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					Biofuel newsletter
Programme for Basic Energy and Conservation - Saving energy for a better future
www.proBEC.org




   Biofuel newsletter - # 6

               June 2008



Editor’s introduction

Welcome to the sixth edition of the monthly ProBEC Biofuel Newsletter. The
newsletter reaches a great variety of readers representing the main stakeholders in
the Southern African bioenergy field. The aim of the newsletter is to raise awareness
about general biofuel activity in the SADC region, as well as of GTZ ProBEC’s
engagements in the bioenergy sector.

The newsletter contains four sections. The first section highlights current ProBEC
bioenergy activity in the SADC region.

The ”country of the month” section offers a more in-depth assessment of one
SADC member country. This month, Tanzania will be the centre of attention. A brief
note on the Mozambican biofuel assessment conference last week will also be
presented. This section offers an excellent opportunity for national actors to
announce their activities to a broader public. Please contact us if you would like to
submit any information about your country or a project.

In light of the globalised biofuel industry, each newsletter will analyse an event in
the international biofuel environment. June’s edition provides an update in the
state of play of a number of sustainability criteria initiatives, as well as useful web
pages where to find additional information.

The last component of this newsletter is the monthly media report with a selection
of relevant and interesting articles covering topics of importance for SADC biofuel
development as well as a summary of upcoming interesting events in July 2008.


                                                                           Anna Lerner & Tina Schubert


If you wish to subscribe or to this newsletter, or if you received it without consent please send an email to
biofuelnewsletter@gmail.com. Comments and questions are also more then welcome.



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        Biofuel newsletter
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        www.proBEC.org



        Content:
        1. The Programme for Basic Energy and Conservation ........................................................................ 2
        2. Ongoing ProBEC biofuel activities ................................................................................................. 3
           Second regional workshop on Biomass Energy Strategy (BEST) ....................................................... 3
           Conference in Arusha Tanzania 16-18th June: International Conference and Policy debate 'Biofuel
           Sustainability Schemes - An African Perspective'............................................................................ 4
           Round table in the European Parliament on sustainable biofuel production in tropical and sub-tropical
           countries .................................................................................................................................. 3
           Biofuel Task Force Swaziland ......................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.5
           Seminar on National Strategy for Biofuels for Mozambique.............................................................. 4
        4. Country of the Month – Tanzania.................................................................................................. 7
        5. International biofuels development – State of play of international development of biofuel criteria ..... 11
        6. Introduction to the media report June 2008 ................................................................................. 12
        7. Interesting Events in July 2008 .................................................................................................. 13




        1. The Programme for Basic Energy and Conservation
                                The Programme for Basic Energy and Conservation (ProBEC) aims to ensure
ProBEC’s                        satisfied energy requirements for low-income population groups in a socially
Mission                         and environmentally sustainable manner. It targets rural and urban
“ProBEC promotes                households, as well as small businesses and institutions using biomass energy
improved energy                 (wood fuel, agricultural residues) for thermal processes. The primary goal is to
solutions through               enable a better quality of life for Africans by ensuring basic energy security
market                          and access for low income groups.
development and
policy support”                 The programme lead is situated in the SADC Secretariat, Infrastructure and
                                Services Directorate, and the implementing agency is the Deutsche
ProBEC’s Vision                 Gesellschaft fuer Technische Zusammenarbeit (German Development Co-
for SADC                        operation).
“Low-income
household groups                ProBEC manages and stimulates the establishment of various projects based
in SADC have                    on basic energy conservation in 10 member states in SADC. Currently ProBEC
improved access                 is actively involved in Malawi, Lesotho, South Africa, Mozambique,
to sustainable and              Tanzania and Zambia, and it is in negotiation to set up further activities in
affordable                      Botswana, Namibia, and Swaziland.
energy”
                                ProBEC’s core activities centre on the promotion of the efficient use of
ProBEC’s                        energy devices. ProBEC adopts a commercial approach as it builds capacity
corporate vision                by training producers to manufacture energy saving cooking devices, who in
“Regional and                   turn sell the stoves. In Mozambique, ProBEC’s national programme (planned
national                        and executed in co-operation with the national government) consists of three
structures                      components:      an urban programme, a rural programme as well as a
sustainably                     component focused on generating new knowledge on biofuels, with an
manage ProBEC’s                 emphasis on environmental and social sustainability.
lead in basic
energy solutions”               For more information visit, www.probec.org, that outlines country-specific
                                interventions.




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Biofuel newsletter
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www.proBEC.org




2. Ongoing ProBEC biofuel activities
Second regional workshop on Biomass Energy Strategy (BEST)
The European Union Energy Initiative Partnership Dialogue Facility (EUEI PDF), GTZ
and ProBEC hosted the second BEST Workshop in Johannesburg from 17 – 19 June
2008. “BEST” refers to Biomass Energy Strategies for African countries. The BEST
Initiative is a joint undertaking of the GTZ-administered EUEI Partnership Dialogue
facility (PDF), the BMZ Initiative on Energizing Africa and GTZ’s Household Energy
Programme (HERA). BEST is supported by ProBEC.

The BEST initiative fosters regional workshops and national strategy development
processes focussed on biomass energy. The first BEST workshop was held in
Tanzania in October 2006. The second workshop, held in Johannesburg presented
progress of countries with regard to the development of biomass energy strategies.
Rwanda, Lesotho, Botswana and Malawi are at various stages in the development of
their different strategies. Presentation focussed on the process as well as the
content of draft strategies. The second workshop also addressed the issue of
implementation of the proposed strategies, something that has been lacking in past
endeavours.

Apart from individual presentations, the workshop also engaged participants in
groups work tackling issues such as stakeholder cooperation, respective roles of
consultants and governments, stakeholder participation, data requirements and
scenario development. The programme also gave opportunity to hear about a
number of technical issues such as charcoal production, policy interventions to
improve efficiency in the use of biomass energy for cooking and energy efficient
appliances for institutions.

The workshop was attended by 30 representatives from SADC as well as national
governments in Africa and consultants involved in developing BEST strategies.

For more information on the workshop please contact: Marlett.Balmer@gtz.de


Round table in the European Parliament on sustainable biofuel production
in tropical and sub-tropical countries
In line with its efforts in analyzing the benefits and potential negative impacts on
producer countries from the EU legislation on Renewable Energies, the food security
and health committee of the European Parliament invited stakeholders to a round
table discussion early June 2008. The purpose of the meeting was to address
relevant concerns regarding sustainable production of biofuels in tropical and sub-
tropical countries. Questions addressed:




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www.proBEC.org



-   What policy measures are needed to give right incentives to biofuel development?
-   How may sustainable production of biofuels in developing countries look like?
-   What are relevant criteria for a sustainable production of biofuels?
-   How can a feasible implementation and reporting on these criteria be ensured?
-   What are the consequences of these criteria for the practical work?

ProBEC was invited to share experiences from its appraisal process of the “Cramer
framework for sustainable production of biomass”, as well as other ProBEC activities
related to sustainability criteria for biofuels, like the upcoming High Conservation
Value exercise. The main message shared with participants and stakeholders is our
conclusion that the largest challenge in implementing a sustainable, viable and long
term beneficial sustainability scheme will be to actively include small scale farmers in
the whole production chain. Cost of compliance and lack of adequate information
extension services will prevent smallholders from participating in a sustainable
biofuel industry, and these challenges must be adequately addressed when designing
an international scheme for sustainability.

The program and presentations are available here: http://www.ecologic-
events.de/sustainable-biofuel/index.htm If you wish to read the position paper
ProBEC distributed to participants please contact: anna.d.lerner@gmail.com



Conference in Arusha Tanzania 16-18th June: International Conference and
Policy debate 'Biofuel Sustainability Schemes - An African Perspective'
In light of the increased activity of GTZ ProBEC in the SADC region as well as the
interest of international researchers in the field experience on analysing and
implementing sustainability criteria, GTZ – ProBEC was invited to share its
experiences at this timely and important event.

The Competence Platform on Energy Crop and Agroforestry Systems for Arid
and Semi-arid Ecosystems – Africa (COMPETE) is an established forum for
partnerships and advocacy between European and African counterparts. The
COMPETE project establishes a platform for policy dialogue and capacity building as
well as identifies pathways for the sustainable provision of bioenergy in the African
region to:
- improve the quality of life and create alternative means of income for the rural
population in Africa
- aid the preservation of intact ecosystems in arid and semi-arid regions in Africa
- enhance equitable exchange of knowledge between EU and developing countries

Selected objectives of the conference:
• To ensure that a strong African perspective is encouraged to emerge in the global
arena of energy, climate change and bioenergy policy making


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www.proBEC.org



• To engage the policy and decision makers of African countries in the sustainable
bioenergy sector
• To promote capacity building and South-South cooperation for a sustainable
production of energy crops
• To assist African countries in the development of strong regional and national
policies on the sustainable development of bioenergy resources for indigenous and
export markets
• To highlight ways of developing food and fuel and avoiding the food versus fuel
conflict

The COMPETE conference discussed issues like; Sustainable development pathways
for bioenergy production; Resources, opportunities and impacts for bioenergy
development; Investment, regulation and good practice reward. Two round table
discussions took place focusing on “Policy strategies to enhance the bioenergy
potential in Africa (including integration with food and materials production)” and
“Sustainability tools and means to assure, monitor and reward sustainable bioenergy
production in Africa”.

More information and a final conference report can soon be found on the COMPETE
homepage. http://www.compete-bioafrica.net/



Seminar on National Strategy for Biofuels for Mozambique
On the 18th and 19th of June the Government of Mozambique held a seminar with
involved stakeholder in the Mozambican biofuel sector to discuss recommendation for
a national biofuel strategy for Mozambique.

The Mozambican biofuel Assessment Report was presented in its "last" version. Still
addressed as a draft, the consultants behind the report announced their conclusions,
the future strategy as well as proposed a design for a competitive biofuels industry in
Mozambique.

Following are the main draft recommendations for a national biofuel programme:

Main draft recommendations:
    Feedstock:
         o multiple feedstock use encouraged to ensure balanced development
             and to limit the price impacts of potentially volatile markets;
         o incentives to projects using molasses for ethanol production as well as
             ethanol projects in general;
         o promote and expand soy, sunflower and castor seed cultivation;
         o set up active support scheme to Jatropha;
         o further research on African Palm;



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            o     promote sweet sorghum;
            o     introduce small scale cassava processing facilities in rural areas;
            o     maize is not considered as very suitable for Mozambique

       Locations: a land zoning process with environmental impact considerations
        carried out by the GoM leave 7 million ha for agricultural production
        available in the country. Most suitable land for agricultural extension exists in
        the north and central Mozambique and includes mostly rural and poor areas
        with high unemployment rates. The agricultural use is thus expected to bring
        socio economic benefit but could also lead to risks related to food security.
        The GoM does not expect food security to be affected by its biofuel strategy.

       Markets:
           o short term focus: main production for export, development of
              domestic market to improve future national demand for ethanol and
              biodiesel in transportation and rural electrification sector
           o medium and long term focus: increase export to regional and
              international market as well as start supplying local market. The
              country should explore partnerships with major ethanol and biodiesel
              international exporters to expand its own production and explore ways
              of linking biofuels production and exports with access to technology
              and investment in the context of bilateral cooperation agreements with
              biofuels exporters.

       Finances: establishment of two biofuel agencies was recommended. One
        acting as a biannual procurement body for biofuels pricing (combination of
        regulation and market pricing arrangements) whilst the National Biofuels
        Development Fund is expected to develop the domestic market, support
        infrastructure development and assist small scale actors. This later body
        should be financially supported by donors and a proposed biofuel export tax
        for biodiesel and ethanol.

       Sustainability issues: one proposal is a requirement for large scale projects to
        reserve portions of the cultivated land for small scale farmers and food
        production, another is to monitor efforts to develop standards for biofuels and
        maintain a regular dialogue with the appropriate authorities in countries and
        other organizations that work on standards and certification schemes. Some
        working groups concluded that there was a need for private investors to
        present a social impact assessment study while presenting its business model
        – all to strengthen the positive benefits to the Mozambican population, and
        avoid potentially negative risks.

The government of Mozambique announced, as mentioned above, the results of its
zoning exercise of land available for agro-business development. The land zoning
was carried out to safe guard conservation and protection of high biodiversity areas


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and identify land suitable for food or fuel crop production. Results from the zoning
exercise were largely debated at the conference, most likely calling for a follow up
meeting with relevant stakeholders. It was further unclear how the results of the
zoning will be used by the government. A weakness of the exercise is its low
preciseness. Selected areas have been analysed on a scale of 1:1.000.000. A more
precise mapping, according to biodiversity experts ProForest UK, should be
performed on a scale of 1:50.000. Hopefully this more detailed level of mapping can
be performed in the second phase of the zoning exercise.

A positive aspect of launching the zoning results is the re-starting of the land
allocation process. Most biofuel investors land requests have been put on hold with
arguments that land will not be further allocated until the zoning exercise is finalised
and this has weakened some investor's interest in further engaging in the country.
Some existing actors might be forced to further postpone their initial planting to next
rain season, thus further delay the first harvest with an additional year.

For more information contact anna.d.lerner@gmail.com



4. Country of the Month – Tanzania
Tanzania is June’s “country of the month”, with an assessment of the status of its
biofuels sector.




                                        Tanzania



GENERAL FACTS*
Capital                              Dar es Salaam
Area Total                           945,087 sq km
Population                           40,213,162
Unemployment Rate                    N.A.
Population below poverty             36% (2002 est.)
line
Arable land                          arable land: 4.23%; permanent crops: 1.16%;


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www.proBEC.org



                                     other: 94.61% (2005); irrigated: 1,840 sq km (2003)
GDP real growth rate                 6.9% (2007 est.)
GDP per capita                       $1,100 (2007 est.)
GDP by sector                        agriculture: 42.8%; industry: 18.4%; services: 38.7%
                                     (2007 est.)
Labour force by occupation           agriculture: 80%; industry and services: 20% (2002
                                     est.)
BIOFUELS SECTOR
Government activity                 No official biofuel policy but instructions exist in the
                                    energy policy document. A biofuel strategy is to be
                                    drafted.

                                    National biofuel task force is active and receive
                                    technical support in the area of sustainable production
                                    of biofuels in Tanzania.

Involved ministries                 Ministry of Energy
                                    Ministry of Agriculture
                                    Ministry of Justice
                                    Ministry of Planning and Development
Selection of progressed             Prokon
Private Sector Projects**           Website : www.prokon-tanzania.com
                                    Contact: Samwel Nkuba kubasp@yahoo.com
                                    Location: Mpanda
                                    State of play: The German company grows jatropha in
                                    outgrower schemes. They are working with several
                                    thousand farmers and started building an oil mill for the
                                    Jatropha seeds in February 2008.

                                    Abengoa
                                    Website: www.abengoabioenergy.com
                                    Location: Region of Bagamoyo
                                    State of Play: The Spanish renewable energy
                                    company focuses on sweet sorghum plantations.

                                    FELISA
                                    Website: www.farmingforenergy.net
                                    (under construction at the moment)
                                    Contact: Dr. Hamimu Hongo
                                    info@farmingforenergy.net
                                    Location: Kigoma in Western Tanzania

                                    State of Play:
                                    The company has oil palm ambitions to grow in
                                    outgrower schemes.


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                                    Dilligent Tanzania Ltd
                                    Website: www.diligent-tanzania.com
                                    Contact: request@diligent-tanzania.com
                                    Location: Arusha
                                    State of Play: Diligent is a Dutch company funded by
                                    the Dutch Government, working with renewable energy
                                    services related to the production, promotion and
                                    usage of Jatropha oil. Diligent supports producers of
                                    Jatropha oil and biodiesel for transportation fuel
                                    purposes and offers consultancy services for anyone
                                    who wants to grow or use Jatropha. Diligent is an
                                    involved stakeholder in the international development
                                    of sustainability criteria and the company has been
                                    tested with Cramer framework with very positive
                                    results. Diligent presently sells its sustainable biodiesel
                                    to eco-friendly safari tour operators in the north of
                                    Tanzania.

                                    TaTEDO
                                    Website: www.tatedo.org
                                    Contact: energy@tatedo.org
                                    Location: Engaruka and Leguruki villages

                                    State of Play: Tatedo is a Tanzanian developing NGO
                                    working with sustainable modern energy services in the
                                    country. In December 2007, 3 Multifunctional Platforms
                                    (MFP), had been installed at the TaTEDO Sustainable
                                    Energy and Development Institute (SEDI) and in
                                    Engaruka and Leguruki villages. The MFP should run on
                                    locally produced Jatropha oil, and farmers have been
                                    sensitized to cultivate Jatropha as a way to fuel the
                                    MFPs as well as for additional income generation.
                                    TaTEDO is planning to facilitate installation of more
                                    MFPs in off grid areas where potential for Jatropha
                                    production exist through local entrepreneurs.


                                    SunBiofuels
                                    Website: www.sunbiofuels.co.uk/content/home
                                    Contact: tanzania@sunbiofuels.com
                                    Location:
                                    State of Play: Sun Biofuels is a private company that
                                    has identified several ideal pieces of land in Tanzania
                                    and is currently in the process of finalizing the



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                                    acquisition of a single large area of land for jatropha
                                    production. First biofuels production planned for
                                    2008/2009. SunBiofuels also exist in Mozambique.

10% of the total population in Tanzania has access to electricity, 2% is the
corresponding figure for rural population. 90% of the energy comes from traditional
biomass, mostly wood. 7% of the energy supply is imported, mainly in the form of
petroleum and electricity.

Tanzania is according to Oscar Kalumania Director of a department on renewable
energies, within the Ministry of Energy of Minerals, Tanzania in the process of
developing their biofuel industry with a number of interested investors. The country
still lack official policy on biofuels but the energy policy document contains some
initial instructions for the sector.

The national biofuels task force was set up in March 2006 with the objective to
review the state of play as well as initiate a biofuel strategy. A SWOT analysis and a
Draft Action Plan exist. Regarding sustainability criteria for production the national
biofuel task force is well advanced. Important aspects are to ensure positive impact
on local communities, prevent land use change, and protect water, biodiversity and
soil.

Investors approaching the country must perform an environmental impact
assessment study of their project as well as comply with guidelines on contract
farming and seed management policy. For this purpose, the Ministry of Energy has a
project monitoring unit aimed to follow up investment proposals. The Government of
Tanzania is also involved in a mapping exercise to zone the land in order to prevent
food competition. The Government are further open to support in capacity building to
improve the sustainable aspects of its emerging biofuel industry.

International cooperation is already active in Tanzania with SIDA (SWE) and Norad
(NOR) both supporting the National Biofuel Task Force. The Dutch government is
also involved in various initiatives related to sustainability criteria and in particular its
own Cramer framework. Tanzania is further involved in a FAO lead international
cooperation developing a BioEnergyFoodSecurity analytical framework. This kind of
an analytical framework should be set up in each region in the world interested in
producing biofuels. The framework should have clear guidance to assess the
BioEnergyFoodSecurity nexus of the individual country. The initial part of the
analysis consists of focusing on bioenergy potential and food security implications.
Conclusions from this exercise should later influence policies and strengthen
institutional capacity. Country specific data is being developed by the FAO, resulting
in a country specific scenario that will determine input to analytical framework.

Main constraints are limited knowledge and experience in the biofuel sector as well
as lack of funds for the task force. The purpose of the biofuel industry is to initially



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use most fuel for export and later when the local market has developed, direct some
energy to the local market that has priority.



5. International biofuels development – State of play of
international development of biofuel criteria

National initiatives of importance
      European Union will, as part of their directive of renewable energies and
       the fuel quality directive, develop “Sustainability criteria for biofuels”. The
       criteria will govern all biofuel to be accounted for in the 10% national
       renewable mandatory targets - produced within, as well as exported to, the
       EU. Implementation likely in 2009.
       http://ec.europa.eu/energy/res/consultation/biofuels_en.htm
      United Kingdom introduced sustainability criteria within their “Renewable
       Transport Fuel Obligation” implemented from 1st January 2008.
       http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2007/uksi_20073072_en_1
      The Netherlands government is developing the “Cramer framework for
       sustainable production of biomass” by extensive stakeholder consultations
       and regional adaptation of different indicators. The scheme has a meta-
       standard structure. A Mozambican project, funded by the BIOPEC initiative
       is one of the tools used to achieve this consultation and strives to
       demonstrate regionally adjusted indicators for social well-being.
       http://www.forumue.de/bioenergy/txtpdf/project_group_netherlands_criteri
       a_for_biomass_production_102006bonn.pdf
      Germany – German Biofuels Sustainability Ordinance (BSO)
      Brazil is involved in a number of government / private sector initiatives to
       ensure sustainable production. Some of them: The Social Biodiesel Scheme
       and the Economic Ecological Zoning effort, as well as a government lead
       program for Certification of Biofuels

Private initiatives (institutional)
      UNEP – Round table on bioenergy enterprise development
      GBEP (G8+5, UN Agencies) – TF on GHG balance + sustainable
        development http://www.globalbioenergy.org/
      FAO – BEFS (food security), BIAS (GHG, biodiversity)
        http://www.unep.fr/energy/act/bio/Roundtable_on_Bioenergy.htm

Multistakeholder processes
      Better Sugar cane Initiative – BSI http://www.bettersugarcane.org/
      Round table on Sustainable Biofuels – RSB
      - 11 principles with corresponding criteria.
      - International principles w regional adaptation for improved implementation


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          -   Meta-standard approach
          -   Most ambitious on social criteria, Small holder friendly
          -   Open working group discussions in phone conferences
          -   Expected to present first round of criteria in end 2008.
          -   www.bioenergiwiki.net
             Round table on Responsible Soy – RTRS
              http://www.responsiblesoy.org/eng/index.htm
             Round table on Sustainable Palm Oil – RTSP http://www.rspo.org/
             IEA Task Force 40: FAIRBiotrade
              http://www.bioenergywiki.net/index.php/IEA_Task_Force_40:_FAIRBiotrade



               EU                 Cramer                 RTFO                     RSB
Main           -GHG balance       -GHG balance           -GHG balance             -Legality
criteria       -Biodiversity      -Biodiversity          -Biodiversity            -Climate
               -High carbon       -Carbon sinks          -High carbon             change, GHG
               stock              -Soil quality          stock                    -Biodiversity
                                  -Water                 -Soil degradation        conservation
               Ongoing            degradation            -Water                   -Soil
               discussion:        -Air quality           contamination            -Water
               Indirect land      -Competition w.        -Air pollution           -Air
               use change         food                   -Workers rights          -Human and
               Social             -Local prosperity      -Land rights             labour rights
               regulation         -Social well           -Community               -Food security
               (mainly ILO        being                  consultation             -Consultation
               conventions)                                                       -Socio-
                                                                                  economic
                                                                                  development
                                                                                  -Biotechnology



6. Introduction to the media report June 2008
(Opinions expressed in the introduction to the Media report are not official
ProBEC opinions but reflect personal views of the newsletter editor.)

This month’s media report especially focuses on new developments in the SADC
countries. But also gives an update on latest discussions and studies on the food vs.
fuel debate and latest innovations and deals.

Private companies are still keen to invest in biofuel projects, research and plant
developments. A South African fertilizer company invested a high amount of money
in research on Jatropha. They are especially interested in understanding the yield
and what nutrients would be required to get the best yield for Jatropha. They hope to



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                                            Conservation
    Address 15th Floor, Sable Centre, 41 De Korte Street, Braamfontein, Johannesburg, South Africa

                 biofuelnewsletter@gmail.com, Tel : +27 11 3396633, Fax: +27 11 3396634
Biofuel newsletter
Programme for Basic Energy and Conservation - Saving energy for a better future
www.proBEC.org



develop a fertilizer to be sold in the SADC region. Tongaat Hulett announced that
they might build an ethanol plant in Mozambique and South African companies like
J&J Biofuel invest in two feasibility studies for sugar cane projects in the Eastern
Cape and Kwazulu Natal.

DRC invited different stakeholder for a roundtable on biofuels to discuss advantages
and disadvantages of a biofuel production in the country. A representative of the
Dutch Development Agency stated that locally produced biofuel would be of great
advantage for the farmers. The farmers in DRC do not “face the slightest shortage of
land” and could grow their own fuel to “limit their food production costs and bring
the products to market at a far lower cost” than if they were to rely on expensive
diesel and gasoline”. Furthermore, the expensive fossil energy required to process
food could be replaced by far less costly biofuels.

The food vs. fuel debate is quite surprisingly still a hot topic. The international NGO
Oxfam just released a critisised study focusing on potential bad impacts of biofuels
on food security and warns development countries to “think twice” before rushing
into biofuel projects. At the same time world's leading agronomic and agricultural
economics research institution the Wageningen University & Research Centre
releases research findings concluding that “neither speculation nor biofuels are to
blame for the current high food prices.”

The United States discovered a new hot feedstock for the biofuels production named
Dandelion. The plant is an herb, native to Europe and Asia and widely introduced
elsewhere, e.g. the United States or Australia. While the dandelion is considered a
weed by most gardeners, the plant does have several culinary and medical uses. In
the United States the feedstock is now also used for biofuel.

On a positive note, Brazil recently signed a deal with the Swedish company SEKAB
(in Mozambique, represented as EcoEnergia) to export 115 million liters of ethanol
that will adhere to certain social and environmental standards. This is one of the first
private sector initiatives to push sustainability criteria, and is likely to be followed by
others.

                                                                                    /Tina Schubert



7. Interesting Events in July 2008

Event: Conference - EU Emissions Trading 2008
Date: 07-09 July 2008
Location: Brussels, Belgium
Contact: http://www.environmental-
finance.com/conferences/2008/EUET08/intro.htm


      German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) - Programme for Basic Energy and
                                            Conservation
    Address 15th Floor, Sable Centre, 41 De Korte Street, Braamfontein, Johannesburg, South Africa

              biofuelnewsletter@gmail.com, Tel : +27 11 3396633, Fax: +27 11 3396634
Biofuel newsletter
Programme for Basic Energy and Conservation - Saving energy for a better future
www.proBEC.org



Topic: The EU Emissions Trading conference is the sixth in a highly successful series,
to hear leading industry and government specialists review the EU Emissions Trading
Scheme in depth.


Event: Bioenergy Research Forum (BRF) – Liquid biofuels event
Date: 03 July 2008
Location: The Wilton Centre, Teesside, UK
Contact: http://www.supergen-bioenergy.net/?_id=318

Topic: This all day event will include presentations from experts at leading biofuels
organisations and will be an opportunity to learn more about the current biofuels
scenario in the UK, and to make new contacts.


Event: Smart Grid Africa
Date: 28. – 30. July 2008
Location: Balalaika Hotel, Johannesburg, South Africa
Contact: Julia Former julia@spintelligent.com
Website: www.spintelligent.com

Topic: Smart Grids Africa will look at the steps that would need to be taken to
transition the existing metering / power delivery assets into a next generation
system – and the additional benefits that could be realized from this – such as
better revenue protection, improved maintenance of the network, energy
management etc.




      German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) - Programme for Basic Energy and
                                            Conservation
    Address 15th Floor, Sable Centre, 41 De Korte Street, Braamfontein, Johannesburg, South Africa

              biofuelnewsletter@gmail.com, Tel : +27 11 3396633, Fax: +27 11 3396634

				
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