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Cellular Vehicle Communications

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					Cellular Vehicle Communications
Preliminary results from the CoCar project




Ulrich Dietz


ETSI TC ITS Workshop 2009
Sophia Antipolis




   Vodafone Group R&D   C1 - Public
Contents

1. Telematic services - now and in hindsight
2. The Aktiv CoCar project
3. Protocols and architecture
4. Complementary network technologies
5. CoCar Cellular Hazard Warnings (CHW) value creation architecture (VCA)
6. CoCar CHW business case
7. Conclusion and outlook




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Vehicle Communications Landscape Has Changed
Over Time - Situation Today and in Hindsight
• Slow but steadily development
    – GM OnStar, Volvo OnCall, BMW Assist, …
    – Various proprietary fleet management systems
    – None has been widely successful



• First telematics hype in the late 1990ies
    – … and disillusionment in 2002



• Basically due to immature technology and weak business models
    – Single service portfolio as a main roadblock
      –Vertical / silo applications
    – Cooperation between various industries was a challenge
    – Pre-GPRS data connectivity way too complicated and inflexible

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Are We There Yet?
Time is Right to Take up Vehicle Communications
Some defining developments
• Technology now ready for prime time
• Proposed European ITS Directive paves way forward
• eCall as the European initiative will bring mobile communication into the vehicle
• Vehicle manufacturers have begun to drive Car-to-Car communication
    – Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) / pWLAN
    – 30 MHz at 5.9GHz recently granted by the Commission for safety applications

• Online is widely accepted
    – Web 2.0 and other technologies proof that
    – This will eventually get into the car

• Mobile Network Operators drive broadband access



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The Aktiv CoCar Project

• Aktiv CoCar looks into market for Cellular Hazard Warnings (CHW)
    – Develops lightweight protocol for the exchange of CHW
    – Simulation of effects on cellular networks
    – Provides an detailed cooperative business case

• Technical and commercial feasibility report to be released soon




• Duration: November 2006 - June 2009
• Project Cost: 4 Million Euro, 50% funding
• Funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research
    – 01 BU 0692
                                                     http://www.aktiv-online.org/englisch/aktiv-cocar.html
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        Vodafone Group R&D      C1 - Public   Final version
CoCar CHW Utilise Cellular Communication Networks

                                           Cellular Hazard Warning
                         !            accident, emergency breaking, black ice, bad
                                        road condition, road works, slow vehicle

                                                                                 CoCar
                                               NodeB              Network Traffic Information
                                                               Infrastructure    Server
                             !

                                                 !


                                                                  Cellular Hazard
                                                                  Warning Update
                                                           !

                                                                        NodeB
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CoCar Protocol Overview




    FTAP – Fast Traffic Alert Protocol
    TPDP – Traffic Probe Data Protocol
    RACH – Random Access Channel
    DCH - Dedicated Channel
    FACH – Forward Access Channel

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Network Technologies have Specific Strengths and
Weaknesses




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WAVE and Cellular are Complementary Suited for
Different Services




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CHW Customers Comprise of End Customers, Business
Customers and Governmental Customers




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CoCar CHW Value Creation Chain Includes a Broad
Range of Different Actors




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A Cooperative VCA Includes a White Labeled TSP
Providing Client Related Services




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CoCar CHW will be Available in Almost Any Car in
2023, the 10th Year of Operations
Main assumptions:
                                                              Germany
• Huge safety impact of CHW
• Visible and perceived added value
• Demand for improved safety services
• Low investment necessary compared
  to other (new) technologies
• NO compulsory system
• Roll out combined with eCall
• Highly cooperative value creation
  architecture
• Explicit demand and support from EC
• 10% penetration necessary before
  being effective
• Subsidized line fit from 2012 on
• Retrofit starts in year 3 of introduction
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CoCar CHW can Provide High Societal Benefits and
Even an Attractive Business Case
• CoCar CHW Benefit-Cost Ratio (BCR) (Germany):
     – Safety impacts vs. total system costs: ~ 2 (inline with eImpact study)
     – Safety impacts vs. subsidies: > 10
       – Subsidies include 50% of hardware and 25% of campaign costs, each for 3 years
     – Other positive effects not yet included:
       –Traffic impacts (e. g. reliability of arrival times)
       –Employment and environmental effects
       –Future innovation capabilities and the improved competitiveness of the EU


• CoCar CHW Business Case (Germany)
     – Net present value (sum of discounted cash flow) : > 4bn €
     – EBITDA: always positive, due to subsidies
     – Break even: in 2016, the third year of operation



                                EBITDA: earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization
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Conclusion and Outlook

• CoCar provides technologies and business case confined to a single service
     – Cellular Hazard Warnings

• Business case is positive
     – Break even in the third year of operation
     – Always positive EBITDA

• Positive Benefit-Cost Ratio
     – Safety impacts vs. total system costs: ~ 2
     – Safety impacts vs. subsidies: > 10

• It is about co-opetition
     – Underlying system has to be set up and run in cooperation
     – Competition and differentiation on sales and services necessary

• Technical and business feasibility report will be available soon
• CoCar final demo is scheduled for May, 14th 2009 in Munich

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Ulrich Dietz


Vodafone Group R&D
Vodafone Group Services GmbH
Chiemgaustr. 116
81549 Munich
Germany



T + 49 172 8496354
F + 49 89 95410543
ulrich.dietz@vodafone.com
www.vodafone.com


  Vodafone Group R&D   C1 - Public

				
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