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A Neighborhood Electric Vehicle is in Your Future

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              A Neighborhood Electric Vehicle is in Your Future 




                                                                                                                         


On June 17, 1998, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) recognized

Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs) officially as a form of transportation. Since then, 37 states have

passed legislation allowing these vehicles to be driven on roads with posted speed limits of 35 miles

per hour or lower.


Such zero-emission vehicles replace the use of a conventional vehicle for short trips, three-quarters of

which are less than three miles round trip.


                       Contact: goelectric@yahoo.com or call toll‐free 1‐800‐218‐1431 

The Suggested Retail Price (SRP) of the featured Four Skeeter NEV is $11,966.00 (Woodrow is less) FOB Inland 
                                                                
Distribution Point.  Price does not include tax, title or license fees in any state. Purchasers must comply with the 
local laws of the state of intended operation regarding the licensing and operation of NEVs at their own expense. 
                                       
The Skeeter and Woodrow are offered at a substantial savings to qualified purchasers*.  

                              *Read the Warranty Terms and Conditions for Details. 


                                                           1 
 
 
            These electric cars and utilities (NEVs) are manufactured on a hi‐
            tech assembly line covering more than 40,000 square feet of a 
            new central China factory. The Four Skeeter, Two Skeeter and 
            Woodrow Utility are designed to use the latest technology in 
            electro‐dynamics. Construction is of the highest quality materials 
            available to meet the demands of 24/7 use of many types 
            industries and individual users. For security patrols, materials 
            hauling, personal transportation and many other uses, Skeeter 
            and Woodrow give long‐lasting and cost‐effective performance. 
     

            The Woodrow Wagon does double‐duty as personal 
            transportation and a hard‐working truck. Many of the same 
            features found on the Four Skeeter are included with the 
            Woodrow (see separate specifications sheet for details).  The 
            production Woodrow will have tan leather‐like seats and a 
            simulated woodgrain utility box. Aluminum wheels will also be 
            part of the Woodrow’s standard equipment. If you need two 
            seats and the ability to haul stuff, Woodrow is for you. 
         

            The Four Skeeter is the most popular model. With a 3.8 kilowatt 
            motor and Curtis 1268 controller, Four Skeeter has the room and 
            power to take you and friends out for the evening. The run to 
            your favorite local restaurant is quick and silent and costs only 
            pennies. Tipping the parking valet will cost more than the 
            electricity to operate a Four Skeeter for the entire day. 

             

            Four Skeeter is a real car. There are 4 comfortable seats, each 
            with a 3‐point safety belt; passenger handholds; driver and 
            passenger side rearview mirrors; lights and turn signals, radio and 
            CD player and more. Most daily errands are 3 miles or less from 
            home. You could save thousands of dollars in gasoline costs by 
            using your Four Skeeter for 75% of your local daily driving. 
             

            There is plenty of storage in the Four Skeeter: expanding net 
            pockets on the back of the driver and front passenger seats, a 
            handy storage bin in the dash and a lockable trunk in the back. A 
            special feature is the programmable LED light at the rear for your 
            personal message. 

     
                     2 
 
 
                  The Four Skeeter NEV (Neighborhood Electric Vehicle)




                           The Feature NEV is the 4 passenger Skeeter (equipment listed below)  

                           Available soon ‐ Two Skeeter (2 passenger) and the Woodrow Utility 



    •   Head lights , Front turn signals                          Four Skeeter Feature Vehicle 4‐Passenger
    •   Tail lights, Brake Lights, Turn signals
                                                                                                  Four      Other
                                                                                                 Skeeter   Brands
    •   Windshield Wiper
                                                             Upgraded Motor:                               Optional
    •   Parking Brake
                                                             US Made Upgraded
                                                                                                           Optional
                                                             Controller:
    •   Recharger Unit
                                                             AM/FM/CD:                                     Optional
    •   Horn

                                                             Upgraded Paint:                               Optional
    •   Double-layer Glass Windshield

    •   Curtis Speed Controller                              Digital Display:                              Optional


    •   Reverse Alarm                                        Aluminum Wheels:                              Optional


    •   Instrument Panel                                     12V Accessory Outlet:                         Optional

            o    Forward/Reverse Switch                      Sport Steering Wheel:                         Optional

            o    Head light Indicators
                                                             US made Trojan Batteries:                     Optional
            o    Turn Signals
                                                             Speedometer:                                  Optional
            o    Ignition Key
                                                             Lockable Storage Trunk:                       Optional
            o    Ammeter /Battery Level                                                                 
            o    Hour Meter                                  Driver Side Mirror:                           Optional
                                                                                                        
            o    Speedometer                                 Passenger Side Mirror:                        Optional

            o    Emergency Flashers
                                                             Full Seating for 4 :                          Optional

            o    Additional Storage
                                                             3 Point Seatbelts:                            Optional
    •   Rack & Pinion Steering

    •   Rear & Front Pneumatic Braking System

    •   Front Independent Suspension

    •                         Specifications subject to change without notice 
        Rear Steel Spring Suspension




                                                           3 
 
  



                              Four Skeeter 4 Passenger 
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS*  Specifications subject to change without notice    
Passenger Capacity            4 seats with 3‐point seatbelts and handholds for front passenger and 2 rear seats 

Motor and Controller          3.8 Kw with Curtis 1268 SepEx 

Battery Voltage x Units       6V x 8 pieces Trojan T105 maintenance free 

Range with full charge        80 km estimated 

Maximum Speed                 40 km/h 

Minimum Turn Radius           3.7 m 

Overall Dimensions            3025×1400×1810  mm 

Wheelbase (front/rear)        1105/1150 mm                           

Maximum Loading Weight        360 kg passengers and cargo 

Net Weight                    680 kgs 

Body Construction             Fiberglass on steel framework 

Roof Construction             Fiberglass on aluminum framework 

Windshield                    Double‐glass 

Seats and Armrests            Artificial leather and foam 

Storage                       Expanded nets on 2 seatbacks, storage bin in dash, rear lockable trunk 

Rearview Mirrors              1 x inside windshield; 2 x outside left and right 

Instrument Panel              Forward/reverse switch, head light indicator, turn signal indicator, ignition key, volt 
                              meter, ammeter, emergency switch, turn signal switch, head light switch, 
                              windshield wiper switch, horn button, radio/CD player, storage bin, 12V outlet 

Lighting System               2 x head lights, 2 x front turn signals, 2 x rear turn signals, 2 x rear tail/brake lights 

Warning Systems               Horn and reverse alarm 

Brake System                  Rear and front drum pneumatic 

Suspension                    Front independent; rear steel spring; cylinder hydraulic vibration absorption 

Tires and Wheels              20.5 x 8.0‐10 tire; 10x7 aluminum wheels 

Charger                       Input 110V‐240V 50Hz‐60Hz, output 48V, 25A 

                                                      4 
  
    


                               Woodrow 2 Passenger Wagon 
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS*  Specifications subject to change without notice 
Passenger Capacity               2 seats with 3‐point seatbelts and handholds for front passenger 

Motor / Controller               3.8 Kw; Curtis 1268 

Battery Voltage x Units          6 x 8 Trojan T105 maintenance free 

Steering System                  Rack and Pinion 

Range loaded w/ full charge      80km 

Maximum Speed                    40 km/h 

Minimum Turn Radius              3.7 m 

Overall Dimensions               3025×1400×1810  mm 

Wheelbase (front/rear)           1105/1150 mm                           

Maximum Loading Weight           360 kgs 

Net Weight                       680 kgs 

Body / Roof Construction         Fiberglass on steel framework; Fiberglass on aluminum framework 

Utility Box                      Aluminum Utility truck box 1500mm x 1500mm x 300mm simulated woodgrain 

Windshield                       Double‐glass 

Seats / Armrests                 Artificial leather and foam/ soft expanded plastic 

Storage                          Storage bin in dash 

Rearview Mirrors                 1 x inside windshield; 2 x outside left and right 

Instrument Panel                 Forward/reverse switch, head light indicator, turn signal indicator, ignition key, volt 
                                 meter, ammeter, emergency switch, turn signal switch, headlight switch, windshield 
                                 wiper switch, horn button, radio/CD player, storage bin, 12V accessory outlet 

Lighting System                  2 x head lights, 2 x front turn signals, 2 x rear turn signals, 2 x rear tail/brake lights 

Warning Systems                  Horn and reverse alarm 

Brake System                     Rear and front drum pneumatic 

Suspension                       Front independent; rear steel spring; cylinder hydraulic vibration absorption 

Tires and Wheels                 225/5b12 10PR tire; 12x7 aluminum wheel 

Charger                          Input 110V~230V 50Hz/60Hz, output 48V (72V), 25A, 5m DC cable, 2.5m AC cable 

                                                           5 
    
     
                               Two Skeeter 2 Passenger 
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS*  Specifications subject to change without notice 
Passenger Capacity             2 seats with 3‐point seatbelts and handholds for front passenger 

Motor / Controller              

Battery Voltage x Units         

Steering System                Rack and Pinion 

Range loaded w/ full charge     

Maximum Speed      
         PROJECTED PRODUCTION DECEMBER 2008 
Minimum Turn Radius             

Overall Dimensions              

Wheelbase (front/rear)                             

Maximum Loading Weight          

Net Weight                      

Body / Roof Construction       Fiberglass on steel framework; Fiberglass on aluminum framework 

Windshield                     Double‐glass layered 

Seats / Armrests               Artificial leather and foam/ soft expanded plastic 

Storage                        Storage bin in dash 

Rearview Mirrors               1 x inside windshield; 2 x outside left and right 

Instrument Panel                

Lighting System                2 x head lights, 2 x front turn signals, 2 x rear turn signals, 2 x rear tail/brake lights 

Warning Systems                Horn and reverse alarm 

Brake System                   Rear and front drum pneumatic 

Suspension                     Front independent; rear steel spring; cylinder hydraulic vibration absorption 

Tires and Wheels                

Charger                         

 

 


                                                        6 
     
   
                               Warranty Terms and Conditions
        (SKEETER AND WOODROW NEVs ARE SOLD AT A DISCOUNT AND NOT WARRANTED)                             
        1. All Skeeter and Woodrow Neighborhood Electric Vehicles are newly manufactured, but 
            are offered as USED UNITS and sold “AS IS” 
        2. Each unit is Quality Inspected at the factory point of departure in China, upon arrival at 
            a US Port of Entry and after shipping and receipt at the inland point of distribution. 
        3. Each unit will be driven to check for proper operation per stated specifications, correct 
            tire air pressure, operation of accessories, integrity of the overall vehicle and batteries 
            will be charged to capacity. 
        4. Pictures of 1) front and 2) windshield, 3) right rear, 4) left rear, 5) top (roof),  
            6) dash panel, 7) seating and 8) Vehicle Identification Number will be provided on‐line. 
        5. Purchasers are encouraged to inspect the vehicle prior to purchasing. 
        6. Purchaser is responsible for picking up their vehicle within 5 business days. 
        7. Full payment for a purchased vehicle must be made within 2 business days. 
        8. Each purchaser will be required to acknowledge that NEVs may or may not be street 
            legal in the area of intended operation. 
        9. Purchasers will be responsible to comply with any and all licensing, permit, inspections, 
            taxes and all other costs to operate their NEV. 
        10. All sales are final at the time of pickup by the purchaser or their agent. 
        11. There will be no refunds or exchanges. 
        12. Any needed service or repair will be the sole responsibility of the purchaser at 
            purchaser’s own expense. 
        13. Purchaser acknowledges this is a motor vehicle and is being purchased at a discount in 
            lieu of a warranty and is responsible for any cost incurred for service, repairs and all 
            fees and costs associated with registration and licensing. 

Many states’ DMVs register NEVs/LSVs for on‐road use if the vehicle is going to be operated on public streets. 
NEVs/LSVs must meet applicable federal safety standards. NEVs/LSVs may be required to be registered as 
passenger vehicles and issued automobile plates. Owners of registered NEVs/LSVs may be required to comply 
with financial responsibility laws and have a driver license is needed to operate the vehicle. NEVs/LSVs may be 
restricted from certain roadways. The maximum speed of NEVs/LSVs in compliance with DOT NHTSA 49 CFR 
Part 571 is 25 mph and may be a hazard on the roadways if impeding traffic.  Owners must sign a statement 
acknowledging they understand this information. 
 
I ______________________________ have read and understand the Warranty Terms & Conditions. 

 Printed Name 

__________________________________________________________ Date ___________________ 

Purchaser’s signature 


                                                      7 
   
 
CURTIS MODEL 1268 SepEx®
SEPARATELY EXCITED ELECTRONIC MOTOR SPEED CONTROLLER
 

                                      

                                     Curtis PMC Model 1268 SepEx™ controllers are
                                     programmable and microprocessor based, with
                                     an advanced MOSFET power section for smooth
                                     and seamless control of separately excited
                                     motors.



                                     Curtis PMC 1268 SepEx® controllers are
                                     designed for use in heavy-duty golf/utility
                                     vehicles.



                                     Manufactured in the USA under ISO 9001
                                     certified Quality Management System. UL
                                     Recognized Component Status




                               8 
 
 


     T-105
     6V
     DEEP CYCLE
     BATTERY




             Type

             T-105



             Weight lbs. (kg)

             62 (28)



             Dimensions inches
             (mm)

         L           W       H

         10                  10
                    7 1/8
        3/8                  7/8
                    (181)
       (264)                (276)

                                           Cranking
          Capacity Minutes
                                          Performance
                                                              5 Hr      20 Hr
                                                                                 Voltage   Terminal
                                                             Rate AH   Rate AH
       @25          @56     @75         CCA      CA
       Amps         Amps    Amps        @0°F    @32°F

                                                                                           LPT, WNT,
        447            -     115         -        -           185       225        6
                                                                                            AP, UT



Built in the USA to deliver superior performance, durability and reliability, these 
batteries are Trojan's flagship line and can meet the challenges of daily use in 
Neighborhood Electric Vehicles. 
                                     




                                                        9 
 
 
                      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
                    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
                                  49 CFR Part 571
                             [Docket No. NHTSA 98-3949]
                                   RIN 2127-AG58
                        Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards

AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule

SUMMARY: This final rule responds to a growing public interest in using golf cars(1) and other
similar-sized, 4-wheeled vehicles to make short trips for shopping, social and recreational
purposes primarily within retirement or other planned communities with golf courses. These
passenger-carrying vehicles, although low-speed, offer a variety of advantages, including
comparatively low-cost and energy-efficient mobility. Further, many of these vehicles are
electric-powered. The use of these vehicles, instead of larger, gasoline-powered vehicles like
passenger cars, provides quieter transportation that does not pollute the air of the communities in
which they are operated.

Currently, there is a growing conflict between state and local laws, on the one hand, and Federal
law, on the other, in the treatment of these small vehicles. That conflict unnecessarily restricts
the ability of vehicle manufacturers to produce and sell, and the ability of consumers to purchase,
these vehicles. In recent years, a growing number of states from California to Florida have
passed legislation authorizing their local jurisdictions to permit general on-road use of "golf
carts," subject to speed and/or operational limitations. A majority of those states condition such
broad use upon the vehicles having specified safety equipment. Further, some of these states
have opened the way for the use of vehicles that are faster than almost all golf cars. Most
conventional golf cars, as originally manufactured, have a top speed of less than 15 miles per
hour. These states have either redefined "golf carts" to include vehicles designed to achieve up to
25 miles per hour or have established a new class of vehicles, "neighborhood electric vehicles,"
also defined as capable of achieving 25 miles per hour.

Under current NHTSA interpretations and regulations, so long as golf cars and other similar
vehicles are incapable of exceeding 20 miles per hour, they are subject to only state and local
requirements regarding safety equipment. However, if these vehicles are originally manufactured
so that they can go faster than 20 miles per hour, they are treated as motor vehicles under Federal
law. Similarly, if golf cars are modified after original manufacture so that they can achieve 20 or
more miles per hour, they too are treated as motor vehicles. Further, as motor vehicles, they are
currently classified as passenger cars and must comply with the Federal motor vehicle safety
standards for that vehicle type. This creates a conflict with the state and local laws because
compliance with the full range of those standards is not feasible for these small vehicles.

To resolve this conflict, and to permit the manufacture and sale of small, 4-wheeled motor
vehicles with top speeds of 20 to 25 miles per hour, this final rule reclassifies these small
passenger-carrying vehicles. Instead of being classified as passenger cars, they are now being
classified as "low-speed vehicles." Since conventional golf cars, as presently manufactured, have
a top speed of less than 20 miles per hour, they are not included in that classification.
                                                10 
 
 
As low-speed vehicles, these 20 to 25 mile-per-hour vehicles are subject to a new Federal Motor
Vehicle Safety Standard No. 500 (49 CFR 571.500) established by this final rule. The agency
notes that the growing on-road use of golf cars has already resulted in some deaths and serious
injuries, and believes that the new standard is needed to address the effects in crashes of the
higher speed of low-speed vehicles. The standard requires low-speed vehicles to be equipped
with headlamps, stop lamps, turn signal lamps, tail lamps, reflex reflectors, parking brakes,
rearview mirrors, windshields, seat belts, and vehicle identification numbers. The agency
believes that these requirements appropriately address the safety of low-speed vehicle occupants
and other roadway users, given the sub-25 mph speed capability of these vehicles and the
controlled environments in which they operate.

This rulemaking proceeding was initiated in response to a request by Bombardier, Inc., that the
agency make regulatory changes to permit the introduction of a new class of 4-wheeled,
passenger-carrying vehicle that is small, relatively slow-moving, and low-cost.

DATES: The final rule is effective upon its publication in the Federal Register. Petitions for
reconsideration must be filed not later than [45 days after publication of the final rule].

Incorporation by reference of the materials listed in this document is approved by the Director of
the Federal Register and is effective upon publication in the Federal Register.



                                                   

                        http://www.nhtsa.gov/cars/rules/rulings/lsv/lsv.html 




 




                                                 11 
 
 




                             TITLE 92: TRANSPORTATION
                     CHAPTER I: DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
                              SUBCHAPTER f: HIGHWAYS
                PART 564 SLOW-MOVING VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION EMBLEM
           SECTION 564.APPENDIX A HIGHLIGHTS OF ASAE S276.5, FEBRUARY 2003



Section 564.APPENDIX A Highlights of ASAE S276.5, February 2003

The following highlights are actual specifications from the ASAE S276.5, February 2003
document and are being provided to assist in the purchase of the appropriate emblem
and in the proper mounting of the emblem on a vehicle. However, the specifications in
this Appendix A are not all-inclusive. While the description, material and mounting
requirements found in subsection (a) through (c) of Appendix A are the same as those
contained in ASAE 276.5, February 2003, additional specifications applicable to the
manufacturers of the emblem are incorporated by reference at Section 564.40 and are
contained in the actual ASAE 276.5, February 2003 document.

      a)      Description

             1)     The identification emblem consists of a fluorescent, orange
                   equilateral triangle with a red retroreflective border positioned with
                   a point of the triangle up. The red-orange fluorescent triangle
                   provides for daylight identification. The red retro-reflective border
                   appears as a hollow red triangle in the path of motor vehicle
                   headlights at night. The emblem may be movable or vehicular
                   mounted.

             2)     The emblem manufacturer’s name and company address will be
                   on the face of the emblem, along with a statement certifying that
                   the emblem is in compliance with ASAE S276.5. This information
                   shall be clearly and permanently marked on the face of the
                   emblem. It will appear only in the lower center or lower right-hand
                   corner of the emblem. On movable emblems, the information may
                   be located on the reverse side of the backing material.

      b)      Material Requirements

             1)     Visibility of retroreflective materials. The emblem shall be visible
                   at night as a hollow red triangle from all distances between 600 and
                   1000 feet from the rear when directly in front of lawful vehicle low
                   beam headlights.


                                            12 
 
 
         2)    Visibility of fluorescent materials. The emblem shall be visible in
              the daylight as a red-orange fluorescent triangle from all distances
              between 600 and 1000 feet.

    c)   Position of Emblem

         1)    The emblem shall be mounted with the point of the triangle
              upward.

         2)    Emblems shall be mounted in a plane perpendicular to the
              direction of travel and ± 20 degrees from the vertical. The emblem
              shall be visible from the rear of a slow-moving vehicle.

         3)    The emblem shall be displayed as near to the rear and centered,
              or as near to the left of center of the vehicle or equipment as
              practical. It shall be located 2 to 10 feet above the ground
              measured from the lower edge of the emblem.

         4)    The emblem shall be securely and rigidly affixed to the
              equipment. Movable emblems may be mounted by using the
              socket and bracket specified in ANSI/ASAE S277, or by other
              means that provide secure and rigid attachment.

         5)    The effective reflectivity and fluorescence of the emblem shall be
              unobscured to the extent that the triangular shape is readily
              identifiable both day and night.




 




                                      13 
 
 
     State Registration and Licensing of NEV/LSV in Your State – This list may not
    have all of the latest information as laws pertaining to NEV’s are being enacted
       regularly. Check with the DMV in the state you plan to operate your NEV.

ALABAMA
Low speed vehicles are treated in the same manner as other motor vehicles. Alabama has for decades
required that vehicles, including electric golf carts, operating on public streets and highways be titled,
registered and insured.

ALASKA
The State of Alaska has passed LSV legislation: Check this state’s DMV web site for the latest
information.

ARIZONA
Arizona will register low speed electric vehicles if certain National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration guidelines, as defined in Arizona Revised Statute 28-101.32 are met. The vehicles will
be subject to a registration either on an annual or biennial cycle and the usual vehicle license tax and
fees.

ARKANSAS
Any vehicle that meets federal highway safety standards for operation on public streets and highways
may be registered. If a licensed vehicle is operated on a public thoroughfare, and is not capable of
operating at speeds consistent with the prevailing traffic flow, the operator would be in jeopardy of
receiving a citation.

CALIFORNIA
California DMV registers LSVs for on-road use if the vehicle is going to be operated on public streets.
LSVs must meet applicable federal safety standards and be certified by the California Air Resources
Board (CARB). LSVs are registered as passenger vehicles and issued automobile plates. Owners of
registered LSVs must comply with financial responsibility laws and a driver license is needed to
operate the vehicle. LSVs are restricted from roadways where the speed limit is greater than 35 mph.
Manufacturers are required to affix a decal to the vehicle indicating that the maximum speed is 25
mph and that it may be a hazard on the roadways if it impedes traffic. The dealers are also required to
have the new owner sign a statement acknowledging they understand the information on the decal.
The dealer retains the original statement and provides the new owner with a copy.

COLORADO
Colorado does register LSV’S. Colorado Revised Statute 42-1-102(58) states "motor vehicle includes a
neighborhood electric vehicle." NEVs cannot operate over the state highway system, and are
permitted but not required to display the slow moving vehicle emblem. Each local law enforcement
agency has the authority to regulate the operation of neighborhood electric vehicles on streets under
their jurisdiction. Colorado does register NEVs and they have a special license plate that states that
the vehicle is a "Neighborhood Electric Vehicle."

CONNECTICUT
Connecticut does not license or register LSVs. It is possible to register a golf cart, but not primarily for
road use.

DELAWARE
The Delaware Division of Motor Vehicles submitted legislation to the Delaware General Assembly for
consideration. Hopefully, this legislation will pass this legislative session. Delaware currently has no
laws restricting LSVs as long as the vehicles meet all federal motor vehicle standards for passenger
vehicles.

District of Columbia
The District of Columbia has passed LSV legislation: Check the Wash DC DMV web site for the latest
information.

 

                                                    14 
 
 


FLORIDA allows LSVs to be operated on streets where the posted speed limit is 35 mph or less. LSVs
are subject to the same license tax, registration, insurance and drivers license requirements as other
vehicles. Counties, municipalities and the state Department of Transportation may prohibit LSVs on
roads under their respective jurisdictions if such prohibition is necessary in the interest of public
safety. Florida statute also imposes certain restrictions on the imposition of insurance surcharges on
EVs.

GEORGIA
Governor Roy Barnes (D) signed HB1389 into law on April 25, 2002. The measure allows LSVs to be
operated on roadways with posted speed limits of 35 mph or less and requires the operator of LSVs on
highways to display an amber strobe light so as to warn approaching travelers to decrease their speed
because of the danger of colliding with such vehicle. Such amber strobe light shall be mounted in a
manner so as to be visible under normal atmospheric conditions from a distance of 500 feet from the
front and rear of such vehicle.

HAWAII
Hawaii registers LSV’s for use on public roads with a speed limit of 35 mph or less. The vehicles have
a special license plate indicating they are electric vehicles. Hawaii also offers small financial incentives.
Vehicles with the special license plate are exempt from payment of parking fees, including those
collected through parking meters, charged by any government authority, other than a branch of the
federal government, when being operated in this State. For a period of five years, beginning July 1,
1997, the motor vehicle registration fee and other fees, if any, assessed upon or associated with the
registration of an electric vehicle in this State, including any fees associated with the issuance of a
license plate, are waived.

IDAHO
Idaho's Division of Motor Vehicles has adopted a position that low speed and slow speed vehicles will
not be titled or registered. This policy was developed based on current statutes and with public safety
in mind. The DMV has received very few inquiries for these types of vehicles and it is their position
that until such time that legislation is passed that clearly defines both the operational and
geographical limitations for LSVs, the DMV cannot title or register them.

ILLINOIS
Illinois has passed LSV legislation: Check this state’s DMV web site for the latest information.


INDIANA
On January 9, S.B. 240 was introduced in the Indiana legislature. The bill defines a low speed vehicle,
and allows low speed vehicles that are designed to have a maximum speed of not more than 35 mph
to be operated on highways as passenger motor vehicles. In an urban district, an LSV may not be
driven at a speed greater than 25 mph, other than when crossing the highway at a right angle. The
bill would permit the Department of Transportation and local authorities to regulate or prohibit the
operation of LSVs on highways. The bill became effective July 1, 2003.

IOWA
Iowa adopted legislation to allow low speed vehicles that meet the requirements of 49 C.F.R. 571.500
to be operated on Iowa highways with a posted speed limit of not more than 25 MPH.

KANSAS
LSVs are registered as any other passenger vehicle, however there are restrictions on their operation.
Kansas Statute 8-15, 101 makes it illegal for an LSV to be operated on any street or highway with a
posted speed limit greater than 40 mph. The statute does not prevent LSVs from crossing streets or
highways with a speed limit of over 40 mph.

KENTUCKY
Kentucky does not have specific statutory language regarding low speed electric vehicles. The
Department of Vehicle Regulation does allow low speed electric vehicles to be registered if the
manufacturer demonstrates that the vehicle complies with federal regulation 49 CFR 571.500. This
must include a conforming VIN and a manufacturer's statement of origin. Vehicles not manufactured

                                                     15 
 
 
for highway use may not be registered.

LOUISIANA
Louisiana has passed LSV legislation: Check this state’s DMV web site for the latest information.

MAINE Representative Marley introduced Bill LD393 on January 30, 2003. The Bill authorized the use
of LSVs in certain municipalities and islands starting on June 1, 2003. All other jurisdictions started to
allow LSV usage on September 1, 2003.

MARYLAND
Maryland's vehicle law now permits the registration and/or operation of LSV's on Maryland's roadways
posted 30 mph and below.

MASSACHUSETTS
Senator Glodis introduced SB 1313 on January 1. The bill defines an LSV, and limits the use of LSVs to
roadways with posted speed limits of 30 mph or less, except when crossing an intersection with a
posted speed limit of 45 mph. Allows the prohibition of LSV operation in jurisdictions if deemed an
unreasonable risk. Requires an LSV driver to be 16 years of age and to possess a valid driver’s license.
Exempts low speed electric vehicles from annual emissions inspections.

MICHIGAN Prohibits LSVs from operating on streets with posted speed limits above 35 mph. The
driver of an LSV must possess a valid operator or chauffeur license, the LSV must follow the same
titling and registration laws as passenger vehicles, and the LSV must have its own 17 character
Vehicle Identification Number. Occupants of the vehicle are required to wear a crash helmet unless the
LSV is equipped with a roof that meets or exceeds the standards for roof-crush resistance (49 C.F.R.
571.216).

MINNESOTA
Minnesota does not title or register LSVs, nor are they allowed to use public streets or highways.

MISSISSIPPI
Mississippi has passed LSV legislation: Check this state’s DMV web site for the latest information.

MISSOURI
The Missouri Department of Revenue will title and register LSVs with the presentation of the required
paperwork. LSVs are titled and registered in the same manner as other motor vehicles. Taxes are
based on the purchase price and registration fees are charged according to vehicle horsepower.

MONTANA At this time, under current Montana statutes, these vehicles would be on the road legally.
The Montana legislature has not chosen to specify a minimum speed limit on any road in Montana.

NEBRASKA has passed LSV legislation: Check this state’s DMV web site for the latest information.
 Nebraska considers LSVs to be golf carts and some communities have local laws and regulations
governing the operation of golf carts.

NEVADA Allows LSVs that have been registered and that comply with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
Standards to operate on highways with posted speed limits of 35 mph or less. (NRS 484.527)

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Representative Packard introduced HR 76 on January 8, 2003. The bill defines a neighborhood electric
vehicle and prohibits the operation of an NEV on roadways with posted speed limits greater than 35
mph. The legislation also requires certain safety features on the vehicle. The bill, which was referred
to the Transportation Committee, passed the House on January 30 and has been referred to the
Senate. Bill was passed on April 22, 2003 by Governor Craig Benson (R).

NEW JERSEY
On January 6, 2006, Governor Cody signed LSV bills into law. Senate Bill 1834, makes LSV‘s street
legal on New Jersey‘s roads with a posted speed limit of 25 MPH or less. Municipalities and counties
can opt to authorize the use of LSV‘s on streets with speed limits of up of 35 MPH. S. 1834 was
sponsored by Senator John Adler. A companion bill, sponsored by Assemblyman John Wisniewski, was
introduced in the State Assembly.
                                                    16 
 
 
NEW MEXICO
Governor Bill Richardson (D) signed HB 388 on February 24, 2004. The law allows LSVs on roadways
with posted speed limits of 35 mph or less, and would require drivers to possess a valid driver’s
license.

NEW YORK
Chapter 585 of the Laws of 2001 amended the Vehicle and Traffic Law by adding a new section 121-f
in relation to low speed vehicles. It defines an LSV as a limited use automobile and further defines a
limited use automobile as a limited use vehicle. The Department of Motor Vehicles adopting an
emergency regulation that went into effect in November 2002 that permits LSVs that are certified in
New York to be registered in NY State for on-road use on roadways with speed limits of 35 mph or
less.

NORTH CAROLINA
Allows LSVs to be operated on streets and highways where the posted speed limit is 35 mph or less
and the vehicles must comply with applicable safety standards. LSVs can be titled and licensed as
private passenger vehicles.

NORTH DAKOTA
Chapter 39-29.1 allows for the licensing and registration of LSVs for on-road use.

OHIO
Ohio has passed LSV legislation Check this state’s DMV web site for the latest information.

OKLAHOMA
Effective November 1, 2001, the Oklahoma Legislature enacted legislation providing for the optional
registration of low speed electric vehicles, within established guidelines. To be eligible, the vehicle
must meet FMVSS500 safety standards, at which point they may, at the option of the owner, be titled
and registered upon presentation of proper titling documentation. Oklahoma law also prohibits
operation of LSVS on streets with posted speed limits above 35 mph.

OREGON
The Oregon Legislature provided for title and registration of LSVs in the Oregon 2001 legislative
session. The legislation limits the operation of LSVs to streets with a posted speed limit of 35 mph or
less. The vehicle must meet NHTSA standards for LSVs. All LSVs must have either a manufacturer's
certificate of origin (MCO) that specifies that it was manufactured to Federal LSV standards, or a
Federal Standards Sticker that indicates it meets Federal LSV standards. If the vehicle has neither, the
owner must complete a self-certification.

PENNSYLVANIA
Pennsylvania has passed LSV legislation: Check this state’s DMV web site for the latest information.

RHODE ISLAND
There is no provision in the State of Rhode Island banning the use of LSVs on public roads, hence such
EVs are legal in the state. LSVs are subject to registration and insurance requirements just like other
private passenger vehicles. Operators must have a valid license and adhere to all traffic regulations.

SOUTH CAROLINA
Low speed vehicles that meet the required federal safety standards to operate on streets and
highways may be registered. However, the vehicle may not be operated on a street or highway that
has a minimum posted speed greater than the maximum rated speed of the vehicle.

SOUTH DAKOTA
South Dakota licenses a four-wheeled electric vehicle as a noncommercial (automobile) vehicle. Titling
also is required.




                                                  17 
 
 
TENNESSEE
The Title and Registration Division permits LSVs to be titled when the MSO indicates that such vehicles
comply with certain safety standards and the top speed has the capability of exceeding 20 mph but
not more than 25 mph. LSVs should be restricted from use on primary roads. A bill is currently before
the Tennessee General Assembly to specifically include LSVs in the definition of a motor vehicle and
further to establish a specific license plate for the restricted use of the vehicle. Title and Registration
will continue to title and register LSVs in the manner described. On May 14, Governor Don Sunquist
(R) signed HB2796 into law. (Chapter 747). The bill allows low speed vehicles to be operated on
streets and highways where the posted speed limit is 35 mph or less. Effective July 1, 2002.

TEXAS
Requires slow moving vehicles (which are defined as operating at a maximum speed of 25 mph or
less) to display a "Slow-moving Vehicle Emblem" when operated on public streets and highways.
Exempts such vehicles from the Safety Inspection Act. Requires these vehicles to be registered and
titled.

UTAH
On March 15, 2002, Governor Michael Leavitt (R) signed HB171 into law (Chapter 34). The bill allows
low speed vehicles to be operated on streets and highways where the posted speed limit is 35 mph or
less; exempts LSVs from emissions inspections and maintenance program requirements, and requires
a slow moving vehicle identification number on the rear of the vehicle. Effective October 1, 2002.

VERMONT
Vermont passed Bill SB297 - Act No. 91 on May 1, 2002. The bill, defines a low-speed “neighborhood
electric vehicle”, requires both a flashing caution light or reflector and a reflectorized slow moving
vehicle symbol in addition to meeting federal safety standards (FMVSS500), and prohibits the
operation of LSVs on roadways with posted speed limits greater than 35 mph. The legislation would
allow a driver to cross roadways with posted speed limits not in excess of 50 mph.

VIRGINIA
Passed Law HB571 on low-speed vehicles. Authorizes limited over-the-highway operation of low-speed
vehicles, defined as four-wheeled electrically-powered vehicles, other than golf carts, whose maximum
speed is greater than 20 miles per hour but not greater than 25 miles per hour, that are manufactured
to comply with safety standards contained in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, section
571.500. Low-speed vehicles may be operated on public highways with speed limits of no more than
35 miles per hour by licensed drivers or learner's permit holders accompanied by licensed drivers. The
same registration and insurance requirements applicable to passenger cars apply also to low-speed
vehicles.

WASHINGTON
Washington has passed LSV legislation: Check this state’s DMV web site for the latest information.

WEST VIRGINIA
At the present time, the Division of Motor Vehicles does not have any laws pertaining to slow-moving
vehicles. The code defines a "motor vehicle" as every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle
which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails.
Providing these types of vehicles pass inspection, the division will possibly issue a title and
registration; however, they would be restricted to certain highways based on their speed limitations.

WISCONSIN
Wisconsin law does not allow on-road use of LSVs. Until the Wisconsin legislature and Governor enact
authorizing legislation, Wisconsin will continue to allow only off-road use of low speed vehicles.

WYOMING
Wyoming has passed LSV legislation: Check this state’s DMV web site for the latest information.




                                                    18 
 
      
 
                      Electric Vehicles Coming                              Over 40,000 square feet and a high-tech assembly
                    to a Neighborhood Near You                            line are dedicated to the production of the Skeeter (2
                                                                          or 4 seat NEV) and the Woodrow (Utility NEV). Each
                  NEVs
                                                                             vehicle undergoes a detailed quality check before
    (Neighborhood Electric Vehicles)                                           shipment to its new owner. The use of first rate
      are specifically designed for                                          materials and quality components ensure years of
      non-highway commutes and                                              cost-effective local transportation. For just pennies
             local errands
                                                                            per day use your Skeeter or Woodrow for the short
                                                                           trips to school, grocery, home repair store and office
                                                                             supply, dry-cleaners, hair salon, restaurants, post
                                                                                       office and other daily errands.
      Studies* have shown that 75 percent of all travel is done in a
      single occupant vehicle for trips of less than 25 miles a day.
         NEVs are efficient, environmentally friendly alternative
                                vehicles.




           See how you can be a clean and green commuter
      *California Air Resources Board Study; DaimlerChrysler Review of
      NEV use; Puget Sound Clean Cities Coalition.

                                                                                The Four Skeeter           The Woodrow Wagon



    Study completed for CARB….  

    “low speed vehicles and neighborhood electric vehicles are restricted to speeds of up to 25 mph (local roads); NEVs, 
    generally, have a range of 20 to 30 miles…. Such vehicles are ideal for local travel and….. consumers should be 
    provided information emphasizing their ability to replace gasoline vehicle trips for frequent, short distance, local trips. 
    Information should also be provided emphasizing their fuel‐saving benefits.” 



    DCX Review of NEV use….  


    “Take a look at the zippy, innovative electric car that is generating a lot of interest—while it isn’t for everyone, it is
    certainly filling a need for cleaner transportation around the world. It’s a novel idea: the quiet, reliable zero-emissions
    of the electric car for use in small communities and towns, and in college campuses and industrial parks where it’s
    necessary to have a vehicle for short quick jaunts—and then plug it in for a recharge until its ready to go again. Do
    this day after week after month and never again make a trip to a gas station.”


    Puget Sound Study… 

    Neighborhood electric vehicles are four-wheeled electric vehicles having a maximum speed of 25 miles per
    hour. The vehicles typically obtain a 30 mile range per charge. NEVs are perfect for short-trip neighborhood
    operation. The largest source of gasoline vehicle emissions occurs during short-trip operation. As electric
    vehicles, NEVs have zero emissions and thus have the potential to provide significant air quality benefits.
    The benefits also include lower vehicle cost (average of $6,000 to $9,000), reduced noise in communities,
    reduced parking pressures (2 or 3 vehicles can fit in a conventional parking space) and low operating and
    maintenance costs. Several vehicle styles are available, including 2 and 4 passenger models and vehicles
    with utility, truck-style beds.



                                                                         19 
      
 




                                                                                                             

The Woodrow and Skeeter Neighborhood Electric Vehicles are exclusive offerings from an ISO9001
manufacturer under license by the Supervision Bureau of Quality and Technology of China.
Specifications and prices are subject to change without notice. 质量和可靠性

Contact goelectric@yahoo.com

                         Skeeter and Woodrow are classified as a Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs) or Low
                         Speed Vehicles (LSVs).

                         The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) under rule 571.500
                         Standard No. 500 defines a Low-speed vehicle: "Low-speed vehicle means a 4-wheeled
                         motor vehicle whose speed attainable in 1.6 km (1 mile) is more than 32 kilometers
                         per hour (20 miles per hour) and not more than 40 kilometers per hour (25 miles per
                         hour) on a paved level surface.” The NHTSA has ruled that LSV'S can operate on
                         certain roadways, if they meet the 571.500 safety standards.


 

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 Printed Name 

_____________________________________________________ Date ___________________ 

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                                                  20 
 

				
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