预备的 - Warming-up Activities

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					     Unit 3

Where Principles
  Come First
Stage 1: Warming-up Activities

   Stage 2: Reading-Centred Activities

      Stage 3: Vocabulary Exercises

       Stage 4: Translating and Writing
Warming-up Activities

Group work
Questions for thought and
Background information
Enriching your vocabulary
Comparing the following words
     Group work

Think about the pre-reading
questions before listening
and anticipate what we are
going to read.
Questions for thought
   and discussion
Listen to a short passage
carefully and then answer the
following questions on page 62.
Background information
 the Hyde School
 Bath

 Baltimore

 New Haven
      Background information
   the Hyde School
    In 1966, Joseph W. Gauld founded the first
    Hyde School in Bath, Maine in response to a
    system of education which he believed was
    failing its children because of conflicting
   Background information

 Bath is an old seafaring town. Its recorded
 maritime history began only 12 miles down
 the Kennebec when 400 years ago the first
 ship built by settlers in the New World was
 launched. Shipyards once lined the river's
 edge and Bath-built vessels sailed the seas
 of the world. .
   Background information
 Baltimore is a city of northern Maryland on
 an arm of Chesapeake Bay northeast of
 Washington, DC. It has been a busy port
 since the 18th century. A city on the move
 with new attractions, Baltimore is an
 exciting city with charming neighborhoods,
 ethnic and cultural diversity, and a wealth of
  Background information
New Haven
   Less than four centuries ago the area
 which is now New Haven was the home
 of a small tribe of Native Americans, the
 Quinnipiack, who built their villages
 around the harbor. They harvested
 seafood, hunted with bow and arrow for
 food and furs and grew maize , the
 staple of their diet.
  Enriching your vocabulary
Read the sentences carefully and guess
the meaning of the italicized term in
each sentence according to the context
and your own experiences.
 The film actress's marriage got a lot
  of publicity.
 The publicity material sent out by the
  company stressed their concern for
  the environment. .

    public notice or attention   advertising
 At this school we aim to cultivate the
  minds of all the children we teach.
 Most of the land there is too poor to
 She has a comprehensive grasp of the

develop and improve   for growing crops

 He is a controversial person.
 The shipping service has been
  suspended because of bad weather.
 The young man was given a suspended

    争议        stop       缓刑
   We saw smoke suspended in the still air.
   She was suspended from her job shortly
    after the incident.
   The recent decline in the dollar has put a
    bigger strain on the economic system.
          压力                         hang sth. up

    send sb. away from his/her school, job,
    position, etc. for a period of time, usu. as a
    punishment for doing sth. bad
   The rope broke under the strain.
   Don't read in this light or you'll strain your
   She strained her ears and tried to hear what
    they were saying.
   She strained against the ropes which tied

hurt or weaken            Use to the greatest possible degree

     use all one's power, energy, etc. (to do sth.)
   Our team got beaten in the preliminary
    rounds of the competition.
   There are a lot of preliminaries to be
    gone through before you can visit
    certain foreign countries.
   Preparations for the queen's visit are
    almost complete.

    预备的,初步的              初步做法,准备工作

   This disco is a magnet for young

    a person or thing that has a powerful attraction

   Nothing will stop them in their quest
    for truth.

     a long search for sth. that is difficult to find
 As an artist I found him very dull and
  conventional — he's not prepared to try
  anything new.
 The point in controversy is not whether
  we should do it, but whether we can do

       守旧的               争论
 A society's morals change slowly as
  time passes.
 The moral of this story is that honesty
  is always the best policy.
 It's her moral duty to tell the police
  what she knows.

    道德规范          寓意        道义上的
 His first reaction was a strange mixture
  of joy and anger.
 Admission to British universities
  depends on examination results.
 They made admission that their
  newspaper had been fooling the public.

    录取          承认        又…
   Compare:
 The journalist tried to gain admittance
  to the minister’s office.
 No admittance.

     being allowed to enter a place (esp. a
     private one); the right to enter
 How can you manage to do it if you
  don't have a positive outlook?
 The outlook for the company seems
  fairly bright.

    观点                前景
 Dancers who attend the workshops
  find them very helpful.
 A workshop was built on his estate.

 The professor is giving a seminar

    研讨会,讲习班         车间,工场,作坊

 They're expecting a large attendance at
  the meeting.
 Attendance at the lectures is necessary.

 The nurse is in constant attendance on
  the patient.

    出席          参加          护理
 The 21-year-old runner twisted his
  ankle in a training session last Friday.
 The session begins on 1 October.

    (从事某项活动的) 一段时间

 The faculty is meeting tomorrow at 10
 A school's job is to cultivate students'
  critical faculties.

      全体教员               能力
 I felt most insulted when they made me
  sit at a little table at the back.
 She made the usual insults about my
 I could curse her for losing my key!

 With a curse, she picked up the papers
  from the ground.

        侮辱              咒骂
    Comparing the following words
    minority majority
    energetic        enthusiastic       optimistic
    fruitful abundant ample fertile enough
     sufficient scarce scanty sparse rare
    curriculum course subject
    worthwhile worthy worth
    outset beginning start
    jail prison
 Learn the new words and expressions
  of the text by heart.
 Go over the text and try to get the main
  idea of the text.
 Analyze the structure of the text.
1. Global Reading Task
  •   Answer the questions on page 69
      to get the main idea of the text.
  •   Predicting an author’s ideas
  •   Analyze the text structure by
      question and answer technique
2. Detailed Reading Task
  •   Language points
  •   Simulated writing (exercises 8 and

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