The Ten Commandments en Commandments

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					               ANDARD FOR MANKIND:
GOD’S MORAL S TAND ARD F OR MANKIND



                        The Ten Commandments
                                                                                            majesty, His purity and holiness, that
    In the Bible, the Ten Command-             ousy.                                        the heart may be impressed with a
ments are given in Exodus 20:3-17.                 “Visiting the iniquity of the fa-        sense of His exalted character; and His
They are explained in detail in Pa-            thers upon the children unto the             holy name should be uttered with rev-
triarchs and Prophets, pp. 305 to              third and fourth generation of them          erence and solemnity.
309. Here is this entire passage:              that hate Me.” It is inevitable that
                                                                                            THE FOURTH COMMAND-
                                               children should suffer from the conse-
                                                                                                    MENT
  THE FIRST COMMAND-                           quences of parental wrong-doing, but
         MENT                                  they are not punished for the parent’s            “Remember the Sabbath day, to
                                               guilt, except as they participate in their   keep it holy. Six days shalt thou la-
     “Thou shalt have no other gods
                                               sins. It is usually the case, however,       bor, and do all thy work: but the Sev-
before Me. “
                                               that children walk in the steps of their     enth day is the Sabbath of the Lord
     The eternal, self-existent,
                                               parents. By inheritance and example          thy God: In it thou shalt not do any
uncreated One, Himself the Source and
                                               the sons become partakers of the             work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy
Sustainer of all, is alone entitled to
                                               father’s sin. Wrong tendencies, per-         daughter, thy manservant, nor thy
supreme reverence and worship. Man
                                               verted appetites, and debased morals,        maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy
is forbidden to give to any other object
                                               as well as physical disease and degen-       stranger that is within thy gates. For
the first place in his affections or his
                                               eracy, are transmitted as a legacy from      in six days the Lord made heaven
service. Whatever we cherish that tends
                                               father to son, to the third and fourth       and earth, the sea, and all that in
to lessen our love for God or to inter-
                                               generation. This fearful truth should        them is, and rested the Seventh day:
fere with the service due Him, of that
                                               have a solemn power to restrain men          wherefore the Lord blessed the Sab-
we make a god.
                                               from following a course of sin.              bath day, and hallowed it.”
THE SECOND COMMAND-
                                                   “Showing mercy unto thousands                 The Sabbath is not introduced as
        MENT
                                               of them that love Me, and keep My            a new institution but as having been
     “Thou shalt not make unto thee            Commandments.” In prohibiting the            founded at creation. It is to be remem-
any graven image, or any likeness of           worship of false gods, the Second Com-       bered and observed as the memorial
anything that is in heaven above, or           mandment by implication enjoins the          of the Creator’s work. Pointing to God
that is in the earth beneath, or that          worship of the true God. And to those        as the Maker of the heavens and the
is in the water under the earth: thou          who are faithful in His service, mercy       earth, it distinguishes the true God
shalt not bow down thyself to them,            is promised, not merely to the third         from all false gods. All who keep the
nor serve them. “                              and fourth generation as is the wrath        Seventh day signify by this act that
     The Second Commandment for-               threatened against those who hate Him,       they are worshipers of the Creator-
bids the worship of the true God by            but to thousands of generations.             God. Thus the Sabbath is the sign of
images or similitudes. Many heathen                                                         man’s allegiance to God as long as there
                                                 THE THIRD COMMAND-
nations claimed that their images were                                                      are any upon the earth to serve Him.
                                                        MENT
mere figures or symbols by which the                                                        The Fourth Commandment is the only
Deity was worshipped, but God has                   “Thou shalt not take the name           one of that shows by whose authority
declared such worship to be sin. The           of the Lord thy God in vain: for the         the Ten Commandment Law is given.
attempt to represent the Eternal One           Lord will not hold him guiltless that        Thus it contains the Seal of God, af-
by material objects would lower man’s          taketh His name in vain.“                    fixed to His Law as evidence of its au-
conception of God. The mind, turned                 This commandment not only for-          thenticity and binding force.
away from the infinite perfection of the       bids false oaths and common swear-                God has given men six days
Lord, would be attracted to the crea-          ing, but it forbids us to use the name       wherein to labor, and He requires that
ture rather than to the Creator. And           of God in a light or careless manner,        their own work be done in the six
as his conceptions of God were low-            without regard to its awful signifi-         working days. Acts of necessity and
ered, so would man become degraded.            cance. By the thoughtless mention of         mercy are permitted on the Sabbath,
     “I the Lord thy God am a jealous          God in common conver-sation, by ap-          the sick and suffering are at all times
God.” The close and sacred relation            peals to Him in trivial matters, and by      to be cared for; but unnecessary labor
of God to His people is represented            the frequent and thoughtless repetition      is to be strictly avoided. “Turn away
under the figure of marriage. Idolatry         of His name, we dishonor Him. “Holy          thy foot from the Sabbath, from do-
being spiritual adultery, the displea-         and reverend is His name.” Psalm             ing thy pleasure on My holy day; and
sure of God against it is fitly called jeal-   111:9. All should meditate upon His          call the Sabbath a delight, the holy
2
of the Lord, honorable; and honor           Ephesians 6:2.                              just debts or wages. It declares that
Him, not doing thine own ways, nor            THE SIXTH COMMAND-                        every attempt to advantage oneself by
finding thine own pleasure. Isaiah                   MENT                               the ignorance, weakness, or misfortune
58:13. Nor does the prohibition end                                                     of another is registered as fraud in the
                                                 “Thou shalt not kill. “
here. “Nor speaking thine own words,”                                                   books of heaven.
                                                 All acts of injustice that tend to
says the prophet Those who discuss                                                        THE NINTH COMMAND-
                                            shorten life; the spirit of hatred and
business matters or lay plans on the                                                             MENT
                                            revenge, or the indulgence of any pas-
Sabbath are regarded by God as
                                            sion that leads to injurious acts to-            “Thou shalt not bear false wit-
though engaged in the actual transac-
                                            wards others, or causes us even to wish     ness against thy neighbor.”
tion of business.
                                            them harm (for “whosoever hateth his             False speaking in any matter, ev-
     To keep the Sabbath holy, we
                                            brother is a murderer”); a selfish ne-      ery attempt or purpose to deceive our
should not even allow our minds to
                                            glect of caring for the needy or suffer-    neighbor, is here included. An inten-
dwell upon things of a worldly charac-
                                            ing; all self-indulgence, or unnecessary    tion to deceive is what constitutes false-
ter. And the commandment includes
                                            deprivation or excessive labor that         hood. By a glance of the eye, a motion
all within our gates. The inmates of
                                            tends to injure health-all these are, to    of the hand, an expression of the coun-
the house are to lay aside their worldly
                                            a greater or less degree, violations of     tenance, a false-hood may be told as
business during the sacred hours. All
                                            the Sixth Commandment.                      effectually as by words. All intentional
should unite to honor God by willing
                                                THE SEVENTH COM-                        overstatement, every hint or insinua-
service upon His holy day.
                                                   MANDMENT                             tion calculated to convey an erroneous
  THE FIFTH COMMAND-                                                                    or exaggerated impression, even the
          MENT                                   “Thou shalt not commit adul-
                                                                                        statement of facts in such a manner
                                            tery.”
    “Honor thy father and thy                                                           as to mislead, is falsehood. This pre-
                                                 This commandment forbids not
mother, that thy days may be long                                                       cept forbids every effort to injure our
                                            only acts of impurity, but sensual
upon the land which the Lord giveth                                                     neighbor’s reputation by misrepresen-
                                            thought and desires, or any practice
thee.”                                                                                  tation or evil surmising, by slander or
                                            that tends to excite them. Purity is
    Parents are entitled to a degree of                                                 tale bearing. Even the intentional sup-
                                            demanded not only in the outward life
love and respect which is due to no                                                     pression of truth, by which injury may
                                            but in the secret intents and emotions
other person. God Himself, who has                                                      result to others, is a violation of the
                                            of the heart. Christ, who taught the far-
placed upon them a responsibility for                                                   Ninth Commandment.
                                            reaching obligation of the Law of God,
the souls committed to their charge,                                                      THE TENTH COMMAND-
                                            declared the evil thought or look to be
has ordained that during the earliest                                                            MENT
                                            as truly sin as is the unlawful deed.
years of life, parents shall stand in the
                                             THE EIGHTH COMMAND-                             “Thou shalt not covet thy
place of God. The Fifth Commandment
                                                     MENT                               neighbor’s house, thou shalt not
requires children not only to yield re-
                                                                                        covet thy neighbor’s wife, nor his
spect, submission, and obedience to              “Thou shalt not steal.”
                                                                                        manservant, nor his maidservant,
their parents, but also to give them love        Both public and private sins are
                                                                                        nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything
and tenderness, to lighten their cares,     included in this prohibition. The
                                                                                        that is thy neighbor’s “
to guard their reputation, and to suc-      Eighth Commandment condemns
                                                                                             The Tenth Commandment strikes
cor and comfort them in old age. It also    manstealing and slave dealing, and for-
                                                                                        at the very root of all sins, prohibiting
enjoins respect for ministers and rul-      bids wars of conquest. It condemns
                                                                                        the selfish desire, from which springs
ers and for all others to whom God          theft and robbery. It demands strict
                                                                                        the sinful desire for that which belongs
has delegated authority.                    integrity in the minutest details of the
                                                                                        to another will not be guilty of an act
    This, says the apostle, “Is the first   affairs of life. It forbids overreaching
                                                                                        of wrong toward his fellow creatures.
commandment with promise.”                  in trace, and requires the payment of



                                        “If a man love Me, he will keep My
                                        words; and My Father will love him,
                                        and We will come unto him, and
                                        make Our abode with him.”
                                                                  —John 14:23
                                                                                                                     3

                    THE LAW OF GOD                                  THE LAW OF GOD AS CHANGED BY MAN

                                    l                                                           I
           Thou shalt have no other gods before Me.            I am the Lord thy God. Thou shalt not have strange gods
                                 II                                                      before Me.
Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any              [The Second Commandment has been left out.]
 likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in                         II [actually III]
 the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:   Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.
Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them:                             III [actually IV]
    for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the          Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath day.
iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and      [The Sabbath Commandment has been changed.]
    fourth generation of them that hate Me; and showing                              IV [actually V]
      mercy unto the thousands of them that love Me,                       Honor thy father and thy mother.
                 and keep My commandments.                                           V [actually VI]
                                III                                                 Thou shalt not kill.
Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain;                            VI [actually VII]
    for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh His                Thou shalt not commit adultery.
                          name in vain.                                             VII (actually VIII)
                                IV                                                 Thou shalt not steal.
   Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days                       VIII [actually IX - First Part]
shalt thou labor, and do all thy work; but the seventh day             Thou shalt not covert thy neighbor’s wife.
  is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God. In it thou shalt not                        X [X - Second Part]
   do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy              Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s goods.
  manservant, nor thy maidservant nor thy cattle, nor thy                           —The General Catholic Catechism
 stranger that is within thy gates. For in six days the Lord
  made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is,
  and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed               “Q.—Have you any other way of proving that the
               the Sabbath day, and hollowed it.                   [Catholic] Church has power to institute festivals of
                                 V                                 precept?
  Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be                “A.—Had she not such power . . she could not
                              long                                 have substituted the observance of Sunday, the first
     upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.             day of the week for Saturday, the seventh day, a
                                VI                                 change for which there is no scriptural authority.”—
                       Thou shalt not kill.                        Doctrinal Catechism, p. 174 [Roman Catholic].
                               VII
                Thou shalt not commit adultery.
                               VIII                                    “Prove to me from the Bible alone that I am bound
                      Thou shalt not steal.                        to keep Sunday holy. There is no such law in the
                                IX                                 Bible. It is a law of the holy Catholic Church alone.
   Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.         The Bible says ‘Remember the Sabbath day to keep
                                 X                                 it holy.’ The Catholic Church says, No. By my di-
Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s house; thou shalt not          vine power I abolish the Sabbath day and command
   covet thy neighbor’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his          you to keep holy the first day of the week. And lo!
 maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is        The entire civilized world bows down in reverent
                        thy neighbor’s.                            obedience to the command of the Holy Roman
                                         —Exodus 20:3-17           Catholic Church.”—Thomas Enright, CSSR, Presi-
                                                                   dent, Redemptorist College, Kansas City, Missouri,
                                                                   February 18, 1884 [Roman Catholic].
4
                          THE LAW OF GOD IN THE NEW TESTAMENT

                                                                      I
                                  “Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and Him only shalt thou
                                                       serve.”—Matthew 4:10.
                                                                     II
                                “Little children, keep yourselves from idols.” “Forasmuch then as
                               we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead
                                   is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man’s
                                                 devices.”—1 John 5:21; Acts 17:29.
                                                                    III
                                   “That the name of God and His doctrine be not blasphemed.”
                                                            —1 Timothy 6:1.
                                                                    IV
                               “Pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the Sabbath
                                    day.” “The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the
                               Sabbath: therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the Sabbath.” “For
                                He spake in the certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And
                               God did rest the seventh day from all His works.” “There remaineth
                               therefore a keeping of a Sabbath to the people of God. For he that is
                                entered into His rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as
                                God did from His.” “For by Him were all things created that are in
                                 heaven, and that are in earth.”—Matthew 24:20; Mark 2:27-28;
                                                 Hebrews 4:4, 9, 10; Colossians 1:16.
                                                                     V
                                         “Honor thy father and thy mother.”—Matthew 19:19.
                                                                    VI
                                                 “Thou shalt not kill.”—Romans 13:9.
                                                                    VII
                                         “Thou shalt not commit adultery.”—Matthew 19:18.
                                                                   VIII
                                               “Thou shalt not steal.”—Romans 13:9.
                                                                    IX
                                         “Thou shalt not bear false witness.”—Romans 13:9.
                                                                     X
                                                “Thou shalt not covet.”—Romans 7:7.


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