Brain Injury Facts Some of the impairments from brain injury

Document Sample
Brain Injury Facts Some of the impairments from brain injury Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                                                                    Brain Injury Facts
                                                                                                                    1. Some of the impairments from brain injury are not obvious.
                                                                                                                        That is one of the reasons brain injury has been called a
                                                                                                                        “silent epidemic”.
                                                                                                                     2. After mild traumatic brain injury, people may not understand
                2400 Park Drive, Harrisburg, PA 17110
                                                                                                                        that their abilities or behavior have been affected until they
                    1-866-635-7097                                                                                      attempt return to school or work.
   Toll Free Brain Injury Resource Line                                                                             3. Some of the impairments for young children who have brain
                                                                                                 injury may not become apparent until they are older when
                                                                                                                        demands on physical, cognitive or social skills become more
            MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION                                                                                      complex.
                                                                                                                    4. Giving information in multiple ways helps the person with a
Name                                                                                                                    brain injury better understand. Often just hearing the
                                                                                                                        information is not sufficient; writing it down, demonstrating a
                                                                                                                        task, or talking a person through an activity can be helpful
City                                                                                                                    strategies.

State                                                     Zip

Phone Number
                                                                                                                    Activities of the Brain
Email Address
                                                                                                                    Injury Association of
                 Please check here if interested in volunteering                                                    Pennsylvania
MEMBERSHIP TYPE (please check one)
       $25 Basic
                                                                                                                    ! Education: Providing information to individuals with brain
                                                                                                                      injury, family members, employers, schools, government
                $5-25 Reduced Income
                                                                                                                      agencies, and the public.
                $50 Professional                                                                                    ! Prevention: Teaching the public ways to prevent brain injury;
                $_____ Donation                                                                                       increasing helmet usage for children and decreasing underage
                                                                                                                      drinking are key targets.
             Mail form with check payable to BIAPA to:                                                              ! Support Groups: Supporting persons with brain injury and
                     Brain Injury Association of Pennsylvania                                                         their families statewide through forums where people can
                                   P.O. Box 204                                                                       discuss their concerns with others with assistance from
                              Telford, PA 18969-0204                                                                  professionals trained in brain injury rehabilitation.
                                                                                                                    ! Public Policy: Providing a constant voice to our government
BIAPA, Inc., is a 501 (C) (3) tax exempt organization incorporated in Pennsylvania.                                   to promote legislation and policy regarding treatment,
The official registration and financial information of the Brain Injury Association of Pennsylvania, Inc., may be     research, education, and prevention activities.
obtained from the Pennsylvania Department of State by calling toll-free, within Pennsylvania, 1-800-732-
0999. Registration does not imply endorsement.
Comparison of                                                                Incidence of Brain Injury*                                Consequences of
Annual Incidence*                                                              ! 1.5 million Americans sustain a traumatic brain       Brain Injury
                                                                                   injury each year
                                                                               ! Each year 80,000 Americans experience the onset       Cognitive consequences can include:
                                                                                   of long-term disability following TBI                 ! short term memory loss
                                                                               ! More than 50,000 people die every year as a result      ! slowed ability to process information
                                                                                   of TBI                                                ! trouble concentrating or paying attention for periods
                                                                               ! The risk of TBI is highest among adolescents and          of time
                                                                                   young adults                                          ! difficulty keeping up with a conversation
                                                                                                                                         ! word finding problems
                                                                                                                                         ! spatial disorientation
                                                                             Incidence In Pennsylvania                                   ! organizational problems and impaired judgment
                                                                               ! 245,000 Pennsylvanians are living with brain injury     ! unable to do more than one thing at a time
                                                                               ! Over 41,000 visit the Emergency Room each year          ! lack of initiating activities
                                                                                  for mild brain injury                                  ! difficulty in completing tasks without reminders
                                                                               ! 7,800 are hospitalized annually with moderate to
Traumatic Brain Injury                                                           severe brain injury                                   Physical consequences can include:
(TBI) Definition                                                               ! Aproximately 2,700 experience permanent disability      !
                                                                                                                                             seizures of all types
                                                                                                                                             muscular spasticity
                                                                                 each year
An insult to the brain, not of degenerative or congenital                                                                                !   double vision, low vision, or blindness
nature, caused by an external physical force that may
                                                                               ! 2,000 die annually
                                                                                                                                         !   loss of smell or taste
produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness,
which results in an impairment of cognitive abilities or                     Causes of TBI                                               !
                                                                                                                                             slurred speech
                                                                                                                                             headache or migraine
physical functioning. It can also result in the disturbance of                                                                           !   fatigue, need for more sleep
behavioral or emotional functioning.                                                                                                     !   balance problems
                                                                                                                                         !   paralysis

Acquired Brain Injury                                                                                                                  Emotional consequences can include:
(ABI) Definition                                                                                                                         !   increased anxiety
Injury to the brain which is not hereditary, congenital or                                                                               !   depression and mood swings
degenerative that has occurred after birth (includes anoxia,                                                                             !   impulsive behavior
aneurysms, infections to the brain, tumors, and stroke).                                                                                 !   more easily agitated
                                                                                                                                         !   egocentric behaviors; difficulty seeing how their
                                                                                                                                             behaviors affect others

*from “Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: A Report to Congress”.
 Centers for Disease Control (January 16, 2000)