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The US Navy JapaneseOriental Language School Archival Project


									                               The US Navy Japanese/Oriental Language School Archival Project
                                                        The Interpreter
                                     Archives, University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries
 Number 76A                       Remember September 11, 2001                                                                    June 15, 2004

         Our Mission                  we won‟t fail you.” These and                  Adapted from Ken Ringle,    physician left in town and the
                                      other letters expressing similar                     “What Did You Do      nephew of the Walter Reed of
  In the Spring of 2000, the          sentiments were written to the                   Before The War, Dad,”     malaria fame
  Archives continued the origi-                                             Washington Post, December 6, 1981
                                      naval officer who believed he                    _______________               Dr.    Reed     was      badly
  nal efforts of Captain Roger        and the nation had failed these                                            overworked, and Boulder‟s small
  Pineau and William Hudson,          Japanese American citizens.             Some Memories of a                 Community        Hospital      was
  and the Archives first at-              For Vice Admiral Ringle, the          JLS Wife, Part II                understaffed. But my baby and I
  tempts in 1992, to gather the       only heroes of those times were                                            thrived although I was only 6
  papers, letters, photographs,       the       Japanese      Americans     We [Frances and Sherwood             pounds up, in my 7th month. Dr.
  and records of graduates of         themselves. Whenever the mail         Moran] had no sooner gotten          Reed told me to walk downtown
  the US Navy Japanese/               would bring snapshots of nisei        settled in Berkeley and learned      every day, get a malted milk, and
  Oriental Language School,           valedictorians, or the news           our street-car stops, and and        then walk back up Grant Street
  University of Colorado at           carried stories of a Japanese         engaged my 3rd doctor in five        to home!
  Boulder, 1942-1946. We              American physicist or a nisei         months, when the Army decreed            Fortunately, I passed a
  assemble these papers in            senator he would remind his           that all persons of Japanese         grocery store on this trek to the
  recognition of the contribu-        family how much each had              descent had to get out of            drug store [Since Grant stops at
  tions made by JLS/OLS               overcome to achieve their honors      California. This meant that we,      College, it might have been the
  instructors and graduates to        and his son recalled that the old     and all our Nisei teachers had to    College Grocery & Market and
  the War effort in the Pacific       sailor‟s “jaws would tighten with     leave the state, even though they    the Drug Store might have been
  and the Cold War, to the            pride.”                               and we were under the direct         either Greenman’s or Quines on
  creation of East Asian                  Ringle‟s wife remembered          command        of    US      Naval   13th, otherwise to get to the drug
  language programs across            that after her husband died, she      Intelligence. We were told that      stores on 12 hundred block Pearl
  the country, and to the             felt “more alone than I had in all    “calls had gone out to               Street was a ways off Grant on
  development of Japanese-            my life”. But when she had            Universities farther east” to        9th], which had a lending library
  American      cultural   rec-       returned to her house from            relocate some 60 to 80 students,     of contemporary, popular books.
  onciliation programs after          seeing her children off, she          faculty, and their families ASAP.    So I was able to read and buy
  World War II.                       found a “wealth of flowers”.          We almost went to the                food and ride a bus back up
                                      The card for the unexpected           University of New Mexico, but        Grant. I never ventured off
                                      flowers came from California          the University of Colorado was       Grant, for fear of getting lost.
  Lt. Cdr. K.D. Ringle
                                      and      read,    “With     deepest   able to get us into Boulder right    But we often walked UP Grant to
    Naval Intelligence                                                      away, because so many of their
                                      sympathy from your Japanese                                                Baseline to view the gorgeous
 Gathered & Disregarded               American friends in Los               male students had left for           Flatirons. There were no houses
VI: The Officer, the Internees,       Angeles.” Somehow, all the way        military     service    [President   above Baseline [just Chautauqua
and History                           across the country, they had read     Robert Stearns had gone about        Park], so in the eight months we
                                      that Admiral Ringle was gone          replacing these students with        lived in Boulder, we fell in love
Throughout the War, Kenneth           and they cared enough to send         Navy and Army schools: a radio       with the Flatirons, and my
Ringle corresponded with many         flowers       and     condolences.    school, a flying school, a cooks’    husband climbed one of them
internees who he had met and          Twenty years later, and they had      school, ,a large V-12 program        (from the back). We took
worked with in Southern               not held his „failure‟ against him;   (ROTC) and, of course, JLS].         pictures galore of them in
California. He found that, in         they had remembered his                   So we all got on a train for     summer, fall and winter, and
spite of his worried expectations,    attempts on their behalf.             Cheyenne and then on a bus to        watched the sun rise and set on
they had not been turned against          When his son, now working         Boulder. By the time we arrived      them. (to be continued)
America. In fact, they wrote          at     the     Washington     Post,   at the bungalow on Grant Street,
admiring letters to him that both                                                                                            Mrs. Frances H. Moran
                                      researched his father‟s career at     which my husband had rented                      _______________
gratified and humbled him at the      the National Archives, the clerk      over the phone, sight unseen
same time. One letter in
February 1942 claimed that the
                                      startled him by asking if he was      [good neighborhood, though], I       Attorney at War
                                      related to the Lt. Cdr. Ringle        was nauseous, stressed out, upset
writer had not turned against the     who wrote about the Japanese.         at the plight of our Japanese        In December 1942, I was
United States precisely because       He was told that the “Ringle          instructors,       running       a   employed as a civilian attorney
of Ringle‟s “humane attitude and      Reports” were much-requested          temperature, 7 months pregnant,      in the Cleveland Ordnance
intelligent direction”. The writer    items. To a small band of             and angry. As I lay shivering on     District, US War Department. As
considered Ringle an inspiration.     historians, it seemed, Lt. Cdr.       our bed, a porch light came on       a member of Phi Beta Kappa,
“Your name is on the lips of all      Kenneth Ringle had become a           next door, and I heard a woman       AB 1938, Western Reserve
of us…. We will not fail you….”       minor sort of hero; his little        say, “Thank you, doctor. I‟ll call   University (now Case Western
Fred Tayama, Chair of the JACL        known effort to halt injustice had    you in the morning”. I called to     Reserve University), I received
in Manzanar, wrote in June of         come to be seen as gallant with       my husband to run out, ask the       the Phi Beta Kappa Quarterly. I
1942, “I feel so weak and             the passage of time. The              man getting in his car if he was a   noted in the fall issue, 1942, that
helpless to find words…for all        Japanese Americans with whom          people-doctor and, if so, to drag    the US Navy was seeking 500
you have done for the nisei. As       he had worked and conversed           him in to see me. So I finally got   Phi Beta Kappa individuals to
long as we have persons like          had known it all along.               my fourth doc, who turned out to     study Japanese. The sensational
you, we feel our cause is worth       [VI of VI, The End]                   be Dr. Walter Reed, the only         naval victory at Midway, June
fighting for. You can be assured                                                                                 1942, was the result of Lt
Commander Joseph Rochefort‟s            section of about forty Japanese         Festival (Kanshasai)          put     Prendergast. Hard to believe we met
breaking the Japanese code and          language       officers,      great     together by the teachers at           at Boulder 58 years ago. [Old letter]
more importantly, translating the       cooperation     and      dedication     background as an attorney             after serving 5 years as
Japanese traffic. The Navy              prevailed. We worked as a team          qualified me for contract             Commanding Officer of the Law
Department needed officers who          even though our work was                termination work in the Navy          Company.
could translate and interpret           individually    assigned.      Our      Inspector‟s       Office.     On          Since September 30, 1945, I
Japanese. From January 30, 1943         overall commanding officer was          November 1, 1945, after the           have had no experience with the
to April 15, 1944, I studied the        Captain Joseph Rochefort [Ed.           Pentagon training, I was              Japanese Language. I visited
Japanese. Upon graduation as an         Note: Sounds like the officer who       assigned to the Navy Inspector‟s      Japan only once, for 24 hours, en
Ensign I was assigned to the            had the sign above his desk at          Office in Cleveland, Ohio, until      route from Seattle to Beijing,
Navy Communications Annex,              HYPO, stating, “There is no             my retirement from active duty        China, in 1986.
Washington, DC, where I                 limit    to    what      can     be     April 30, 1946.                           My      Japanese     language
participated     in    translating      accomplished if it doesn’t matter          I remained in the Naval            training at Boulder gave me a
captured Japanese documents.            who gets the credit”.]                  Reserve as an active member of        great appreciation for the
The work was challenging,                  On October 1, 1945, I was            the US Navy Law Company 4-            Japanese people, their culture,
interesting, and gave one a sense       assigned to the Army Industrial         10, Cleveland, Ohio. On June 30,      their family relationships and
of accomplishment. In my                College in the Pentagon. My             1967, I reached retirement age        their great intelligence. I regret
                                                                                for the Naval Reserve so I was        not using my Boulder experience
                                                                                Retired with the rank of Captain      to further study Japanese history

and lifestyles.                         Charles Edward Montague, British
   Life at Boulder for me was as        journalist; Florence Luscomb, a civil
stimulating as it was for my wife       rights leader; Harry Truman,            Stillwater (Oklahoma A&M) on
who took Home Economics                 Blanton Collier, NFL Coach; Ronald
                                                                                Thanksgiving eve, 1945. They                   New Collections
                                        Reagan; and Peter Gabriel. They
courses that Hazel Feldman              have also been given credit for the     made it a great project,
taught.                                                                         improvising all the props. Trying     The following are further
                                        same or very similar statements.]
                    Oliver Schroeder                _______________             (rather in vain) to teach a couple    collections promised, held or
                            JLS 1944                                            of students to dance – Kabuki         recently received by the Archives:
                                        Kanshasai                        in     onnagata style, and putting
[Ed. Note: Another old letter from                                                                                              William Gorham
the files. I could not resist the bit
                                        Stillwater                              together all sorts of acts. Pauline
                                                                                                                                Daniel Karasik (add.)
about CPT Rochefort’s sign. The                                                 McAlpine, wife of the school
                                        I came across these old photos
author of the quotation appears to                                              director, James McAlpine, sang            $Donations Received
                                        the other day, and it occurred to
have been Ralph Waldo Emerson.                                                  Sakura. It was held in the school
                                        me that you may want to add                                                   The Archives has recently
However, for a quotation saluting the                                           gym.                   Bill Sherman
                                        them to your archive. They are                                  OLS 1946      received generous donations
advantages of not taking credit, the
                                        of the great Thanksgiving               PS: I had lunch with an old friend    from:
saying has been attributed to
many people:                                                                    and    Boulder   graduate,    Curt            S. Daniel Date
   Jack Craig
   Suzanne L. Pineau

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