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The Gettysburg Address Abraham Lincoln

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									The Gettysburg
Address: Abraham
Lincoln
By Matthew Wright
Personal History
• Born February 12, 1809 in a one room log cabin
  in the state of Kentucky
• On August the 4th 1834 Lincoln (24) is elected
  to the Illinois General Assembly
  On August the 3rd 1846 Lincoln is elected to the
  US House of Representatives as a member of
  the Whig Party
…Continued Personal History
• 1854 opposes the passing of the Kansas-Nebraska
  Act
• 1857 Lincoln speaks against the Dred Scott decision
• November the 6th Lincoln is elected as the 16th
  president of the US; and, he won the election over
  Stephen A. Douglas and John C. Breckenridge in so
  doing
• January the 1st 1863 issues and ratifies the
  Emancipation Proclamation, thereby freeing all the
  slaves
• November the 19th , 1863 delivers Gettysburg Address
• Intended audience: for the present and future
  generations
The Battle of Gettysburg
• The actual battle lasted for two days from July 1- July 3, 1863
• Location was in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in Adams County
• Commanders were: for the Union Gen. George G. Meade, for
  the CSA Gen. Robert E. Lee
• The armies were: for the Union the Army of the Potomac, and
  for the CSA the Army of Northern Virginia
• The Army of the Potomac had 93,921 soldiers, and the Army of
  Northern Virginia had 71,699 soldiers
• Casualties: Union suffered 23,055 (3,155 killed, 14,531
  wounded, 5,369 captured/missing; for, the CSA 22,231 (4,708
  killed, 12,693 wounded, 5,830 captured/missing)
• Result: the Union is victorious
• Gettysburg incursion also halted the CSA’s invasion of the
  North, and is seen as the focal point of the war
Main points
• Lincoln advocates the words of the Declaration
  of Independence; and, Lincoln accentuated the
  Civil War as not just a fight to preserve the
  Union, but to bring equality to “all” of its
  citizens: “…conceived in liberty, and dedicated
  to the proposition that all men are created
  equal.”
• Lincoln also advocated the notion that the test
  of equality and liberty is indispensable: “Now
  we are engaged in a great civil war testing
  whether that nation, or any nation so conceived
  and so dedicated, can long endure.”
Main Points Continued…
• Lincoln’s speech also praises the soldiers, and their
  deaths did not go in vain: “The world will little note nor
  long remember what we say here but it can never
  forget what they did here.”
• Lincoln believed that present and future generations
  must take up the cause of defending the Union: “It is
  rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task
  remaining before us…that these honored dead shall
  not have died in vain…”
• Lincoln advocates and espouses the writings of
  Supreme Court Justice John Marshall and the
  transcendental reverend Theodore Parker; for, they
  both believed that the Union is a government of, by,
  and for the people.
Main Points Continued…
• It is for this reason that Lincoln acknowledges
  the sacrifice, but explains why the struggle is
  important for future Americans to uphold and
  defend the Union: “…that this nation under God
  shall have a new birth of freedom; and that
  government of the people, by the people, for
  the people shall not perish from the earth.”
Questions to Consider
• Is the US a government of the people, or is it a
  government of the states?

• What is the significance of the Gettysburg
  Address, and why has it had such an profound
  effect on the American way of life?

								
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