FIRST PERMANENT ENGLISH
1. Why did the English want to For wealth and power.
establish a colony in America?
2. What did the English think Silver and gold
they would find in America?
3. What are raw materials?
4. What did England hope to do An American settlement would
with America’s raw materials? furnish raw materials that could
not be grown or obtained in
England, while opening new
markets for trade.
5. What is an economic venture? Something that is done to make
6. Why was Jamestown As an economic venture
7. How was Jamestown By the stockholders of the
financed? Virginia Company of London
8. What was the Virginia The stockholders who financed
Company of London? Jamestown
9. What was the first permanent Jamestown
English settlement in North
10. When was Jamestown 1607
11. Where was Jamestown On a narrow peninsula
located when it was first surrounded on three sides by the
established? James River
12. Where is Jamestown located On an island in the James River
13. Why did the colonists decide • easily defended from attack by sea
on the location of Jamestown to • deep enough for ships to dock.
settle? • They believed they had a good
supply of fresh water
14. Who gave the charters to the The King of England
Virginia Company of London?
15. What did the charters do? • gave the Virginia Company the right
to establish a settlement in North
• established companies to begin
colonies in the New World.
• extended English rights to the
16. When was the first Virginia 1619
17. During this time who was Adult men
considered a citizen?
18. Who made up the Virginia included two citizen representatives
Assembly? (called “burgesses”) from each of the
divisions of Virginia,
the governor’s council, and the
19. When did the Burgesses 1640s
become a separate legislative
20. What was the first elected The Virginia House of Burgesses
legislative body in America?
21. Why was The Virginia House It gave the settlers the
of Burgesses important? opportunity to control their own
22. What is the House of The General Assembly of Virginia
Burgesses known as today?
23. When did women arrive in 1620
24. Why was the women’s arrival It allowed settlers to start families
important? and make a more permanent
25. What was different about the They arrived against their will (It
Africans that arrived to the is believed that they arrived as
colony? baptized Christians and therefore
were labeled indentured servants
for a period of 5 to 7 years)
26. What did the arrival of the Expand the tobacco economy
Africans make it possible to do?
27. What were the hardships that • The site they chose to live on was
the colonists faced? marshy and lacked safe drinking
• The settlers lacked some skills
necessary to provide for
• Many settlers died of starvation and
28. What helped the colonists The arrival of two supply ships, the
survive? forced work program and strong
leadership of Captain John Smith, and
the emphasis on self-sustaining
29. Who initiated trading relations John Smith
with the Powhatans?
30. Who did the early settlers The Powhatans
31. What did the Powhatans Food furs and leather
trade with the English?
32. What did the English trade Tools, pots, guns and other goods
with the Powhatans?
33. How did the Powhatans Pocahontas became friends with the
English and believed they could live in
contribute to the survival of the
harmony. They introduced new crops
to the English, including corn and
34. Who was Pocahontas? Daughter of Chief Powhatan
35. What changed the Powhatans They realized the English settlement
view of the English? would continue to grow.
36. How did the Powhatans feel The Powhatans saw the colonists as
about the English? invaders that would take over their