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DHW Lesson 15 Exodus 20doc - Bethel Bible-Presbyterian Church

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					DHW LESSON 15 EXODUS 20
                                                                                     1

     CALVARY PANDAN BIBLE-                     oriented, and man-oriented. Some
     PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH                       people have criticised these moral
     [Adapted from Bethel Bible-               laws as being too restrictive. But a
 Presbyterian Church, 10 Downing St.           proper study of these laws will show
                                               that they are not restrictive but in
        Oakleigh, Vic., 3166]
                                               reality     liberating.    The     eight
                                               commandments which are stated in
          DHW BIBLE CLASS
                                               the negative form actually focus on the
                                               limits of a person’s conduct to the
              LESSON 15
                                               extent that it does not undermine
                                               another person’s freedom.
       THE BOOK OF EXODUS                          One more characteristic of these
                                               “ten words” is that they are written as
                                               absolutes. The keeping of these
              CHAPTER 20
                                               commandments is not conditioned by
                                               any external force or situation. The
                                               motivating or compelling force is the
            INTRODUCTION                       LORD God, the combination name of
        God told Moses that if the             the ever present and personal LORD
people would hear His voice and keep           (Yahweh) with the Almighty Creator
His covenant, then they would be “a            God (Elohim), and that is sufficient
peculiar treasure,” “a kingdom of              ground     for    all   to   obey    the
priests,” and “an holy nation” (Exodus         commandments. In addition, the
19:5, 6). This covenant God made with          LORD God reminded the children of
Moses and the people of Israel is not a        Israel that He had delivered them out
completely new covenant that cancels           of Egypt and out of the “house of
the previous covenant God made with            bondage” (20:2). In view of the
Abraham (Genesis 17). The covenant             mercies of God, Israel should keep His
God made with Moses here at Mount              covenant.
Sinai, commonly known as the Mosaic                The commandment “Thou shalt
Covenant, is a covenant of law that            not,” and the word “thou” is addressed
expresses the intention of God in our          to the second person singular. The
relationship with Him and with one             second person pronoun in the English
another.                                       language “you” has no equivalent. It
    The giving of the law begins here          tells us that the commandments
with the Ten Commandments, literally,          concern every individual and not Israel
“ten words.”1 These “ten words” give           as a whole.
the fundamental moral laws regulating              The study of this chapter should
our relationship with God and with             bear fruits of repentance and re-
man. Considering them together, the            consecration to the Lord our God and
Ten Commandments encompass a                   improve our relationship with our
vertical and a horizontal relationship.        fellow men.
We learn straightaway that in life,
man’s relationship with God and with
his fellow-men is all that matters—God

   1
       These “ten words” or the Ten
Commandments, or the Decalogue (another
given name) are repeated in Deuteronomy 5:6-
21).
DHW LESSON 15 EXODUS 20
                                                                                2

                                                 c. No member of the family
               OUTLINE                              must work on that day (10b).
                                                 d. The reason for keeping the
A. God        Gave       The      Ten               Sabbath holy is because
   Commandments          To     Israel              God hallowed it (11).
   (Exodus 20:1-2).
   1. The Originator of the Ten            C. The Middle Part Of The Ten
      Commandments is God (v.1).              Commandments (Exodus 20:12).
   2. The Motivation for keeping the          1. The people must honour their
      Ten Commandments is God                    parents (11a).
      (v.2).                                  2. The LORD God promises long
      a. The acknowledgement of                  life in the land they live (11b).
          the LORD God (2a).
      b. The      reminder   of    the
                                           D. The Final Part Of The Ten
          deliverance from bondage in
                                              Commandments (Exodus 20:13-
          Egypt (2b).
                                              17).
                                              1. The people must not commit
B. The First Part Of The Ten                     murder (v. 13).
   Commanments (Exodus 20:3-9).               2. The people must not commit
   1. The people must not have other             adultery (v.14).
      gods before the LORD God                3. The people must not steal
      (v.3).                                     (v.15).
   2. The people must not make unto           4. The people must not lie (v.16).
      themselves any carved image             5. The people must not covet after
      of anything (vv.4-5).                      other people’s possessions
      a. The people must not bow                 (v.17).
          down themselves to any
          image nor serve them (v.5).
      b. The LORD God is a “jealous        E. God’s     Purpose       For    His
          God”.                               Awesome Appearance Before
      c. God       would     “visit  the      Israel (Exodus 20:18-21).
          iniquities of the father upon       1. The people were terrified when
          the children to the third and          they saw the awesome sight of
          fourth generation”.                    the mountain on fire and the
      d. God would show mercy unto               thundering voice of God (v.18).
          thousands who love and              2. They acknowledged Moses as
          obey Him.                              their mediator between God
   3. The people must not take the               and them (v.19).
      name of the LORD their God in           3. Moses allayed their fear and
      vain (v.7).                                explained God’s purpose (v.20,
   4. The people must keep the                   21).
      Sabbath holy unto the LORD
      (vv.8-11).                           F. God’s      Final      Instructions
      a. Six days shall the people            Concerning Worshipping Him (
          work (v.9).                         Exodus 20:22-26)
      b. The seventh day is the
                                              1. God sanctified Moses before
          Sabbath of the LORD (10a).
                                                 the people (v.22).
DHW LESSON 15 EXODUS 20
                                                                                              3

   2. God reiterated that they must                      The emphasis is, not just to
      not make gods of silver and                establish that there is only one LORD
      gold (v.23).                               God, but it is also a call to undivided
   3. God instructed them on the                 allegiance, loyalty and commitment to
      manner of worshipping Him                  Him, as expressed in the phrase
      (vv.24-26).                                “before me”. The command is not just
      a. They should build an altar of           to the children of Israel, although it
          earth at the place God                 was first given to them through Moses.
          would show them to offer               The word “thou” (second person
          their sacrifices to God                singular, used by the KJV translators)
          (v.24).                                applies universally to every individual.
      b. If they make an altar of                The duty of man is to worship His
          stone they must not carve it           Creator God, who is Yahweh, for “all
          (v.25).                                the earth is mine” (19:5). Not to do so
      c. The altar must not have                 renders him guilty of sinning against
          steps leading to it (v.26).            God by breaking the greatest
                                                 commandment of all.4 And the penalty
                                                 of sin is death and everlasting
             COMMENTARY                          separation from God. But there is a
                                                 way of salvation, and it is in the Lord
  The LORD our God is One LORD                   Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ, the Son of
    Thou shall have no other gods                God, came and gave His Life by the
before me (20;3). This commandment               shedding of His blood on the cross for
singles out the religion of Israel as            every sinner. Confess the Lord Jesus
monotheistic—the belief in one God.              Christ, and believe that God had
This sets Israel apart from all her              raised Him from the dead, and you
neighbouring      countries,      which          shall be saved.5
worshipped a plurality of gods,                       As Christians, our total allegiance
namely, of the Egyptians and the                 and commitment to the LORD God is
Canaanites.                                      unquestionable and indisputable. Paul
    This commandment forbids the                 aptly reasons in his epistle to the
worship of other gods. In reality, there         Romans, that by the mercies of God,
are no other gods. People may                    we should present our bodies as a
worship other gods which are the                 living sacrifice unto God which is our
figure of their imagination; these are
man-made gods. As Christians, we                 name of God Almighty, but by my name
know this.2 But there is one and only            JEHOVAH was I not known to them.
one God, and He is Yahweh, El                         Genesis 17:1 And when Abram was
Shaddai—the LORD God Almighty,                   ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared
who revealed that of Himself to Moses            to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty
                                                 God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.
and Abraham.3                                        4
                                                        Matthew 22:37 Jesus said unto him,
                                                 Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy
                                                 heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy
   2
       In his discussion about food offered to   mind. 38 This is the first and great
idols, Paul mentioned that idols are no gods     commandment.
                                                 5
although they are called gods. But to us, Paul       Acts 16:31 And they said, Believe on the
wrote, there is but one God, the Father of       Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved,
whom are all things, and we in him; and one      and thy house.
Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and       Romans 10:9 That if thou shalt confess
we by him (1 Corinthians 8:4-6).                 with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt
     3
        Exodus 6:3 And I appeared unto           believe in thine heart that God hath raised him
Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the      from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
DHW LESSON 15 EXODUS 20
                                                                                  4

reasonable service (Romans 12:1, 2).        sinned again. This time they
He calls for a total sacrifice or           worshipped the brazen serpent instead
commitment of our life to God. We are       (2 Kings 18:4), which was once used
unworthy and deserving of death, but        by God for healing the people who
God saved us whilst we were yet             were bitten by the fiery serpents
sinners, Christ died for us. So this call   (Numbers 21:6-9).
to acknowledge the LORD God and                 The Roman Catholic church has
worship Him only, totally, completely       made carved images of the crucifix of
and wholeheartedly is our logical           the Lord Jesus Christ, and pictures
response. No other person, not even         and idols of Mary, the mother of
our parents, wife, children, and friends    Jesus, and they worship these images.
or even other things such as our            They explain that they do not worship
career, pastimes and money should           the images but what they represent,
come before God. This is an                 which       is    an      excuse.   The
expression of our love to God, for He       commandment              clearly    and
is GOD.                                     categorically declares that we must not
                                            make any carved image of God or
   Worship No Carved Image                  anything and bow down and serve
    Thou shalt not make unto thee any       them (meaning, worship them).
graven image. Thou shalt not bow            Roman Catholics bow, kneel and pray
down thyself to them, nor serve them        before these images.
(20:4, 5). This second commandment              We must be watchful over
is akin to the first in that it prohibits   ourselves that we do not commit the
man to worship the True and Living          same sin by using any other objects to
God thru man-made images or                 represent God or the Lord Jesus
objects; for GOD is Spirit, they that       Christ, in particular, the emblem of the
worship Him must worship Him in             cross. If we hang a cross in our homes
Spirit & in Truth as our LORD Jesus         to remind us of Christ, it is not
taught the disciples. Man must not          breaking this commandment. Just like
make any carved object to represent         pictures in books, which are drawn to
the true God. Each man may claim            tell the story of Jesus. We break the
that his man-made image or idol is a        commandment when we make these
true representation of God, and that        into objects of worship. In this regard,
he is worshipping the same God as           some even worship the Bible. This is
the Jews and Christians. This second        nothing but idolatry.
commandment forbids such way of                     The interesting basis of this
worshipping the LORD God.                   commandment is that God says that
    This sin of idolatry was later          He is a jealous God. The word
committed by the Israelites (Exodus         “jealous” in Hebrew is a strong word. It
32). The people of Israel became            is in its present form here as referring
impatient because Moses was too long        to God. It is a word that expresses a
up on the mountain with God. They           very strong feeling. It is however,
called Aaron to make a god to lead          unlike the kind of jealousy humans
them. Aaron made a golden calf, and         have which is sometimes petty and
they said, “These be thy gods, O            suspicious. The jealousy described of
Israel, which brought thee up out of        God portrays Him as One who cares
the land of Egypt” (v.4). They made a       and loves another when the latter’s
golden calf to represent the LORD,          devotion is being drawn away. God will
clearly    breaking    God’s     second     not permit another to usurp His place
commandment. Later, the Israelites          of devotion and if that happens,
DHW LESSON 15 EXODUS 20
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because of His holiness, the person is              it without any grounds, emptily and
deprived of the care and affection,                 without any basis, to use it carelessly
which He would bestow on him. God is                and frivolously.
a jealous God.                                          Every child of God bears the name
        If anyone who is the object of              of God. Every Christian bears the
His love, breaks this commandment, it               name of the Lord Jesus Christ. As a
is tantamount to hating God, and the                child of God, we must be careful how
consequences of his sin would affect                we speak and behave. We must not
future generations. This cannot mean                utter profane words that would bring
that children are punished for the sins             dishonour to the name of God. We
of their parents. Scripture clearly                 must     not     dishonour   God     by
teaches that each individual is                     misrepresenting Him to others. God’s
responsible and accountable for his                 name has to be honoured, praised,
      6
sins. Each soul is accountable for the              blessed,     extolled   and    exalted,
final judgement and punishment upon                 celebrated and magnified. This breach
himself. No one is punished by God                  of this commandment is so serious
for the sins of another. But that does              that it will not be unpunished. The
not mean the consequences of our                    LORD states very clearly that He
sins do not affect other people. The                would punish the offender. What the
mad man takes a machine gun and                     punishment might be, the LORD did
shoots at others, who suffer as a result            not reveal. But the offender will be
of his sin. Drunkards and drugs                     punished for sure. We must therefore
addicts affect not only themselves but              be very careful that we do not take the
their families and others. On the other             name of the LORD our God in vain.
hand, for those who love God and                    This requires that we know Him more
would live righteously before Him, God              and are not careless in our speech
would show mercy for countless                      and ways.
generations.
                                                        (To be continued next lesson)
        Honour the Name of God
   Thou shalt not take the name of the
LORD thy God in vain (20:7). This is
the third commandment. The name of
a person is associated with the reality
of his personality, character and
conduct. Therefore, his name is not to
be taken lightly. The name of God is
the embodiment of His Personality and
Being. It must not be taken lightly. This
commandment prohibits the profane
and careless use of God’s name. To
use the name of God “in vain” is to use

    6
       Ezekiel 18:20 The soul that sinneth, it
shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of
the father, neither shall the father bear the
iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the
righteous shall be upon him, and the
wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.
DHW LESSON 15 EXODUS 20
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         DHW BIBLE CLASS               2. Does the first commandment imply
                                          that there are “other gods”?

              LESSON 15                ……………………………………………
                                       ……………………………………………
       THE BOOK OF EXODUS              ……………………………………………
                                       ……………………………………………
            CHAPTER 20                 ……………………………………………
                                       ……………………………………………
 DAILY READINGS & DISCUSSION           ……………………………………………
          QUESTIONS                    ……………………………………………

                                       3. Does Chapter 20:4 mean that one
DAILY READINGS                            cannot make any visual images
                                          (painting, sculpture, and the like) of
MONDAY: Exodus 20:1-7;                    anything at all? Explain.
Deuteronomy 5:6-11; 10:12;
1 Corinthians 8:1-6                    ……………………………………………
                                       ……………………………………………
TUESDAY: Exodus 20:8-11; Matthew       ……………………………………………
12:1-13; John 7:23; 9:14               ……………………………………………
                                       ……………………………………………
WEDNESDAY: Exodus 20:12-17;
Matthew 5:21-32; 15:3-6; 19:18-19;     4. What “other gods” take us away
Colossians 3:5                            from wholehearted devotion to the
                                          LORD?
THURSDAY: Exodus 20:18-21; Isaiah
41:1-3; Matthew 10:30-31               ……………………………………………
                                       ……………………………………………
FRIDAY: Exodus 20:22-26;               ……………………………………………
Deuteronomy 27:5-6; Luke 18:9-14       ……………………………………………
                                       ……………………………………………
                                       ……………………………………………
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS                   ……………………………………………
                                       ……………………………………………
1. What was the basis upon which the
   LORD required Israel to keep His
   words?                              5. How can we be guilty of misusing
                                          God’s name?
……………………………………………
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DHW LESSON 15 EXODUS 20
                                                                                7

6. How can we             observe   God’s   ……………………………………………
   Sabbath today?

……………………………………………                           10. In what way is coveting against
……………………………………………                              God?
……………………………………………
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                                            ……………………………………………
                                            ……………………………………………
7. How do we honour our parents?            ……………………………………………

……………………………………………
……………………………………………                           11. How would you describe true fear
……………………………………………                              and the feeling-fear?
……………………………………………
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                                            ……………………………………………
                                            ……………………………………………
8. How would you interpret the              ……………………………………………
   promise given to those who honour        ……………………………………………
   their parents?
                                            .
……………………………………………
……………………………………………                           12. How would you summarise God’s
……………………………………………                              rule for altars?
……………………………………………
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9. What positive value does each of         ……………………………………………
   the   sixth    to    the   tenth         ……………………………………………
   commandments reflect?

……………………………………………                           13. Are God’s laws a curse or a
……………………………………………                              blessing to mankind?
……………………………………………                           ……………………………………………
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