December 2009 - 2009 NASBDRM USA by fjwuxn



December 2009

2009 NASB/DRM USA Meeting
Upcoming NASB/DRM USA Annual Meetings
Chicago Radio Convention
2009 EDXC Conference
HCJB Report
Trans World Radio Name Change
Catalog of Shortwave Receivers
African Broadcasters Gear Up for Future
Shortwave Demo of DrTV at IBC
DRM Receiver with Color Screen
New Thomson Antenna
Geneva EBU/DRM Conference
Medal for Mother Angelica of EWTN
Shortwave Radio’s Advantage Over Internet
Appraisal of RNW Performance 2004-2008
Shortwave Important for Those at Sea
KNLS Report
WHRA Report
Shortwave Radio in Darfur
Program about Shortwave Radio in Africa
NASB Shortwave Listener Survey

2009 NASB/DRM USA Meeting – Nashville, TN
Report by Michael Murray for World DX Club, England

The annual NASB/DRM two-day meeting was held in May at the Holiday Inn, Nashville,
Tennessee, hosted by World Christian Broadcasting and Radio Station WWCR.

The opening session started on the Thursday morning with remarks from the two host
companies. This was followed by a report from John Stanley of HCJB, regarding the testing of
three FEBC 100KW SW transmitters on Saipan, which Continental had converted to DRM

The first seminar covered the latest developments in Digital Radio Mondiale, and was given
by Adil Mina of Continental Electronics. He reported that there were plenty of DRM
broadcasts, but once again the lack of receivers was holding back the project. India and
Russia had now agreed to use DRM, and would provide inexpensive receivers in their own
regions. DRM could now be found in the FM band, with a simulcast of AM & FM broadcasts.
In addition a new DRM receiver would soon be sold through Universal Radio.

The next podium speaker was Mel Whitten, and his topic was WinDRM – Amateur Radio‘s
DRM Evolution. He talked about the radio‘s digital voice and image transfer modes derived
from DRM‘s Dream receiver/transmitter software. In his talk he covered how these modes
were developed.

A Profile of Ten-Tec, a Tennessee company that makes HF receivers for both radio Amateurs
and shortwave listeners, was the next item on the agenda. Gary Barbour spoke about the
history of the company and promoted a book written by Nancy William called Ten-Tec the first
40 years. 2008 was their 40th year.

The business part of the DRM concluded with a buffet lunch at a local restaurant, next door to
the Ryman Auditorium, the original home of ―The Grand Ole Opry‖ radio programme.

The afternoon was spent visiting the transmitter site of WWCR, which is situated just outside
of Nashville. Housed at the transmitter site is a 50KW AM station, WNQM – 1300, along with
four 100 KW SW transmitters of WWCR. The SW station operates on ten frequencies, 24
hours a day with gospel broadcasting. This was followed by a brief visit to the offices of WCB,
the World Christian Broadcasting organisation who operate transmitters, under the callsign
KNLS in Alaska. A video was shown to the delegates of the station and the new work currently
being undertaken in Madagascar. Both WWCR and WCB had hosted the buffet lunch.

Following the bus tour, most of the delegates went on to the Stoveworks restaurant for dinner,
which is situated in nearby Franklin. The restaurant was in the historic setting of The Factory,
which contained a number of small shops.

The second day, Friday, saw the start of the NASB Annual Meeting.

The opening item on the agenda was a three member Panel Discussion on the State of SW
Listening and Broadcasting in Europe. Unfortunately at the last minute two of the panelists
could not attend so Michael Murray of the World DX Club took the podium. In a revised talk
Michael spoke about the changes that have happened, especially in Europe, since he started
radio listening in the early 60‘s. He commented on the cutbacks from the major radio stations
in Europe, who have either stopped broadcasting all together or have moved over to on-line
―broadcasting.‖ He finished this part of his talk, as a traveler, asking the question which would
you rather do. Holding a SW receiver in your hand or a Netbook computer? A computer is fine
if you are in an area with wifi or a large battery capacity, but not very convenient if you are
camping or on the beach! Michael also spoke about the upcoming EDXC Conference to be
held in Dublin, Ireland in late August.
In the final part of the opening agenda item, Adrian Peterson of AWR, Adventist World Radio
spoke about the changes in SW broadcasting from a broadcaster‘s prospective.

The next part of the agenda was an interesting look at a single person‘s attempt at promoting
a sports programme on shortwave. Bruce Baskin started with World Cricket Today, and had
now moved onto World Baseball Today, where he covers that sport in North America, Asia
and Europe. These broadcasts can be heard over WRMI on 9955 kHz each Sunday at 14.30

Don Messer gave a report on ―Tests of Digital Radio Broadcasting (DRM) to Cover Alaska.‖
The goal is to see if all of Alaska can receive DRM shortwave broadcasts throughout the state
at anytime and any day. They had to get an FCC experimental license to conduct these tests.
Some of the questions that had to be addressed included: What frequency bands should be
used? How much power will be needed? The tests are being done in central Alaska. They
are using 10 to 20 kHz channels with various error correction and constellation options. They
are putting in place a receiver network of around 18 sites. Then, they will conduct field tests.
They plan to report the results to the FCC after a 2-year interval. Three 100kW transmitters
are being used.

Allan McGuirl of Galcom International who manufactures small solar radios was the next
speaker. Galcom have produced over 750,000 fix tuned radio‘s in AM, FM and SW mode, and
can be found in over 100 countries. Of the 750,000 radios, over 118,000 are for SW use. The
firm has also installed more than 60 low powered Christian radio stations in unreached areas
of the world.

Charlie Jacobson gave the latest information on HCJB, Ecuador. Due to building of the new
Quito airport, HCJB has been ordered to close down their transmitter site at Pifo. The latest
time line shows that the site will close on April 1, 2010 at the latest. They will still use a 49
meter band outlet covering the Andean area and the head waters of the Amazon River Basin
from their high powered AM site. Currently there are eight antennas standing, down from the
original 31 at the station‘s peak.

After a coffee break, Charles Caudill, the President of World Christian Broadcasting spoke
about their work in setting up a new transmitter site in Madagascar. Despite the recent
change in the government of Madagascar, work has continued on the site at a great pace,
with some modification to the work schedule. There have been a number of security problems
and their store had been ransacked, with the loss of much equipment.

Tom King, President of Kintronics Labs of Bristol, Tennessee, gave the final lecture of the
morning. Kintronics builds antennas, including the corner reflector for WRMI in Miami, Florida.
They have also provided a 3-tower antenna for KICY, Nome, Alaska for programmes directed
to Eastern Siberia, and a 250 KW 6 tower array, directed in three patterns to North Korea,
China and Japan, on 1566 kHz on the island of Cheju off the southern coast of South Korea
for FEBC.

The majority of the participants took lunch at a local restaurant, before returning to the Holiday
Inn for the NASB Business meeting. During the meeting it was decided that the 2010 meeting
would take place in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada hosted by Galcom International.
Agenda Announced for 2010 Annual Meeting in Hamilton, Ontario

NASB associate member Galcom International will host the 2010 NASB-DRM USA annual
meetings on May 20 and 21 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. This will be the first time that the
NASB has held an annual meeting in Canada, or anywhere outside the U.S. for that matter.
The meetings will be held at the Mohawk College Conference Center and will be open to
listeners and broadcasters – anyone interested in shortwave radio.

This year there is a registration fee, unlike recent years. However, it includes some meals
and coffee breaks, transportation to the outside venues, and allows us to rent the conference
center at Mohawk College, where there will be free wireless Internet service.

Meeting Agenda

On Thursday, May 20, meeting participants will go by bus to Crossroads Communications in
the morning to participate in the taping of a syndicated television program and to talk about
shortwave radio. A tour of the Crossroads facility will follow. Later, the bus will take everyone
to Galcom for a tour of the factory where they build fix-tuned shortwave receivers and other
broadcast and receiving equipment. There will be a barbecue lunch at the Galcom factory
before returning to the Mohawk College Conference Center for the DRM USA meeting. At
4:30 pm, a bus will take meeting participants on an optional trip to world-famous Niagara
Falls, including a private NASB dinner in that city. The bus will then return to Mohawk

On Friday, May 21, the NASB annual meeting will officially take place. Talks and
presentations will focus on Canadian subjects. Members of the Ontario DX Association will
tell about their very successful shortwave/DX club and about their role as QSL coordinator for
the Toronto shortwave station CFRX. We have also invited representatives of the Canadian
Broadcasting Corporation, Radio Canada International and the CBC Northern Service to give
presentations. Lunch will be catered at the Mohawk College Conference Center, and in the
afternoon the meeting will continue, including the NASB Business Meeting, which will
conclude by 5:00 pm.

Explanatory Notes for Registration Form:


Block A – Please fill out one form for each person attending. The registration fee is C$55 per
person (i.e. Canadian dollars). This will cover the basic registration fee, lunches on Thursday
and Friday, and coffee breaks on both days. Please check the days you plan to attend
(Thursday, Friday or both). If you do not require accommodation, or if you plan to stay
somewhere other than the Mohawk College residence, check the box indicating that you will
take care of your own overnight accommodations.
Block B – This is the cost of accommodation at the Mohawk College residence. These are
student residences which are made available to the public in the summer months. The
C$87.50 rate (Canadian dollars) is per person for TWO nights (Wednesday and Thursday),
based on double occupancy in a standard suite. This is, for example, if you plan to share a
suite with a colleague from your own organization (or anyone else you want to share with).
Please indicate the name of the person you will be sharing your suite with. Note that each
suite has two private rooms, along with a shared bathroom and kitchenette. See the suite
layout at: The
C$175.00 rate is per person for TWO nights (Wednesday and Thursday) if you prefer a
private suite for yourself and/or family members. The residence suite includes the two nights'
accommodations, two continental breakfasts, free parking and free Internet. The address is
245 Fennell Avenue West, Hamilton, Ontario. It is not possible to stay at the Mohawk
residence for just one night. (See Alternate Accommodations below.)

Block C – There will be an optional visit to Niagara Falls on Thursday evening. The price of
C$55.00 per person includes bus transportation from Mohawk College to the Falls and back,
and a private NASB dinner at the Old Stone Mill restaurant in Niagara Falls, Ontario. You are
welcome to bring family members along for the same price of C$55.00 per person. Please
note on the registration form the names of any family members who will be accompanying
you, and put the total amount in the box. Here is the tentative menu for the dinner: Bread
Service. 1st Course: Mixed Green Salad with House Dressing. Main Course: Dry Aged
Angus Prime Rib of Beef au jus with Yorkshire pudding, mashed potatoes and seasonal
vegetables; or Angel Hair Pasta with caramelized onions, crumbled goat cheese, arugula and
olive oil; or Eggplant Parmesan. Dessert Course: Choice of New York style cheesecake,
Lemon Craze, or Apple Blossom. Coffee, tea.

You may send your registration form by standard mail along with a personal or company
cheque payable to Galcom International, or you can pay everything by credit/debit card if you
wish. Just indicate if it is a Visa or MasterCard and provide the card details. If paying by Visa
or MasterCard, you can fax your registration form to Galcom at the number indicated, or you
can scan and e-mail the form to them.

Alternative Accommodation: The Mohawk residence package above is for two nights (May
19 and 20); there is no rate for just one night of accommodation. The Mohawk College
residence is not available on Friday night. However, there is alternative accommodation
available (for Friday or for any other nights) at the Courtyard by Marriott hotel, 1224 Upper
James Street in Hamilton for an NASB group rate of C$129 per night plus tax. The normal
rate for May is C$169 per night. The group rate of C$129 per night is for single, double, triple
or quad occupancy, with two queen beds or one king size bed, free high-speed Internet and
free parking). This hotel is approximately seven minutes from the Mohawk Conference
Center by car. To get this conference rate, call the Marriott 800-number (+1-800-MARRIOTT)
and tell them you are with the National Association of Shortwave Broadcasters group. If you
prefer, you can also e-mail Marilyn Frame, the hotel's Sales Manager, at: to make your reservation with your name, address, telephone
number and credit card details. You should guarantee your reservation with a credit card.
The group room block expires on April 19, 2010. If you reserve after that date, the price will
be at the hotel's regular rate, if rooms are available.
Planning underway for 2011 Annual Meeting

WRMI in Miami has offered to host the 2011 NASB-DRM USA annual meeting on board a
cruise ship from Miami or Fort Lauderdale to the Bahamas. The proposal is for a two- or
three-day event in May of 2011. Details for the 2011 meeting are expected to be finalized at
the 2010 annual meeting in Hamilton, Ontario.

NASB-DRM USA 2012 Annual Meeting confirmed for Washington, DC

The NASB was pleased to receve an invitation from Radio Free Asia to hold the 2012 annual
meeting of the NASB and the joint DRM USA meeting in RFA's first floor conference toom
May 10 and 11, 2012. The NASB Board quickly accepted the invitation. RFA hosted two
previous NASB-DRM USA annual meetings in past years. When the meeting is in the
Washington, DC area, many representatives of the IBB and the FCC have an opportunity to
attend, so we are looking forward to a robust attendance of these and other Washington-area

Chicago Radio Convention
by Adrian Peterson

 A three-day historic radio convention was held in suburban Chicago a few months ago,
running from July 30 to August 1. This annual event is staged by the ―Antique Radio Club of
Illinois‖ in association with the national ―Antique Wireless Association‖ and it is one of the
largest historic radio conventions each year in the United States. This annual event typically
attracts an attendance of around 1,200 people coming from many widespread areas
throughout the United States, as well as from Canada and several countries overseas. The
event is traditionally held in the Holiday Inn at Willowbrook, some 20 miles southwest from
downtown Chicago.

On Thursday, the outdoor events included the setting up of tents and display areas filled with
old, and very old, radio and wireless receivers, and other ancient radio memorabilia. Among
the many unusual items were old grandfather clocks that contain an original built-in radio
receiver, wooden tables also with an original built-in radio receiver, lots of very old receivers
that are in actual working condition, as well as parts and pieces for every conceivable radio

The major indoor activity on Thursday was the Main Auction, which took place in the evening.
Everything imaginable in old radio and wireless was up for auction. Some items were sold at
quite a low price, but other items went for very high prices, even above $1,000.

The outdoor activities continued on Friday, with selling and trading of old wanted radio items;
and in addition, a special event amateur station was on the air under the callsign KC9IPB.
Indoor activities on Friday included several illustrated presentations from guest speakers.
These spoken topics included ―The Illustrated History of Chicago‘s Mediumwave Station
WLS‖, ―The World‘s Oldest Radio Cards‖ dating from the year 1900, and a practical do-it-
yourself project on the restoration of old radio receivers.

Saturday‘s events, both indoors and outdoors, saw the official winding down of this popular
annual annual convention which concluded at midday.

A major display of professionally restored radio receivers and other radio memorabilia was
held in the Hinsdale Room in the Willowbrook Holiday Inn, and one of the displays was a
sample collection of ―The World‘s Oldest Radio Cards,‖ many thousands of them, displayed in
very large photo albums. During the time of this display in the Hinsdale Room, a restored old
radio receiver was active, tuned in to a local Chicago mediumwave station.

Note: NASB Board member Adrian Peterson of Adventist World Radio was the NASB's
representative at the Chicago Radio Convention.

The 2009 EDXC Conference in Dublin
Report by Anker Petersen, Danish Shortwave Club International

The 42nd annual Conference of the European DX Council (EDXC) was held on 28-30 August
2009 at Grand Canal Hotel near the centre of the Irish capital, Dublin.

I flew from Denmark together with Kaj Bredahl Jørgensen and his wife Else with SAS. We
were welcomed in the airport by DX-er Edward Dunne who was the local organizer. When
Susanne Lips from Germany, Alexander Beryozkin from St. Petersburg and Jonathan Murphy
from Cork, Ireland, also had arrived, we all took a bus to the Hotel.

At 1900 we had an informal gathering in the lobby and were welcomed by EDXC Secretary
General Tibor Szilagyi and Edward Dunne.

48 people from 10 countries attended this Conference. The biggest attendance came from
Finland with 16 participants. From the United Kingdom came 9, Sweden 5, Ireland 3,
Denmark 3, Japan 2, U.S.A. 2, Russia 1 and Germany 1. Five broadcasters were present:
Voice of Turkey (Dr. Ufuk Geçim), FEBC (Mike Adams), Radio Free Asia (Andrew Janitschek
―A.J‖), IBB (Arto Mujunen) and Phantom FM in Dublin (Simon Maher).

Amongst the DX-ers were no less than 7 present and former Secretary Generals and
Assistant Secretary Generals of the EDXC: Anker Petersen, Claës-W. Englund, Bengt
Dalhammar, Michael Murray, Risto Vähäkainu, Arto Mujunen and Tibor Szilagyi.

Saturday 29 August
At 0900, Counsellor Rebecca Moynihan, representing the Lord Mayor of Dublin welcomed us
to the beautiful city.

Then the Conference was officially opened by Tibor Szilagyi and Edward Dunne, the Irish DX
Club. Tibor reported: ― The number of members of the EDXC is showing a growing tendency.
Today we have 12 European DX Clubs as Regular Members --- 2 Clubs more than 1 year

On the Individual Member side, we have noted a significant increase: We have now 4
Members: 2 from Sweden, 1 from Finland and 1 from Italy. As Observer Members we count --
as we did last year as well --- 4 Observer Members: 2 from Germany, 1 from the U. K. ( =
The British DX Club ) and 1 from the U.S.A. : National Association of Shortwave Broadcasters

The Membership Fees have been paid rather fast at the beginning of the year 2009. We at
the EDXC are very grateful for that --- being a small and very poor hobby organization,
operating with penny--like financial means.

For this year's EDXC Conference I invited 27 different radio stations to come to Dublin to
make their own presentations and just to see how we work as a hobby organization. Of those
27 invited radio stations I received answers from only a few. Radio Belarus and Voice of
Russia in Moscow answered at the beginning of this year and told me the following: Because
of the worldwide financial crisis they received much less money from their governments, so,
even if they were extremely flattered by the kind invitation of the EDXC, they cannot come.
From those Invited radio stations in Asia only China Radio International answered me. The
secretary of the English Section wrote to me that she forwarded my invitation to the Chief of
the English Service: Mr. Yang Lei. Altough I repeated our EDXC Invitation to those 27 radio
stations several times, a complete silence was the result from these stations.

During last year's EDXC Conference in Vaasa / Finland, we received the kind Invitation from
the Voice of Turkey in Ankara, to come to Ankara and arrange our next EDXC Conference
together with the Voice of Turkey there in 2010. The EDXC has several times expressed our
true thankfulness for this kind invitation to Ankara. Because of this we certainly maintained a
special contact with Voice of Turkey.

While organizing this year's EDXC Conference I was often in contact with Edward Dunne from
the Irish DX Club here in Dublin. Edward always answered my e-mails immediately and we
had a very good co-operation during this time working together. On behalf of the EDXC I wish
to express my big thank you to Edward for the excellent work he has done.
In the springtime of 2009 I was contacted by Risto Vahakainu from the FDXA ( Finland )
asking me to think over what could we offer more for this Conference as an extension of the
programme for Sunday, August 30. As you can see from the detailed programme our Finnish
DX friends managed to contribute with a lot of interesting items for this Sunday. I wish to
express my thankfulness towards our Finnish DX -- friends for this excellent contribution.

At the same time I would like to wish the Conference a great success, and please do continue
with this wonderful DX -- Hobby !!‖

Edward Dunne pointed out that this was the first time an EDXC Conference was held in
Ireland. Therefore he was anxious that all arrived well, got good memories and will come back
to Ireland another time.

Greetings were received from AGDX, Rhein-Main DX Club, Valerio Cavallo of AIR, Jeff White
and Torre Ekblom.

The first lecture was about ―Shortwave Disaster Radio and Studio-in-a Suitcase‖, held by Mike
Adams. He is engineer at FEBC and also Vice President of NASB. Shortwave is still a strong
medium in many countries in Asia. Since the big Tsunami in 2005, FEBC has developed a
―Rapid Response Kit‖ with advanced technology which can be sent anywhere in the world as
humanitarian aid in cooperation with the Red Cross. The Kit consists of two suitcases each
weighing 20 kg comprising a FM transmitter, an antenna and a Chrysolute studio. If the
disaster has destroyed the local radiostation, FEBC can send a reporter team with the Kit to
the area within 72 hours. Test have shown that the FM station can be established within 45
minutes. In addition the reporter team can report back to the FEBC on the Philippines and
broadcast emergency broadcasts to the area via SW. The reporters seek out local officials
(police, doctors, community and rescue people etc.) and forward their utmost important
messages, besides establish a service for missing people.

Next was Simon Maher, General Manager of the Rock station Phantom Radio, in Dublin. It is
broadcasting on 576 kHz MW and analogue FM. But it is also going to broadcast on DAB and
digital cable TV. He sees no future for DRM. In Dublin there are 3-4 pirates on FM in the
weekends and a few SW pirates.

Then Jonathan Murphy gave a well-documented lecture about ―Broadcasting to the World:
The Role of the Media in the Baltic States during their struggle for independence from the
USSR‖. He described the independence attempts in 1991 in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia as
they were broadcast by the radio. The Soviet forces in January occupied key installations, but
in August the left again and the three countries declared their independence. At the same time
Boris Jeltzin had taken over from President Mikhail Gorbachev with a coup.

Next A.J. gave an update on the status of Radio Free Asia whose broadcasts in Korean,
Tibetan, Mandarin, Uighur and Vietnamese are still jammed. He introduced the new QSL for
September-October and thanked for the many reception reports to the website . On the QSL‘s 6 IBB sites are identified, but others cannot be that for
political reasons.

Dr. Ufuk Geçim from the German Section of the Voice of Turkey (TRT) then told about the
station and her job as editor of the Letterbox and DX-programme. Her audience is German
speaking listeners, including many Turks who live in Germany and Austria. She hoped the
next EDXC Conference could be held in Ankara, probably on 30 September to 03 October
2010, but the formal invitation from TRT could not yet be given.

After lunch a sightseeing bus driven by Steve and with James as guide brought us through
the very clean city of historical Dublin with its many beautiful buildings and parks. We passed
the radio building of RTE, saw the ruins from the Vikings who had 150 years of influence.

We ended up in the Vintage Radio Museum ―Ye Olde Hurdy-Gurdy Museum‖ in the very
green Howth and saw its many old receivers. Weather varied with both sunshine and rain at
times. The Irish say: ―There will be rain between the showers!‖

The delicious Banquet Dinner was held under cover at the Hotel followed by a raffle with
many DX-related prizes.
Sunday 30 August

At 0930 Risto Vähäkainu told about the current DX-Club activity in Europe and the World.
Many clubs have the option with both a printed bulletin and a PDF-version on the website.
The internet is necessary to attract younger members, but the websites have to be updated.

Then followed a club meeting where all DX-Clubs represented told about their activities:
DSWCI, BDXC-UK, St. Petersburg DX-Club, FDXA, Irish DX Club, SDXF/ Mälardalens DX-
Club, HDXC and JSWC. Tibor Szilagyi also revealed that a new candidate as Assistant
Secretary General had been found in Sweden, because Torre Ekblom has decided to cease
this job for personal reasons. The new name is Ingvar Kohlstroem.

The sun broke through, so we hurried out to take the official photo in front of Grand Canal

Back in the Conference room, Jukka Kotovirta gave a lively talk about the magic FM DX-
hobby. With a good antenna, e.g. a 15 element Yagi, you can get good results even in noisy
cities. The year 2009 has had very poor reception conditions, maybe because of the poor
stock exchanges.

Then Arto Mujunen, leader of the IBB monitoring in Finland, stated that shortwave is still
needed, because crises and disasters may happen. Furthermore, in some remote areas, e.g.
in Russia, shortwave is the only medium available. DRM was very much on the agenda at the
recent HFCC Conference in the Dominican Republic. India and Russia have decided to
introduce DRM, so shortwave and mediumwave DX-ing will be more difficult in the future.

Tibor Szilagyi and Edward Dunne then closed the successful EDXC Conference which had
many very interesting lectures and not the least was a social event where we met old and
new friends. Thank you to Tibor and Edward for this!

Note: A version of this article with photos is available at the EDXC website,

From Ecuador to the World: Missionary Radio Station Broadcasts the Gospel for
Nearly 6 Decades
By Kenneth D. MacHarg, Missionary Journalist
Just stepping on the property one knew that it was a special place.
Others declared that it was holy ground.
Whatever a person‘s viewpoint, these 110 acres of rolling green fields with a spectacular view
of the perfect snow-covered volcanic cone of Mount Cotopaxi to the south were a single point
from which shortwave radio programs could be beamed to the four corners of the earth.
Pifo, as the transmitter site for international Christian radio station HCJB, the Voice of the
Andes, was known, could only be described in superlatives: one of the largest radio stations
in the world; the home of one of the largest broadcast antennas ever built; one of the few
places in the world where radio broadcasts could reach around the globe; the place from
which the gospel of Jesus Christ could be heard by listeners in each of the world‘s countries.
Even before entering the property, a visitor approaching the transmitter site from Quito could
see red-and-white towers poking up into the sky. Passing through the entry gate just east of
the town of Pifo, one saw 31 arrays of steel towers and curtains of wire spread out. Clustered
near the transmitter and maintenance buildings were the homes of resident engineers.

Each of those unique structures with their complex web of reflecting curtains was designed to
throw a powerful signal to a specific target, be it North or South America, Europe, the South
Pacific, East Asia or West Central Africa. Smaller antennas, configured in a different manner,
served to send programs in the Quichua dialects straight up where they would bounce off
electronically charged layers far beyond the reach of the highest-flying airliner and bounce
back down like an umbrella over the Andes where those descendents of the Inca civilizations
still live.
In the large transmitter building, 10 behemoths of electronic genius pumped out hundreds of
thousands of watts of signal power, much of it generated in HCJB Global‘s own hydroelectric
plants even higher in those majestic mountains.
Some of those technological marvels were commercial brands known to radio engineers
around the world: RCA, Harris, Siemens. Others, including the super-power, 500,000-watt
HC500, were built by HCJB Global‘s own engineers in Ecuador and Elkhart, Indiana, USA.
None of these were ordinary, run-of-the mill transmitters. No, they were specifically built for or
adapted to Pifo‘s extraordinary altitude of 8,600 feet where the air is thin and electrical arcing
between components could quickly burn up precious parts and force an expensive and crucial
piece of equipment off the air.
Hidden away in the roof of this fascinating building was a switcher unit, or to be more precise,
dozens of switchers. These connected the appropriate transmitter to its scheduled antenna to
beam the Christian message from Pifo in the morning to missionaries in the Brazilian Amazon
or to German settlers in Paraguay and Argentina. In the afternoon they helped send programs
to eager listeners in Europe, the Middle East and Africa; in the evening to enthusiastic
listeners in the Americas and the Caribbean and in the wee hours of the morning to others in
East Asia and the South Pacific.
While the transmitters were impressive, it was the antennas that were awe-inspiring. Whether
seen against the backdrop of the setting sun or with Cotopaxi visible through their web-like
patterns, these tall towers, reaching as high as 417 feet and holding two or three curtains of
wires were fascinating as they invisibly bounced hundreds of thousands of watts of power,
carrying the life-giving message of the gospel to people trapped behind the Iron Curtain,
confined in the totalitarian state that was the Soviet Union. Also nurtured were those hidden
behind the veil of Mideast nations or casually listening in their homes and offices in North
America, Europe, Asia and the South Pacific.
It‘s hard for those without engineering experience to understand how an array of thin wires
can bounce an electric signal against another similar curtain and have that signal and its
message arrive at a radio receiver 6,000 miles away.
But, the antennas and transmitters of Pifo, Ecuador, did just that, broadcasting at times in up
to 18 languages a day, around the clock, around the world.
While the technology was fascinating, even more compelling were the people who made it
happen—those men and women who relocated to the beautiful South American country of
Ecuador over the years so that they could build a radio station that would carry a message of
hope and life to listeners around the world. Those engineers and technicians gave up what
could have been lucrative careers back home to make certain that people in Ecuador and El
Salvador, Germany and Greece, Russia and Romania could hear the life-giving message of
Jesus Christ in their own language on their own radios.
These people, from a multitude of nationalities, were innovators and geniuses in their own
right. They designed the Cubical Quad antenna to prevent electrical arcing at the tips of
antenna wires and made that model available for personal, military and commercial use
around the world.
They built and operated the ―steerable antenna,‖ said to be one of the largest broadcast
antennas ever built and the only one of its design ever constructed. They fabricated
transmitters, antennas and components almost out of barbed wire and tin cans when
standard supplies were not available. They utilized propagation possibilities (characteristics
that allowed the signal to span long distances) that were unknown to others at the time, yet
allowed the signal of HCJB to reach the ends of the earth.
Why did they do this? Because they had learned that God, who created the world and
everything in it, including the fascinating science of radio broadcasting, cares about His
creation and wishes that each and every person, from every tongue and nation, will know His
love for them. And, they discovered the truth of God as it is written in the Bible and the love,
forgiveness and salvation of God which results in eternal life through God‘s Son, Jesus Christ,
who is the friend of sinners and the Savior of the world.
Today, those fields from which gospel programming was broadcast for almost 60 years are
silent and almost empty. Gone are the huge towers and miles of wire that stretched across
the green grass. Now gone silent are the transmitters* that labored day in and day out to
transform the programs into a signal that would be carried around the world.
The site, which began broadcasting in 1953, signed off for good on Sept. 30, 2009. A
changing world and changing methods of mass communication have challenged HCJB to
move on to new ways of sharing that same message of hope. Today, satellite television and
radio, the ability of local Christians to launch their own stations in communities where such
broadcasters were forbidden or impossible in the past, the availability of other shortwave
transmitting sites, the Internet, podcasts, social networking sites and Internet radio have
become additional means of receiving information, entertainment and inspiration.
Pifo has become silent and the engineers and program producers have moved on. But today
in every country of the world there are churches meeting, worshiping and serving because
they practice what they heard on HCJB. There are entire communities and nations and
people groups that proudly bear the name Christian because listeners heard the message
emanating from Pifo. And, there are people, believers in Jesus Christ, who will attest to how
their lives were transformed by Him and how today they are followers of Jesus because of
what they heard from Pifo, Ecuador.
To God be the glory!
(*While the official closure date for the Pifo transmitter site was September 30, broadcasts in
Portuguese were scheduled to continue for a few weeks.)
Note: Kenneth D. MacHarg served in Ecuador with NASB associate member HCJB Global
from 1990 to 1998. He and his wife, Polly, retired from Latin America Mission in 2006 and now
live in Carrollton, Ga. His website is
Trans World Radio Changes its Name
from TWR news release sent by Alokesh Gupta (India), via Yimber Gaviria (Colombia)

CARY, NC, November 16–International Christian ministry Trans World Radio, a pioneer in
media missions, changed its name to TWR on November 18, 2009 . At the same time, the
organization adopted the positioning statement "Speaking Hope to the World" to fortify its new
"While our commitment to radio broadcasting remains steadfast, the name Trans World Radio
no longer fully conveys the scope of our organization," says TWR President Lauren Libby.
"TWR is more than radio. It is a multifaceted media ministry. By changing the name to TWR,
we will maintain radio as a keystone communication component all the while employing a
strategic integration of new media platforms. In fact, we will even seek to enlarge our
broadcasting footprint."
Libby explained that TWR is committed to leveraging digital advances such as the Internet,
MP3 players, video and other mobile-device formats. "In recent years, modern technology has
enabled us to make significant strides in engaging with our global audience," he said.
"We also recognize the tremendous ministry value of social media portals like Facebook,
Twitter and YouTube," Libby adds. "We're not just endeavoring to reach people for Christ; we
want to connect and dialogue with them as they grow in faith. Furthermore, we realize social
media is a fast and efficient way to communicate with our stakeholders."
The ministry's new positioning statement, according to Libby, will clearly reflect TWR's primary
objective of Speaking Hope to the World. "Speaking not only refers to verbal communication
but also signifies the ability to relate with people in other resourceful ways," Libby explained.
"With that in mind, we will offer relevant messages of hope in Jesus to men, women and
children around the globe. Whether it's by radio or other new media means, TWR is dedicated
to helping fulfill Christ's Great Commission."
The name Trans World Radio has existed for more than 55 years. It goes without saying that
it is entirely unrealistic to expect everyone to stop using that name overnight. That said, TWR
staff, partners and affiliated ministries are encouraged to make the gradual shift toward using
TWR as the primary moniker.
Is TWR abandoning or scaling back its commitment to radio broadcasting? No, not at
all. In some areas of the world, we are increasing traditional radio broadcasts on shortwave,
AM and FM outlets. As TWR's Bill Damick states in his forthcoming document "The Future is
Here: Radio, New Media and Missions": "[Radio] has the unique ability to deliver its message
efficiently, inexpensively, and compellingly to the greatest percentage of the world's people
regardless of their economic status, educational attainment, or geographic location."

Free Catalog of Shortwave Receivers and Equipment
Yimber Gaviria of Colombia reminds us that a free catalog of shortwave receivers and
accessories is available from C.Crane Company. Request it from the following web page:
African Broadcasters Gearing Up for Future
Major Investments in Broadcast Antenna Infrastructure
from Thomson Radio Broadcast

The broadcast sector is coming to the view that radio‘s strengths remain universally relevant
and fundamentally appreciated despite the introduction of alternative media platforms and
technologies. Especially with the advent of digital radio, consumers can experience radio like
never before, anywhere and anytime.

Radio works efficiently by delivering the same content to all listeners at the same time. For
each additional listener, there is no incremental additional overhead on the transmission side.
For the listeners, radio is still the cheapest and easiest way to keep informed because
reception is free-of-charge, intimate and does not require a lot of sophisticated infrastructure.

The view that radio is indeed holding its own is supported by the fact that leading
broadcasters in Middle East and Africa are investing in their radio broadcast infrastructure for
local, regional and international coverage. Over the past two years, Thomson has been
awarded major contracts to upgrade their medium wave broadcast antenna networks in Libya,
Qatar, UAE, Egypt, Sudan and Nigeria.

The importance of radio broadcast in Libya, the fourth largest country in Africa, is growing,
with an estimated 250 receiver sets per 1000 persons countrywide. LJBC operates 3
shortwave, approx. 20 medium wave and 4 FM transmitters. Local radio stations are situated
at various sites around the country. The new antenna systems from Thomson will not only
improve the coverage but also enable considerable savings in operating costs thanks to the
superior overall efficiency of the new systems.

The Thomson crew is on site and working full time on the assembly of the towers. All systems
will be taken into operation in the first quarter of 2010.

Small-Scale Video with Shortwave World-First Demo of “DrTV” at IBC
from Thomson Radio Broadcast

IBC Amsterdam, a classic event in the media broadcasting and technology industry, featured
this year more than 1300 exhibitors, including new stands from around the world. Grass
Valley had an impressive stand featuring important new product introductions,
enhancements and partnerships. In addition, Grass Valley announced to the media at IBC
sales wins from around the globe.

The Grass Valley brand has been a trusted name in the industry for 50 years. During IBC,
visitors could see the continuing evolution of Grass Valley as a new business with a new
personality. IBC was also the venue for the spectacular ―world-first‖ transmission of ―DrTV‖, a
new application based on DRM (Digital Radio Mondiale).

DrTV enables small-scale video services for cost efficient large-area distribution of education
and information programs, whereby a small-scale video signal is accompanied by one or
more audio streams. DrTV represents a joint effort between Thomson, Fraunhofer IIS and
New Star Electronics. DrTv was carefully designed to provide the most efficient transport
encoding and packetization while at the same time allowing receivers to robustly decode and
quickly resynchronize to the transmitted content. The system also features all benefits of the
DRM platform, like service selection by Unicode compatible labels, alternative frequency
signaling and switching, announcement and warning/alert features, etc. DrTV can be
transmitted over all broadcast bands supported by the worldwide DRM standard, including
LW, MW, SW and above, and is an ideal platform to reach audiences scattered over a wide
geographical area with a single transmitter.

DRM transmissions over shortwave have practically unlimited coverage possibilities ranging
from 100 square kilometers up to well over 5,000,000 square kilometers depending on
transmission system. Thus DrTV can keep citizens living abroad informed and up-to-date
about what is going on in the home country. The DrTV application offers free-of-charge
reception and is independent of gatekeepers and third-party providers like satellites and cable
networks. DrTv is one example of the substantial advantages made possible by digital AM
Radio Systems. Testing of the application on Thomson transmission systems has begun.

News from UniWave: The First DRM Receiver with Color Screen
from Thomson Radio Broadcast

The Di-Wave 100 receiver from Uniwave packs all the digital functionalities that listeners are
looking for into a neat, portable model. The attractive new DRM Radio Receiver was
successfully demonstrated at various symposiums and exhibitions and showed excellent
results during the Olympics at Beijing with the text-based information service known as
Journaline®. With its 3.5‖ TFT LCD color screen, coming Di-Wave models will be able to
receive the new DrTV service with with small scale video services.

With dimensions of 125mm (H) x 65mm (W) x 232mm (L) the UniWave set is a very handy,
portable set, light and easy to carry. DRM functions include station name, program
information, Journaline®, MOT slideshow, listening time-shift of 10 minutes and a total of 768
station memories (256 DRM, 256 FM and 256 AM). The multi-language graphic user interface
includes English, Chinese, German, French and Spanish. Reception is possible with DRM,
FM-RDS stereo on phones, SW/MW/LW. Later models could include DRM+, TDMB and
DAB+.Di-Wave 100 is the first DRM receiver among a big family. UniWave has set forth an
ambitious receiver road map for the next two years, and intends to develop the basic model to
include a wide range of market specific features with extended reception options, set top box
to connect on TV screen, a Di-Wave portable DVD and an attractive Di-Wave car radio model.
Future plans also include a receiver which works with a built-in dynamo, eliminating the need
of batteries and access to a mains network.

Following the release of the first prototype batch earlier this year, UniWave collected user
reports and has now spent some months to improve the specifications. The first production of
300 pieces of the enhanced model started in September, a few samples being dedicated for
demos at IBC. Larger production is planned for end of September. Average retail price is
expected to be under 250 Euro, with the outlook to reduce the price with increased order
volume. The fact that DRM receiver sets are equipped with a monitor makes DRM an
attractive means of transmitting a variety of data services over large coverage areas.
Possibilities include electronic advertising, tourist information, traffic information, distant
learning and transmission of other important educational, cultural and political contents.
DRM has the ease of use and robustness that comes from digital transmissions and has the
potential to bring to every radio set a vast selection of content. Whether for local, regional or
international coverage, DRM has proven itself to be the easiest, cheapest and most
independent and reliable means of distribution and reception of information, music and
entertainment. Order placements can be made through the internet as follows:

Increasing the Reach of Shortwave Broadcast Systems
Small-footprint Antenna System with Unlimited Flexibility
from Thomson Radio Broadcast

Shortwave broadcast systems can reach millions of people anywhere, anytime from a single
transmission site. The possibilities are theoretically unlimited. On the other hand, shortwave
infrastructure is a notorious power consumer and stations require a lot of land to
accommodate adequate antenna systems. Thomson‘s newest rotatable curtain antenna helps
broadcasters with limited space and budget to make important power savings while increasing
considerably their coverage flexibility. The Thomson HP-RCA 2/2 (High
Performance Rotatable Curtain Antenna) is a highly interesting alternative system solution for
broadband fixed curtain antenna configurations.

HP-RCA 2/2 services similar coverage areas as the classical LPD (Log Periodic Dipole
Antenna) with up to 45% higher efficiency of the radiated power into a defined target area.
Additional comparative figures of merit include

�� Higher gain (up to 19 dBi, or 3 to 6 dB more than typical LPD)
�� Higher front-to-back ratio (6 to 10 dB more than typical LPD)
�� Better power capability (up to 500 kW, as compared to the LPD with an absolute maximum
of only 250 kW)

In addition, the HP-RCA 2/2 has a better overall efficiency, requires less land, is easier to
maintain and affords better reliability with regard to storms and electrostatic effects. The
footprint of this powerful and highly flexible system is surprisingly small. With dimensions
of 51m x 51m, the foundation surface needs less than 12m x 12m. The covered area has a
radius of approximately 50m.

With an overall weight of 80t, the antenna has a maximum survival wind speed of 240 km and
a maximum operational wind speed of 120 km. It takes less than 3 minutes for a 180°
rotation. Based on a rigid array and a tubular shaft, the HP-RCA 2/2 is a back-to-back
arrangement of a low band and a high band curtain antenna equipped with a reflector screen.
The 2/2 configuration gives a good radiation pattern performance with moderate structural

Whereas the classical HR 2/2 curtain antenna solution is based on a fix structure with phasing
system limited to less than 20° azimuthal slewing with considerable sidelobes, the new
rotatable structure with a central shaft has 360° azimuthal performance radiation patterns
without sidelobes.

Positive feedback from the EBU/DRM conference
News release from the DRM Consortium

London, 2nd December 2009: DRM digital radio technology received great interest from the
80 delegates present at the DRM Conference organised by the European Broadcasting Union
in Geneva. The conference, held on 26th November 2009, was attended by participants from
25 countries (mainly from Europe but also from as far afield as Chile and Australia) who
represented all broadcasting stakeholders including regulators, broadcasters, equipment and
chipset manufacturers.

The event brought into focus the recent developments in the DRM technology - the
standardisation of DRM+ and the publication of DRM Receiver Profiles. This conference
highlighted the market potential of the DRM system and evaluated the results from its tests
from various locations worldwide. It also allowed a healthy discussion on different business
cases and real achievements in getting DRM receivers on the market.

Supported with excellent organisation by the EBU, the Consortium was able to highlight the
achievements and challenges of the DRM technology and present its potential as the global
solution for conversion of radio from analogue to digital. DRM Chairperson, Ruxandra Obreja,
expressed her satisfaction at the event by saying: "I am delighted that this was an interactive
event able to demonstrate the great potential and benefits of DRM. From the feedback
received the interesting presentations and discussions have impressed the participants, many
of whom want to know more and attend similar events dedicated to the DRM technology."

There were live demonstrations of the technology at the Conference venue. The event also
provided a great opportunity for networking and exchanging views on digital radio
developments in different parts of the world. To see and hear the presentations made on that
day, please visit the EBU website: .The DRM members
can access also to all the presentations and view more pictures of the event on the FTP
server under /presentations/ EBU-DRM conference.

Papal Medal for founder of EWTN
from Catholic News Agency, via Yimber Gaviria, Colobia
Irondale, Ala., Oct 5, 2009 (CNA).- Pope Benedict XVI has awarded the Pro Ecclesia et
Pontifice Medal to Mother Angelica, founder of [NASB member] Eternal Word Television
Network and also EWTN executive Deacon Bill Steltemeier. The medal is the highest honor
the Pope can bestow upon laity and religious.

Bishop of Birmingham Robert J. Baker conferred the awards in a brief ceremony following
Sunday benediction at the Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament in Hanceville, Alabama.

Noting that yesterday was the Feast of St. Francis of Assisi, Bishop Baker recalled the lasting
impact that the Italian saint made on the renewal of the Church. He then remarked that ―We
also have the privilege of acknowledging the contributions to our Church of another person in
the great Franciscan tradition, whose link to St. Francis is through St. Clare … Mother
Mother Mary Angelica, 86, is a Poor Clare Nun of Perpetual Adoration who founded Our Lady
of the Angels Monastery in Irondale, Alabama in 1961. She began EWTN in a garage on the
monastery property in 1981. In 1999 she relocated the monastery to the grounds of the
Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament in Hanceville.

Deacon R. William Steltemeier, 80, is a former Nashville, Tenn. attorney who left his law
practice to join Mother Angelica‘s fledgling television network. He served as EWTN‘s
president and now serves as chairman of the network‘s Board of Governors.

Commenting in his homily at Our Lady of the Angels Monastery on Sunday, Bishop Baker
said that the medal is ―a significant acknowledgement by our Holy Father, of Mother's labors
of love in support of our Church.‖

―By giving awards the Church is not saying people or institutions are perfect, but we are
saying that Mother Angelica, through this network, has made a significant contribution to the
new evangelization heralded and promoted by recent Popes,‖ the Bishop of Birmingham said.

―The Holy Father‘s recognition of Mother Angelica and Deacon Bill Steltemeier is a much-
deserved honor,‖ Michael P. Warsaw, EWTN President and CEO said in a statement. ―It
acknowledges the tremendous faith, hard work and incredible sacrifices that each of them
have made throughout the years in founding and building up the Network.‖

―Their recognition is also a great honor for EWTN and is a clear sign of the importance of the
Network‘s mission for the Church and the Pope. We are grateful to His Holiness Pope
Benedict XVI and to Bishop Baker for this honor,‖ Warsaw continued.

EWTN is available in over 150 million television households in more than 140 countries and
territories. In its mission it uses direct broadcast satellite television and radio services, AM &
FM radio networks, worldwide short-wave radio, an internet website and a publishing arm.
EWTN says it is the largest religious media network in the world.

When shortwave radio is better than the Internet
Reprinted from, via Bryne Edwards
From Reuters:
     Fiji has been plunged into a political crisis after the president reappointed military
     chief Frank Bainimarama as interim prime minister on Saturday, less than two days
     after a court ruled his 2006 coup and subsequent government illegal.

     Bainimarama tightened media censorship on Wednesday and continued to refuse
     to hold elections before 2014.

     The Australian Broadcasting Corp. said local technicians had been ordered by the
     military government to shut down two FM relay stations in the capital Suva and the
     western sugar town of Nadi.

     But ABC said its Radio Australia news programme was still broadcasting on
     shortwave transmitters.

The military government has asked that Fiji reporters only publish ―positive‖ news, or in their
terms, ―journalism of hope.‖ This censorship has also pushed Radio New Zealand
International out of Fiji.
Other reports have indicated that the government is now trying to restrict internet news
sources and blogs. Internet cafe owners are under threat of being shut down, as well.
When people ask whether we need shortwave radio in this internet information age, events
like this provide a clear affirmative answer. Once ABC and RNZI were ousted from Fiji, these
broadcasters immediately reiterated to Fiji listeners that their programming can be heard all
day on shortwave.
And that’s the remarkable thing about shortwave–it penetrates borders without regard
to who is in power or to restrictions placed upon local media. Even when the internet is
crippled. Can shortwave broadcasts be jammed? Sure–but it‘s not all that easy to do; it‘s
much more difficult than, say, seizing control of a country‘s internet service provider, or (as in
the case of Fiji) of their local broadcasters and stations. Plus, jamming usually targets a
specific frequency, so if radio listeners find their broadcasts jammed on one frequency, there
are often literally dozens of ways around the jam–other frequencies often carry the same or
similiar programming from the same or other international broadcasters.
Much of the decline of shortwave radio is attributed to the end of the Cold War. During the
Cold War era, national superpowers were obsessed with piercing borders with their
respective messages; since the Cold War ended, that technology is no longer as driven. But
as the Fiji story demonstrates, the need is very much ongoing, perhaps even more so, as
small countries try out a variety of political options, often exercising this power along the long
and twisting road to democratic governance. Now, shortwave should have a new and broader
focus: sending news, music, education and human interest programming to the developing
Independent commission reports on RNW's performance 2004-2008
From Radio Netherlands Media Nework Newsletter, 10 September 2009, via
Andy Senitt
An independent commission appointed by the supervisory board of Radio
Netherlands Worldwide to look into the performance of the organisation in 2004-
2008 published its findings this week. It's the first time that such a commission
has carried out an appraisal of RNW's operations. Its findings were largely
positive, though a few specific matters were highlighted as needing close
The commission was positive about RNW's approach to its services in foreign
languages. RNW differentiates itself from most other international broadcasters
by concentrating on themes such as human rights and press freedom, and on
targeting countries that have low ratings in these areas. But the commission
warned RNW to be careful not to spread its resources too thinly across a large
number of languages, target areas and target groups. The commission says
RNW needs to be clearer about how it makes its strategic choices and chooses
its priorities. It noted that RNW was in the course of transforming itself from a
radio station to a multimedial and cross-medial organisation, and that shortwave
is declining in importance as a delivery platform.
RNW Director-General Jan Hoek is pleased with the generally positive
assessment. Mr Hoek said that RNW recognises that shortwave is less
important overall than it once was, but stressed that RNW intends to retain a
shortwave presence, which can be increased in emergency situations, and
furthermore shortwave is still needed to broadcast to target areas identified as
being of high importance [for English this means specifically Africa and South
Asia] where there are currently no better distribution platforms.

Shortwave is important for those at sea
from, via Yimber Gaviria (translated from Spanish)

The radio is often the main companion of Spanish mariners who live and work
thousands of miles from their homes. The magic of shortwave and the team of
the veteran program ―Españoles en la Mar‖ (―Spaniards at Sea‖), which has been
on Spanish Foreign Radio for 40 years, has even been able to keep informed
those who were kidnapped on the Alakrana [a Spanish ship kidnapped by Somali
pirates in the Indian Ocean] about the developments in their case, according to
the program's presenter, Paco Arjona, who along with his colleagues has just
received the Miguel Pardo award from the Spanish Maritime Group.

―We use shortwave as our base, which continues to be vital and allows us to be
heard on five continents,‖ said Arjona. ―We have to adapt to new technologies,
but at sea you need shortwave. As for Internet, today it's very difficult to connect
from a ship on the high seas. Two months ago a web page that deals with the
subject said that it was a great advancement to be able to connect at 128
kilobites. On the high seas, the Internet is only good for sending e-mails with

“KNLS is Famous All Over China”

World Christian Broadcasting operates shortwave station KNLS in Alaska, which
is a member of NASB. The station broadcasts to Asia in Russian, Chinese and
English. Recently, WCB sponsored a tour of China. Thirty-one persons visited
the Chinese cities of Beijing, Xian, Luoyang, Zhengzhou, Shanghai and Hong
Kong. WCB President Charles Caudill described a very interesting experience
he had on that trip which highlights the importance of shortwave radio in China:

―A few weeks before leaving for China, I was contacted by e-mail with an
invitation to speak for the worship service of one of the underground churches. I
emailed back that I would be honored to bring the sermon. I was contacted
shortly after that by someone who said she was my contact person and that she
would also be my interpreter. She explained that she would meet [my daughter]
Kelly and me in the lobby of our hotel and that we shouldn't try to come to them.
No problem. We didn't have the address. We still don't.

―At the agreed upon time, a young lady, talking on her cell phone, walked directly
to me and called me by name. That's not too surprising since I was the only
American man in the crowded lobby. We took a cab and rode for almost an hour.
She asked the driver to stop a few blocks from our destination. She did not want
the cab driver to know where we were going. We walked those several blocks
and were told we were near the building where the church meets regularly. We
walked by another building to make sure we were not being followed. After a cell
phone call, the lobby door opened and we took an elevator to one of the top
floors. Another cell phone call got the door to the apartment opened. We walked
into a room that was set up for a worship service – song books, Bibles and study

―Why all of the clandestine moves? Remember, what we were about to do is
illegal in China. The participants could be subject to arrest, or even worse. The
authorities probably would not have done any violence to Kelly or me because
we were foreigners. They simply would have sent us home.

―For years we have wondered about the reception of the KNLS signal in the large
cities of China. Our monitors tell us the signal is being received, but that
frequently the signal is jammed. We were also concerned about the relatively
small amount of mail we receive from this particular city. At the same time we
realize that it is illegal to write to us. And now that emails are monitored by the
Chinese government, many of our listeners are even afraid to send emails to us.

―So, when I asked the question at the beginning of my talk, 'How many of you are
familiar with KNLS?' I was surprised when more than one half of those young
people raised their hands with smiles on their faces. Two of them even spoke
out and said, ―KNLS is famous in [their city.]‖ Afterward, a patent attorney, one of
the leaders of the congregation, told me that the statements made during worship
were true. He said, ―KNLS is famous all over China.‖ He said that he listens
every day and is a great fan of [KNLS announcer] Edward Short. He expressed
surprise that Edward is American and not Chinese. He was amazed that somone
other than a native Chinese could display such excellent use of their language.‖

WBOH is gone, but her sister station will continue on shortwave
from Gayle Van Horn, Monitoring Times, via Bill Damick

Oct. 6, 2009 - I just spoke to Tabitha Hunter of [NASB member station] WBOH
shortwave in Newport, North Carolina. She confirms that WBOH, currently
broadcasting on 5920 kHz, will close their shortwave service at the end of the
A09 schedule period (October 24). No reasons were indicated, only that they will
leave the air. Their sister station WTJC, will continue on 9370 kHz on a 24 hour
schedule for the B09 session. Both stations were operated by Fundamental
Broadcasting Network.

WHRA confirmed as off the air
from Gayle Van Horn, Frequency Manager, Monitoring Times

I spoke to Larry Vehorn, engineer for WHRI Cypress Creek, South Carolina, and
he confirms that WHRA in Greenbush, Maine has signed off the air for good. All
equipment has been dismantled. Former frequencies for WHRA have been
reasigned for WHRI usage. NASB member LeSea Broadcasting continues to
operate shortwave stations WHRI in South Carolina and T8WH in Palau (South

'Short-wave radio still going strong in Darfur'
Researcher Graham Mytton presents results of Radio Darfur listener survey
From Press Now

Research shows that Darfuri listen en masse to radio broadcasts via the short-
wave band.
95% of the population over the age of 15 listen to the radio at least once a week.
Over 70% of the people in Darfur listen at least once a week to Radio Dabanga,
the Darfuri name for Radio Darfur. Mytton: ‗This research shows that short-wave
radio is a very powerful medium in Darfur.‘

After the state radio Omdurman – which broadcasts the entire day – Radio Darfur
is the most popular radio station in terms of listeners. Asked which station people
tune into to listen to the news, 39% states Radio Dabanga. Furthermore, it turns
out that the questioned Darfuri primarily listen to the radio at times when Radio
Dabanga transmits its broadcasts, from 7.30 a.m. to 8.30 a.m. and from 6.30
p.m. to 8.30 p.m.

Graham Mytton, formerly head of Media Research at the BBC and presently
working as an independent media researcher, was commissioned by Press Now
to conduct research into the listening behaviour of the Darfuri. The survey was
held immediately after Ramadan, from September to the end of November 2009.
 The first results came in three days ago. The survey was held among 1,582
respondents over the age of 18 from all over Darfur, both men and women. The
remarkable thing is that men and women listen in equal measure to the radio. ‗I
have never seen that, nowhere in Africa – it‘s usually a male affair,‘ says Mytton,
who has led numerous media studies in Africa. ‗The preliminary results are very
good for Radio Dabanga.

Graham Mytton presented these provisional survey results yesterday evening in
Desmet Studios, Amsterdam, during the celebration of Radio Darfur‘s first
The data presented by Mytton concerned provisional results that will still be
supplemented further. The full research report will be rounded off around 1
January 2010.

Special Program about Shortwave Radio in Africa

On November 20th and 21st, PCJ Media presented a special show looking at
Ears To Our World, a US based charity that provides schools and teachers in
Africa with radios, including the popular wind-up shortwave receivers that need
no batteries or electricity. This special also focused on the important role SW
radio plays in Africa. Guests on the program included Thomas Witherspoon,
founder of Ears To Our World; Fred Osterman of Universal Radio; Walter Hess of
Eton Corp.; David Smith, formerly with Radio Canada International, Radio
Netherlands and United Nations Radio; and Soule Issiaka, an expert on the role
of radio in Africa and freelancer for Radio Netherlands. The program was
broadcast on NASB member station WRMI, and was produced by Keith Perron
of PCJ Media in Taiwan, who also produces the Happy Station show on WRMI.
More information about Ears to our World is available on their website,, where the audio file of the special program can be
downloaded as well.

NASB to Conduct Shortwave Listener Survey

Some time ago, the NASB obtained a quote from a reputable survey firm for
conducting a survey to determine the number of shortwave listeners in North
America, and some demographic characteristics of these listeners. As the cost
was qui

te high, we attempted to find other shortwave stations that would be interested in
sharing the cost with us. Unfortunately, not even one station offered to share in
the cost of the survey, so we abandoned the idea. However, at this year's NASB
annual meeting in Nashville, a suggestion was made that we conduct a survey of
shortwave listeners through our NASB website, . This would
not give us a figure as to the number of listeners in North America, but it would
give us some valuable demographic information about the shortwave audience,
not only in North America, but in other parts of the world as well.

A list of survey questions has been prepared, and a platform for the survey has
been chosen. Bill Damick of TWR is coordinating the survey preparation, and it
has tentatively been scheduled to go online in March of 2010. The survey will
stay online for a period of one year, and final results will be announced at the
2011 NASB annual meeting. There will be a link to the survey on the NASB
website, and we hope that our member organizations and other shortwave-
related publications, websites and other entities will also publicize it.

Send in Your News – The NASB Newsletter invites you to send shortwave-
related news about your station or organization for publication here. Send items
by e-mail to
NASB Members:

Adventist World Radio
Assemblies of Yahweh
EWTN Shortwave Radio (WEWN)
Family Stations Inc.
Far East Broadcasting Co.
Fundamental Broadcasting Network
La Voz de Restauracion Broadcasting, Inc.
Le Sea Broadcasting Corp.
Radio Miami International
Trans World Radio
World Christian Broadcasting
World Wide Christian Radio

NASB Associate Members:

Comet North America
Continental Electronics Corporation
Galcom International
George Jacobs & Associates
Hatfield and Dawson Consulting Engineers
HCJB World Radio
Kintronic Labs, Inc.
Richardson Electronics
TCI International, Inc.
Thomson Inc.
VT Communications

National Association of Shortwave Broadcasters
10400 NW 240th Street, Okeechobee, Florida 34972
Ph: (863) 763-0281 Fax: (863) 763-8867 E-mail:

To top