Bacons Manifesto

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Bacons Manifesto Powered By Docstoc
					Nathaniel Bacon and
    Aphra Behn
              Bacon’s Manifesto
But let us trace these men in Authority and Favour to whose hands the
dispensation of the Countries wealth has been commited; let us observe the
sudden Rise of their Estates compared with the Quality in which they first
entered the Country, or the Reputation they have held here amongst wise and
discerning men. And lett us see wither their extractions and Education have
not bin vile, and by what pretence of learning and vertue they could soe soon
into Imployments of so great Trust and consequence.
Let us consider their sudden advancement and let us also consider wither any
Publick work for our safety and defence or for the Advancement and
propogation of Trade, liberall Arts or sciences is here Extant in any way
adequate to our vast chardg. Now let us compare these things together and
see what spounges have suckt up the Publique Treasure, and wither it hath
not bin privately contrived away by unwrothy Favourites and juggling
Parasites whose tottering Fortunes have bin repaired and supported at the
Pubick chardg.
            Bacon’s complaints
   Council more concerned with ―the protected
    and Darling Indians‖ than with the frontier
   More concerned with monopolizing fur trade
    and commerce with the Indians than
    establishing security on the frontier
   Appeals to the King to rein in the local council
    Robert Beverly and the Council’s
   Low price of Tobacco hurts middling farmers
   Royal intervention in apportionment of property
    and Taxation
   Parliament‘s trade policy which restricts intra-
    colonial commerce
   Indians
The Widow Ranter
               On the Council
   Friendly: ―This Country wants nothing but to
    be Peopl‘d with a well-born Race to make it one
    of the best Collonies in the World. But for want
    of a Governour we are Ruled by a Counil, some
    of which have been perhaps transported
    Ciminals, who having Acquired great Estates are
    now become your Honour, and Right
    Worshipfull, and Possess all Places of
    Authority‖ (238)
                    Bacon’s Views
   Shou‘d I stand by and see my Country ruin‘d, my King
    dishonour‘d, and his Subjects Murder‘d hear the the sad Crys of
    widdows and of Orphans? You heard it Lowd, but gave no
    pitying care to‘t. And till the war and Massacre was brought to
    my own door, my Flocks and Heards surpriz‘d, I bore it all with
    Patience. Is it unlawfull to defend my self against a Thief that
    breaks into my doors?
   I call it doing of my self that right, which upon Just demand the
    Councill did refuse me. If my Ambition as you‘re pleas‘d to call
    it, made me demand too Much, I left my self to you…I am a
    Gentleman, And yet me thoughts were humble—I wou‘d have
    found under the meanest of your Parasites– (259)
Queen Semernia / Widow Ranter
   Bacon: How charming is the Queen! (248)
   Queen: ―Ev‘n his threats have charms that
    please the heart…Is it impossible there might be
    wrought an understanding betwixt my Lord (the
    Indian King) and you? ‗Twas to that end I first
    desired this truce, My self proposing to be
    Mediator. . . I know you‘re Noble: And I have
    heard you say our Sex could never plead in vain.
                     Widow Ranter
   ―I love to ride in Fresco.‖ (245)
   ―I must Smoke and Drink in a Morning, or I am Mawkish all
   Surelove: You have reason to praise an old man, who dy‘d and
    left you worth fifty thousand Pound.
    Ranter: Ay Gad—and what‘s better Sweet-heart, dy‘d in good
    time too, and left me young enough to spend this fifty thousand
    pound in better Company
    Crisante: You think they all love you for that (your fortune)?
    Ranter: For that, Ay what else? if it were not for that, I might sit
    still and sigh, and cry out, a Miracle! a Miracle! At sight of a Man
    within my doors. (246)