Brain Injury Facts
1. Some of the impairments from brain injury are not obvious.
That is one of the reasons brain injury has been called a
2. After mild traumatic brain injury, people may not understand
2400 Park Drive, Harrisburg, PA 17110
that their abilities or behavior have been affected until they
1-866-635-7097 attempt return to school or work.
Toll Free Brain Injury Resource Line 3. Some of the impairments for young children who have brain
www.biapa.org injury may not become apparent until they are older when
demands on physical, cognitive or social skills become more
MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION complex.
4. Giving information in multiple ways helps the person with a
Name brain injury better understand. Often just hearing the
information is not sufficient; writing it down, demonstrating a
task, or talking a person through an activity can be helpful
Activities of the Brain
Injury Association of
Please check here if interested in volunteering Pennsylvania
MEMBERSHIP TYPE (please check one)
! Education: Providing information to individuals with brain
injury, family members, employers, schools, government
$5-25 Reduced Income
agencies, and the public.
$50 Professional ! Prevention: Teaching the public ways to prevent brain injury;
$_____ Donation increasing helmet usage for children and decreasing underage
drinking are key targets.
Mail form with check payable to BIAPA to: ! Support Groups: Supporting persons with brain injury and
Brain Injury Association of Pennsylvania their families statewide through forums where people can
P.O. Box 204 discuss their concerns with others with assistance from
Telford, PA 18969-0204 professionals trained in brain injury rehabilitation.
! Public Policy: Providing a constant voice to our government
BIAPA, Inc., is a 501 (C) (3) tax exempt organization incorporated in Pennsylvania. to promote legislation and policy regarding treatment,
The official registration and financial information of the Brain Injury Association of Pennsylvania, Inc., may be research, education, and prevention activities.
obtained from the Pennsylvania Department of State by calling toll-free, within Pennsylvania, 1-800-732-
0999. Registration does not imply endorsement.
Comparison of Incidence of Brain Injury* Consequences of
Annual Incidence* ! 1.5 million Americans sustain a traumatic brain Brain Injury
injury each year
! Each year 80,000 Americans experience the onset Cognitive consequences can include:
of long-term disability following TBI ! short term memory loss
! More than 50,000 people die every year as a result ! slowed ability to process information
of TBI ! trouble concentrating or paying attention for periods
! The risk of TBI is highest among adolescents and of time
young adults ! difficulty keeping up with a conversation
! word finding problems
! spatial disorientation
Incidence In Pennsylvania ! organizational problems and impaired judgment
! 245,000 Pennsylvanians are living with brain injury ! unable to do more than one thing at a time
! Over 41,000 visit the Emergency Room each year ! lack of initiating activities
for mild brain injury ! difficulty in completing tasks without reminders
! 7,800 are hospitalized annually with moderate to
Traumatic Brain Injury severe brain injury Physical consequences can include:
(TBI) Definition ! Aproximately 2,700 experience permanent disability !
seizures of all types
An insult to the brain, not of degenerative or congenital ! double vision, low vision, or blindness
nature, caused by an external physical force that may
! 2,000 die annually
! loss of smell or taste
produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness,
which results in an impairment of cognitive abilities or Causes of TBI !
headache or migraine
physical functioning. It can also result in the disturbance of ! fatigue, need for more sleep
behavioral or emotional functioning. ! balance problems
Acquired Brain Injury Emotional consequences can include:
(ABI) Definition ! increased anxiety
Injury to the brain which is not hereditary, congenital or ! depression and mood swings
degenerative that has occurred after birth (includes anoxia, ! impulsive behavior
aneurysms, infections to the brain, tumors, and stroke). ! more easily agitated
! egocentric behaviors; difficulty seeing how their
behaviors affect others
*from “Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: A Report to Congress”.
Centers for Disease Control (January 16, 2000)