Overview of 3rd Generation mobile communication Systems in Asia by ihe12874

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									ICC2000



          "Overview of 3rd Generation mobile
               communication Systems
               in Asia Pacific Regions"


                      21 June, 2000

                        Takeshi Hattori


                   Sophia University, Japan
             E-mail: thattori@mmc.ee.sophia.ac.jp

                                                    Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
                      Contents


- Market growth of mobile communications
  in Asia
- IMT-2000 general description
- Status in China and Korea
- IMT-2000 standardization in Japan
- Future prospect of mobile computing in
  Japan



                                           Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
          World-Wide Mobile Market Forecast

Asia Pacific has the most potential in terms of market scale.
The number of users is now estimated to reach 850 millions in 2010.


   Physical users in
                             2000               2005            2010
      million
      Europe, EU15           113                 200             260

      North America          127                 190             220
                      2
       Asia Pacific          149                 400             850

     Rest of the world        37                 150             400

           Total             426                 940            1730

  (UMTS Forum - Report No.8)


                                                                      Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Projected Distribution of World Cellular Subscriber

                                    Base by region as year of 2004
                                                               17%
                                                       North America
         Eastern Europe 5%
                                                              35%
                                                       Asia-Pacific
                               North                           30%
                                                       Western Europe
 Latin America 8%
                                                              8%
                                                       Latin America
                              America                          5%
                                                       Eastern Europe
                               17%                         3%
                                                       Africa
                                                             2%
                                                       Middle East
                    Western
                    Europe        Asia Pacific
                     30%             35%




                                                           Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Projected Cumulative Subscriber Base by Region
Asia-Pacific region will have more than 200 million
subscriber from 1994 to 2004.

                                               1994-2004
       250
                                                      Middle East
                                                      Africa
                                                      Eastern Europe
       200
                                                      Latin America
   S
   u                                                  North America
   b
   s                                                  Westerm Europe
       150                                            Asia-Pacific
   i
   n

   M
   i 100
   l
   i
   i
   o
   n
      50




         0

                           Region



                                                                       Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
  Distribution of Cellular Subscriber Base by Country

                                         Asia-Pacific region

                                                          Japan
   Taiwan                                                 China
   2.7%                                                   Korea
                                                          Australia
                                                          Taiwan
Australia                        Japan                    Hong Kong
4.4%                                                      Malaysia
                                 41.7%                    Thailand
                                                          Philippines
            Korea                                         India
                                                          Others
            5.5%
                       China
                       22.7%


                       % share
                                           Strategy Group 1998

                                                      Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Distribution of Cellular subscriber Base by Technology
                  AMPS                   Asia-Pacific region
           PHS    4.4%
                                                              PDC
           5.6%                                               GSM
  TACS                                                        CDMA
  6.5%                                                        TACS
                                  PDC                         PHS
                                 35.1%                        AMPS
                                                              NMT
         CDMA                                                 TDMA
                                                              Others
         13.1%

                         GSM
                         34.1%




                                          Strategy Group 1998

                                                      Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Cellular/3G Penetration 1998 and 2003 in Asia
      Country        1998              2003

     Hong Kong       42.4%            68.7%

       Japan         35.6%            64.5%

       Korea         29.8%            62.3%

      Singapore      26.5%            58.3%

      Australia      32.3%            55.1%

       Taiwan        21.8%            53.5%

     New Zealand     18.9%            39.6%

      Malaysia       11.2%             24.4%

        China        2.0%              9.5%

      Thailand       3.6%              8.1%
                              Strategy Group 1998

                                                    Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
                Objectives of IMT-2000


-   Higher quality of mobile phone
- International roaming capability

- Multimedia services of voice, data and video

- Seamless service capability with VHE concept.

- Service integration of terestial and satellite

    service



                                                   Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
     Scenario for mobile communications in IMT-2000
 * R1 to R7 interfaces have been defined.
 * R1 is for Vehicular and R2 is for Pedestrian environment.
 * R1 and R2 may be merged into one interface.

                                               PS     R2    CS

                                                                                                                                                               CX


          R2         PS
                                               PS     R2    CS
                                                                                PS
                                                                                     R2            PS          PS
                                                                                                                    R2                            R1
     CS                                                                                                       PS     CS                                        MS
                                                                           PS            CS
                                                                                                         R2                            BS
                                                            CS                                                                                     RP
                                               PS
          R2         CS                                                                                                                                        MS
                                    R2                                                                                                       R1
 PBX
                                     PS
                                                    R2                               A or

                                                                                     B
                                                                                                                         A         A or

                                                                                                                                   B
                                                                                                                                                          R1


     A                                                            A or B


                                                     R1=R2 (1)      PS


               PTM                                                                                                           PBS

                                          R1                BS
                                                                                              WP
                                                                                                              R4                            R3
PS                             MS                                 R1                               (2)
                                                                                                                                                               R3
                                                         A or B
                                                                   MS
                          MS
     PS         CS

          R2                                                                                                                                                   R2


                                                                                                                                       MS            MS               PS



                                                                                                                                                  Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Requirements of transmission capability

* Step I


                              P-Environment i r o n m e n t
                     V-Environment    O-Env
       Circuit 128 kbps 384 kbps 384 kbps
       Packet 144 kbps 384 kbps 384 kbps
 * Step II


                                            P                      O
                      V - E n v i r o n m e n t- E n v i r o n m e n t - E n v i r o n m e n t

           Circuit           same                   same               1.536 Mbps
           Packet            same                   same               2.048 Mbps



                                                                                      Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
           Proposal for ITU-R of IMT-2000 Radio Access
                                                  Environment
Country       Proposal      Association                                          Comment
                                            I-E    P-E    V-E   S-E
Japan      W-CDMA         ARIB                                        4.096 Mcps
           UTRA: W-CDMA   ETSI SMG2                                   4.096 Mcps       FDD, TDD
Europe
           DECT           EP DECT
USA        UWC-136        TIA TR45.3                                  TDMA Packet

           cdma2000       TIA TR45.5                                  3.684 Mcps
           WIMS W-CDMA    TIA TR46                                    Shilling, AT&T
           NA W-CDMA      T1P1
Korea      CDMA I         TTA                                         cdma2000
           CDMA II        TTA                                         Synchronous CDMA
China      TD-CDMA        CATT
Europe     SW-CDMA        ESA                                         W-CDMA

           SW-CTDMA       ESA                                         CDMA/TDMA
           ICO-RTT        ICO Global Com.                             ICO

Korea      SAT-CDMA       TTA                                         LEO
Inmarsat   Horizons       Inmarusat                                   GEO
                                                                                       Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
                          Frequency Assignment of IMT-2000
         Japan
                         1893.5 1919.6              FDD                                    TDD                                                       FDD

                                                                                            IMT
                               PHS              IMT-2000                   MSS                                                                    IMT-2000               MSS
                                                                                           2000
                  1885         1920                                1980             2010     2025                                    2110                         2170          2200 MHz


     Europe
                                                     FDD                                   TDD                                                        FDD

                         DECT UMTS                  UMTS                   MSS             UMTS                                                     UMTS                  MSS

                   1885 1900 1920                                  1980             2010         2025                                                             2170           2200 MHz
                                                                                                                                      2110

  USA

         A    D    B     E F     C Unlicensed       A     D   B      E F   C                            MSS : Mobile Satellite Services          Reserve
         15   5    15    5 5     15                 15    5   15     5 5   15         MSS                                                                                MSS
                                     20MHz                                                                                                       40 MHz

  1850                          1910        1930                           1990                  2025                                     2110             2150   2165              2200 MHz


China
                                                                                R                                                                                            R
  Cellular                   WLL                R                                            R                                                        R
                                                                           MSS                                                                                              MSS

                                                                                                                                                                   Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
 Globally harmonized 3 G W-CDMA standard

     The operators Harmonization Group (OHG) has reached
     an agreement.


1.     FDD mode 1 - Direct Sequence (ETSI UTRA supported by ARIB)


2.     FDD mode 2 - Multi-Carrier (TIA cdma 2000)


3.     TDD mode - TD/CDMA (ETSI UTRA)




                                                                    Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
                       IMT-2000 Harmonization

                               IMT-MS              IMT-TC                IMT-SC                IMT-FT
     IMT-DS
                                                                                                DECT
W-CDMA(UTRA FDD)              CDMA2000            UTRA TDD              UWC-136
                                                                                             Frequency
  Direct Spread              Multi Carrier        Time Code          Single Carrier             Time




                                  Flexible Connection Between Core Network
                                           and Radio Access Network




                   Evolved                          Evolved                       IP-based
                   GSM(MAP)                         ANSI-41                       Networks




                                               Network - Network
                                                   Interfaces



                                                                                             Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
       Service Quality discussed in 3GPP

    Environment              Realtime      Non-realtime

                               < 400 ms       =< 200 ms
             <
   Satellite•F 1000 km/h
                             10-3 - 10-7     10-5 - 10-8


                             < 20-300 ms      =< 150 ms
          <
    Rural•F 500 km/h
                             10-3 - 10-7     10-5 - 10-8


                             < 20-300 ms      =< 150 ms
            <
    Urban/ •F 120 km/h
                             10-3 - 10-7     10-5 - 10-8


                             < 20-300 ms      =< 150 ms
                 <
Indoor/low speed•F 10 km/h
                             10-3 - 10-7     10-5 - 10-8



                                                       Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
               Connection of Core Network and RTT


GSM MAP                                    ANSI 41     GSM MAP                                        ANSI 41



  L3,MM,CC                                L3,MM,CC        L3,MM,CC                                   L3,MM,CC
  (WCDMA)                                (cdma2000)       (WCDMA)                                  (cdma2000)

                                                                                            L3 RRC
L3 RRC(WCDMA)            HOOKS       EXTENSION            EXTENSION              HOOKS
                                                                                            (cmda2000)

L2(WCDMA)                    HOOKS       EXTENSION      EXTENSION         HOOKS             L2(cmda2000)

L1(WCDMA                                                                                    L1( cmda2000
                                 HOOKS     EXTENSION   EXTENSION      HOOKS
as per Section 2)                                                                           as per Section 2)



                    Direct Spread Mode                                        Multi-Carrier Mode



                                                                                                   Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
        Status of mobile communications in China

- China telecom and China unicom


- 43 millon subs. in 1999 and 60 million subs. in 2000


- More than 90% is shared by China Telecom GSM


- The lowest monthly charge of RMB 50 (US5$) per month and lowest
  usage charge of RMB0.40 (US 5 cent)/minute in the world.


- Many trials of CDMA in Beijing, Shanghai and other cities by China
  Unicom with the supports of Motorola, Lucent Samsung and Nortel.



                                                                       Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
                      IMT-2000 status in China
 - TD-SCDMA proposal for IMT-2000 by CATT


 - 100 MHz will be available for TS-SCDMA system


 - TD-SCDMA is now discussed in 3GGP for system integration.


 - Field trial tests in Biding conducted by CATT with NTT DoCoMo
  and Ericsson for the demonstration of W-CDMA.
China
                                           R                                                             R
  Cellular      WLL        R                        R                               R
                                          MSS                                                           MSS
                      1920 1945              2010 2025                       2110       2170
        CATT : China Academy o Telecommunications Technology
        TD-SCDMA : Time Division Synchronous / Smart / Software-radio CDMA

                                                                                          Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Status of mobile communications in Korea


- SK Telecom, Shinsegi Telecom Inc. and 3 PCS operators.


- Most advanced country in cdma introduction.


- cdmaOne with 800 MHz and 1900 MHz.


- 14 million subs in 1998 and 23 million subs. in 1999.


- Fleetel has made field trial test of HDR..




                                                           Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
                      IMT-2000 status in Korea


                          based) and proposal II ( cdma2000 based)
- TTA proposal I (W- CDMA•@


- SK Telecom has finished field trials of W-CDMA with NTT DoCoMo,
  NEC and Ericsson by Dec., 1999.


- DACOM has made an agreement with Japan telecom for field trials.


- Consortium has been established with 60 companies joining for the
  development of IMT-2000.


- SK Telecom will introduce IMT-2000 by Feb., 2002.


                                                                      Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
      Deployment of mobile communications in Japan

   1st Generation        2nd Generation    3rd Generation
        1979-1991              1992-2000         2001-


1979                                       W-CDMA/FDD-2000
NTT-800/NTT                PDC-800
                                           by DoCoMo
                           PDC-1500

      1987/1988
     •–NTT-800/IDO         PDC-800
     •–TACS-800/DDI        cdmaOne         W-CDMA/FDD-2000
                                           by J-Phone


                           PDC-1500
                                            cdma2000-2000
                       1992                 by KDDI
                      •–J-Phone
                      •–Digital Tu-Ka
                      •–Tu-Ka Cellular

                                                         Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Market Share of Japanese Cellular Operators

                         52.19 millions as of April 2000
                TU-KA
     IDO        3.56 m                                NTT DoCoMo

    3.92 m                                            J-Phone
                                                      Cellular-G
                                                      IDO
                                                      TU-KA
 DDI Cellular
                           NTT
   6.28 m
                         DoCoMo
                         29.99 m
     J-Phone
      8.42 m




                                                                Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
           Growth of cellular subscribers in Japan
                                                                               Digital ratio
millions   60                                                                    100
                                                                                 90
           50                                                                    80
                                                                                 70
           40
                                                                                 60

           30                                                                    50
                                                                                 40
           20                                                                    30
                                                                                 20
           10
                                                                                 10
            0                                                                    0
                91   92   93   94   95   96     97   98   99.1   99.7   00.5

                                         year
                                                                                  Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
             Growth of PHS subscriber in Japan

millions
 8

 7

 6

 5                                                                                    Astel G

 4                                                                                    DDI-P

                                                                                      NTT-P
 3

 2

 1

  0

      95.7 95.9 95.12 96.3 96.9 96.11 97.2 97.9 97.12 98.3 98.9 98.12 99.3 99.9
                                       year

                                                                                  Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
80



                                              Fixed telephone

                   [ •ç–œ‘ä ]
60




40

                                                        Mobile
                                                        phone


20


                                          ISDN



     0




     1994   1995                1996   1997               1998   1999   2000




                                                                         Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
       Standardization of IMT-2000 in Japan

* Interim report for IMT-2000 by MPT in Sept. 1999
    W-CDMA and cdma2000 have been recommended.


       MPT
       Radio system and Frequency assignment
       Licensing



                     ARIB                      3GPP
                     Radio Interface           W-CDMA
                     and protocol              GSM-MAP



                     TTC                       3GPP2
                     Network System            M-CDMA
                     and Interface             ANSI-41


                                                         Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
      Frequency Assignment and Licensing Policy in Japan
* 60 x 2 MHz has been allocated for IMT-2000.
* 5 MHz band adjacent with PHS will not assigned initially due to
  interference.
* 3 operators will licensed for IMT-2000 by beauty contest and not
  by auction.
* Initially 5 MHz band will be assigned to each operator and
  up to 15 MHz will be added depending upon deployment status.
* 20 MHz will be assigned finally after resolving the interference.

Japan
             1893.5 1919.6                                    TDD                       FDD
                                  FDD
                                                              IMT
                  PHS          IMT-2000          MSS                                 IMT-2000          MSS
                                                              2000

      1885        1920                    1980         2010          2025   2110                2170         2200 MHz




                             op1 op2 op3                                           op1 op2 op3
                                                                                                       Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Interwork of PDC and 3 G system in Japan

PDC Air


              PDC RAN        PDC CN



IMT-2000Air                                             IWF

          IMT-2000 RAN       IMT-2000 CN
          W-CDMA             GSM Evolution
                                                               IWF
                         A
                                                 IMT-2000NNI



          IMT-2000 RAN       IMT-2000 CN
          cdma2000           ANSI-41 Evolution
                         A                               IMT-2000NNI




                                                                   Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
  Field Trials and Potential Licensing in Japan


    Field Trials              Potential Licensing
    Early to mid 1999

* NTT DoCoMo- W-CDMA            * NTT DoCoMo- W-CDMA

* Japan Telecom- W-CDMA         * J-Phone - W-CDMA

* KDD - W-CDMA                  * KDDI - M-CDMA

* DDI/ IDO - cdma2000




                                                     Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Future Prospected Subscriber of Cellular and PHS in Japan

          80 Million Subscriber in year of 2003

     90
                                                                    PHS

     80                                                             Cellular


     70


     60


     50


     40


     30


     20


     10


      0

           1999      2000      2001       2002       2003


                                          Source: MPCP2000 report


                                                                               Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Mobile computing users vs. mobile phone users
   The number of mobile computing users is estimated to be
   52.92 million, 66.1% in 2003.
       9000
                                                                     Voice

       8000                                                          Data


       7000


       6000


       5000


       4000


       3000


       2000


       1000


         0

              1999      2000       2001    2002        2003


                                           Source: MPCP2000 report

                                                                     Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Market estimation of mobile computing in Japan
  The market will be 8 billion $ in 2003.
       10
                                                                  contents fee
       9                                                          video
                                                                  data
       8
                                                                  male

       7

     m
     i 6
     l
     l
     i 5
     o
     n
       4
     $
       3


       2


       1


       0

            1999      2000      2001        2002       2003
                              Year


                                              Source: MPCP2000 report


                                                                                 Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Market estimation of mobile computing
 The market will reach up to 8 billion $ in 2003.
      16
                                                              contents fee
                                                              video
      14
                                                              wireless terminal
                                                              note computer
      12


  m 10
  i
  l
  l
  i 8
  o
  n

  $   6


      4


      2


      0

           1999    2000      2001    2002          2003
                           Year



                                            Source: MPCP2000 report


                                                                                  Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
Mobile Communication Service Deployment

                                      Web Access
                                      File Transfer
                                      High quality picture and motion video

                          Web Access
                          E-mail
                                                          3rd Generation
                          Content Access
            FAX           Video and Picture


      Short mail                   2nd Generation
      E-mail
            1st Generation

     1k            10 k                   100 k                  1M
                                (bps)
              Transmission Rate•@

                                                                              Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
    Wireless Internet network configuration
                                                  HTML                C-HTML

                                                                           WML




                                                WWW Server
                                   Gate way
                                                  TCP/IP

                Mobile Net                                 Internet


                     Specific Protocol



Mobile phones
                             HTML: HyperText Markup
                             Language
                             TCP/IP: ransmission control
                             protocol/internet protocol
                             WML: Wireless Markup Language
                             WWW: world wide web                                 Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
        Wireless Internet access in Japan

5 million subscribers of i-mode followed by EZweb/EZaccess and J-sky


 Service           EZweb             EZAccess     i-mode        J-sky


 Operator        DDI-TU-KA               IDO    NTT DoCoMo   J-PHONE


 Descpt.lang            HDML/WML                  C-HTML        MML


                           PDC-circuit
 Transmission                                   PDC-Packet   PDC-circuit
                      cdmaOne-Packet


 Commercializa
                              99.4                 99.2        99.12
 tion




                                                                        Sophia Univ. T. Hattori
 Mobile Multimedia Services in the future

           * High Quality Voice
           * Data base access
           * Streamline Video / Interactive Video
           * Message service
           * Location service
           * music down load with MP3
           * Game
           * Mobile banking
           * Mobile e-commerce•@


It is expected that mobile terminal will act as a major role
for the future mobile multimedia service.


                                                               Sophia Univ. T. Hattori

								
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