Poison ivyoak - Poison Ivy_ Sumac_ _ Poison Oak

Document Sample
Poison ivyoak - Poison Ivy_ Sumac_ _ Poison Oak Powered By Docstoc
					 Poison Ivy,
   Sumac,
& Poison Oak
Construction Site Work Hazard
                         Poison IvyDefinition

 A vine or shrub
 Trifoliate leaves and whitish berries
 Causes severe dermatitis when touched by
  persons sensitive to it
 Grows everywhere
except Hawaii & Alaska
                           Poison Oak Definition

 Resembles poison ivy
 Causes a rash upon contact
 Three leaflets, small green flowers, and
  whitish berries
 Two Distinct Kinds:
    – Eastern Poison Oak
    (NJ to Texas)
    – Western Poison Oak
    (Pacific Coast)
                                 SumacDefinition

 Various shrubs or small trees
 Each leaf has clusters of 7 to 13 smooth-
  edged leaflets
 Clusters of small greenish flowers, and
  usually red, hairy fruit
 Grows in standing water in the Northeast
  and Midwest and in swampy areas in the
  Southeast
 Can reach heights up to 15 feet tall
                    Contamination
 To be allergic, you must be in contact with
  the plant once for “sensitization” to the
  oils
 The next contact with the plant a reaction
  can occur
     The Rash
AHHHHHH!!
IT ITCHES!
                                         Cases
                                    Just a few examples

   On the construction site:
    – Contact while clearing the lot
    – Use of tools that have not been properly
      cleaned after coming in contact with the poison
    – Burning the poisonous plant and coming in
      contact with the contaminated air
                         Prevention
 Teach worker what the plant looks like
 Wear long pants and long sleeves when
  outside in woods or yard
 Wash clothes and shoes immediately after
  being outside
 Do not touch a pet that might have been
  in a poison plant
 Wash hands thoroughly
                                 Causes
 Resin in plant contains an oily substance
 Easily transferable from plants to other
  objects, including animals and tools
 Chemical can remain active for a year or
  longer
 Important: oils can be transferred from
  clothing, pets, or smoke of a burning plant
                      The Reaction   Symptoms

 Usually contains dermatitis
 May occur several hours, days, or even
  weeks after exposure
 A rash followed by bumps and blisters that
  itch
 Swelling occurs in the area of contact
 Eventually, blisters break, ooze, and then
  crust over
                           Treatment
 No cure once the rash starts
 Best treatment is avoiding contact
 Cleanse with an ordinary soap within 6 hrs
  after initial exposure
 Repeat cleaning with soap 3 times
 Alcohol-based wipes can also be used to
  remove oil from the skin
                            Treatment
 For itching, use calamine lotion or bath in
  Aveeno bath
 Notify your physician if rash and blisters
  are on the face or all over your body
 A steroid cream or injection may be
  prescribed to help with the swelling and
  itching
                             Spreading
 CANNOT spread from person to person by
  touching the blisters or the fluid inside the
  blisters
 Oils remaining on skin, clothes, or shoes
  CAN spread the poison
                          Identifying
                           Poison Oak and Poison Ivy

 Compound leaves consist of three pointed
  leaflets
 The middle leaflet has a much longer stalk
  than the two side ones
                           Identifying
                            Poison Oak and Poison Ivy

 Color in Spring – reddish
 Color in Summer – green
 Color in Fall – orange or red
                             Identifying
                             Poison Oak and Poison Ivy

 Small greenish flowers
  grow in bunches
  attached to main stem
  close to wear each leaf
  joins it
 Clusters of poisonous,
  berry-like drupes form
  that are whitish, with a
  waxy look
                  Field Images
   Poison Oak




         Spring       Summer
                    Field Images
   Poison Sumac




          Berries       Spring
                       Field Images
   Poison Ivy




           On Ground        Vine
                                Recap
 Contains poisonous sap
 Sap released when plant is bruised –
  these plants are very fragile
 Stems or leaves can be damaged by wind,
  animals, or insects
 About 85% of the population will develop
  an allergy if exposed to these plants

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:131
posted:5/10/2010
language:English
pages:20