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SCI PG L3 M05 Caring and Conserving Plants

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SCI PG L3 M05 Caring and Conserving Plants Powered By Docstoc
					          Are You Ready?

   Let’s find out.

Test A. WHICH OF THESE SHOW PROPER WAYS OF CARING AND
        CONSERVING PLANTS? COPY THEM.

   1.   There are too many plants. Let’s destroy some of them.
   2.   Burn plants to kill insect pests.
   3.   We should avoid picking plants in the park.
   4.   Remove dry leaves from plants.
   5.   Put a fence around young plants.




AFTER WRITING YOUR ANSWERS, RAISE YOUR HAND TO SHOW THAT
YOU ARE READY FOR THE GROUP DISCUSSION.



                                       1
 LESSON



   1         Caring for Plants

    Plants are important to us. Life on earth is dependent on green plants. Plant
conservation and correct handling of plants are necessary to preserve the different
kinds of plants we have.

     Keep your garden clean. Avoid throwing garbage and other wastes in the garden.

     Expose the plants under the sun. Water the plants everyday. Keep them healthy
by giving only enough water, not too little and not too much.

     Use good soil. Transfer young plants in plots so that they can have enough space
to grow.

    Young plants and trees should not be cut down. Mature trees which are cut down
should be replaced immediately.

     Handling and transporting plants properly is necessary because plants have different
characteristics. Some are thorny, some are harmful, some are poisonous, some can
stain our clothes, and some can cause itchiness.

     When we are harmed because we did not handle these plants correctly, we should
see the doctor immediately for treatment.

     How can we safely transport these plants?

     1.   Use gloves when touching plants.
     2.   Use masks to protect your face.
     3.   Use carts when transferring plants.


          There are many ways of conserving and caring for plants.

          Precautionary measures should be practical when handling plants.



                                           2
        Self-test (Lesson 1)


Test A. CHOOSE THE PICTURES THAT SHOW PROPER WAYS OF
        CARING PLANTS. COPY THE NUMBER OF THE CORRECT
        ANSWER IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.




   1.




   2.




                               3
3




4.




5.




     4
Test B. WHICH OF THESE SHOW PROPER WAYS OF CARING AND
        CONSERVING PLANTS? COPY THEM.

   1.   There are too many plants. Let’s destroy some of them.
   2.   Burn plants to kill insect pests.
   3.   We should avoid picking plants in the park.
   4.   Remove dry leaves from plants.
   5.   Put a fence around young plants.




                                       5
 LESSON
             Precautionary Measures in
   2         Handling Plants

      Plants have ways of defending themselves from their enemies. Many species are
spiny. The spines, which are adapted leaves, help the plant to survive because they
slow down the movement of air over the surface of the thick, fleshy stems and this
reduce the rate at which water is evaporated. They also protect it from grazing animals.
In this group are the desert-dwelling plants called xerophytes. They are specially adapted
to life in hot, dry conditions. Among the best known are the cactus family. Other
plants have stinging hairs which inject poison into anything that brushes against the
plants, as happens with the stinging nettle.

     Another plant that children should avoid is the poison ivy. This may look innocent
but it causes severe skin irritation when touched. If eaten, it can be very poisonous
indeed and may be even fatal.

    Other plants have thorns and sharp serrated leaves that can cut your skin. They
have hairs and secretions that can cause allergy or skin rashes. Others are poisonous.

     Some plants are beautiful to look at, without knowing this plants cause pain in our
body. So we must be very careful in holding plants with thorns and sharp serrated
leaves. They can cut your skin. If you do, wash it properly and put anti-infection
cream and bandage it.

     Protect your hands by wearing gloves before holding plants. Some plants have
stinging hairs and secretions. They cause allergy and make you itch. If you get hurt,
wash hands properly and apply anti-allergy cream. Never eat anything that you do not
know. They could be poisonous. If you accidentally swallow something poisonous,
see a doctor at once.




                                            6
Test A. COPY THE STATEMENTS THAT SHOW CORRECT PRACTICES
        IN HANDLING PLANTS.

   1.   Always wear gloves when handling plants.
   2.   Wash your wound and put medicines if injured by plants.
   3.   Anti- allergy cream should not be applied to itchy skin caused by stinging
        hairs.
   4.   Pick out the hairs of the plants if they get into your skin.
   5.   Wear plastic or rubber gloves before peeling sayote and gabi.
   6.   You will not get hurt if you handle thorny plants without gloves.
   7.   You need not wash the itchy part of your body if it is caused by plants.
   8.   Wash your hands with soap and water if you get itchy from holding fruits
        and leaves of plants.




                                       7
 LESSON



   3         First Aid Treatment

    Some plants have thorns and sharp serrated leaves that can cut your skin. They
have hairs and secretions that can cause allergy or skin rashes. Others are poisonous.

    Be careful in holding plants with thorns and sharp serrated leaves. They can cut
your skin. If you do, wash it properly and put anti-infection cream and bandage it.

     Protect your hands by wearing gloves before holding plants. Some plants have
stinging hairs and secretions. They cause allergy and make you itch. If you get hurt,
wash hands properly and apply anti-allergy cream. Never eat anything that you do not
know. They could be poisonous. If you accidentally swallow something poisonous,
see a doctor at once.



            Summary

    Plants need to be cared for to live and grow well.

    They need these: soil, air, water and sunlight.

    Here are the proper ways of caring and conserving plants:

    Water the plants regularly.
    Remove the weeds.
    Remove its dry leaves.
    Loosen the soil regularly.
    Put fences around young plants for protection.
    Remove pests such as snails, aphids and bugs.
    Fertilize the plants regularly.




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