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					                                              ECC – Information   IA
                                                 Superiority




MOD Architectural
  Framework
   (MODAF)
Concepts & Doctrine Processes
        20 June 2005



 Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                      Agenda
• Engagement Objectives

• MODAF Overview

• MODAF Concepts & Doctrine Deskbook

• Developing common understanding of Concepts
  & Doctrine process

• Related Views and Potential View Uses

• Next Steps

         Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                         Objectives
• To Validate MODAF Team Interpretation Of Concepts &
  Doctrine Processes Based Upon:
   –   COI Concepts & Doctrine Workshops 7 December 2004
   –   JDCC Seven Step Process
   –   NEC 2020 Pilot
   –   Joint Fires Pilot


• To Begin MODAF View Mapping
   – Key MODAF Views or equivalent already in use
   – Identification of additional MODAF Views that would be useful to
     the Concepts & Doctrine Community

        …To Complete A Draft Version Of Concepts & Doctrine
                       Deskbook – End July


               Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
       Introductions
                 • Let’s get to know who
                   we are going to be
                   spending the day with:
                     – Your name
                     – Organisation
                     – Post
                     – Brief background
                     – What you enjoy doing
                       when not at work


Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
Workshop Style & Rules
                                               •Iss
                                               ues




  Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                      Agenda
• Engagement Objectives

• MODAF Overview

• MODAF Concepts & Doctrine Deskbook

• Developing common understanding of Concepts
  & Doctrine process

• Related Views and Potential View Uses

• Next Steps

         Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
              Increasing Complexity
• Life has become too complicated for ad-hoc acquisition
   – Projects and programmes now link and overlap – pan-defence
   – Multiple operational, technical and service boundaries emerging,
     which must be managed coherently
   – Overlapping functionality in subsystems, eg BISA’s
• Network Enabled Capability is a key element to meet this
  changing need
   – “NEC is the linking of sensors, decision makers and weapon
     systems so that information can be translated into synchronised
     and overwhelming military effect at optimum tempo”CM(IS), July 2002
• Enables us to federate systems, sensors, effectors and
  hence improve military effectiveness
   We need a more structured approach to manage the
      complexity whilst balancing all appropriate user
                        perspectives
               Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
               MODAF Authority
• This project originated from CM(IS) NEC Next Steps
  Paper to the JCB, issued in April 03:
 “Working with major stakeholders (DG(Info), DCSA, IA and
  others) DEC CCII has identified the US Department of Defense
  Architecture Framework (DoDAF) as the most appropriate
  framework to underpin the development of NEC.”


• VCDS Network Enabled Capability workshop action:
  DMB NEC workshop, February 2005, agreed that MODAF
  should be mandated via IAB by April 2006




           Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
DoDAF – DoD Architectural Framework
• Proven way of delivering high complexity capability
• 8 years proven structured approach
• Numerous other nations adopting similar approaches

                                        Applied to the Enterprise
                                                 across:
      MOD Architectural Framework
• MOD Architectural Framework – modelling using six
  Viewpoint sets
• MODAF is largely based on best practice – DoDAF
• It is being tailored to MOD processes and lifecycles
• It will take a pragmatic approach
   – Model all appropriate views
   – Only model what is needed (based upon a core mandated set)
• Enhancements include Views that support capability
  management and acquisition programmes
• Other nations watching with interest




             Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
Abstracting Real World Problems
                                             Abstracting real world problems…




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            …enables
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            structured
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            analysis
                                                 Command Battlespace Management

                         Decision Support                 Information Management &                    Effects
                                                                  Acquisition
                   1. Operational Planning:         1.      Information Management         1. Targeting:
                                                                                                     CAPABILITY FUNCTION                           Epoch 1 (Now - 2008)           Epoch 2 (2004-2007)            Epoch 3 (2006-2011)        Epoch 4 ( NEC enablers 2008-2012)
                         Initiation                          Information Analysis        Target selection
                         Mission Analysis                    Information Fusion          Target List management
                                                                                                                                                                                             COMMAND BATTLESPACE MANAGEMENT
                         CCIR & planning                     Information Quality                            Decision
                                                                                           Attack Guidance Matrix Support                                                                                                                                                                                RESTRICTED
                                                                                           Targeting Situational Awareness
                                                                                                     Cycle:                                BMETS/JOCS/GP3(HQ ARRC        BMETS/JOCS/BSAM/GP3(HQ           ComBAT/GP3 (HQ ARRC                                                                 DRAFT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ComBAT/CID?/JOCS/HVMSIFF/ARRC C2IS/GBAD RAP IOC-FOC
                        guidance                            Assurance
                         Estimate                            Information Dissemination         Detect                                   only)/RNCSS                   ARRC only)/RNCSS/HVM SIFF        only)/JOCS/RNCSS/HVM SIFF/GBAD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       EPOCH 2 - CBM & CBM(Land) Increments 1 through 4 (2004 - 2007) Epoch 1
                            - COA                   2.      STAR                                 Recognise                                                                                               RAP IOC                                                                                                                                                        Epoch 2
                                                                                                     CCIRM                                 JOCS (IPM only)/GP3(HQ ARRC only)                              JOCS/ComBAT/GP3 (HQ ARRC only)    JOCS/ComBAT/ARRC C2IS
                            - W argaming                   STAR Asset                           Identify
                                                                                                     Op Planning
                                                                                                 Track                                    JOCS (IPM only)/GP3(HQ ARRC only)                              JOCS/ComBAT/GP3 (HQ ARRC only)    JOCS/ComBAT/ARRC C2IS
                         Decision                          Management/Tasking:
                         CONOPS                              STAR asset status                 Decide
                                                                                                     Intelligence                          JOCS (IPM only)/GP3(HQ ARRC only)                                                 Interop
                                                                                                                                                                                                          JOCS/G2 BISA/GP3 (HQ ARRC only)            Effector s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Full Intelligence BISA                 Decision Suppor t, Functional Support & Effects                        STAR                     Comms           Infrastructure
                         SoM                               monitoring                           Engage                Interoperability
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              MIDB, LOCE
                         Assemble/review Plan                Mission planning                  Assess
                                                                                                     Joint Strategic Intelligence          LOCE                              MIDB/LOCE
                         Orders                              Mission control                       Operational Intelligence              INT-C                             INTELWEB?                                         Intelweb
                   2. Operational Analysis                    Sensor cueing                         Joint Logisitcs                                                 JCS Log JCS Log                                           Lychgate
                   3. Mission Rehearsal
                                                                                                     NATO C2 & Int                         CRONOS (IPM only)                 NIUTS/NSWAN                Bi-SCAIS
                   4. Situational Awareness:             STAR Product Management:                                                                                                                                             FOCSLE                                                            JOCS, JC2SS(C),
                        Physical Env                       Product analysis                        NATO Comms                            CWAN (IPM only?)                                                                     CWAN                                                            JTOC IOC, JCS Log,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 RN CSS, RAFCCIS                                                                                         J
                        Mission Env                        Collation and fusion                    Allied Interoperability               US-GCCS (IPM only)           MIP Messaging/US-GCCS                                               MIP Database/US-GCCS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 GCCS,                                                                                                                                                                   O
                        Blue Env                           Product Dissemination                   Maritime                              RNCSS/LPD(R)/T22/T23/T42/CVS RNCSS/LPD(R)/T22/T23/T42/CVS/T45                                                                                                                                                                                                 C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                GRIFFIN
                        Red Env                                                                     Air C2/Coord                          JFAC (IPM only)              RAFCCIS/JFAC                                                        DACCS/JFACC                                                                                                                                                  S
                        W hite Env                                                                                                                                                                                             NIDTS-
                                                                                                       Functional Planning Support                                                                                              NSWAN                                                                                                                 N
                        APNLRS                                                                                                                                                                                       PJHQ
                                                                                                     CSS                                   AP3/QP24                         AP3                           Log C4I?/G1 BISA?                                                                                                                           I
                        CID                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         I
                                                                                                    Medical                                                                 SGIS                                              DII(F) SGIS/Medical BISA?                                                                                                                  R                               n
                   5. Intelligence:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A                               f
                        CCIRM                                                                      NBC                                    BRACIS/BATESBRACIS NT            NBC BISA/BATES                NBC BISA                                                                                                                                    O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         P                               r
                        Int Direction                                                              GBAD                                   ADCIS                            AD BriC                       IGBAD IOC                                                                                                                                   D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         T                               a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              DII(F)
                        Collection mgt                                                             Fire Support                           BATES                            FCA                           FCBISA/IFPA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  JOCS, JC2SS(C),                                                        O                               s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ?            M
                        Collation mgt                                                                                                                                                                              JTFHQ    GCCS,                                                                 JTOC IOC, JCS                                                         R                               t
                                                                                                    Aviation C2                            WAH-64 GSS                                                     AM BISA?                                                                                  Log, RN CSS                                       R
                        All-source fusion                                                                                                                                                                                 GRIFFIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         r
                        Dissemination                                                              Aviation Logistics Support             ACCESS                                                         ACCESS                     Air Support BISA?                                                                                                                                 C                 u
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      4                                O
                   6. Functional Planning                                                           Engineer/EOD
                                                                                           2. Plan Engagement:                             ASH                                                            MAKEFAST/EOD BISA Intelweb                                    TACISYS 2                                                                                                                        c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       R                 t
                      Support:                                                                   Effects selection
                                                                                                    Comms Management                                                        BCMS/CORMORANT CMS            FALCON CMS/BCMS/CORMORANT CMS                                                                                                                          E                     M                 u
                        Arty Fire planning                                                      Resource allocation
                                                                                                    IS Management                          ATacCS                           II IOC/II FOC                 DBL II FOC                                                                                                                                             3                     O                 r
                        Engr Obs planning                                                       Synchronisation Interoperability                                                                                              Intelweb                                TACISYS 2                                                                                D                     R                 e
                        Engr Sp planning                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              A
                                                                                                    NATO AD                                                                                               ACCS LOC1Comp
                        EOD planning                                                      3. Conduct Engagement:                                                                                                  Cmds          DII(F)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ACC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       N
                                                                                                    Allied Fire
                                                                                                 Decision Support                         AFATDS                                                         AFATDS II                                                                                    MCC                                                                             T
                        AD planning                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       L/Log/SF CC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         NICC, NIRS, JPC,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              O                          JOCS, JC2SS(C),              RN CSS,
                        EW planning                                                             Fires/Mission                                                                                         IS INFRASTRUCTURE        GCCS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     JC2SS( C),             RAF CCIS,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        JTOC IOC, JCS Log
                        Air planning                                                          Control
                                                                                                    JTF/ARRC IS                            JOCS/E-IARRCIS/RNCSS             JOCS/E-IARRCIS MLI/RNCSS      JOCS/E-IARRCIS MLI/RNCSS        JOCS/ARRC C2IS/RNCSS                                       JTOC IOC,           JC2SS(C), JTOC
                        Avn planning                                                            BDA IS
                                                                                                    Fmn                                    ATacCS                           BOWMAN IOC/ATacCS/II EOC                             MIDB
                                                                                                                                                                                                          DBL II IOC/DBL II FOC/BOWMAN FOCDBL II FOC/BOWMAN FOC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          IOC, NBC BISA
                        CIS planning                                                            Reporting IS
                                                                                                    BG & below                             ATacCS                                                         Platform BISA IOC/FOC/BGTI      Pltm BISA FOC/BGTI
                        Info ops planning                                                                                                                                                                                      NIDTS-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           F             E
                                                                                                     In barracks IS                        CASH (SLI/RLI)/EMS               DII                                                 NSWAN
                        Log planning                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      A             I
                        Sup                                                                         Unit IS                               UNICOM/EMS                       DII                                       ARRC                                                    E-IARRCIS,                                                                   A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           L             A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            GP3, GP3 G2, AP3                                                               S
                        ES                                                                          Individual IS                                                          BOWMAN PUDT, BRAD             FIST/BOWMAN PUDT, BRAD                       O                                                                                                   T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           C             R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 DII(F)                                                                                                                                                                  R
                        Tpt                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               O                               O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         C
                        Med                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               R                   P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           N
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         I
                        Personnel planning                                                                                                                                                                                     MIP Msg                               TACISYS 2                                                                                                t           I             S
                                           Information    and Communications Infrastructure                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                P                   a           A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       O                                                   1                   r               S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      RN CSS,                                              &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 DII(F)                                                                                                                                        m               k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     JC2SS( C),                                            B
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                TACISYS 2                                                                      i               y
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ATacCS, AP3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     JTOC IOC,                                 g               n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ASCA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               a               e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             P n               t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        O                                                                                                                    i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Div                                                                                              AD BRIC, NBC,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       E Plt, EOD BISAs,                                     l                 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        O                                                                                            O       o
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                GRIFFIN                                                                             E ComBAT, BSAM, FCA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  BMETS              D       t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  MIP                                                                                                                                T       D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     T       B     A




     Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     E       S     L
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ASCA                                                                                   AD BRIC, NBC,                                                               B
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   E                     E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      E Plt, EOD, BAMPS                                                             O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 TACISYS 2                                                                         S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ATacCS, AP3                           BISAs, E ComBAT,                                                              W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          BSAM, FCA                                                                      I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    M    I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Bde                                                                                                                         BMETS                                             A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    N
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              AH MPS                                                                                                     I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 DII(F)                                                                                                                          P                                       n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       B            I
              User Focused Viewpoints
• Structured Viewpoints provide user focus
• Viewpoints encompass different user perspectives:
   –   Strategic Viewpoint (StV)
   –   Operational Viewpoint (OV)
   –   Systems Viewpoint (SV)
   –   Technical Viewpoint (TV)
   –   Acquisition Viewpoint (AcV)
   –   All Viewpoints (AV)

                                                 OV-1
                                                Overview




                                        OV-2                 OV-5
                                     Organisations         Processes



                Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
  Common Language


                     MODAF




                    Enterpris
                     e Arch.
                                                                        Taxonomy
      MODAF
                                    Object                    system
       Meta
                                  Taxonomy
     Model (M3)
                                             weapon system     business system
                                             A system          A system which
                                             which has the     manages the…
                                             capability to…




                                                                accounts system
                  Architectural                HR system

                                             A system which     A system which
                   Repository                manages the…       manages the…




                                                                       etc …



Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                   Common Language
• Bringing together systems, organisations and processes
• Re-using architectural components


     Bowman            Falcon                          FRES                Warrior




              Skynet                                          Challenger



                                AWACS        Watchkeeper




                                        Phoenix



                Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                                  Robust Analysis
                                                     • MODAF supports robust analysis at
                                                       a progressively more detailed level
                     CRD/Capability
                       Taxonomy                      • Capability issues and gaps are
        StV
                                                       understood
StV-2
StV-3
StV-4   Gap
                                   Capability        • View points are joined up
…                                 Management
                                                    URD
              Scenarios

                                                                   Acquisition
                    OV-1
                             OV                         User
                    OV-2
                    OV-3                            Requirements     Cycle
                    …
                                                                   SRD
                             TV
                    TV-1
                    TV-2
                                                                   Procurement
                  Standards                                                       CIP
                                            SV-1
                                            SV-2     SV
                                            SV-3
                                            …
                                            SV-8                                 Fielding
                                            SV-9

                                                    AcV
                                            AcV-2



                          Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
 Pan Defence Stakeholder Involvement
• Operational plans made with greater effect through wider
  stakeholder involvement




            Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
              Benefits Realisation
• Reducing the amount of rework and cost overrun
  through application of MODAF in conjunction with
  supporting initiatives

Before:                             After:




            Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
             MODAF Project Governance
 • Project owned by ECC - DEC CCII
 • Full consultation through user group
 • Technical group supporting dependencies eg Taxonomy, meta
   model
 • MODAF Partners: PA Consulting Group & Cornwell Management
   Consultants
                     CM(IS)
     User
                                                                      Tech
     group
                                                                      Group

User (eg ECC, FLC,                                           Suppliers, (eg IA,
DPA, DCSA, IA)                                               DG(Info),DCBM(A))


                 CCII / DD
                                                     DEC CCII
                  Interop
                               MODAF Partners

                Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                             MODAF Project Schedule

          • Initial documentation – April 2005
              – MODAF Handbook & ECC Deskbook
          • First version of MODAF released – August 2005


                      Bridging Phase                      Development Stage                         Roll-out Stage
                                                                      Produce Products
Mandate    Start-up   Interim Guidance                                                      MODAF User Help Facility   Maintain
                                            Development                COI Deskbooks
                      Initial Development
                                                                                                Tiger Team Support
                        Pre-Pilot work               Pilot work

                                                                                         Training




                                   Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
           Implementation Timeline
2005
       •    Mar 05         Handbook and 1st COI Deskbook in draft
       •    Apr - Jul 05   MODAF pilots and development of documentation
                           and remaining Deskbooks
       •    Aug 05         MODAF V1 issued

2006
       •    Apr 06         MODAF expected to be mandated for all IAB
                           business cases




             Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                      Agenda
• Engagement Objectives

• MODAF Overview

• MODAF Concepts & Doctrine Deskbook

• Developing common understanding of Concepts
  & Doctrine process

• Related Views and Potential View Uses

• Next Steps

         Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
        MODAF Supporting Materials
                                                            Concepts
                                                            & Doctrine
                                                                  COI
        MODAF
                                MODAF                     MODAFDeskbo
        Volume 1                                             COI ok
                                Volume 2                   COI
       Executive
                                                           Deskbo
                                                         Deskbook
                               Handbook                      ok
        Summary                                             (x 5)



• MODAF Overview • Technical Spec                 • COI Practical Guidance
•   MODAF Composition    • Detailed               • MODAF Views Informing
•   Concept Of Use         Descriptions Of          Business Processes and
•   Benefits               MODAF Views              Activities
•   Tool Support                                  • Worked Examples Of
                                                    MODAF View Development
                                                    In Support Of Processes


                   Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                                 MODAF COIs
Concepts & Doctrine
                          Doctrine
  Concepts &
   Doctrine
                               Capability Gaps                                    Operations
 Future Op
  Needs                                                              Customer 2
                                                 Acquisition
             Capability Mgmt


                                     C    A          D       M         I             D
             Capability
                               Funded
                                           C     A       D       M          I            D
         Management            Options

                                                                           Sustain




                   Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                         COI Deskbooks
                            1. Foreword
                            2. Introduction
                            3. MODAF relationship to COI
                               business process and
                               activities
                            4. Worked example(s)

+ N x Reference Guides
                            •     Reference guide to COI
                                  process usage of MODAF
                                  views
                            •     Pocket guide format
                  Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                      Agenda
• Engagement Objectives

• MODAF Overview

• MODAF Concepts & Doctrine Deskbook

• Developing common understanding of Concepts
  & Doctrine process

• Related Views and Potential View Uses

• Next Steps

         Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
Process from COI Workshop – Dec 04




       Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                                                                     7-Step JDCC Process
                                                                        The Seven Step Process
  Step 1: Capability Identification

                       Step 2: Future Capability Reconciliation

                                                                                  Step 3: Concept Generation

                                                                                                 Step 4: Capability Development and Assessment
                                                                                                                                                 Step 5: Capability Selection and
                                                                                                                                                          Endorsement
            = Steps in the process                                                                                                                                                   Step 6: CADMID/T Validation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Step 7: LoD Oversight
                                                                                                                                                                        SRO / SPA
                                                                                                                                                                        Transition
                                                                                                                                                                          Point                         Initial Gate                    Main Gate                    Capability in Use
                                                                                                                                    Lessons Identified / Feedback / Op Experience Gp
                                        Gap Analysis:                                       Direction and Prioritisation
                                        -Across the epochs                                        JDCB (+) Part 1
                                        -Against existing and future
                                        capabilities


            1                                                                         Concept Generation                                    Continued validation and
                                                                                      - DCF Structure                                       refinement of
DSG a DMB Endorsed process                                                    3       - Initial Implications for DLoDs                                                                                                       6
                                                                                                                                            concepts and capability                                                                                                          DOCTRINE


   Futures Work                                        DSG
                                                                                                                                                                   5
                                                        DPA
                                                        DPA
                                                        DIST                                       Joint Concepts
        Strategic                                                                                                                                               PPSG                     CONOPS
                                                 Future Capability                                                                                          Selection and
         Trends                                                                                                                              Draft                                      (A Range of                    CONEMP                            CONUSE
                                                   Development
                                                                                     Environmental                Environmental             CONOPS           Endorsement                Capabilities)                  (A Capability)                    (An Eqpt)
                                                                                       Concepts                   Sub-concepts
                                                       HLOA                        FMOC/FLOC/FAOC

         JHLOC
                                                        2
                                                                                                                                                               EP/STP                                                                                                        CAPABILITY

                                                                                                       4

                                                                         Validation/Refinement Cycle
                                                                         JDCB(+) Part 2                                                              JCB Capability Pull & Concepts + Doctrine push to achieve
                                                                         (JOCC Management)                                                                                  transparency

                                                                         Issues: (Across all DLODS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                7
                                                                         1. Coherence to Conceptual Provenance.

                                                                         2. Reduction of Technical Risk
                                                                                                                                                                DLOD / SRO Involvement: Information, Doctrine and Concepts, Equipment,
                                                                         3. Risk analysis and risk register                                                         Personnel, Training, Organisation, Interoperability and Logistics
                                                                         4. Affordability

                                                                         5. Implications of Real World Change




                                                                       Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
Combined Concepts & Doctrine Process
  Step 1              Step 2                   Step 3         Step 4            Step 5       Step 6       Step 7
    A. Pre-Analytical Concepts                B. Analytical Concepts                  C. Applied Concepts
                 Existing Capability

Futures Work
                Future Capability                               Draft        Endorsed
  HLOC                                       Concepts                                       ConEmp       ConUse
               Development Paper                               ConOps        ConOps
Joint Vision




   Doctrine                            Concept To Capability


                                                          C    A        D       M            I           D
                              Capability           Funded
                                                                C   A       D       M                I        D
                                                   Options
                           Management                                         New
                                                                            Capability    SOPs &
                                                                                           TTPS

                                                                                          Modified
                                                                                          Doctrine
                                  D. Concepts & Doctrine In Delivery


                           Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
    Break-out Session 1 – Concepts &
            Doctrine Process
    i.e. Applied Concept             •   Objective: To define the Concepts
Inputs (From)                            & Doctrinal linkages between each
                                         community:
                                           – Inputs from other areas
                                           – Activities
Activities                                 – Outputs to other areas
                                           – Epoch/Time Frame
                                     •   Individually, write post-it notes
                                         detailing inputs, activities, outputs
                                         and epochs for each of the four
                                         areas (Pre-Analytical, Analytical,
Outputs (To)                             Applied, Delivery)
                      Epoch
                                     •   As a group, stick the post-its to the
                                         flip-charts, and agree a set of
                                         inputs, activities, outputs and
                                         epochs for each area
                                     •   We will then return for a plenary
                                         between the two groups


               Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                      Plenary
• Agree flip-charts between the two groups
• Identify the various strands to the
  Concepts and Doctrine Process.
• What are the inputs/outputs that feed
  these processes from the perspective of
  the Joint and Single Service Concepts and
  Doctrine communities and Customer 2?
• Are any of these processes specific to
  particular epochs?

         Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                      Agenda
• Engagement Objectives

• MODAF Overview

• MODAF Concepts & Doctrine Deskbook

• Developing common understanding of Concepts
  & Doctrine process

• Related Views and Potential View Uses

• Next Steps

         Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
              Strategic Viewpoint
• What are these views?
  – Formal articulation of the High Level Concepts
     • Primarily support capability management processes
     • Support interfaces with other key MOD processes such as
       operational concepts and Capability Planning.
• How would they benefit the Concepts & Doctrine
  Community?
  – Articulate concepts leading to identification of required defence
    capabilities (Step 1)
  – Identify and enable the management of cross-capability
    dependencies – support the development of the FCD paper (Step
    2)
  – Support concept generation and capability development and
    assessment (CONOPs) – Steps 3 & 4
  – Ensure capability selection, endorsement and integration across
    all LoDs

             Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                                                                  Strategic Views
                                                                                                                                                            StV-5 Cap / System
  StV-1                                                        StV-3 Cap Phasing                                                                               Deployment
Op Concept                                         Capability
                                                   Functions
                                                                       Epoch 1                Epoch 2               Epoch 3


                                                                          Information Acquisition

                                                 Strategic             NEMESIS                NEMESIS

                                                 Operational            SPECS


                                                 Tactical              LOOKER

                                                                         Information Management

                                                 Analysis              NEMESIS                NEMESIS

                                                 Fusion                NEMESIS                NEMESIS

                                                 Quality               NEMESIS                NEMESIS
                                                 Assurance
                                                 Dissemination                            BOWMAN, SAT             BOWMAN, SAT

                                                                                    Effects
        Information          Information                Effects
        Acquisition          Management          Targeting             LOOKER,
                                                                        SPECS
                                                                                                                                Information   Information     Effects
                                                 Plan                    BISA                   BISA                            Acquisition   Management
                                                 Engagement
   1. Strategic          1. Analysis             1. Targeting
                                                 Conduct              CR2, MILAN,             CR2, FGA             CR2, FGA
   Range: 120km -                                Engagement
                                                 Accuracy: 10m           FGA                             Recce
   1000km
                                                 BDA                   FGA, SAT               FGA, SAT             FGA, SAT
                                                                                                                                    X
   Duration: 24hrs


                                                                                                         Collate Intelligence
   2. Operational        2. Fusion               2. Plan Engagement
                                                                                                                                                  X
   Range: 20km - 120km
   Duration: 20hrs                                                                                       Conduct Estimate
                                                                                                                                                  X

                                                                                                         Coordinate Plan
   3. Tactical           3. Quality Assurance    3. Conduct                                                                         X             X             X
                                                 Engagement
   Range: 0km - 20km
   Duration: 16hrs
                                                                                                         Attack
                                                                                                                                    X             X             X
                         4. Dissemination        4. Battle Damage
                                                 Assessment
                                                                                                         Recuperate
                                                                                                                                                                                 OVs
                                                                                                                                                  X


          StV-2 Cap Taxonomy                                                                   StV-6 Cap to Use Case Mapping

                                                Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
           Operational Viewpoint
• What are these views?
  – Formal descriptions of military operational requirements,
    missions, scenarios and relationships
     • Primarily support requirements development
     • Support interfaces with other key MOD processes such as
       operational concepts and contracting with industry.
• How would they benefit the Concepts & Doctrine
  Community?
  – Clear articulation of requirements to industry partners
  – Support evaluation of solution options through scenario analysis




             Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
              Operational Views
                                                               OV-2 Op Node Interactions


                         OV-1
                         Concept of
                         Operations




                                                                                    OV-3 Information Flows
                                         Needline             From                           To                                Content                     Medium
                                           ID
                                            1       PJHQ                           BDE HQ                       BDE TASKING ORDER                SAT COMM

                                            2       BDE HQ                         MAIN OPERATING BASE          BG TASKING ORDER                 BOWMAN

                                            3       MAIN OPERATING BASE            FIGHTING PATROL              PATROL TASKING ORDER             BOWMAN

                                            4       FIGHTING PATROL                KESTREL                      KESTREL TASK ORDER               UHF RX/TX

                                            5       KESTREL                        FIGHTING PATROL              TACTICAL ISTAR INFO              UHF RX/TX

                                            6       BDE HQ                         GROUND STATION               OPERATIONAL ISTAR TASK ORDER     BOWMAN

                                            7       GROUND STATION                 SPECS 2                      SPECS 2 TASK ORDER               LINK 16

                       OV-6c Sequence       8

                                            9
                                                    PJHQ

                                                    AIRCRAFT CARRIER
                                                                                   AIRCRAFT CARRIER

                                                                                   NEMESIS
                                                                                                                STRATEGIC ISTAR TASK ORDER

                                                                                                                NEMESIS TASK ORDER
                                                                                                                                                 SAT COMM

                                                                                                                                                 LINK 16


                              Diagram       10

                                            11
                                                    NEMESIS

                                                    NEMESIS
                                                                << entity >>
                                                                                   AIRCRAFT CARRIER

                                                                                          STATION
                                                                                   GROUNDrelationship_1
                                                                                                                STRATEGIC ISTAR INFO
                                                                                                                     << entity >>
                                                                                                                STRATEGIC ISTAR INFO
                                                                                                                                                 LINK 16

                                                                                                                                                 LINK 16
                                                                  Entity 1                                             Entity 2
                                            12      SPECS 2                        GROUND STATION               OPERATIONAL ISTAR INFO           LINK 16
                                                             -attribute_1:string                            *    -attribute_3:int
                                            13      BDE HQ                         PJHQ                         BDE AFTER ACTION REPORT          SAT COMM
                                                             -attribute_2:int
                                            14      MAIN OPERATING BASE            BDE HQ                       BG AFTER ACTION REPORT           BOWMAN

                                            15

                                            16
                                                    FIGHTING PATROL

                                                    GROUND STATION
                                                                                  MAIN
                                                                                0..1 OPERATING BASE
                                                                                   BDE HQ
                                                                                                                PATROL AFTER ACTION REPORT

                                                                                                          relationship_4 ISTAR INFO
                                                                                                                OPERATIONAL
                                                                                                                                             OV-7BOWMAN

                                                                                                                                                 BOWMAN




OV-5 Activity Model
                                            17      AIRCRAFT CARRIER

                                                    relationship_3
                                                                                   PJHQ                         STRATEGIC ISTAR INFO
                                                                                                                      1..*
                                                                                                                                             Information
                                                                                                                                                 SAT COMM



                                                                                                                     << entity >>
                                                                                relationship_2
                                                                                                                       Entity 3              Model
                                                                                                                 -attribute_4:date

                                                                 << entity >>
                                                                   Entity 4
                                                             -attribute_5:boolean




           Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
               System Viewpoint
• What are these views?
  – Descriptions of system functions, interfaces and performance
     • Primarily support solution development and maintenance
     • Developed during solution design.
• How would they benefit the Concepts & Doctrine
  Community?
  – Provide a common language for system specification and design
    between MOD and Industry
  – Ensure system requirements articulated through System Views
    are traceable back to user requirements shown in Operational
    Views




             Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
          OVs
                        System Views (1)

                                 SV-1 System Interconnections




SV-5 Op Activity to
 System Mapping                                                                                                                                     << entity >>
                                                                                                                                                                            relationship_1
                                                                                                                                                                                                       << entity >>
                                                                                                                                                      Entity 1                                           Entity 2
                                                                                                                                                -attribute_1:string                            *   -attribute_3:int
                                                                                                                                                -attribute_2:int

                                                                                                                                                                   0..1
                                                                                                                                                                                             relationship_4

                                                                                                                                                                                                        1..*
                                                                                                                                          relationship_3
                                                                                                                                                                                                       << entity >>
                                 Needline             From                  To                         Content                   Medium
                                                                                                                                                                   relationship_2
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Entity 3
                                   ID
                                    1       PJHQ                  BDE HQ                BDE TASKING ORDER              SAT COMM                                                                    -attribute_4:date
                                    2       BDE HQ                MAIN OPERATING BASE   BG TASKING ORDER               BOWMAN

                                    3       MAIN OPERATING BASE   FIGHTING PATROL       PATROL TASKING ORDER           BOWMAN                       << entity >>
                                    4       FIGHTING PATROL       KESTREL               KESTREL TASK ORDER             UHF RX/TX                      Entity 4
                                    5       KESTREL               FIGHTING PATROL       TACTICAL ISTAR INFO            UHF RX/TX                -attribute_5:boolean
                                    6       BDE HQ                GROUND STATION        OPERATIONAL ISTAR TASK ORDER   BOWMAN

                                    7       GROUND STATION        SPECS 2               SPECS 2 TASK ORDER             LINK 16

                                    8       PJHQ                  AIRCRAFT CARRIER      STRATEGIC ISTAR TASK ORDER     SAT COMM
                                                                                                                                                 SV-11 Data Model
                                    9

                                    10
                                            AIRCRAFT CARRIER

                                            NEMESIS
                                                               SV-6 Data Flows
                                                                  NEMESIS

                                                                  AIRCRAFT CARRIER
                                                                                        NEMESIS TASK ORDER

                                                                                        STRATEGIC ISTAR INFO
                                                                                                                       LINK 16

                                                                                                                       LINK 16

                                    11      NEMESIS               GROUND STATION        STRATEGIC ISTAR INFO           LINK 16

                                    12      SPECS 2               GROUND STATION        OPERATIONAL ISTAR INFO         LINK 16

                                    13      BDE HQ                PJHQ                  BDE AFTER ACTION REPORT        SAT COMM

                                    14      MAIN OPERATING BASE   BDE HQ                BG AFTER ACTION REPORT         BOWMAN

                                    15      FIGHTING PATROL       MAIN OPERATING BASE   PATROL AFTER ACTION REPORT     BOWMAN


  SV-3 System Interfaces            16

                                    17
                                            GROUND STATION

                                            AIRCRAFT CARRIER
                                                                  BDE HQ

                                                                  PJHQ
                                                                                        OPERATIONAL ISTAR INFO

                                                                                        STRATEGIC ISTAR INFO
                                                                                                                       BOWMAN

                                                                                                                       SAT COMM




                      Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                                                      System Views (2)
      SV-1 System Interconnections                                                                   SV-4 System Functions



                                                                                                                                                                                SV-7 System
                                                                                                                                                                                Performance




                                                             TVs
                               SMTP
                               TCP/IP                                           SV-9 Technology Forecast
System 3                      Ethernet
                             CAT 5 Cable
                                                             System 5
                                                                        TECHNOLOGY AREA
                                                                                                                         TECHNOLOGY FORECASTS
                                                                                                                                                                         SV-8 System Evolution
                                                                                                   SHORT TERM                MEDIUM TERM              LONG TERM
           Port: 3c                               Port: 5f
                             3-5 e-mail                                                                         APPLICATION SOFTWARE

                                                                                                                         MICROSOFT OFFICE 2005   MICROSOFT DISTRIBUTED
                                                                        OFFICE APPLICATIONS   MICROSOFT OFFICE 2000
                                                                                                                             (DISTRIBUTED)            OFFICE APPS
                             PLCS DEX 7
                                                                             BUSINESS         INDIVIDUAL APPS - BATES,
                                HTTP                                       APPLICATIONS                QP24
                                                                                                                                 BISA'S          INTEGRATED BISA SUITE

                               TCP/IP
                                                                                                                APPLICATION PLATFORM
System 1                      Bowman                         System 3
                                                                        DATA MANAGEMENT              ORACLE 9                  ORACLE 10
           Port: 1a                               Port: 3b
                      1-3 Operational Feedback
                                                                        OPERATING SYSTEM          WINDOWS 2000             NEXT WINDOWS OS          OPEN SOURCE OS




    SV-2 System Interoperability                                          USER INTERFACE
                                                                                                                EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT

                                                                                                                           THIN TOUCH SCREEN      BIOMETRIC INTERFACE


                                                                                                                          SOLID STATE MEMORY
                                                                             STORAGE                    HDD                                        ORGANIC STORAGE
                                                                                                                                 CHIPS


                                                                              COMMS                  BOWMAN                  BOWMAN+VOIP             ALL IP COMMS




                                                 Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
              Technical Viewpoint
• What are these views?
  – Formal descriptions of technical and defence industry standards
     • Primarily support requirements development.
     • Could be used to specify the use of concepts and applied in
       Operational Analysis
• How would they benefit the Concepts & Doctrine
  Community?
  – Clear baseline of constraints applied to the solution design
  – Facilitate up-front communication of any additional cost to
    comply with these standards
  – Articulate underpinning doctrine and identify doctrinal gaps in
    the employment of systems, formations and task forces




             Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                    Technical Views
TV-1 Technical Standards Profile




                                                           TV-2 Standards Forecast
                                     T RM                                                   ST ANDARDS FORECASTS
                                     CATEGORY                      SHORT TERM                      M ID T ERM                        LONG TERM
                                                                       (1 year)                      (3 years)                         (5 years)
                                                                                    Application Platform
                                     Data Interchange       Security Marking DTD – in
                                                            CAPCO coordination (proposed
                                     Document Interchange   IC standard)
                                                            Geography DTD 2.0 – accepted




                                                                                  ?
                                     Mapping                                                Commercial products that
                                                            by GIS Consortium               use the standard become
                                                                                            available
                                                            Geospatial XSD – in                                            Geospatial XSD – accepted by
                                                            coordination Open GIS                                          Open GIS

                                     Communications                                         IETF RFC2060 Internet
                                                                                            Mail Access Protocol
                                     Electronic Mail                                        (IMAP) – accepted,
                                                                                            replaces de facto standard
                                     W orld W ide W eb      IETF - Common Gateway                                          IETF –Common Gateway Interface
                                     Services               Interface (CGI) 1.2 – becomes                                  (CGI) 1.2 – accepted, replaces CGI
                                                            proposed standard                                              1.1, the de facto standard
                                                                                                                           IETF – RFC 2818 HTTP Over TLS –
                                                                                                                           accepted, replaces RFC 2616
                                     Communications                                         IETF –W ireless Extensions
                                                                                            to TLS – becomes
                                     Transport Ser vices                                    proposed standard
                                                                                            IETF – RFC 2002 IP             IETF –IPv4 Mobile IP Protocol –
                                                                                            Mobility Suppor t - accepted   becomes propose standard

                                     Security                                                                              IETF - RFC 2246 The Transport
                                                                                                                           Layer Security (TLS) Protocol
                                                                                                                           Version1.0 – accepted; replaces
                                                                                                                           SSL




               Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
          Acquisition Viewpoint ?
• What are these Views?
  – Programmatic Views of the overall Acquisition programme within
    the MOD
      • Support Acquisition planning, LOD maturity evaluation and
        managing dependencies between projects
      • Support interfaces with other key MOD processes such as
        operational concepts and Capability Planning.
• How would they benefit the Concepts & Doctrine
  Community?
  – Potentially identify dependencies impacting Concept
    development
  – Highlight gaps or overlaps that will result from any re-scheduling
    of capability delivery dates




             Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                         Acquisition Views
Generic AcV-2 System of Systems Acquisition Programmes




                                               JCB NEC Roadmap – AcV-2 Format


                      Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
   Break-out Session 2 – View Mapping
  Input                     Output     •   Objective: Identify Views which
  Views                     Views          may be useful for the agreed
           Concept &                       inputs, activities and outputs for
                                           each Concept & Doctrine area
StV1      Doctrine Area      StV1
                                       •   As one group suggest relevant
            Activities       OV1           Views for the inputs, activities
AcV2                                       and outputs for each area, using
                                           post-its to agree a set of relevant
                                           Views
                                       •   Agree the links/dependencies
                                           between areas

                                       •   NOTE: There may be inputs,
                                           activities or outputs with no
                                           relevant Views, and there will
                                           certainly be some with multiple
                                           relevant Views




            Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                      Agenda
• Engagement Objectives

• MODAF Overview

• MODAF Concepts & Doctrine Deskbook

• Developing common understanding of Concepts
  & Doctrine process

• Related Views and Potential View Uses

• Next Steps

         Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
    Concepts & Doctrine – Next Steps
         8 July
        Internal
        Release
                             15 July
                             Release
Engagement                   Review     29 July
                             Deadline
                                        Formal
Development                              Draft           12 August
                                        Release             Formal
                   Release
                                                           Review
                   Review
                                                           Deadline
                                                                   16 August
                                 Update                               Review
                                                  Detailed             Board 26 August
                                                  Review                         Full
                                                                 Initial       Release
                                                                  Sift
                                                                         Finalise
                                                                         Baseline




                    Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
                                                        ECC – Information   IA
                                                           Superiority

Points of Contact:

• Project Manager
  kathy.lamb134@mod.uk
  0207 807 8884

• Concepts & Doctrine COI lead
  john.taylor@paconsulting.com
  07841 947175

• MODAF development POC
  david.mawby@paconsulting.com
  07887 540406


           Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
  Articulating Concepts & Doctrine
• From the abstract to the tangible…
                              StV-1


   Articulate Analytical
   Concepts/ Doctrine

                                      Operational Viewpoint Suite

                              StV-1        OV-1          OV-2        OV-4

   Articulate ConOps/
   ConEmp/ ConUse

                                      Operational Viewpoint Suite

                              StV-6      OV-1          OV-2         OV-3    OV-4   OV-5   OV-6


  Articulate SOPs/ TTPs




                           Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
 Supporting Concept Development
• Operational analysis informing the
  development of applied concepts…

           Strategic            Operational            System                   Technical
        Viewpoint Suite       Viewpoint Suite       Viewpoint Suite          Viewpoint Suite




                                       Operational Analysis


                                                    Articulate Operational
                          Analyse Operational
                                                         Capability &
                               Capability
                                                        Characteristics




           Developing the MOD Architectural Framework
   Specifying Concepts & Doctrine
• Specifying the use of concepts, doctrine,
  SOPs/ TTPs across military organisations
  and levels…


                     Specify Use Of
                   Concept & Doctrine
                                        TV-1
                      Publications
                      (Levels 2-5)




         Developing the MOD Architectural Framework

				
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