                                    WATER, SANITATION,            AND     HEALTH
                                                                                                           A ccording to the World Water Development           people without access to safe drinking water
                                                                                                           Report, problems of poverty are inextricably        and basic sanitation.
                               HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE
                                                                                                           linked with those of water - its availability,
                                                                                                                                                               T oday’s challenges are various and
I srael is often called upon to dispatch aid to        missions in partner countries. These missions,      proximity, quantity and quality. Improving the      contradictory- Improving water quality to
countries in the wake of earthquakes, floods,          designed to treat patients suffering from various   access of poor people to potable water has the      supply a growing population, and minimizing
famine, and other natural disasters. MASHAV            degrees of blindness and ocular disease, are        potential to make a major contribution towards      negative environmental impacts in order to
is the body responsible for coordinating Israel’s      undertaken by teams of Israeli ophthalmologists     poverty eradication and the improvement of          limit water hazards for both humans and
official humanitarian assistance program. In           and operate on the premises of local hospitals      the quality of life. The combination of safe        animals. MASHAV’s program aims to train
these cases, MASHAV is able to use its vast            or clinics.                                         drinking water and hygienic sanitation facilities   participants in various aspects of water quality,
experience in crisis response in order to rapidly      Hundreds of surgical procedures are performed       is a precondition for health and success in the     present innovations in water treatment,
dispatch needed supplies, medicines, and               by the visiting Israeli teams which work together   fight against poverty, hunger, child deaths and     examine links between wastewater and
medical assistance to countries in crisis.             with local staff, restoring sight to many of the    gender inequality. In adopting the Millennium       drinking water including water treatment and
F or more than 50 years MASHAV has been                patients. Israeli ophthalmologists also train the   Development Goals, the countries of the world       hazards, and discuss implementing legislation
conducting blindness prevention and eye-care           local personnel, and provide equipment.             pledged to reduce by half the proportion of         on water quality and water sampling.

				
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