DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME, BIHAR Introduction: Ministry of home Affairs, Government of India and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) have signed an agreement for implementing a project for natural Disaster Risk Management in order to reduce the vulnerability of communities in identified disaster–prone areas to natural disasters. The goals and objectives of the programme include sustainable reduction in vulnerability to disaster in some of the most hazard prone in the selected states of the country. Programme has been divided into two phases over a period of six years (2002-2004). In the first phase it would provide support to the states of Orissa, Gujurat and Bihar. A total no. of 14 districts have been identified in the state of Bihar on the basis of its vulnerability to natural disasters like flood and earthquake. The relief and rehabilitation of the programme. In the first phase Madhubani, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, Supoul and Khagaria have been selected for the implementation of the disaster risk management programme. Action taken so far: w Relief and Rehabilitation Department notified as Nodal Department. w Formation of State Steering Committee has been completed in the state with Chief Secretary as the Chairman and other 20 members of all nodal departments of the state. Necessary information has been communicated to all concerned for the same. The 1st State Steering Committee Meeting was be held on 15th February 2003. w Memorandum of Understanding signed. w Work plan has been chalked out for the implementation with time frame. During floods different district level official have been sensitized about the concept of Disaster Management and not only relief. w One state project Officer and five District Project Officers will be assigned for assisting the sate government in implementing the Programme. w Field testing for preparation of manuals has been initiated in four villages for flood and in four villages for earthquake and flood in Madhubani District. w NGOs are involved in the process of developing all these contingency plans which will be compiled and approved for final implementation in other areas of the state. w Workshops have already been conducted in Districts involving the Districts Administration, PRIs and NGOs. The process is going on. w Coordination meeting of Districts Administration and NGOs has been held in Motihari, Khagaria, Madhubani and Sitamarhi Districts. w National Day of Disaster Reduction has been observed at the state level on 29th October involving line departments, districts officials and NGOs. w State and Districts level officials being sent to IIPA and NCDM for training. w Steps have been taken for exposure visit of State and District level Officials to Orissa and Gujrat for gaining first hand information of Disaster Management. w Finalization of procedures for supporting District Administration has been done to strengthen the District Disaster Management Information Center. w Proposal for renaming the department of Disaster Management under active consideration of Govt. w Proposal for setting up BSDMA under examination. w Initiated proposal of raising a dedicated fully equipped Disaster Management Corps and response to our advertisement in newspaper. w Offers received for a multi disciplinary core of officers from different department. w Letters sent to the 14 districts to nominate one nodal officer for active participation in the program. w Preliminary Earthquake sensitization meeting held, attended by various officials, civil engineers and Chaired by Divisional Commissioner.
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