Floriculture The retail florist industry has been promoting the use of flowers not just for special occasions. Flowers add a feeling of warmth and welcome to any room. Job Types There are several job types within the floriculture industry ranging from design to sales. Working in retail floristry work with flowers as well as the emotions that they represent. Types of flower shops Different types of shops serve different groups of the population. Types of Flower Shops A shop should tailor its services to the needs and desires of the clientele in its area. Examples include: Full service – traditional retail shop. Examples Products and services available would include fresh flowers, blooming plants, balloons, novelty giftware, and silk and dried arrangements. Examples Afull service shop would also offer regular and special delivery, set-ups for special events, charge accounts and wire service. Specialty shop – targets a specific need in the market by specializing in one segment of the industry. Specialty shop These types of shops would specialize in things such as weddings or potted plants. Many times they are located adjacent to a business that Carriage Trade Shop – Caters to an elite clientele. Carriage Trade Shop May offer the same services as a full service shop but prices are higher. A Carriage trade shop must understand the life styles of its clients. Stem Shop – cash and carry operations, which offer a wide variety of flowers by the stem or bunch. Stem Shop Generally do not offer design services. Are often located in high traffic areas such as just inside a building or on the street. Studio operation – concentrates on specialty and party work for an exclusive client base. Studio operation May operate out of a warehouse without a storefront. Most sales are made by appointment or at the customer’s home or business. Franchise shop – usuallypurchased from a parent company operated according to the rules set by the parent company. Franchise shop Resale products may have to be purchased from the parent company. Franchise shop Franchise price is usually high; the owner may pay a portion of gross sales to the parent company. Franchise shop Franchise provides a business with instant recognition Mass-Market shop - located in a general merchandise chain store or grocery store. Mass-Market shop Offer fresh arrangements, potted plants, balloons and stem purchases. Usually do not offer delivery. Wholesale florist – link between the grower and the retail florist. Wholesale florist The wholesaler purchases flowers from growers around the world and supplies them to the local retail shops. Wholesale florist Wholesalers also supply plants, giftware containers etc. Job opportunities in the retail flower shop Present in nearly all towns of any size throughout the United States. Most are individually owned or family operated employing fewer than ten people. Three areas for job opps Owner manager – responsibilities will include hiring, training, supervising designer, salespersons, and delivery personnel. Owner Manager Managers plan work schedules, order supplies and flowers, coordinate sales promotion and advertising, and supervise or maintain shop records. Pricing of product and profit control is also a responsibility of the owner – manager. Owner – managers must have a good business background. Owner Manager They may also work as a designer and salesperson. Owner Manager Some managers may not take care of routine sales but may be responsible for pricing of weddings, receptions and large parties. Designer’s Assistant – a person training to become a designer. Work with and observe the construction of a variety of floral designs. Designer’s Assistant Usually coordinate the designer’s orders and keep all needed materials on hand. Designer’s Assistant May prepare containers, select and wire flowers, and construct bows for arrangements. After the arrangement is complete the assistant may fill out the card and delivery tag and prepared the product for delivery. As the assistant gains experience they will be responsible for simple arrangements. Difficulty of orders will increase with the amount of experience. Designer – arranges floral and plant material in an artistic manner. Must also have an understanding of basic design principles. Designer Knowledge of flowers, their care and the needed supplies. Arrangements include those for the home, hospital, funeral and a variety or other occasions. Most shops designate one person as the head designer. That individual is responsible for assigning specific work to other designers. The head designer willalso be responsible for making sales that involve special work such as weddings or large parties, order flowers and supplies. The head designer the designer must estimate what materials are needed. If too few are ordered the shop will lose sales. Left over flowers are thrown away Designers are critical to the retail business. The quality of their work will determine customer satisfaction. Happy customers mean repeat business. Salesperson – must deal in telephone and direct face to face sales. Must have a thorough knowledge of flowers, Salesperson flower care, plant care, and floral designs. Must be able to offer customers appropriate suggestions. Effective salespersons have a friendly attitude. Delivery Person – this is a convenience to the customer. It distinguishes full service florists from mass-market florists such as those in some grocery stores. Duties involved packaging orders and loading flowers into the delivery vehicle. Delivery people should be able to repair damaged arrangements if necessary. Training for a job in the retail flower shop: On the job training Designer schools and workshops provided by the state florist association or wholesale florists. Necessary skills for a career in the floriculture industry include – artistic ability, business background, and a love for working with flowers. Many designers begin training in high school or post secondary vocational programs. There are many floral design schools throughout the nation.