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Teachers Guide Grade 2 Teacher’s Guide

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Teachers Guide Grade 2 Teacher’s Guide Powered By Docstoc
					                     Grade 2
                                                    Teacher’s Guide    Vol. 13 No. 1 SY 2008-2009



Health: A Pyramid of Goodness                                              4.  After a few minutes, ask for some volunteers to
                                                                               try and group the pictures. Have the volunteers
I.    Learning Objectives                                                      to briefly explain their answers.
      At the end of the lesson, the pupils are expected to:               5. Praise the pupils who volunteered, including
      a. be familiar on healthy foods;                                         those who were not able to group the foods
      b. able to discover the different food groups in the food                correctly. If a pupil gave an incorrect answer,
           pyramid; and                                                        call on another volunteer. If a certain food was
      c. be able to appreciate healthy food; and                               not correctly grouped by the pupils, lead them
      d. be able to integrate healthy food into their diets.                   to the correct answer.
                                                                          6. After the pupils grouped the food, start the
II.   Subject Matter                                                           discussion.
      Food Pyramid                                                        7. Ask: “Why do you think the grains and breads
                                                                               are at the bottom of the pyramid?
III. Materials                                                            8. Explain that the grains and bread should com-
     Pictures and/or samples of healthy food such as fruits,                   pose the biggest percentage of ones diet. Tell
     grains, and vegetables, adhesive tape                                     them that children their age should eat at least
                                                                               six servings of food from this group every day.
IV.   References                                                               Tell them one serving is about one-half cup of
      Hagibis Grade 2, Vol. 13 No. 1                                           rice or one slice of bread.
      Healthy Eating: Tips for a Healthy Diet. www.helpguide.             9. Continue the discussion by explaining to the
          org/life/healthy_eating_diet.htm                                     pupils that the higher the food in the pyramid,
      Steps to a Healthier You. www.mypyramid.gov/                             the less of it a person should consume in a day.
      The Food Guide Pyramid. www.kidshealth.org/kid/                          Refer to the article on pages 4 to 5 of Hagibis
          stay_healthy/food/pyramid.html                                       Grade 2, Vol. 13 No. 1 for the recommended
                                                                               servings children of their age should eat in a
V.    Strategies                                                               day. Explain also the importance of the different
      A. Motivation                                                            food groups in helping us stay healthy. Remind
          1. Show the class the samples or pictures of healthy                 them though, that what’s written on the article
              foods.                                                           is only a recommendation for average children,
          2. Ask: Have you ever tasted these foods? How                        and if their doctor suggests a different diet, they
              would you describe them? Are these foods                         should follow their doctor’s instructions.
              healthy? Why?                                               10. Conclude the lesson by telling the pupils that if
          3. Encourage the pupils to share their answers.                      a person develops the habit of eating properly
      B. Developmental Activities                                              and exercising regularly, it would most likely
          1. Post on the board several pictures foods from the                 result to a healthy body and mind.
              following foods: bread and grains, vegetables,           C. Generalization
              fruits, meat and poultry, and fats. Place them                   Eating the right food in the amount of food
              randomly.                                                   is important. To know if you are eating the proper
          2. Draw a big pyramid on the board. Divide the                  amount of foods, you can use the food pyramid. The
              pyramid into six sections, like that of a food              food pyramid is a guide that can tell you how much of
              pyramid seen in the Hagibis magazine.                       each food you should eat each day to stay healthy.
          3. Ask the class to think on how they will group             D. Assignment
              the pictures according to the nutritional require-               Assign the pupils to make a food pyramid on a
              ments of an average human.                                  sheet bond paper. For the food, tell them that they



               2                                                   1                           Vol. 13 No. 1 SY 2008-2009
          may cut out pictures from magazines or draw food                 Matisse Cutouts. http://familyfun.go.com/arts-and-
          for each group.                                                     crafts/drawpaint/feature/famf97masterpiece/
                                                                              famf97masterpiece2.html
VI.   Evaluation                                                           How to Make Construction Paper Crafts. www.ehow.
          Evaluate the pupils based on their answers to the                   com/how_2045692_make-construction-paper-crafts.
      questionnaire and assignment. Give extra points to those                html
      who volunteered in the activities.                                   Decoupage. http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decoupage

VII. Questionnaire                                                    V.   Strategies
     Directions: Read the sentences below. Write your answers              A. Motivation
     on the space provided.                                                    1. Begin the lesson by asking the class if they have
     1. What food group that is on top of the food pyramid?                        old magazines and newspapers in their house.
          (Fats and sweets)                                                    2. Ask who among them likes to read magazines
     2. I need to eat 6 to 11 servings of this food group.                         and/or newspapers.
          (Grains and bread)                                                   3. Tell the pupils that aside from giving us some-
     3. Steak, eggs, nuts, and dry beans are examples of this                      thing to read, magazines and newspapers have
          food group. (Meat and poultry)                                           other uses.
     4. How many cups of milk should you drink in a day                    B. Developmental Activities:
          to get the calcium your body needs? (Two cups)                       1. Ask the pupils what they usually do with the
     5. How many servings of vegetable should children of                          magazines or newspapers after they finish read-
          my age eat every day? (Three to five)                                     ing them.
                                                                               2. Tell the class by using colorful pictures or il-
VIII. Other Teaching Ideas                                                         lustrations from old magazines and newspapers,
           Show the class a food pyramid. Briefly, describe the                     they can make their own paper artwork.
      food pyramid. At the bottom of the pyramid is the grains                 3. Tell the pupils to get ready to make an artwork
      and bread group. Above it are the fruits and vegetables                      called decoupage.
      groups. Above the fruits and vegetables groups is meat                   4. Explain to them that a decoupage is a technique
      and poultry group. At the top of the pyramid is the fats                     in which a design is made of cut-out pieces of
      and sweets group.                                                            printed paper glued onto a flat base and then
           Tell the pupils to get a sheet of paper. Tell them                      varnished.
      to explain briefly why the food pyramid is arranged in                    5. Tell the class to bring out their copies of Hagibis
      that way. Use their answers as your springboard for the                      Grade 2, Vol. 13 No. 1 magazines. Together,
      discussion.                                                                  read the article on pages 8 to 9. You may ask
                                                                                   pupils to take turns in reading the article aloud.
                                                                                   Tell the rest of the class to follow the article by
Art: Cut it Out!                                                                   reading silently on their seats.
                                                                               6. After reading the article, ask the class if they
I.    Learning Objectives                                                          understood the article. If any part of the article
      At the end of the lesson, the pupils are expected to:                        wasn’t clear to them, explain it to the pupils.
      a. discover what decoupage is; and                                       7. Once you are confident that they understood the
      b. be able to make a decoupage artwork.                                      article, tell them bring out their materials. Tell
                                                                                   them to be ready to make their own decoup-
II.   Subject Matter                                                               age.
      Paper Artwork: Decoupage                                                 8. Tell the pupils that they can give a decoupage
                                                                                   project as a gift. They can prepare a personal-
III. Materials                                                                     ized birthday card instead of buying a birthday
         Magazines and colored illustrations from the news-                        card. Suggest that they can cut out pictures of
     paper, glue, cartolina paper, clear spray paint or fixative                    their favorite food/cartoons/TV personalities to
     and scissors                                                                  decorate your card.
                                                                               9. Divide the class into small groups. Tell them that
IV.   References                                                                   they will make a poster. Give them a theme and
      Hagibis Grade 2, Vol. 13 No. 1                                               tell them to make a poster following the proce-



               2                                                  2                                Vol. 13 No. 1 SY 2008-2009
             dure described in the article. Tell the groups to               a.   show patience by following procedures properly;
             give their work a title.                                        b.   produce their own paper cutout greeting cards; and
         10. After the pupils finish working, collect their                   c.   show confidence in doing the artwork indepen-
             posters and apply a coat of fixative on their                         dently.
             works.
      C. Generalization                                                II.   Subject Matter
             Making a simple decoupage is not difficult. All                  Project Making: Paper Cutout
         you need to do is to combine different cut outs. If
         you want, you can decorate it with paint or other             III. Materials
         ornaments.                                                         Sample greeting cards
      D. Assignment                                                         Glossy magazines
             Assign the pupils to make another decoupage                    Sheets of construction paper
         artwork about another theme. They will submit their                Scissors
         projects on the next meeting.                                      Pencil and marker
                                                                            Glue or paste
VI.   Evaluation
           Evaluate the pupils based on the group activity and         IV.   References
      answers to the questionnaire. Check if they were coopera-              Hagibis Grade 2, Vol. 13 No. 1
      tive during the group activity.                                        How to Make Greeting Cards with Paper Cutouts. www.
                                                                                 ehow.com/how_1281_make-greeting-cards.html
VII. Questionnaire                                                           How to Make Construction Paper Cut-Out. www.ehow.
          Directions: Read the following sentences. Write True                   com/how_2060065_make-construction-paper-cut-
     if the statement is correct, if not write False.                            outs.html
     1. Decoupage needs expensive artwork materials.
          (False)                                                      V.    Strategies
     2. Decoupage is a decorative technique in which a                       A. Motivation
          design is made of cut-out pieces of printed paper                      1. Show the class a greeting card. If possible, pass
          glued onto a flat base and then varnished. (True)                           the greeting card around so that everyone would
     3. Decoupage is not an artwork. (False)                                         get the chance to hold it and look at it. You may
     4. Decoupage is simple and very easy to do. (True)                              pass around several different cards.
     5. Decoupage as a form of art started in Europe.                            2. After they had taken a look at the greeting
          (True)                                                                     card(s), ask if what the object that was passed
                                                                                     around was. Have them describe it. Ask if the
VIII. Other Teaching Ideas                                                           realize that they can make a card similar to what
      Milling Round:                                                                 they saw just moments ago. Challenge them to
           Divide the class into eight groups. Give each group                       try to make a card as beautiful as the sample
      several cut-out pictures, a sheet of bond paper, and some                      you showed them.
      glue you have prepared before the class. Tell the groups               B. Developmental Activities:
      to glue the pictures on the bond paper. Tell them to make                  1. Begin the lesson by telling the class that greeting
      sure that their work is organized and pleasant to look at.                     cards are readily available in many stores.
      Give them a few minutes to finish the task. After they                      2. Ask the pupils what they notice about the
      finish, collect their works and post their outputs on the                       greeting cards sold in stores. Accept their all
      different sides of the wall. Tell the class to move around                     answers.
      and vote for the best paper artwork among the groups.                      3. Tell them that while most of the greeting cards
      After tallying the votes, explain what decoupage is.                           sold in stores are well made, there are times
                                                                                     when the cards sold in stores cannot express
                                                                                     enough of what we think and feel about the
Paper Cutout Greeting Cards                                                          person we want to give the card to.
                                                                                 4. Ask the pupils what they think can they do if
I.     Learning Objectives                                                           the cards in the store can not express what they
      At the end of the lesson, the pupils are expected to be                        feel about the recipient of the card.
      able to:                                                                   5. Lead them to the correct answer: they can make
                                                                                     their own greeting card. Tell the pupils that most


               2                                                   3                                 Vol. 13 No. 1 SY 2008-2009
              likely, their recipient will appreciate the card                roles. After the interview, they will go back to their own
              even more if the card was made by them.                         places and prepare a greeting card for his or her partner.
         6. Tell the pupils to bring out their copies Hagibis                 This time, each pupil has an idea about the color or il-
              Grade 2, Vol. 13 No. 1 magazines. Go over the                   lustration to design the greeting card. Before the pupils
              article on pages 10 to 11. You may ask pupils to                give the card to their partner, take a look at the cards so
              take turns in reading the article aloud. Tell the               you can rate their outputs.
              rest of the class to follow the article by reading
              silently on their seats.
         7. After reading the article, ask the class if they            Physical Education: Stomach In!
              understood the article. If any part of the article
              wasn’t clear to them, explain it to the pupils.           I.    Learning Objectives
         8. Once you are confident that they understood the                    At the end of the lesson, the pupils are expected to:
              article, tell them bring out their materials. Tell              a. know the importance of the abdomen;
              them to be ready to make their own greeting                     b. be able to do the exercises to strengthen the abdomen;
              card following the procedure in the article.                         and
         9. Supervise the pupils as they work. Be ready to                    c. take care of one’s abdomen.
              provide assistance to pupils who might need
              your help.                                                II.   Subject Matter
      C. Generalization                                                       Project Making - Artwork: Pencil and Brush Holder
              Sometimes, greeting cards can not express what
         we want to say. To solve this problem, we can always           III. Materials
         make our own greeting card. Making a greeting card                  pictures of delicious food
         is not difficult. They can be made using materials that
         are readily available in many homes and stores.                IV.   References
      D. Assignment                                                           Hagibis Grade 2, Vol. 13 No. 1
              Tell the pupils to copy this phrase from the                    The Importance of Abdominal Strength. http://ehe.osu.
         board:                                                                   edu/paes/fsfp/Abdominal_Strength.htm
              I am glad I know how to make greeting cards                     Back Exercises and Abdominal Exercise Recommen-
         through paper cutouts because _____________                              dations. www.spine-health.com/topics/conserv/
              Assign them to complete the phrase by writing                       backex/backex01.html
         a short paragraph, at least three sentences long.                    Abdominal Muscle. www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1B1-
                                                                                  354392.html
VI.   Evaluation
          Evaluate the pupils based on their greeting cards.            V.    Strategies
      You can use this rubric:                                                A. Motivation
      50 percent -- Originality/Uniqueness                                        1. Show the pictures of food to the class. Ask them:
      30 percent -- Artistic/Color and picture combinations/                          Do you love to eat? Which is your favorite food
      20 percent -- Cleanliness/how pictures are cut                                  here? Describe the taste. Where do these food
                                                                                      go after you swallow them?
                                                                                  2. The pupils are asked to inhale and exhale in 4
VII. Questionnaire                                                                    times. The teacher will ask them to describe
     Answer briefly:                                                                   their stomach as they inhale and exhale.
          What are the advantages and disadvantages of giving                 B. Developmental Activities
     a card you made yourself?                                                    1. Start lesson by telling the pupils that the ab-
                                                                                      dominal muscles are important. Explain that
VIII. Other Teaching Ideas                                                            they support and protect our internal organs
           Exchange Greeting Cards: Divide the class into                             like the stomach, liver, and kidneys. Tell them
      pairs. If there are odd number of pupils, you can include                       that they have many other functions including
      yourself so every pupil will have a partner. Tell the class                     helping us inhale and exhale. They also help us
      to bring out their notebook (or any sheet of paper) and                         when we cough, urinate, or move our bowels.
      pencil. One pupil will interview his or her partner first.                       The abdominal muscles also help mothers de-
      He or she will ask his or her favorite color, food, cartoon                     liver their babies. The movements of the trunk
      character etc. After the first interview, they will exchange


                2                                                   4                                 Vol. 13 No. 1 SY 2008-2009
              and the legs are also helped by the abdominal              VIII. Other Teaching Ideas
              muscles.                                                               Have a film showing: Procure some video showing
         2. Ask the pupils: Is it important to have strong ab-                 different exercises that show how to strengthen one’s
              dominal muscles? After allowing them to share                    abdomen muscles. Select some relatively easy exercises
              their answers, ask a follow up question: is there                and challenge the pupils to try if they can do the exercise.
              a way to strengthen the abdominal muscles?                       As the pupils attempt the exercises, be ready to help or
         3. Explain to your class that everyone can benefit                     encourage them. After the film showing and the activity,
              from strong abdominal muscles.                                   tell the pupils about the importance of abdominal exercise
         4. Tell the pupils to bring out their copies Hagibis                  to one’s body.
              Grade 2, Vol. 13 No. 1 magazines. Go over the
              article on pages 14 to 15. You may ask pupils to
              take turns in reading the article aloud. Tell the          Stay Fit
              rest of the class to follow the article by reading
              silently on their seats.                                   I.    Learning Objectives
         7. After reading the article, ask the class if they                   At the end of the lesson, the pupils are expected to:
              understood the article. If any part of the article               a. be conscious about their health;
              wasn’t clear to them, explain it to the pupils.                  b. be able to develop camaraderie among classmates
         8. Once you are confident that they understood                              and/or friends through playing sports; and
              the article, tell them that they will be trying                  c. be able to show interest in doing simple games.
              out the exercises. Move the chairs to the side
              of the room, and lead the class in doing the               II.   Subject Matter
              exercises.                                                       Healthy Body
         9. Check the form of the pupils as they execute
              the exercises. Be ready to correct their forms if          III. Materials
              necessary.                                                      Pictures of obese persons, including obese children
         10. After the exercises, give them a minute or two
              to rest, then tell them to quietly return the chairs       IV.   References
              to their original positions.                                     Hagibis Grade 2, Vol. 13 No. 1
      C. Generalization                                                        Kids get hyped - motivating children to stay fit - includes
              It is important to have strong abdominal                             related article - 7th Annual Youth Fitness Section.
         muscles. Strong abdominal muscles help the back                           http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0675/is_n4_
         muscles support the trunk. When your abdominals                           v11/ai_13240305
         are weak, you might have back ache.                                   Preventing Childhood Obesity. www.afic.org/Preventin
      D. Assignment                                                                g%20Childhood%20Obesity.htm
              Assign the pupils to research on other exercises                 Fun Pool Workout For Kids. www.cbsnews.com/sto-
         that can strengthen the abdominal muscles. Tell them                      ries/2002/08/08/earlyshow/contributors/minnales-
         to write their answers on their notebooks.                                sig/main518053.shtml
                                                                               Be a Fit Kid. www.kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/fit/
VI.   Evaluation                                                                   fit_kid.html
          Evaluate the pupils based on the activity. Check how
      cooperative they were. Rate how well they were able to             V.    Strategies
      execute the exercises.                                                   A. Motivation
                                                                                   1. Show the class the pictures of the obese persons.
VII. Questionnaire                                                                     You can pass the pictures around so they can
     Answer the following questions.                                                   take a better look at the pictures.
     1. Abdominal muscles protect the internals organs such                        2. Ask the class: How would you describe the
        as ________.                                                                   persons in the pictures? How did he or she
     2. In what way do abdominal muscles help the peo-                                 become like that? Do you think he or she still
        ple?                                                                           has a chance to become healthy and physically
     3. Name some exercise that could strengthen one’s                                 fit?
        abdominal muscles.                                                         3. Give the pupils a few minutes to share their
                                                                                       answers.



               2                                                     5                                  Vol. 13 No. 1 SY 2008-2009
      B. Developmental Activities                                       VIII. Other Teaching Ideas
         1. Begin the lesson by asking the class who among                    Class Activity: Move your Body
              them likes to play computer games during their                       Prepare a CD or cassette tape player and some re-
              free time.                                                      cordings dance or workout music. Tell the class that they
         2. Explain to the class that there is nothing wrong                  will be getting a mini workout. Have the pupils stand up.
              with playing appropriate video games once in a                  Tell the pupils to follow your lead. Play some music and
              while. But emphasize that they need to be active                lead the class in doing some exercises. Do the exercise
              if they want to be healthy. Tell them to try to                 for about 10 minutes to 15 minutes. After the exercise,
              get exercises as much as possible. Suggest that                 allow the pupils to rest for a few minutes and start the
              they engage in sports like football, basketball,                discussion by explaining the importance of exercise.
              and volleyball.
         3. Tell the class that aside from the benefits of
              exercises, playing team sports an also develop
              teamwork. Explain to them that if they prefer             Answer to For Kids Only
              individual sports, the can try games such as
              tennis, table tennis, etc.                                Three Squares
         4. Divide the class into groups. Tell the groups to
              come up with simple games or activities that can
              help make the body strong and healthy. Give the
              groups about 5 minutes to come up with their
              ideas.
         5. When time is up, ask each group to appoint a
              representative who will present their ideas to
              the class.
         6. After the presentation, you can have the class
              try out some of the games they suggested.
      C. Generalization
              Being active can help prevent you from getting
         sick. Getting some exercise is not difficult. But you           Three Squares (Part 2)
         have to be willing to do some exercise
      D. Assignment
              Assign the pupils to think of other activities that
         children could do to stay away from obesity. Tell the
         class the activities should be different from those
         discussed in class. Tell them to submit their ideas
         on a sheet of paper.

VI.   Evaluation
           Evaluate the pupils based on the activity. You may
      use this rubric in your evaluation.
      30 percent – Presentation in the class/Performance
      30 percent – Originality                                          Solution to Chess Puzzle
      40 percent – Content of the presentation.                         1. Bg6#
VII. Questionnaire
     Answer the questions briefly.
     1. What do you think are the factors that could make a
        person obese?
     2. What should a person do to stay fit?




               2                                                    6                                 Vol. 13 No. 1 SY 2008-2009

				
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