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					    English for
Tourism and Travel
        UNIT 6
A Tour of Ancient Remains
       Part I Lecture Time Assigned
PART       MODULES                CONTENTS STUDIED                  PERIODS
                                 Listening 1        Mt. Lushan
  I     Listening Activities                                           1
                                 Listening 2       Mt. Taishan
  II    Situational Dialogue             Jinsha Ruins                 0.5
 III     Class Presentation          Shanxingdui Ruins                 1
 IV     Tourism And Travel              Tour Operator                 0.5
                                          Yin Ruins
 V                             Suspended Coffins of the Bo People     0.5
                               Six-day Tour of Beijing and Xi’an
 VI     Additional Materials         6 Ancient Remains                0.5
Total        Six Parts         2 Listening Tasks      6 Remains        4

   Gaochang and West Xia Imperial Tombs

       LISTENING 1
1. Study the Words and Proper Names
2. Listen to the Passage about Gaochang
3. Study the Language Tips Shown in This Text
4. Fill in the Blanks of the Passages

    LISTENING 2     West Xia Imperial Tombs

1. Study the Words and Proper Names
2. Listen To The Passage about West Xia Imperial
3. Study the Language Tips Shown in This Text
4. Fill in the Blanks of The Passages
                     The Text and Its Recording
                           Listening 1 Gaochang
          Listening 1 Gaochang                   KEYS
Forty six kilometers (1)__________ of Turpan near the “Flaming
  Mountains” sit impressive ruins of the ancient city of Gaochang. Built
  in the first century BC and (2)__________ called Gaochangbi, it used
  to be a (3)__________ town and later became a key point along the
  ancient Silk Road. The city was burnt down around the (4)__________
  century during a period of warfare that lasted 40 years. The ruins
  originally consisted of (5)__________ parts: the inner and outer cities,
  and a palace complex. The outer city extended 5.4 kilometers long with
  11.5-meter-high and 12-meter-thick enclosure walls. Visitors are
  usually suggested to (16)__________ the best preserved gate in the
  west to the core. Two temple remains, one in the southwestern and the
  other in the (7)__________ parts of the outer city are worth a visit. The
  first one consists of an arched gate, courtyards, a lecture hall, a library
  of sutras, a main hall and the monks’ dormitory. It is said that
  Xuanzang the (8)__________ Buddhist monk of the Tang Dynasty had
  (9)__________ here in the year of 628 on his way to India. The second
  is smaller but the (10)__________ remained are impressive. The city
  was brought under the protection of the state in 1961.
                         The Text and Its Recording
            Listening 2 West Xia Imperial Tombs
            Listening 2 West Xia Imperial Tombs                              KEYS
1. West xia Kingdom stands among the once powerful kingdoms , with its capital in
     Yinchuan shaded by Mt. Kunlung _________ imperial forests. The Imperial Tombs are 35
     __________ kilometers west of Yinchuan on east side of Mt.Helan.
2. Since June 1972, 9 imperial tombs and 255 __________ small tombs have been unearthed,
     which are as grand as Ming Tombs in Beijing. Its Imperial Tombs reflect the past history
     _________ culturally and militarily.
3. The tombs show clear relics of an inner square, roads, courtyards and houses. The earth
     platform in the east _________ was for sacrificial offerings. Behind it is an eye catching
     mausoleum platform, an earth pile with a remnant height of 25 _________ meters, which
     used to be a five- or seven-storied solid eight-sided pagoda.
4. It is this relic that is called Oriental Paradise _________ by foreign tourists. Between the
     sacrifice palace and mausoleum platform lies ridge, under which is the passage
     _________ leads to the tomb chamber – the underground palace.
5. There are mysteries yet to be unveiled. Floods in Mt. Helan are few _________ but
     somehow the area of the West Xia Imperial Tombs is left untouched.
6. The West Xia Imperial Tombs are not only a state cultural heritage gut also a national
     treasure _________. The magnificent labyrinth and the continuous Mt. Helan and
     boundless desert are definitely worth visiting.
                  Jinsha Ruins
1.Study the Words And Proper Names.
2.Study the Language Tips Shown in This Dialogue.
3.Listen To Dialogue 1 And Decide Whether The State
 -ments After The Dialogue Are True(T) Or False(F).
4.Listen To Dialogue 2 And Answer The Questions
  Listed After The Dialogue
5.Make Pair Task by Talking About Jinsha Ruins.

 The Text and Its Recording                    Next
            Jinsha Ruins
                                        Jinsha Ruins Dialogue 1
   (A=Mr. Xie, a guide; B= Mary)
   Mr. Xie is taking a group of tourists to the Jinsha Ruins. The tourists are surprised to see so
    many skyscrapers in the downtown area. Mary ahs a special interest in the Chinese ancient
    civilization. She asks the guide many questions about the discovery of Jinsha Ruins.
   A: Ladies and gentlemen! We are driving through the downtown area. Look! There are so many
    skyscrapers in the city. Chengdu has become a metropolis like Paris, London, Cairo and New
   B: Yes, Chengdu is really a big city. We see so many cars and buses in the streets. All of us try to
    look out of the coach windows to see the skyline, but what we could see are only the roofs of
    the high buildings. It seems to us that we are walking through a jungle of concrete.
   A: But you’ll see the ruins of an ancient state in Chengdu just in 15 minutes. Chengdu used to
    be the capital cityot the ancient Shu State. Scholars believe that the Jinsha Ruins was the
    political, economic and cultural center of Shu after the decline of the Sanxingdui civilization.
   B: Yes, the ancient Shu State survived between the end of the Shang Dynasty and the early
    years of the West Zhou Dynasty and the early years of the West Zhou Dynasty, more than 3,000
    years ago. The ancient Egypt, Maya and Shu State are all mysterious. There are many
    unresolved riddles about these sites.
   A: What could we see in the Jinsha Ruins?
   B: The newly discovered artifacts of the Jinsha Ruins present us the splendor of Chinese culture
    of over three thousand years. You can see more than 30 pieces of gold ware: gold masks, gold
    straps and the gold adornments. Among these gold pieces, the gold masks are quite similar to
    the bronze masks found in Sanxingdui
    Exercises of Jinsha Ruins Dialogue 1                    KEYS

 Listen To Dialogue 1 And Decide Whether The Statements After
    The Dialogue Are True(T) Or False(F)
 1. _________ Chengdu is a big city like Paris, London,
    Cairo and New York.
   2. _________ The jungle of the concrete means a lot
    of trees planted in the city.
   3. _________ Jinsha Ruins was the political,
    economic and cultural center of Shu.
   4. _________ The ancient Shu State survived in the
    early years of the West Zhou Dynasty more than 3,000
    years ago.
   5. _________ The gold masks discovered in Jinsha
    Ruins are the same as the bronze masks found in
                               Jinsha Ruins Dialogue
                                                         2 They want to know more about the
    The tourists are traveling on the way to the Jinsha Ruins.
    destination, especially about what they could see in the ruins. Mr. Xie continues to answer the
   B: Excuse me, may I ask you a question? I’ve been to Sanxingdui Ruins. Were the artifacts
    transported from Guanghan to Chengdu? Is there any linkage between the two ruins?
   A: There is a historical linkage between Jinsha and Sanxingdui. However, the Jinsha Ruins also
    has its own features. Except for the gold masks, all other gold pieces are indigenous to Jinsha,
    expecially the marvelous holy sun bird, make of the gold foil, as thin as a cicada’s wing. You can
    see the masterpiece later.
   B: We’ve seen it on the TV. So beautiful! Now it is the emblem of the Chinese cultural legacy.
   A: You can also see more than 400 pieces of bronze ware. Compared with the bronze ware of
    Sanxingdui Ruins, most of them are small in size, including a bronze standing figure, bronze
    yuan, axe-shaped bronze bi and bronze bells and so on. The modeling style of the bronze
    standing figure is very similar to that of the figures found in Sanxingdui.
   B: We heard that the bronze ware is very popular in Yin Ruins of Henan Province. Simuwu Ding,
    a 4-legged bronze cooking vessel is the biggest and heaviest bronze ware ever found worldwide,
    but we really couldn’t expect to see many kind of bronze ware here. I hope they are more
    attractive than those discovered in Yin Ruins.
   A: Besides, you can also find one hundred and seventy stone articles. The stone tigers are
    realistic and vividly carved. The stone kneeling figure, bound with both hands behind his back,
    and rouge on his lips, wears a square hat with two sides raised upward.
   B: I think the kneeling fighre might be a prisoner or a slave captured by the king of Shu State.
   A: I think so. There you could also view an emerald green jade cong. The workmanship of this
    jade cong, especially the miniature carving on its surface, is really breathtakingly exquisite.
    Great numbers of gui-shaped jade chisels and jade plates bear the special traits of the ancient
    Shu culture.
   B: We love the jade ware very much. Can I buy some souvenirs?
   A: You can, but you’d better buy them at the shop of Songxianqiao Street, not far away from
    the site of Jinsha Ruins. There are a lot of antique shops and you many have more choices. Here
    we are. Please get down the coach!
        Exercises of Jinsha Ruins Dialogue 2                            KEYS

   Listen to Dialogue 2 and answer the following questions.
   1. Were gold pieces in Jinsha produced by the local people? What is the holy
    sun bird?
   ______________________________________________________________
   2. What kind of bronze ware could tourists see in the Jinsha Ruins? What
    are the features compared with those of Sanxingdui Ruins?
   ______________________________________________________________
   3. Can you guess who the stone kneeling figure is? Describe his posture.
   ______________________________________________________________
   4. Which one represents the excellent workmanship of the jade ware in
    Jinsha Ruins?
   ______________________________________________________________

            Shanxingdui Ruins
1. Study the Words and Proper Names.
2. Study the Language Tips Shown in This
     Text :Shanxingdui Ruins.
3. Role-Playing:Act as the Local Guide.
   Showing the Tourists around Shanxingdui
                                                          Shanxing Ruins
   Good morning! Welcome to Sanxingdui Museum, the wonder of the world!
   Please follow me into the museum. Now, we are at the entrance hall. In front of us, you can see a
    bronze standing figure with a human head and the body of a bird, and a bird’s eye photo of the
    Sanxingdui Ruins. This figure is a part of the holy tree. Of course, it is an enlarged one. Later, you will
    see the amazing original holy tree.
   Ok, this way please! After you see so many unbelievable articles in the first exhibition hall, you may
    wonder where they come form and how people of the ancient Shu State achieved such a brilliant
    civilization. With these puzzles in your mind we are getting into the second hall.
   Now attention please! You are standing in front of the models of the two sacrificial pits. On my left is
    No.1 sacrificial pit, and on my right is No.2 sacrificial pit. No.2 pit looks bigger and deeper than No.1
    pit. Please get closer! What have you seen in the pits? They are bronze ware, golden ware, stone
    ware, pottery and ivories. Listen! The ancient bronze bells start to toll and the simulated sacrificial
    ritual begins. Didn’t you touch the spiritual world of our ancestors? Did you feel our ancestors are
    communicating with the deities? Did you find the mankind and the Heaven are merging into one?
   Well, I’d like to show you around the original holy tree. Follow me to get into the third hall! In this
    hall, it displays the best parts of all the unearthed artifacts. Just now, you’ve already seen the
    enlarged holy tree, just a copy. Now, in front of us is the original one. Look up, although the top of
    the holy tree is missing, it is still up to 3.95 meters high. So, it is undoubtedly the largest one of the
    eight holy trees unearthed from the No.2 pit. Look carefully! The tree has three branches, and each of
    them has three twigs; on each of the twig there is a fruit. Please notice that, one fruit upwards and
    the other two fruits downward. So the three fruits present a triangular shape. Did you see any birds in
    the holy tree? Yes, the birds perch on each of fruit with their faces upwards. See, the birds are ready
    to fly!
   My friends, would you please count the number of birds in the tree? One, two, three…nine together!
    It is widely believed that the sorcerers used the holy tree to communicate with deities in the Heaven.
    Well, please look at the bottom of this holy tree! Can you find something special? Right, there is a
    dragon on the tree. The face of this dragon looks that of a horse, and the body of the dragon looks
    like ropes twisting around the tree. Unfortunately, the tail of the dragon is missing, so is the top of
    the tree. Like the stature of Venus without arms, it looks more lovely and mysterious, doesn’t it?
   All right! We are going to the fourth hall now. In this hall, you can find the incredible value of the
    relics in Sanxingdui Ruins. Many unsolved puzzled are waiting for your answers. Let’s go!
                 Tour Operator

1. Study the Text ―Tour Operator‖
2. Study the Language Tips Shown in This Text
3. Do the Multiple Choice Exercises after The Text
4. Role-Playing:Introduce What the ―Tour
Operator‖Is to the Tourists
                                   Tour Operator
      Tour operators can be considered the wholesalers(批发商) of the tourism industry. Their
    product, which of course is a service rather than tangible (有形的) merchandise , is the
    packaged tour. The public takes many advantages from packaged tours, the most obvious
    being the price. When airplane seats and hotel rooms are reserved in blocks by the tour
    operators, considerable savings are passed on to the customers. These savings have been
    reflected (反映) in the last few years by the great increase in tourism. Many people would
    not travel without the discount of price offered by packaged tours.
   A second advantage is the opportunity for the tourist to make all his travel arrangements in
    one place at one time. The independent traveler--- one who does not travel as a member of
    a group – often has to go to considerable (相当多的) trouble to put the different pieces of his
    together. Airline seats may not be available when he wants them or he may not be able to
    secure the hotel accommodations that he wants. Even when a travel agent makes the
    arrangements, these difficulties still exist, but with the packaged tour they are eliminated (排
    除) for the consumer. The tour, in other words, offers convenience as one of its
    inducements(诱因) .
   A third advantage can be summed up in the term accessibility(可进入性). Towns make it
    possible for people to visit many remote or rugged (崎岖的) areas that would otherwise be
    too difficult for them to try to see on their own. A few years ago only dedicated (有奉献精神
    的) scientists would have undertaken the hardships of such a trip, but governments, local
    airlines, and tour operators have made these and countless other places throughout the
    world accessible to the general public.
                   Exercises of Part IV                                      KEYS

   Choose the best answer from the four choices given below.
   1. Tourism product offered by tour operator is ____________.
   A. the tangible merchandise B. the intangible merchandise.
   C. the tangible service        D. the in tangible service
   2. More and more people begin to travel recently because of ______________.
   A. reservation of the airplane seats and hotel rooms
   B. the discount of price
   C. More time
   D. packaged tour
   3. The advantages offered by tour operator exclude________________.
   A. making all the travel arrangements in one place at one time
   B. offering the lower price so that people could travel
   C. offering the packed tour so that tourists could travel to many new places
   D. offering the retail service so that customers could make reservations from him
   4. The term accessibility implies________________.
   A. the path to the tourist resort
   B. ability of entering the remote or rugged area
   C. ability of entering the destination
   D. probability of entering the tourist origin place
    Part I Listening Activities
    Listening BACK
     1. southwest 2. originally 3. garrison 4. 14th 5. three
     6. enter 7. northwestern 8. renowned 9. lectures 10.
     murals      BACK
    Listening 2
     1. Mt. Helan; 25   2. 253; glories   3. west; 23
                                     6. scenic spot
     4. Pyramids; corridor 5. numerous
    Part II Situational       Dialogues BACK

    Dialogue 1
      1. True 2. False 3. True . 4. False 5. False
    Part IV Tourism and Travel
      1. D 2. D 3. D 4. C

• SPEAKING: Yin Ruins
• READING:   Suspended
  Coffins of the
                   Bo People
• ROLE PLAY: Itinerary
                                     Yin Ruins
•   In 1899, in Xiao Tun Village of Anyang city, Henan Province, villagers found
    many tortoise shells and bones carved with letters and symbols, which
    unveiled to the world Yin Ruins, an ancient city with a ling history and splendid
    culture. Since then this place has become of great interest to worldwide
    archeologist, because those inscriptions have proved to be the earliest
    written characters of human beings, the oracles.
•   About 3,300 years ago, one emperor of the Shang Dynasty moved his capital
    city to Yin, which is today’s Anyang city, and since then Yin has been the
    capital city for more than 250 years. Today Yin ruins has proved to be the
    earliest remains of an ancient capital city in written record. Covering a grand
    area of 24 square kilometers, Yin Ruins had a palace district, civil residences
    district, tombs district and workshops district, divided into two parts by the
    Huanhe River in the city. This rational layout clearly shows people a powerful
    country and a well-equipped ancient city.
•   Because of its great value in not only the historical relics of Chinese culture
    but also the human civilization of the whole world, Yin Ruins topped the 100
    Greatest Archeological Discoveries of China in the last century and it is now
    working on being included in the World Cultural and Natural Heritage List of
    UNESCO. Yin Ruins is revealing its beauty to the world.
    LANGUAGE                        TIPS
 Part A
   Can you tell me where the Yin Ruins is located?
   What are those carved on the tortoise shells and bones?
   Would you please tell me the history of the Yin Ruins?
   I wonder how many parts there are in the ancient city.

   I shall appreciate it if you could tell me the layout of the Yin Ruins

 Part B
   If you want my opinion, I’d like to tell you the Yin Ruins is located in
    Anyang City, Henan Province.
   Well, obviously those inscription carved tortoise shells and bones are
    the earliest written characters of human beings.
   It seems quite clear to me that Yin has been the capital city for more
    than 250 years.
   I’d say that there are four districts in the Yin Ruins: a place district,
    civil residences district, tombs district and workshops district.
   As far as I’m concerned, I like the Yin Ruins, for it tops the 100
    Greatest Archeological Discoveries of china in the last century.
     READING: Suspended Coffins of the Bo People

   The suspended coffins of the Bo People are the ancient cliff graves
    probably dating back to the Ming Dynasty. They are located in Gongxian
    County, Sichuan Province. Actually, the entire scenic area is just the Bo
    People village. When you walk along the bumpy road, you can see the
    black coffins suspended on the cliffs. They are the suspended coffins
    well-know all over the world.
   The suspended coffins are also found in other parts of China, but
    Matangba, Sumawan are the most concentrated places for the suspended
    coffins in the world. Matangba is also called Bo People Valley, where a Bo
    village is set up. When you walk along the valley, you will see some 223
    coffins on 21 cliffs of the mountains. The coffins are suspended 20 to 60
    meters high. On the cliff pictures. The cliff pictures depict various
    activities such as the horse-riding , archery, dance and acrobatics. The
    patters are simple and primitive, yet realistic.
   Sumawan is over 10 km away from Matangba. Here are scattered 48
    suspended coffins on the lime cliffs. You may view the suspended coffins
    when you travel on the boats along the river, the landscape here is
    especially beautiful while the coffins are a bit terrible. In the mountains
    are hidden ancient relics of the Bo People such as villages, fortresses,
    battle fields, etc. all these add to the scenic area some mysterious
    touches. Nobody can tell definitely when the Bo people began to place the
    coffins here, but the latest ones may be placed in the Ming Dynasty. It is
    still a mystery today as to why the Bo People buried their dead in
    suspended coffins, how they placed the heavy coffins on the cliffs, what
    race they belonged to and how they died out suddenly.
Exercises of READING: Suspended
        Coffins of Bo People

   Read the passage aloud, and work in
    group of two or three students to have
    a topic discussion.
   1. Why did the Bo people bury the
    dead in the suspended coffins?
   2. What else can you see besides the
    suspended coffins? Why do people
    like to travel here?
 The visitors are traveling through
  the Bo People Valley when they
  see the suspended coffins placed
  on the cliffs. They are terrified
  and want to come back to the
  hotel. As a local guide, you try to
  comfort them and make your
  introduction more pleasing both
  to their eyes and minds.
Writing:       Itinerary

   Readers of the itineraries are usually
 tourists or potential tourists. A good
 itinerary will help tourists understand
 the content of the tour, permitting his
 to make the necessary preparations
 emotionally and practically. It also
 helps encourage potential tourists to
 make some choices.
Writing: Itinerary
 The elements of an itinerary required
 to determine the choice of a travel
 product are: destination, services and
 The simplicity and visual impact of a
 brochure are also important. When
 we write an itinerary, we need to
 consider the potential readers’
 language ability and their limited time
 by concisely providing the necessary
Sample: Six-day Tour of
      Beijing and Xi’an
   Cities to visit: Beijing, Xi’an
   Quotation: US$850/p.p.
   Departure time: March 12th,2006
   Tour description:
   The six days will present you a panorama view of China, including the modern
    capital of Beijing to see the well-known Great Wall & Forbidden City and the
    ancient capital of Xi’an known for its Terra-cotta warriors and horsed. From this
    tour, you will get to know the glory of ancient China and also the future of
    today’s China. So the six days’ tour will bring you the history over two thousand
    years of China.
   Itinerary
   Day 01
   Arrive in Beijing by Air China at afternoon (Beijing Time), meet your guide and
    transfer to Beijing Hotel. Welcome dinner.
   Day 02
   American buffet breakfast between 07:00---08:30, and then take a bus to the
    Temple of Heaven in the morning to begin a full but relaxed day tour. Back to
    hotel after lunch for a break. At 14:00 visit the Tian’anmen Square and the
    Forbidden City, and then have dinner in a Dai nationality style restaurant. Back
    to hotel. (BLD)
Sample:                 Six-day Tour of Beijing and Xi’an

        Day 03
   Leave at 8:30 in the morning after a good sleep and breakfast, on the way to
    Great Wall (one-hour drive) to drop in the cloisonné factory, and to appreciate
    one of the most famous Chinese crafts. Deling Tomb, one of the well-known Ming
    Tombs, and a local village. Lunch at Siwei Restaurant, then to the Great Wall.
    Back to hotel about at 17:00, have a break, leave again at 18:30 for the Peking
    roasted duck banquet. Back to hotel, pack your luggage, and then enjoy your last
    night in Beijing. (BLD)
   Day 04
   Leave your checked-out luggage out of your room at 07:30, finish your breakfast
    and check out of the hotel before 08:30, take a bus to the Summer Palace, the
    most beautiful lake in China. After lunch, visit Beijing Hutong (Lanes). Flight to
    Xi’an, and check in Bell Tower Hotel, which is located at center of Xi’an. Free. (BL)
   Day 05
   Breakfast between 07:00—8:30, then go to Terra-cotta Warriors and Horses.
    After lunch, visit a local village to see the country of northwest China and
    peasants’ life and Ancient Chinese Furniture Manufacturing Center. Back to hotel
    around 17:00. have a break and watch Tang Dynasty Show after dumpling
    banquet. Pack your luggage before going to bed. (BLD)
   Day 06
   Leave your luggage out of your room before 07:00, finish your breakfast and
    check out of the hotel before 09:00. take a bus to visit the Big Wild Goose
    Pagoda and Tang Dynasty Museum. Have lunch at airport, then fly to Hong Kong.

Famous Ancient Remains in China

 Famous Ancient Remains
        in China
               Ancient City of Gaochang in
Map of China     Xinjiang Turpan
               West Xia Imperial Tombs in
                 Ningxia Yinchuan
               Jinsha Ruins in Sichuan Chengdu
               Sanxingdui Ruins in Sichuan
               Yin Ruins in Henan Anyang
               Suspended Coffins of the Bo
                 People in Sichuan Gongxian
 维吾尔语称亦都护城,
、 火洲等长达1300余

 坐落在银川市以西约30公里的贺
 西夏陵园吸收了我国秦汉以来,

好的一座,考古专家认定其为西夏开国皇    西夏陵三号陵园西碑亭
 被誉为二十一世纪中国首项

             金 沙 遗 址
                      jade A object
A stone kneeling

              A jade chisel.

              in the museum

  青铜神树                        Bronze Mask
Bronze Tree
              殷 墟
殷 墟
   龍蟠虎踞南京城
   人間天堂蘇州城
   盛京故都瀋陽城
   春風十里楊州路
   楚漢故地徐州城
   盧州故郡新合肥   海上鷺州廈門島
   薌江水畔漳州府   閩西客鄉龍岩行
   絲路源頭古泉州   八閩首府福州城
   廣場花園大連市   吳地山水錫山行
   吳越古城嘉興府   越王故郡紹興城
   海角天險威海衛   九華山下地州府
   天下第一黃山行   山光水色濟南城
   齊王古都臨淄城   狼煙盡處訪煙台
   帝王之旅青島遊   巧奪天工濰坊市
   勿忘在莒日照行   九朝古都洛陽城
   黃土故都南陽城   華夏古都濟源寺