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					WORKPLAN 2007/8

WAITRO Africa Regional Focal Point,

CSIR, South Africa

Strategic Management of Contract R&D Unit
CSIR, August 2007


CSIR – Council for Scientific and Industrial Research in South Africa
DST - Department of Science and Technology in South Africa
GRA – Global Research Alliance
HRD – Human Resource Development
ICSU – International Council for Science

ICT – Information and Communications Technologies
ICFMH - International Committee for Food Microbiology and Hygiene
MTCP - Malaysian Technical Cooperation Programme
NCP - National Contact Point
NEPAD – New Partnership for Africa’s Development
NUSESA - Network of users of Scientific Equipment in Eastern & Southern Africa
RFP – Regional Focal Point
RRA - Regional Research Alliance
RTO - Research and Technology Organization
SRC - Saskatchewan Research Council in Canada
WAITRO - World Association of Industrial and Technology Research Organisations

Table of Contents


1. Background ….…………………………………….…………………………….………..4

2. Strategic Priorities…………………..………………………………………..…….…..4

   2.1     Supporting Regional S&T Policy Development.………………………4
   2.2     Mobilising African institutions and researchers for EU-FP7
   2.3     Supporting Nepad ………………………..…...…..…………..………….….6
   2.4     Institutional Capacity Building and Research Management….....6
   2.5     Strengthening Regional and International cooperation……....….7

3. Publicity and Promotion………………………………….…………………………….8

4. Action plan 2007/8……………………….. ...………………….……….……….…..10

5. Budget 2007/8……………..….……..........................................................12

6. Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………….…13

1. Background

This draft workplan is for the second year of the three-year cycle contract for the
period 2006-2009. The workplan was presented for endorsement at the recent
WAITRO networking event in Uganda on the 15 March 2007.

2. Strategic Priorities

The draft action plan is tabled in section 4. The following will be the main five
strategic priorities for the network:
    2.1    Supporting Regional S&T Policy Development
    2.2    Mobilising African institutions and researchers for EU-FP7 framework
    2.3    Supporting Nepad
    2.4    Institutional Capacity Building and Research Management
    2.5    Strengthening Regional and International cooperation

One of the greatest challenge facing African countries now is how best to translate
the provisions on cooperation in science and technology into concrete activities,
programmes and processes. The transition to knowledge-based, science and
innovation driven economy and to sustainable development is not a costless process.
The key challenge for WAITRO will be to assist institutions and countries to develop
and implement programmes that will impact on human capital development and the
strengthening of the science and technology base in Africa.

2.1. Supporting Regional S&T Policy Development

WAITRO will continue to engage the relevant stakeholders at both regional and
national levels to assist in the strengthening of the S&T policy capacity in the region.
At a regional level, WAITRO has been contributing to the SADC S&T Policy
Workshops over the last two tears including the recent one which was held on the
20-22 February 2007 in Durban, South Africa.

At a national level, WAITRO’s has assisted in Botswana’s S&T plan development,
Mauritius’s ICT incubator, Kenya’s policy on technology parks and Egypt’s national
rapid prototyping project, other countries such as Nigeria, Uganda, Mozambique and
Zambia have expressed a greater need for such assistance. The reality is that most
African countries have outdated science and technology policies and systems. Further
engagement is needed with key stakeholders, especially the sub-regional bodies such
as SADC S&T forum to ensure that such work should make impact on the National
Systems of Innovation and regional development. WAITRO will ensure that the
projects carried out should be done in the following manner:

      Ownership and involvement of local partners to ensure sustainability and
       capacity building
      Making use of the best available consortia of experts including regional
       experts working together with international partners
      Supporting Nepad and sub-regional workshops to explore and/or elaborate
       the use of the system of innovation processes.

      Mobilising funding resources from national governments, development
       partners, regional development banks, UN organisations and agencies and
       other regional structures as key partners.

Senior Management Programme on Managing Research and Technological
Organizations: The WAITRO Africa members are set to benefit from the Malaysian
Technical Cooperation Programme (MTCP) that seeks to enhance capacity research
policy and management for developing countries. The WAITRO Secretariat in
Malaysia has been appointed to co-ordinate the MTCP’s Senior Management
Programme on Managing Research and Technological Organizations. In line
with the spirit of South-South cooperation, Malaysia has implemented the Malaysian
Technical Programme (MTCP) since 1980. This programme stands as proof of the
commitment of the Government of Malaysia towards the promotion of technical
cooperation among developing countries, offering support in areas where Malaysia
has the experience and expertise.

The MTCP forms part of the strategy and commitment of the Malaysian Government
to the promotion of technical co-operation among developing countries, the
strengthening of regional and sub-regional co-operation, and the nurturing of a
collective self-reliance among developing countries. The Programme was formulated
based on the belief that the development of a country depends on the quality of its
human resources through training and provides a platform for the sharing of
information and development experience.
The WAITRO members and the broader S&T community at large will be alerted to
several training programmes under this instrument of cooperation.

2.2. Mobilising African institutions and researchers for EU-FP7

WAITRO Africa RFP will be managing the Science and Technology- European African
Project (ST-EAP) contract. ST-EAP aims to heighten awareness of European funding
mechanisms and S&T co-operative instruments that support the creation of
African/European consortia. In particular ST-EAP seeks to create an increased
awareness of the role of the Framework Programmes. The tools intended to address
these goals include workshops, conferences, dialogue with National Contact Points,
the Informal Group of Liaison Officers and the S&T community of Africa. This will
include focussed presentations, a website (including partnering and funding
databases) and material highlighting Africa’s S&T expertise.    ST-EAP will seek
mechanisms to facilitate greater EU-Africa/NEPAD collaboration, and provide a
greater input into future Framework Programmes and proposals for sustainability and
growth of the African and EU S&T communities.

This will also promote the ―internationalising‖ of the European Research Area (ERA)
by contributing to the international dimension requirements for integrating and
strengthening the ERA and derive benefit for the people of the participating countries
through identifying and addressing S&T priorities that provide opportunities for
increased economic growth, and improved quality of life. ST-EAP is coordinated by
the AAS (African Academy of Sciences) and South Africa’s CSIR (Council for Scientific
and Industrial Research) with input from advisors such as the Royal Netherlands
Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW).

The RFP will continue to work very closely with the DST office of Mr Mboneni Muofhe
and also Mr Daan du Toit in strengthening Africa’s capacity to respond to the
framework programmes including the assistance with the establishment of national
contact points in various African countries. Several workshops will be held in the
various parts of the region in order to ascertain the priority areas for the network out
of the nine proposed FP7 research themes of:
     "Health";
     "Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology";
     "Information and Communication Technologies";
     "Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies,
     Materials and New Production Technologies";
     "Energy"; "Environment (including Climate Change)";
     Transport (including Aeronautics)";
     "Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities";
     and "Security and Space."

2.3. Supporting Nepad
Going forward the network will evolve from being mainly driven by member’s
interests to being more aligned with Nepad priorities. Up to now, participation in
Nepad has been mainly through individual participation of some member institution.

WAITRO Africa RFP is working closely with the NEPAD S&T office in supporting the
implementation of the next major initiatives in water, energy, material sciences,
post-conflict reconstruction, desertification and climate change. CSIR energy group
led by Mr Mongameli Mehlwana has been mandated by the Nepad S&T office to
develop a framework for the implementation of the energy flagship programme.
WAITRO will ensure maximum and wider participation of African scientists and
relevant stakeholders in the energy field.

The RFP is also mobilising support for other NEPAD sectoral programmes in the areas
of post-conflict reconstruction and metrology. CSIR-NML is part of the task force and
also hosting AFRIMET, the continent's metrology structure.
WAITRO aims to establish expert task teams in each of the Nepad Flagship Projects
areas to respond to either some or the entire flagship programmes depending on the
resources and agreed areas. Appropriate workshops will be organised to deliberate
on above issues and to mobilise African researchers behind Nepad S&T programmes.

2.4 Institutional Capacity Building and Research Management

 Capacity Building : WAITRO/ICFMH Food Safety Workshop : A joint workshop
will be organised by the ICFMH (International Committee for Food Microbiology and
Hygiene) in conjuction with WAITRO to take place at the University of Stellenbosch
on the 25 November to 1 December 2007. This will be a follow-up workshop to the
one held on 8-15 December 2003. This is line with WAITRO’s objective of capability
building of African institutions and scientists for sustainable development of Africa’s
science and technology resources.

The workshop will target senior African food scientists in the fields of microbiology
and food hygiene. This joint workshop also illustrates WAITRO’s desire and ability to
collaborate with other networks such ICFMH. The workshop will entail one week of
lectures, discussions and visits to food industries in the Western Cape. Various topics
during the workshop will be addressed by leading experts from USA, Denmark,
Germany, Netherlands, Australia and South Africa.

The ICFMH is a permanent committee under the umbrella of the International Union
of Microbiological Societies (IUMS). One of its objectives is to promote and support
international activities and approaches towards the improvement of food safety.
Africa is one of its focal points, particularly in relation to combating risks related to
food safety and security

The following are some of the expected outcomes of the workshop :

   -   A commitment to explore joint submission of proposals with the EU partners
       on the ICFMH and WAITRO networks to future EU FP7 call for proposals on
       Food Safety and Quality
   -   The commitment to deepen this networking and collaboration in partnership
       with other international partners in order to improve food safety and quality
       on the African continent

2.5 Strengthening Regional and International cooperation

WAITRO membership embraces a wide diversity of institutes and organizations that
are all active in carrying out or promoting industrial research and technology. Many
industrial and technological research institutes in Africa lack the resources, funding,
management systems and leadership to enable them to make a valuable contribution
to research and technology efforts. It is therefore important for research and
technological institutes and associations to create an effective liaison to exchange
ideas; information; experience; collaboration; coordination and mutual support at
regional and international level.

Due to limited resources in such a vast continent, WAITRO will continue to explore
synergistic opportunities with other regional networks such as NUSESA, ICSU, GRA,
RRA, etc

3. Publicity and Promotion

WAITRO Africa RFP together with the WAITRO secretariat, DST and other
collaborators will seek to pro-actively improve the visibility of WAITRO in Africa. The
following are the main objectives of the campaign :

      To enhance awareness of WAITRO’s profile and impact of activities in Africa
      To maintain and increase membership in Africa, especially targeting countries
       not represented such as Mozambique, etc
      To improve regular communication through publications, brochures and
       electronic media, e.g. through Africa’s popular online science magazine
       (Science in Africa) and other publications.

Schedule of Activities of Events in (2007)

Name of Activity            Type of Activity &      Dates             Funding
                            Location                                  Resources
Regional Workshop on        Workshop                07-09 March       WAITRO
Integrated Water                                    2007
resources Mg                Amman Jordan
Capacity building           Workshop                14-16 March       WAITRO
workshop and networking     Kampala,Uganda          2007              ST-EAP
IST-AFRICA 2007             Conference              8-11 March        ST-EAP
                            Mozambique, Maputo      2007
EUROAFRCIA-START            Workshop                26-27 July        WAITRO
Workshop                    Kenya                                     ST-EAP

Planned Activities
    Contribute to WAITRO quarterly newsletters for circulation, including
      electronic versions on-line
    Promote the use of WAITRO web portal as an effective means to open
      communications between members
    Representation of WAITRO in key regional and international for a
    Conduct an exercise to quantify the leveraging impact of WAITRO on the
      science and technology developments in the region with specific reference to
      value-adding and explicit WAITRO inputs. The report will be submitted
      together with the annual report of this work-plan
    Establish the extent of overlap of membership between WAITRO and

                                                                                           Key Deliverables
4. Action Plan      Objective             Plan                             Time-Frame

Priority Activity

               Planned Workplan Schedule of Events (2007-2008)

      Name of Activity          Type              of   Partners          Dates              Sources       of
                                Activity          &                                         Funding
      WAITRO                    Fraunhofer –           WAITRO            6-7 September      WAITRO
      Seminar,Birlinghoven                             Secretariat and                      ST-EAP
                                Gesellschaft is        African RFP,
                                WAITRO’s 59th
                                Meeting in Sankt
      5th EuroAfrica-ICT        Ongoing                WAITRO            8-9 Oct 07         ST-EAP
      (START) Awareness         initiatives            ST-EAP
      workshop                  addressing EU-


      WAITRO/ICFMH              follow-up              ICFMH             25 Nov-1 Dec 07    WAITRO
      Food Safety               workshop to            WAITRO RFP                           ST-EAP
      Workshop                  the one held
                                on 8-15
                                Unversity of

Supporting           To develop capacity               Supporting and playing a     As per the SADC      - Developing country processes
Regional    S&T      in African countries               key role in SADC’s S&T       S&T Policy           for senior policy-makers,
Policy               to             have                policy development           Workshops            assisted by consortia of experts,
Development          comprehensive                      forums                                            to explore and experiment with
                     national    science,                                                                 the application of NSI concept or
                     technology       and                                                                 approach.
                     innovation   policies             Enhancing regional           Dates to be          - Shared knowledge and
                     with emphasis on the               capacity through the         confirmed            experience in different
                     development        of              MTCP’s Programme on                               approaches in Managing
                     effective   National               Managing Research and                             Research Technology
                     Systems            of              Technological                                     Organization
                     Innovation.                        Organizations                                     -Assisting at least one African
                                                                                                          country in S&T policy
                                                       Mozambique, Nigeria and      Ongoing as per       development and
                                                        Kenya : Possibly assisting   requetss             implementation
                                                        with the development of
                                                        S&T policy and
                                                        technology parks and

Mobilizing African   To strengthen                 Managing ST-EAP. The main        Ongoing              - Well-managed contract
institutions and     collaborative                  focus will be to mobilise                             - Active and direct involvement
researchers for      research between               support for participation of                          that will lead to successful
EU-FP7 framework     African and European           African researchers on the FP7                        implementation of STEAP
                     researchers and                programme.                                            - Improved awareness and
                     institutions.                                                                        understanding of FP7 framework
                                                   STEAP launch workshops in        3rd to 4th quarter   programmes
                                                    Ghana, Namibia and Brussels.                          -Increased umber of
                                                                                                          submissions in FP7

Supporting Nepad     Supporting the                Development of a draft           June-July 2007       - Final WAITRO Nepad strategy
Flagship Projects    development and                WAITRO Nepad strategy and                             and plan of action
                     implementation of              plan of action
                     Africa’s Science and
                     Technology                                                                           - Established and effective
                     Consolidated Plan of          Establishing expert task teams   August 2007          expert task teams
                     Action                         to develop action plan for the
                                                    implementation of the                                 - Increased awareness and
                                                    strategy                                              participation in Nepad S&T
Institutional        Building capacity of          WAITRO/ICFMH Food                25 November to 1     - best practices in food safety
Capacity Building    senior African food            Safety Workshop                  December 2007        adopted by participants
and Research         scientists in the fields
Management           of microbiology and                                                                  - Improved networking and
                     food hygiene                                                                         collaboration on food safety in

International and    To further provide a          To enhance the collaborative     Ongoing              - Increased intensity of regional
inter-regional       coordinated                    spirit of WAITRO and its                              cooperation in science and
Cooperation          exchange ideas;                pursuance of synergistic                              technology.
                     information;                   partnerships with other
                     experience; project            networks and key
                     collaboration;                 stakeholders                                          - At least one programme per
                     coordination and                                                                     with another FRP
                     mutual support at             To develop inter-RFP
                     regional, continental          programmes and organise          Ongoing
                     and international              workshops in agreed areas of                          - Increased participation of
                     levels.                        cooperation                                           Africa in international science
                                                                                                          and technology programmes

   To represent the African RFP   Ongoing
    in key regional and
    international forums.

5. Budget: 2007/8 Financial Year

                                                                          Budget 2006-2010
Income Sources                                                            R 536 250
WAITRO Africa RFP Admin Fee                                               $ 5 000 @ $1 = R7.25
(From WAITRO Secretariat, Malaysia)                                       = R36 250
DST Contract Fee                                                          R 500 000
Manpower                                                                  R 270 k
Operational work (2.5 days per week of work)                              240 000
Secretarial Support( 1 day per week of support)                           30 000
Budget expenses breakdown per Priority Activity –                         R 260 250
workshops, trips, accommodation, venues, etc

1.Supporting Regional S&T Policy Development                              R50k

   Participation in one regional S&T forums such as SADC, ECOWAS,        R20 000
   Possible support of three Africa members to MTCP training
    programmes in Malaysia

                                                                          R 100 K
2. Mobilizing African institutions and researchers
for EU-FP7 framework                                                      R 50 000
       Joint funding of ST-EAP Launch and Awareness Workshops in
        Namibia, Ghana and Brusells                                       R50 000
       Funding participation of African researchers in these workshops

3. Supporting Nepad Flagship Projects
       Supporting participation of African researchers in energy
                                                                          R40 000
        flagship workshop

4. Institutional Capacity Building and Research
Management                                                                R60k
       Joint hosting of ICMFH/WAITRO Food Safety Workshop
       Supporting participation of African scientists                    R60 000

5. Strengthening Regional and International                               R20 K
Representing Africa RFP at international fora
       WAITRO forums and workshops – 1X R20 000

Administration Expenses (Brochures, Telephone, Fax,                       R 25 250
Mailing, etc)
Total Budgeted Expenditure (manpower           and                        R 536 250

6. Conclusion

Going into the future, the following principles will be key o addressing the challenges

 Adding new value—emphasis will be placed on those activities and processes that
     will add new and significant value to existing national, sub-regional and regional
     programmes, particular those aimed at enlarging foundations for bilateral and
     multilateral cooperation in science and technology fields.
   Building on prior progress/achievements—the programme as a whole and its
     projects will aim at maximizing collective learning from previous efforts and
     promote synergy among existing sub-regional and regional science and
     technology initiatives. Activities are to be implemented in such a way as to
     ensure that Africa learns from its previous efforts and achievements while taking
     into account the experiences gained by other regions of the world.
   Sharing progress, outputs and impacts—the programme and its implementation
     are not aimed at meeting interests or needs of a particular country or group of
     countries but all participating NEPAD members.
   Collective ownership and broad based participation—the programme will be
     further developed and implemented through participatory processes and activities
     with all groups of stakeholders (members, governments, donors, and
     international partners).
   Maintaining flexibility to change the programme as regional needs and conditions
     change—The proposed programme and its implementation mechanisms will
     evolve in a flexible and anticipatory manner. They will not be cast in stone but
     adjusted to respond to changing needs and conditions as well as to maximize
   Collective action with differentiated capabilities—clear recognition that while the
     continent has shared goals and needs, its countries have different levels and
     ranges of capabilities—financial, human, scientific and technological. Genuine
     regional cooperation will thus be required to mobilize, share and utilize existing
     national capabilities for common scientific and technological development.
     Emphasis is on partnerships that utilize the diverse range of existing sub-regional
     and regional institutions and expertise while collectively leveraging international


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