Methane International by decree


									                                                                                                          Issue 8
                                                                                                    October 2007

 What’s Inside:
  •   What’s New with the Methane to Markets Partnership Expo?
  •   News from the Administrative Support Group
  •   Australia to Fund Methane Reduction Grants
  •   Special Feature: Financing Methane Recovery and Use Projects
  •   PEMEX Reduces Oil and Gas Emissions
  •   ONGC Joins Natural Gas STAR International
  •   New Sector-Specific Databases Now Available
  •   Landfill Project Activities Advance in China, Latin America
  •   2006 Report: U.S. Government Accomplishments in Support of Methane to Markets
  •   Upcoming Methane to Markets Conferences and Related Events

What’s New with the Methane                                     submitted for the Expo project opportunity
to Markets Partnership Expo?                                    showcase. Be sure to register for the Expo for your
                                                                chance to be among the first organizations to
Scheduled to take place 31 October through 1                    connect with these opportunities.
November 2007 in Beijing, China, the world's
                                                                In addition, it isn’t too late to sign up for Expo
largest gathering of methane professionals will be
                                                                sponsorship. At last count, more than 35
here soon! We have made a number of Expo-related
                                                                organizations have become Expo sponsors. Don’t
                resources available on the Methane
                                                                let this chance to increase your organization’s
                       to Markets Partnership Expo
                                                                visibility pass you by!
                           Web site, including the
                               full Expo agenda                 For complete and up-to-date information on the
                                 and a new Expo                 Expo, please visit the Partnership Expo Web site at
                                        We are
                                                                    About Methane International
                                        pleased to
                                                                    Methane International is the quarterly
                                        announce that               newsletter of the Methane to Markets
                                        over 80                     Partnership. Published by the Administrative
                                        projects from               Support Group, Methane International delivers
                                                                    news and information about the Methane to
                                       the Coal Mine,               Markets community of Partners and Project
                                      Landfill, and                 Network members. We welcome your news,
                                                                    commentary, and contributions. Please send
                                     Agriculture                    them to the Administrative Support Group at
                                   sectors have been      
                                                                                                October 2007

  News from the Administrative                              report on how to evaluate AD environmental
  Support Group                                             performance for international experts at a future
  The Partnership to Welcome John Beale, New              • Reports on methane leakage rates from various
  U.S. EPA Deputy Assistant Administrator, in               types of AD systems to improve the leakage rate
                                                            estimates provided under the Intergovernmental
                                                            Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) livestock waste
  John Beale, Deputy Assistant Administrator for the        emission guidance.
  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (U.S. EPA)
  Office of Air and Radiation, will be the new            Coal Mines
  Steering Committee chair. Mr. Beale brings a            The Coal Mines Subcommittee met in Geneva,
  distinguished record of achievement to this position.   Switzerland, as part of the United Nations
  Over the course of his career, Beale played a           Economic Commission for Europe’s (UNECE) Third
  central role in the development and passage of the      Session of the Ad Hoc Group of Experts on Coal
  1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, served as a staff        Mine Methane. The subcommittee reviewed
  member for two United States Senators, and              Partner Counties’ and Project Network members’
  practiced environmental law. He now serves as the       planned activities for the Methane to Markets
  senior advisor to the U.S. EPA Administrator on         Partnership Expo. Several Project Network
  international air pollutant issues and programs and     member organizations including UNECE, MEGTEC,
  coordinates Clean Air Act strategy.                     Green Gas International, and EcoSecurities stated
                                                          that they will attend the Expo and either sponsor
                                                          the travel cost of experts from developing
  Subcommittee Updates
                                                          countries or become Expo sponsors. The meeting
  Agriculture                                             concluded with a review and open discussion
  Argentina’s Instituto Nacional de Tecnología            regarding the Coal Mine Subcommittee action plan
  Agropecuaria hosted a workshop in Buenos Aires,         and how to solicit broader input from Project
  Argentina, entitled Strategies and Challenges to        Network members.
  Implement Anaerobic Digestion Systems in
  Agriculture. Participants learned and shared
                                                          The Landfills Subcommittee meeting was held in
  information about policies affecting anaerobic
                                                          conjunction with the Carbon Expo in Cologne,
  digestion (AD), funding opportunities,
                                                          Germany. It followed a Methane to Markets side
  demonstrations and case studies, and barriers to
                                                          event in which delegates from Ecuador and China
  project implementation. Following the workshop,
                                                          delivered presentions on how Methane to Markets
  the Agriculture Subcommittee’s meeting featured:
                                                          has facilitated partnerships between the U.S. and
  • Updates on AD projects from participating             China and between the U.S. and Ecuador. These
    countries.                                            partnerships have resulted in biogas project
                                                          development activities including landfill site visits,
  • The decision to document emission estimate
                                                          data validation, pre-feasibility studies, and pump
    methodologies, for possible development of a

Methane International—Page 2
                                                                                            October 2007

   tests. Delegates also presented new landfill tools Please note:
   and resources, including the new Methane to          attendees from many countries are required to
   Markets Guide to On-line Landfill Gas Resources      have visas, so plan ahead.
   a bibliography of Web-based resources for landfill   Welcome Vietnam and European Commission!
   biogas energy (see page 9 for more details).
                                                        In April 2007, the Methane to Markets Partnership
   Oil & Gas Systems                                    welcomed its 20th Methane to Markets Partner
   As part of the Oil & Gas Systems Subcommittee        Country, Vietnam. Vietnam is eager to work with
   meeting in Aberdeen, Scotland, attendees toured      the Partnership on reducing methane emissions
   the BP oil terminals in the towns of Kinneil and     from livestock and agricultural waste and has
   Dalmeny, near Edinburgh, Scotland. Attendees         already begun developing projects in this area.
   viewed BP’s large storage tank facility and
                                                        In September 2007, the Methane to Markets
   innovative vapor recovery system, and then
                                                        Partnership welcomed its first multi-country
   proceeded offshore to platforms where ships load
                                                        Partner, the European Commission (EC), the
   oil. The subcommittee also heard country-specific
                                                        European Union’s (EU) executive. The EC intends to
   updates from each representative and a technical
                                                        focus its activities initially within the Partnership
   presentation by Roxanne Pettipas from
                                                        on reducing methane emissions from the coal
   ConocoPhillips on using optimal imaging to detect
                                                        mines and the oil and gas systems sectors. The
   gas leaks in oil and gas installations.
                                                        entry of the EC will provide additional valuable
   From the Documents & Resources page of               expertise and resources to advance methane
   the Methane to Markets Web site (www.                capture and use in Europe and other Methane to, visit the sector    Markets Partner Countries.
   pages for copies of minutes, discussion papers,
   and presentations from the subcommittee              Australia to Fund Methane
   meetings.                                            Reduction Grants
   Subcommittees to Meet Again
                                                        The Australian government has announced that it
   The next subcommittee meetings will all take
                                                        will invest AUS $18.5 million over five years to
   place in the same place at the same time: in
                                                        reduce greenhouse gas emissions from
   Beijing, China, on 1 November 1 2007, as part of
                                                        underground coal mining activities in Australia.
   the Methane to Markets Partnership Expo. Don’t
                                                        This measure is a great opportunity to help
   miss this opportunity to contribute to Methane to
                                                        minimize the environmental impact of meeting
   Markets after you have attended the Partnership
                                                        Australia’s energy needs.
   Expo. For information on the Partnership Expo
   and the most up-to-date agenda, please visit         The Australian government’s investment will
   the Partnership Expo Web site at                     support the establishment and implementation of
                                                        the Australian Coal Mine Methane Reduction
                                                        Programme, a competitive grants program. Part of

Methane International—Page 3
                                                                                              October 2007

   the funding will come from the Australian
   government’s existing Greenhouse Gas Abatement         What is an Emission
   program.                                               Reduction Credit?
   Underground black coal mines in Australia emit 12      An emission reduction credit (ERC) is a
   million tons of greenhouse emissions each year. A      legally traded permit, allowing the owner to
                                                          emit 1 metric ton of carbon dioxide
   large portion of these emissions is dilute and         equivalent. ERCs are generated through
   cannot be efficiently captured and used, however,      various legal frameworks for emissions
   the grants program will target mines with              trading and offset programs. There are a
                                                          number of different exchanges for buying
   particularly high concentrations of methane. This
                                                          and selling ERCs, each with its own name
   cost-effective measure is expected to reduce                          ”
                                                          for “one credit. All credits are referred to as
   emissions from Australian underground coal mines       ERCs in this article unless noted otherwise.
   by up to 0.9 million tons per year, or 4.5 million
   tons from 2008 to 2012.
                                                         it may seem daunting at first, with strategic
   Australia is also working closely with China to       planning and market research, most project
   reduce methane emissions and improve the safety       developers can secure funding for high-quality
   of its mining operations. Australia and China are     methane projects still in the design stages.
   working together on four projects to explore the
   potential for coal mine methane recovery and use      The market for greenhouse gas (GHG) ERCs has
   in China, including generating electricity using      grown significantly in the last two years, and
   world-leading new technology designed by              project developers working in the field have noticed
   Australia’s CSIRO.                                    a significant increase in the number of methane
                                                         abatement projects as well as the availability and
   For more information, please visit www.greenhouse.    variety of funding options. “There was a sea change                    in the last few years, both in the sophistication and
                                                         number of carbon reduction projects, which has
   Special Feature:                                      grown private banks’ appetites to fund these (types
   Financing Methane Recovery                            of) projects,” explains Paul Soffe, a nine-year
   and Use Projects                                      veteran in the methane project development field
                                                         and an associate director of EcoSecurities—a
   The Methane to Markets Partnership has grown in       company that designs, develops, and finances
   conjunction with the dramatic rise in both the size   carbon abatement projects all over the world.
   and scope of the international carbon trading
   market. This market growth has fueled a demand        Three Generalized Financing Options
   for methane recovery and utilization projects that,
   once developed, can qualify for emission reduction    For individuals looking to secure funding to develop
   credits (ERCs) (see text box). More and more          methane recovery and use projects, there are three
   Partners and Project Network members are              common options:
   searching for ways to finance their projects. While

Methane International—Page 4
                                                                                             October 2007

   1. Equity financing from project development
      partners, usually private businesses that either    Additional Resources for
      co-own or completely own and develop the            Project Financing
      methane recovery and use project and then sell
      ERCs on the carbon exchange market. (The             •	 United Nations Environment
      companies pay royalties for the sale of the             Programme’s Guidebook to Financing

      ERCs to the landfill, farm, or mine owners.)            CDM Projects
      Many of these projects are implemented under            Publications/FinanceCDMprojectsGuide
      voluntary ERC trading market programs, such             book.pdf
      as the Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) or the         •	 EPA’s Coalbed Methane Outreach

      Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development                      Program Coal Mine Methane Project

      Mechanism (CDM). These programs have their              Finance Sources

      own special rules and certification requirements        cmop/pdf/fin_catalog.pdf

      for project implementation. (See CCX
      certification rules at      •	 EPA’s AgSTAR Handbook Chapter 7:

      content.jsf?id=104; see the CDM certification           Obtaining Project Financing

      requirements at:       

      index.html.) This model is very attractive to           chapter7.pdf

      investors because of methane’s properties as a
                                                           •	 EPA’s Natural Gas STAR Program Project
      potent GHG, which generates significant ERCs
                                                              Finance Opportunities for Natural Gas
      when abated, resulting in a short payback on
                                                              Emissions Mitigation
      their investment period.
   2. Debt financing or loans from banks or other
      financial institutions to fund project
      development. The terms of a loan, such as             rates. Banks are often willing to improve their
      interest rate or payback period, are extremely        loan terms when a project developer has secured
      important for a methane project’s long-term           these types of contracts, since these long-term
      profitability. There are a few ways to improve        revenue streams reduce the methane project’s
      these loan terms. One common way, according           risk profile.
      to Suzanne Chew, an emissions broker at TFS        3. Forward-sale of credits where a project
      Energy—a company that helps project developers        developer will sign a long-term contract with an
      broker the purchase of their ERCs since 2001—         ERC buyer (e.g., financial institution) before the
      is for project developers to secure long-term         project is built in exchange for upfront project
      fixed-price contracts with an ERC buyer (e.g.,        development capital. The project developer
      World Bank), then approach banks with these           gains immediate access to funding, while the
      contracts and negotiate more favorable financing      ERC buyer receives a steady stream of credits

Methane International—Page 5
                                                                                                              October 2007

         at a discounted price. This type of financing is               unfamiliar with these types of projects. On the
         not used as often as the other two examples,                   project development side, banks are sometimes
         but it has facilitated projects. For example, the              reluctant to loan money to inexperienced project
         Asia Pacific Carbon Fund, a program managed                    developers who cannot sufficiently demonstrate a
         by the Asian Development Bank, will partially                  history of success implementing similar methane
         finance methane abatement projects through                     recovery and use projects. Financiers may be
         upfront payments equivalent to half of the                     hesitant if there is a lack of evidence showing the
         expected ERCs that will be generated by a                      technical and operational capacity to implement
         project. Private companies will also sometimes                 and manage a long-term abatement project.
         fund methane projects in this manner.
                                                                      • Differences in business culture among
   In addition to these three financing options, some                   countries that often lead to difficulty in securing
   project developers may find grants for project                       financing. Carbon trading markets are usually
   implementation. They are generally available on a                    driven by Western-style banking practices, which
   limited scale and scope, provided through country-                   may not always align with developing countries’
   by-country agreements or through international                       financial practices. While this is changing,
   organizations like the Asian Development Bank                        partners both in the West and in developing
   (                                countries need to learn how business is
                                                                        performed in each other’s respective locations.
   Barriers to Finding Project Development                            • Volatility in the price of ERCs, as seen over
   Funding                                                              the last few years. Market unpredictability
   Despite the increased interest in funding GHG                        increases the risk of investing in carbon
   abatement projects, a number of barriers still exist                 abatement projects. The cost of securing funding
   for project developers to receive project funding.                   for project development capital increases with
   When project developers begin searching for funding,                 due to price volatility.
   they sometimes encounter obstacles or barriers to
   attracting and securing investment for their projects.             Overcoming Barriers
   Some of the most common barriers include:                          to Financing
   • Lack of information and technical experience                     Overcoming barriers to financing requires careful
       on the part of both financial institutions and                 planning, comprehensive research, and, in many
       project developers. According to Mr. Fernando                  cases, partnering with experienced business
       Cubillos, senior technical specialist at the World             organizations and technical advisors. Taking the
       Bank’s Carbon Finance Unit, some commercial                    following steps can help project owners and
       banks are still reluctant to finance construction              managers secure funding for their methane projects.
       for methane projects where ERCs are the main
       source of revenue, primarily because they are
       For a 180-day ERC price history, both in the United States and Europe, reference the Chicago Climate Exchange at

Methane International—Page 6
                                                                                               October 2007

    • Develop strong financial and technical
                                                           “The Methane to Markets Partnership is a
      feasibility analyses. Banks or equity firms           fantastic networking opportunity and
      will not invest in projects with poor financial       networking is always extremely important
      performance or poor technical feasibility.            in any business. It has allowed
      Assistance to develop feasibility studies is          EcoSecurities to find technical partners,
                                                            project developers, and other solution
      available through the Methane to Markets              providers that they normally would not
      Partnership, the Asian Development Bank               have easily accessed. ”
      Carbon Market Initiative (               - Paul Soffe, Associate Director,
      clean-energy/cmi.asp), the World Bank’s                EcoSecurities
      Carbon Finance Unit (,
      as well as private companies. Partnering with
                                                           to process and negotiate. Actual delivery of
      other, experienced organizations also adds to
                                                           funds for the carbon abatement takes an
      project developers’ credibility and a track
                                                           additional six to 12 months after the project is
      record of success.
                                                           implemented. Private financiers may also
    • Consider “value added” improvements, such            require revisions to a project’s design, further
      as using combined heat and power technology          slowing down the project development
      to generate electricity and steam. Banks are         process. Private sector funding can often be
      more willing to loan funds to a project that has     accessed more quickly than funding from
      multiple revenue streams, since it reduces the       international organizations like the World Bank,
      bank’s risk on its investment. Mr. Fernando          but the turnaround time varies greatly
      Cubillos, who reviews methane project financial      depending upon the project’s complexity and
      and technical feasibility studies at the World       the businesses involved.
      Bank, agrees. He states that, “With other
                                                         • Leverage the Methane to Markets
      sources of revenue, such as selling steam
                                                           Partnership’s resources to learn how others
      generated on site to a third party or selling
                                                           have secured financing. The Partnership is
      electricity generated on site to the grid,
                                                           structured to match project opportunities with
      commercial banks are usually more amenable to
                                                           developers and financiers who have expertise in
      funding methane-recovery projects.” Generating
                                                           the latest technical and financial mechanisms
      additional revenue by producing marketable
                                                           to advance project development. The Methane
      products, such as electricity or transportation
                                                           to Markets Partnership Expo will also be an
      fuel, also acts as a hedge against ERCs’ price
                                                           excellent opportunity to meet financial
      volatility, making the methane recovery and use
                                                           institutions and share experiences with other
      project more financially stable in the long run.
                                                           project developers.
    • Search for financing early. Financing can
                                                         Funding methane recovery and use projects can
      require a long period of time; for example,
                                                         sometimes be a complex task, but the carbon
      applications to the World Bank’s Carbon
                                                         market’s growth has improved access to funding
      Finance Unit take between six and 12 months
                                                         and made investors eager to finance well-designed

Methane International—Page 7
                                                                                             October 2007

    methane projects. The Methane to Markets            International Development (USAID), U.S.
    Partnership can assist with securing funding by     Environmental Protection Agency, and Methane to
    helping project developers create alliances with    Markets Oil and Gas Subcommittee members. The
    local partners in developing countries, gain        parties gathered to finalize activities and projects
    improved access to technical experts and            that were then undertaken in 2006, helping
    resources, and draft strong feasibility studies.    Mexico and other Methane to Markets members
    With these tools, resources, and sufficient         reach their methane emissions reduction goals.
    preparation, project developers can successfully    PEMEX will continue to keep Methane to Markets
    secure financial backing for well-designed and      updated on its progress to reduce methane
    properly planned methane recovery projects.         emissions throughout its operations. For more
                                                        information, please visit:
    PEMEX Reduces                                       pdf/ngspartnerup_summer2007.pdf.
    Oil and Gas Emissions
                                                        ONGC Joins Natural Gas STAR
    Mexico’s National Petroleum Company                 International
    Shares Lessons and Successes
                                                        The Natural Gas STAR International Program is
    Mexico’s nationally owned petroleum company,
                                                        very happy to welcome the Oil and Natural Gas
    Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX), is making strides
                                                        Company (ONGC) of India to the program. Natural
    to lower its methane emissions. In 2006, PEMEX
                                                        Gas STAR International works with companies
    undertook a range of activities including
                                                        worldwide to identify and implement cost-
    conducting a methane emissions inventory,
                                                        effective methane emissions reduction projects
    measuring fugitive emissions, and reducing
                                                        that both reduce greenhouse gas and generate
    emissions by replacing wet seals and gas
                                                        review for partners through the sale of the
    compressors. PEMEX recently hosted an
                                                        recovered natural gas. Benefits of joining Natural
    international technical workshop and meeting in
                                                        Gas STAR International include:
    Villahermosa, Mexico, with PEMEX Gas, PEMEX
    Exploration and Production (PEP), U.S. Agency for   • Saving time identifying the “right” technologies
                                                          through one-on-one assistance and access to
                                                          detailed reports.
                                                        • Technology transfer between peer companies
                                                          and on-site and online training courses.
                                                        • Enhanced corporate reputation.
                                                        • The ability to develop a voluntary record of
                                                          methane emissions reductions.

Methane International—Page 8
                                                                                            October 2007

   New Sector-Specific Databases                       International Landfill Database to Assist
   Now Available                                       Project Development

   International Database of Coal Mines to             Coal mine stakeholders will not be the only ones
                                                       to benefit from the power of Methane to Markets
   Promote Projects
                                                       database tools. Landfill owners and developers
   Coal mine owners, project developers, and           also now have a powerful new resource to use to
   technology vendors who want to learn more           catalyze development of landfill biogas energy
   about the industry’s experience with coal mine      projects: the Methane to Markets International
   methane (CMM) recovery and utilization can now      Landfill Database. Also created by the U.S.
   turn to a powerful new tool: the International      Environmental Protection Agency, with valuable
   CMM Projects Database. Created by the U.S.          input from the Landfills Subcommittee, this Web-
   Environmental Protection Agency on behalf of the    based database stores information on landfill
   Methane to Markets Partnership Coal Mines           location, physical characteristics, gas collection
   Subcommittee, the Web-based database contains       system characteristics, waste characteristics,
   information on more than 200 projects in both       and site operations of many landfills in Methane
   Partner and non-Partner Countries.                  to Markets countries.
   To create maximum utility and flexibility, the      The more data a database contains, the more
   database can sort all project data by country,      useful it will be to users. The Partnership invites
   region, project type, or mine status. A developer   all Methane to Markets Partner Countries, Project
   who wants to know where abandoned mine              Network members, and affiliates to enter landfill-
   methane projects are most viable or which           specific data or link other landfill databases to
   province in China hosts the most projects, for      this database. A link to the database can be
   example, can sort the data by mine status or        found at
   region, respectively. A user can also select a      index.htm.
   secondary sort. Enhancements are underway to
   create search and export functions so that data     U.S. EPA appreciates the valuable input provided
   can be isolated based on multiple criteria and      from members of the Landfill Database Task
   exported into Excel or another spreadsheet          Force for the Methane to Markets Partnership
   program for further analysis.                       Landfills Subcommittee. Task force members who
   All stakeholders are invited to enter information   contributed to the development of this database
   on a new project or update an existing project.     are: Carbon Trade, D’appolonia S.p.A, Deutz
   Just follow the instructions at the database Web    Corporation, Eastern Research Group, Inc., ISWA
   site. Select “Coal Mines” from the Methane to       working group on Sanitary Landfills, SCS
   Markets Web page,         Engineers, Stratus Consulting, the Secretariat of
   resources/index.htm.                                Environment for Argentina, and the Ministry of
                                                       Environment for Ecuador.

Methane International—Page 9
                                                                                                October 2007

                                                           of the emission reduction credits. The Spanish
                                                           Carbon Fund, which is managed by the World Bank,
                                                           will buy 635,000 million metric tons of carbon
                                                           dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2E) from the project
                                                           and Nanjing Long-Term Environment Technology
                                                           Development Co. Ltd., an Australian company, will
                                                           serve as the build-operate-transfer contractor.
                                                           For more information, please visit
                                                  and select “Projects &
   Landfill Project Activities
   Advance in China,                                       On-the-Ground Developments in Latin
   Latin America                                           America
                                                           In support of the Methane to Markets
   World Bank Provides Loan to Shuangkou
                                                           Partnership, U.S. EPA is implementing a series of
   The World Bank recently completed its first             field visits, workshops, and pre-feasibility studies
   landfill biogas emission reduction purchase             with local partners in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia,
   agreement in China at the Shuangkou Landfill in         El Salvador, and Mexico to advance landfill biogas
   Tianjin Province.                                       energy projects.
   The 60-acre Shuangkou landfill is the first             • In Argentina, U.S. EPA conducted a pump test
   sanitary landfill in Tianjin, and it includes a liner     at three gas extraction wells at the city of
   and leachate collection and treatment system.             Bahia Blanca’s landfill. The primary purpose of
   The World Bank provided a loan to partially               a pump test is to gather field measurement
   finance the site construction, and the site started       data for a biogas recovery and utilization
   accepting waste in 2001. Today the landfill               preliminary feasibility study. Local partners are
   contains over 1.6 million metric tons of waste,           now monitoring gas quality and pressure to
   which will soon be transporting landfill biogas to        obtain data to model the projected landfill
   an electric generating facility. There, it will
   generate 1.25 megawatts (MW) of power for the
   North China Power Grid. Shuangkou is still open
   and accepting waste, and as it expands, so too
   will the biogas energy project—from generating
   1.25 MW in 2008 to 3.75 MW in 2013.
   The landfill is operated by Tianjin Clean Energy and
   Environmental Engineering LTD Co. (TCEE). TCEE
   will also serve as the project developer and seller

Methane International—Page 10
                                                                                               October 2007

                                                          laws and regulations that impact development
     Ecuador Project Expo                                 of landfill biogas energy projects and visited
     More than 40 developers, investors, and
                                                          landfills in the cities of Bogota, Cali, Cartagena,
     technology providers joined with                     and Medellin. U.S. EPA conducted initial
     representatives from 13 municipalities to            technical assessments of the landfill biogas
     participate in a mini-expo, “Exploring
                                                          energy potential of the three landfills, with the
     Opportunities for Landfill Biogas in Latin
     America, held on 27 August 2007 in
               ”                                          ultimate goal of undertaking preliminary
     Guayaquil, Ecuador. U.S. EPA, in support of          feasibility studies at one or two landfills for
     the Methane to Markets Partnership,                  presentation at upcoming Methane to Markets
     organized and co-hosted the workshop with
     the Ecuadorian Ministry of Environment.              Partnership Expo.
     The Expo showcased the results of landfill
     assessments and pre-feasibility studies
                                                        • In El Salvador, U.S. EPA held a workshop for
     conducted by U.S. EPA at 13 landfills in             federal officials and landfill managers from six
     Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, and Mexico.            of the seven Central American countries. At the
     The Expo was followed by two capacity                workshop, U.S. EPA presented the U.S.
     building workshops held in Guayaquil and
     Quito. The courses provided training in              EPA/USAID-designed Central America Biogas
     landfill gas fundamentals and the use of the         Model to help landfill owners, operators, and
     new Ecuador Landfill Biogas Model to over            others evaluate the feasibility and potential
     45 Ecuadorian municipal landfill owners
     and operators and federal officials. The
                                                          benefits of collecting and using LFG as an
     Expo and training presentations, reports,            energy source. The model calculates the
     and Ecuador Landfill Biogas Model will be            maximum expected landfill biogas generation
     available at soon.
                                                          and recovery potential based on the amount of
                                                          waste in place, waste acceptance rates,
     biogas recovery rate at the site. The pre-           methane generation rate, and methane
     feasibility study will be featured at the            generation potential. For more information on
     upcoming Methane to Markets Partnership              the Central American Biogas Model, please visit
     Expo. For more information about this project
     development opportunity, please contact Brian      • In Mexico, U.S. EPA announced the completion
     Guzzone (                     of the first official landfill biogas pre-feasibility
   • In Brazil, U.S. EPA has performed technical and      study and pump test conducted under the
     economic assessments of biogas recovery and          Methane to Markets Partnership. The study,
     utilization at 11 landfills and is preparing         which was completed at the city of
     reports for each one. Based on the results of        Ensenada’s closed municipal landfill, indicates
     the assessments, U.S. EPA will select one or         that the site is a good candidate for a landfill
     two of the landfills to study further. Landfills     biogas energy project. The pre-feasibility study
     being assessed include sites in the cities of        will be featured at the upcoming Methane to
     Aracaju, Campinas, Goiania, and Uberlandia.          Markets Partnership Expo. For more
                                                          information about this project development
   • In Colombia, U.S. EPA met with federal,
                                                          opportunity, please contact Victoria Ludwig
     regional, and municipal agencies to discuss

Methane International—Page 11
                                                                                           October 2007

   2006 Report: U.S. Government                         Methane to Markets Meetings
   Accomplishments in Support of                        30 October – 1 November 2007
   the Methane to Markets                               Methane to Markets Partnership Expo: A Forum
                                                        for Projects, Technology, Financing, and Policy
   In October 2007, the
                                                        Beijing, China
   Methane to Markets
   Administrative Support
   Group released a report
   highlighting accomplishments                         Other Related Meetings
   of the U.S. government in
                                                        Agriculture Meetings
   support of Methane to
                                                        27 – 28 November 2007
   Markets. U.S. government
                                                        2007 AgSTAR National Conference
   funding for the Partnership in
                                                        Sacramento, California, United States
   fiscal year 2006 was $12.9 million, bringing the
   total U.S. financial commitment to the
   Partnership since its inception in 2004 to $18.3     Coal Mine Meetings
   million. U.S. government efforts are directly        6 – 9 November 2007
   leading to the future implementation of full-scale   China Coal & Mining Expo 2007
   projects in numerous countries, which, if fully      Beijing, China
   implemented, will result in estimated annual
   emission reductions of more than 9 MMTCO2E,
   nearly double the estimate from activities in        14 – 16 November 2007
   2005. In addition to advancing near-term methane     9th Annual Unconventional Gas Conference
   recovery and use opportunities, these resources      Calgary, Alberta, Canada
   are helping to create the foundation for future
   project development. For more details, please see
   the full document at            19 – 21 November 2007
                                                        Managing the Social and Environmental
                                                        Consequences of Coal Mining in India: 1st
   Upcoming Methane to Markets                          International Conference
   Conferences and Related                              New Delhi, India
   Visit for the most
   up-to-date information on Partnership conferences
   and events.

Methane International—Page 12
                                                                                        October 2007

   Landfills Meetings                                 Oil and Gas Systems Meetings
   23 – 24 October 2007                               23 – 24 October 2007
   Association of Indiana Solid Waste Management      14th Annual Natural Gas STAR Implementation
   Districts/SWANA Conference                         Workshop
   Indianapolis, Indiana, United States               Houston, Texas, United States            
   28 – 30 November 2007
   BBI Biofuels Workshop - Eastern Region             General
   Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States          21 – 24 October 2007      National Energy Marketing Conference
   ?pageId=1                                          Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

      For more information about Methane International or the
      Methane to Markets Partnership, please visit or contact the Administrative
      Support Group at

Methane International—Page 13

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