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									Transitions from environmental to triple
bottom-line programmes


Dr Keith Pitcher       Environmental Officer


email: k.f.pitcher@leeds.ac.uk
web:    www.leeds.ac.uk/environmental


International & UK programmes
How are we doing?
Transition
3 principal aspects




                                      Environmental




                               Liveable                 Viable


                                          Sustainable


                      Social                                     Economic

                                           Equitable
UK priorities

4 priority areas for immediate action, shared across the UK:
•   Sustainable Consumption and Production
•   Climate Change and Energy
•   Natural Resource Protection and Environmental Enhancement
•   Sustainable Communities
Relevance and application

  All of the university’s activities:
  •   environmental effects, e.g. purchase of consumables, energy
      usage, building designs and service provision
  •   economic effects as a major economic activity, employer and
      generator of innovation, and
  •   social needs and contributions including staff and student
      development, equity, wellbeing, links to its immediate society and
      direct impacts worldwide
  •   teaching & research
Environment – key areas

   • Carbon management
   • Waste management and recycling
   • Energy reduction and efficiency
   • Renewable energy
   • Transport
   • Purchasing
Environmental focus


     Energy:           £8.7 million
                       (was £6.3 m in 2005)
     Construction:     £359m capital programme 2006 - 2016
     Transport:        in 2004 55% staff came by car to work
                       AND 37% live within 5 miles of campus
     Paper:            43 million sheets of A4 - £150,000
     Waste:            1,680 tonnes           - £120,000


     Environmental steering group set up chaired by Deputy Vice
     Chancellor
     Staff & student management groups established for each area
  Carbon plan

Total annual emissions: 57,500 tonnes
                                                                      UK Student Overseas
Rising energy costs well above inflation                                Travel  Student Travel
                                                                         456 t     6,005 t Water

  •2005/6 £8.7 million (up £2.4 m)                                        1%
                                                             University Vehicle
                                                                                    10%      162 t
                                                                                                 Electricity
                                                                                                   1,507 t
                                                                     62 t                            3%
Targets   - 3% reduction by 2007                               Business Travel
                                                                     2,484 t                            CHP Electricity
                                                                       5%                                    17,819 t
          - 10% reduction by 2010                TRANSPORT
                                                             Staff Commuting
                                                                   5,460 t
                                                                                                              35%
                                                                                                                          UTILITIES
                                                                    11%
          - 60% reduction by 2050                                    Students                               Fuel Oil
                                                                    Commuting                                946 t

Builds up programme of carbon saving projects                         5,837 t
                                                                       11%
                                                                                                              2%
                                                                                                           Gas

      •Energy audits                                                      CHP Steam + LPHW               3,250 t
                                                                                                     LPG
                                                                               13,063 t                    6%
                                                                                                     502 t
                                                                                 26%
                                                                                                      1%
      •Sustainable designs for new/refurbished
      buildings
      •IT auto power down
      •Renewable energy systems installed
      •SWITCH IT OFF!
In situ renewable energy projects


Photovoltaic             Size (kWp)
Nursery building                     2.5
Mechanical Engineering                5
Unipol building                       1
Cycle storage roof                    5
Solar Thermal            Size (m2)
Nursery building                      9
Refectory                            60
Biomass                   Size (kW)
Bodington Pavilion               100
Devonshire Hall                  200
           Electricity savings
                                                                                                                                       2005/06
                                                                     Electricity supplied to campus buildings
                                                                                                                                       Target
                                                                                                                                       2006/07




                           5600

                           5400
Energy Consumption (MWh)




                           5200

                           5000

                           4800

                           4600

                           4400

                           4200

                           4000
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           1.4% electricity saving, 8.9% overall energy saving
Transport

Targets
    • to reduce single car usage by 5%
      over each 3 year period
    • to increase walking, cycling, use
      of public transport and car
      sharing


Financing
    • income generated from        car
      parking - £120k per annum
    • gas guzzlers pay >100% for
      parking than low emission
      vehicles
 Annual on-line travel survey results


Mode of transport          Students                     Staff

                    1998 2004   2005   2007   1999   2004       2005   2007

Car driver (from    12%   8%    6%     6%     51%    46%        33%    28%
2005 single
occupant)
Car passenger       3%    3%    3%     2%     7%     9%         16%    15%
(from 2005 car
sharing)
Train                4% 4%      5%      6%     9%    11%        14%    17%
Bus                 23% 24%     20%    17%    19%    18%        18%    19%
Walk                51% 55%     61%    64%    10%    10%        12%    14%
Bike                 6% 5%      5%      5%     3%     5%        6%      6%
Procurement

 • New environmental purchasing policy see
   http://www.leeds.ac.uk/purchasing/UoL/Sustainability/sustainability.htm
 • key focal points: suppliers; whole life costing; waste minimisation;
   reduced deliveries; specifications; recycling and training
 • Partner with Recycling Action Yorkshire
          Office supplies
          • Revenue neutral
          • Recycled paper assessed and is now university policy
              • Publications
              • Office paper
          Construction
          • Minimum recycled content by value to be specified in construction
            contracts
Capital programme

•   All construction/refurbishment projects
    have to meet new environmental criteria:
     • Sustainability will be a key issue,
       with all new buildings and
       refurbishments being designed to
       BREEAM environmental standards,
       ensuring reduced energy
       consumption and carbon
       emissions. (Estate Strategy 2006)
     • Sustainability advisor appointed for
       a £20m Earth & Environment
       construction project (new build &
       refurbish)
     • All new build & refurbishment >
       1000 m2 to have at least 10%
       energy from insitu renewable
       energy technologies (Y&H planning
       requirement)
   Recycling performance

2000


1800


1600                                                                                     Cooking oil
                                                                                         Batteries
1400                                                                                     Mobile phones
                                                                                         Toners
                                                                                         Wood
1200
                                                                                         Chemical bottles
                                                                                         Fluoro tubes
1000
                                                                                         Computers
                                                                                         Plastics
 800
                                                                                         Aluminium cans
                                                                                         Glass
 600
                                                                                         Cardboard
                                                                                         Paper
 400                                                                                     Refuse

 200


   0
       2000 (Mar-Dec)   2001    2002    2003    2004     2005   2006    2007 (Jan-Aug)


% recycled   17.5%      14.8%   18.4%   16.9%   19.6%   26.6%   34.3%      41.8%

                                                                          (Jan-Aug)
 How are we doing?
Winner: 2006 Green Gown & BACHE awards for waste management
        2007 Green Gown award for continuous environmental
        performance
A First from People & Planet’s 2007 Green University League table
UK university – environmental audit assessment by Business in the
Environment Universities that Count
Encams 2007 Tidy Award – environment and community engagement


              2002     2003      2004      2005     2006      2007
    Overall   65       67.6      75.72     88.6     91.1      87.64
    score
    (%)
    Overall   63/120   59/142    56/154    23/145
    rank
    Sector    4/7      5/8       5/8       2/8      1/7       Silver
    rank
Transition
Social

Liveable
• Programmes - Access and Community Engagement
  • The Leeds Cares Consortium links our students to businesses and
    community groups in inclusive programmes involving the teaching and
    application of Corporate Social Responsibility
• Wellbeing – new post of Director of Wellbeing
  • Firm links being established between wellbeing and environmental lifestyles
• Teaching & research – new programmes to be identified
Equitable
• Fairtrade
  • We are a Fairtrade university
  • Producers get a fair and stable price for their products - covering their costs
    and enabling them to support their families and invest in a better future.
Teaching programmes

•   Environment:
         • web based teaching module covering all elements of
           sustainable development at an introductory level (elective)
         • student environmental auditing
•   Courses with an environmental component elsewhere:
     • 15 undergraduate degree programmes and 148 modules
     • 18 postgraduate degree programmes and 66 modules
     • teaching undertaken across 18 Schools
Viable - who pays?

Transport Plan
• Income from car parking ring fenced to fund programme
    • employment, air quality, healthy lifestyle benefits
Waste Management Plan
• Increased recycling targets used to finance recycling bins
    • employment, reduced raw material extraction benefits
Carbon Plan
• Reduced energy savings used to finance energy efficiency, renewable energy
  and energy saving projects
    • employment, air quality, healthy lifestyle benefits
Procurement
• Focus on zero additional cost e.g. recycled paper
• Construction contracts – still issues with:
    • delivery within capital budget
    • disconnect with revenue budgets
Next phase

•   Create new fund including carbon savings
     • provide staff & student behavioural change training
     • identify and develop teaching programmes with sustainability
       drivers
     • loan type facility to help finance construction initiatives not in
       programme e.g. in-situ renewables, additional insulation, very low
       energy lighting
Summary

•   Good progress made in our environmental management work
•   First steps being taken to widen this to a sustainable development
    programme
•   Sustainable construction has been identified a key priority
•   Key requirements will be to:
     • develop strategic plan with costs & benefits
     • gain approval across the institution
     • implement effectively
More information – see
www.leeds.ac.uk/environmental

								
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