1 How to Silk Screen on a College Student Budget Written By: Amor Marie Ausan 2 Table of Contents Supplies & Tools............................................. 3 Brief Descriptions of Materials......................... 3 Instructions................................................. 4 Expenses..................................................... 7 3 Supplies & Tools ◊ T-shirt ◊ Paintbrushes ◊ Fabric paint ◊ Pencil ◊ Mod Podge ◊ Image for design ◊ Embroidery hoop ◊ Printer ◊ Tulle netting ◊ Computer ◊ Sponge T-shirt: Choose a t-shirt which can take paint in very well, most preferably made of 100% cotton. Fabric paint: Fabric paint comes in an array of colors; choose one that is of your liking. Do NOT use regular paint because most likely it is washable and it will rinse off in the wash. Mod Podge: Mod Podge is decoupage glue that is water-based, dries clear, and perfect for this particular project. Other brands of decoupage glue: Aleene’s, Royal Coat, check your local art store. ***Do NOT use Elmer’s glue because it is washable. Embroidery Hoop: Embroidery hoop is used for cross stitching, but for our purpose it’ll be used as a part of our stencil. Tulle netting: The material we will use as our primary stencil is tulle netting. It is used for veils, ribbons, etc. Paintbrushes & Sponge: Cheap, disposable paintbrushes can be used. You will need art sponges, not the once from your kitchen counter. Image for Design: Either print images out from the computer that you like, use a picture from a magazine, or sketch out an image. 4 Instructions Step I: Set up the stencil, using the embroidery hoop & netting Materials Needed: -Embroidery Hoop -Tulle Netting ◊ Cut a piece from the tulle netting big enough so it’s at least 20% bigger than the embroidery hoop. ◊ Pull apart the embroidery hoop; there are two hoops – one with the fastener and the other without. ◊ Lay down the hoop without the fastener, take your netting and center your netting on top of the hoop. [Fig. 1] ◊ Then take the other hoop and attach it on top of the hoop with the netting – slightly tighten the hoops giving the netting room to be adjusted. Fig. 1 ◊ The netting should be stretched out enough that there are no wrinkles on it. Be careful not to rip the netting because if it’s too tight, it will rip. ◊ Once the netting is stretched, securely fasten the hoops. Make sure the hoops are fastened tightly. Step II: Creating an image onto your stencil Materials Needed: -Hoop & Netting -Image for design ◊ Print out an image from a computer, use a magazine picture, use letters, etc. to use as your image – here I printed out a New Jersey outline. [See Fig. 2] ◊ Place your hoop with the netting on top of your image. ◊ Trace the outline of your image using a pencil; you may need to go over your lines over and over again so you can see the outline in your netting. Fig. 2 5 Step III: Making your stencil Materials Needed: -Hoop & Netting -Mod Podge -Paintbrush -Image(optional) Fig. 3 ◊ Set up a workspace, e.g. laying down newspapers, because we will be using glue, i.e. Mod Podge. ◊ The next step can be done in two ways, either directly over the image or without the image just using the outlines you traced over. ◊ Using the Mod-Podge, apply the glue to the space of the image which will not be transferred to the t-shirt, this is called the negative space. [See Fig. 3] o For my t-shirt, I want the shape of New Jersey, so I will be putting glue on the space outside of the shape. ◊ Making the stencil takes a while because you have to first apply it, wait until it dries, and then do touch ups. Step IV: Making your T-shirt Materials Needed: -T-shirt -Hoop & netting -Fabric paint -Sponge -Paintbrush ◊ Now, the fun part. Take your t-shirt, place it down on your workspace, and decide the placement of your image on the t-shirt. ◊ Once you’ve decided on the location, place the hoop & netting on your t-shirt. ◊ Using your sponge and paint, take a small amount of paint and dab it on to your stencil. Note that the netting is thin enough that paint will go through it. [See Fig. 4.1] ◊ Keep applying paint until you get your desired look. It might not look perfect and that’s why we retouch. ◊ Once you finish applying the paint, lift the hoop & netting off. [See Fig.4.3] ◊ With a paintbrush and now with a vivid image on your t- shirt, you can do a little retouching. Don’t over do it because the paint might soak through to the other side. [See Fig. 4.5] 6 ◊ Let your t-shirt dry for about 24 hours or even more, making sure that your paint is completely dry. Fig. 4 Step V: Rock Your T-Shirt!! 7 Expenses Since we are all college students trying to save money as much as we can, I thought that this information might help you out and may even convince you to try this nice art project. Mod Podge - $5.27 (can be reused as just regular glue) Fabric paint - $2+ (depending on choice of color(s)) Paintbrushes - $2+ (you can use cheap brushes) Sponge – $3.29 for a 4 pack Embroidery hoop - $13 (a bit costly but reusable) Tulle netting - $4.72 for 25 yards T-shirt - $3.99+ Note: These prices are based on AC Moore store prices.