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Direct Fuel Cell Field Trials and Commercialization Progress

VIEWS: 21 PAGES: 21

  • pg 1
									Building Blocks for Commercialization

 We intend to be the leading manufacturer of fuel cell products for
          the global stationary power generation market

    Structured products to serve a variety of power
    generation applications
    Market assessment to determine early markets for fuel
    cells utilization
    Attaining customer valuation of product attributes
    Assuring adequate production capacity to meet market
    demand
    Developing distribution channels to connect products with
    targeted markets

                “Current focus is execution”
      FuelCell Energy Products

 Introductory power plant ratings of 250 KW,
              1.0 MW and 2.0 MW




DFC® 300
                                  DFC® 3000




                DFC® 1500
                               MO2579
                                2901
DFC/Turbine Combined Cycle



 Finalize ‘proof-of-concept’
 testing with 60kW turbine
 (30kW testing complete)


 Complete concept design for
 40 MW plant


 “Right sizing” of initial
 application
DFC Components
DFC Components
             Fuel Cell Construction


   ELECTROLYTE
                                           ANODE




                                          OXIDANT
                                           FLOW
 FUEL
 FLOW                           BIPOLAR PLATE
            CATHODE
            FuelCell Energy Products

                Product Design is Scalable

 Building block approach provides scalability and a
 standardized product to manufacture




  Module
                                             The Power Plant



                            Module

              Stack
Fuel Cell

                               MO2492a
DFC Cogeneration Options
DFC Cogeneration Options
          Standard Production Equipment Available

                                                   ELECTRIC




                                                        Courtesy: www.turbosteam.com
                                                         Courtesy: www.turbosteam.com


                                               ABSORPTION CHILLING




STEAM / HOT WATER GENERATION
                 Courtesy: /www.jbchrsg.com
                  Courtesy: /www.jbchrsg.com

                                                           Courtesy: www.broadusa.com
                                                            Courtesy: www.broadusa.com
 Convergence of Power Demand, High Power Cost, Grid
Constraints & Environmental Factors Drive Early Adopters




     Significant Grid Constraints

     States with High Electricity Prices

Ozone Non-Attainment Classifications
     Marginal             Serious
     Moderate             Extreme (LA) & Severe



                                                  Source: Energy Information Administration
Comparative Efficiencies of Electric Power Plants


                                                           ® /Turb
                                                                  ine
                     70                                DFC
EFFICIENCY, %(LHV)




                                                                                     ned
                                                                                Combi
                                                                                  Cycle
                                                             ®
                                                         lCell
                     50                        Direct Fue


                                      M FC                            bines
                                 PA/PE     Engine
                                                 s               ur
                                                           Gas T               oal/S
                                                                                    team
                     30                                                       C
                                          es
                                     rbin
                                rotu
                             Mic

                     10

                      0.01            0.1          1         10               100          1000
                                               SYSTEM SIZE (MW)
Operating Characteristics
Operating Characteristics


      Base Load Plant               Electrical Conversion Efficiency, %
          Serves as online backup   60
          Unattended operation      50
                                    40
      Output                        30

          Real power setting        20
                                    10
          Reactive power setting
                                     0
                                         0    20   40   60   80   100   120
      Turndown                               Power Plant Load,%
          Turndown is 50%
          w/o efficiency penalty
Unmatched Emissions Performance Facilitates DFC®
Siting (Natural Gas)

    NOx**                                           543,500 lb/MW-              NOx
 (lbs/MW-Yr)                                              Yr                   (ppm)
                                                      3,750 ppm
550,000                                                                           4,000
                               17, 200 lb/MW-Yr                                     125
  20,000                            78 ppm
                                                                                    100
  15,000
                                                                                    75
  10,000
            4, 100 lb/MW-Yr                                                         50
   5,000         9 ppm
                                                                     17 lb/MW-Yr 25
                                                                      < 0.1 ppm
       0                                                                            0
                Microturbine     State of the Art     Conventional    Direct Fuel
                                    Low Nox           Recip Engine        Cell
                                  Recip Engine

                                                NOx (lb/MW-Yr)
      NOx (ppm)
   ** At 95% Capacity Factor, ISO Conditions,
      Natural Gas Fuel
                High Value Sites

Hospitals                                 Office Buildings




                      Hotels




Manufacturing                  Universities
Waste Water Treatment Facilities – A Unique Opportunity

  Uses anaerobic digester gas from industrial and municipal
  waste water treatment facilities
  Use of “bio” gas makes this a “renewable” application.
  King County (pictured here), Kirin Brewery




                           MO2512
                            73000
Net Cost to a “Grid Support” Customer
Net Cost to a “Grid Support” Customer

                          Realized Cost Potentially 20-70 Percent Less

             14

             12
                     3¢      Incentives Today, Volume Tomorrow
                                    1¢-4¢
             10
                                                                                          3¢ – 8¢
 cents/kwh




             8
                    10¢                           0¢-1¢
             6
                                                                 0.5¢-1.0¢
             4                                                               0.5¢-1.0¢


             2

             0
                   Current      Avoided/      Emissions   Reduced             VAR        Net Elec
                  Raw Elec      Deferred       Credits  Line Losses          Support       Cost
                    Cost          T&D
Net Cost to an “End Use” Customer
Net Cost to an “End Use” Customer

                            Realized Cost Potentially 15-45 Percent Less


              14

              12       3¢      Incentives Today, Volume Tomorrow
                                        1¢ -2¢
              10
                                                                                    5.5¢-8.5¢
                                                         0.5¢-1.5¢
  cents/kwh




              8       10¢
                                                                        0¢-1¢
              6

              4

              2

              0
                   Current Raw          Heat           Reliability/   Emissions   Net Elec Cost
                    Elec Cost                           Security       Credits
Market Opportunities – Incentives

Government Incentives Encouraging Clean, Efficient Fuel Cell Power Plants



   International
        Germany – 5 Eurocent/kWh credit, combined heat
        and power plants
        Japan – 50 percent subsidy, wastewater
        treatment projects
   U.S.
        Twelve states with fuel cell specific programs
        Key focus states include California, New Jersey,
        New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut
        Michigan, Ohio, Texas legislation formulating
Assuring Adequate Manufacturing Capability
Assuring Adequate Manufacturing Capability
 Torrington CT Manufacturing Facility
      65,000 ft² facility
      Fabricate cell and assemble stacks
      Expandable to 400 MW’s / year
World-Class Partners

                                             Emergent Energy
                                           MWH Energy Solutions
                                            General Dynamics

                                          CMS Viron Energy Services
                                          Chevron Energy Solutions
                                              PPL Energy Plus

Marubeni                                          Caterpillar         DCX/MTU

                                                  LADWP
                                                Southern Co.
                                                   AMEA
                                                    DOE
                                                   DOD
                                                    EPA
                                                  USN/CG

Strategic Development Partners
Global Original Equipment Manufacturers
Energy Solutions Companies
Special Market Developers
     12 MW Backlog



                                             250kW Units
                                             LADWP (2)                     Natural Gas
                                             Marubeni – Kirin              Anaerobic Digester Gas
1 MW Unit                                    Marubeni – Fukuoka            Anaerobic Digester Gas
King County         Anaerobic Digester Gas   Marubeni (7)                  Natural Gas
                                             PPL – U.S. Coast Guard –      Natural Gas/Cogen
                                             PPL – Starwood Hotels (2) –   Natural Gas/Cogen
                                             PPL (4)                       Natural Gas/Cogen
                                             UCONN                         Natural Gas/Cogen
                                             MTU – IZAR                    Natural Gas/Cogen
                                             MTU – Deutsche Telecom        Natural Gas/Cogen
                                             MTU – EnBW/Michelin           Natural Gas/Cogen
                                             MTU – E-on/Degussa            Natural Gas/Cogen
2 MW Units
                                             MTU – IPF KG                  Natural Gas/Cogen
DOE/Global Energy   Coal Derived Syngas
                                             MTU – VSE AG                  Natural Gas/Cogen
Marubeni            Natural Gas




                                          625kW Unit
                                          U.S. Navy     Logistic Fuels
A Powerful Opportunity for Distributed Generation

  First mover in stationary power fuel cell products

  Direct FuelCell – clean, efficient, economical,
  sitable, generation or cogeneration
  Focus on commercial and industrial customers
  Seeding units into target customer groups
  Manufacturing, facilities established
  World-class distribution partners
  Strong financial position

								
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