Chapter 19 Test Outline
This test will consist of only chapter 2 materials. You will have you usual questions of multiple choice, short answer, fill in the blank,
matching, and a map section. Please look over your notes, worksheets, study guide and textbook over the weekend
Section 1: Preparing for war
You should be aware of the strengths and weaknesses of each side. These might appear as a list on the test. Also please take a look at
what states were Union (North), Confederate (South), and Boarder States (Neutral, but loyal to the Union). This is on page 456 of
your book. Also please know what the capital cities are for each side (Richmond, VA. for the Confederacy, and Washington DC for
the Union). You should know the strategies for both sides, what role women played, and what was the biggest killer of men on the
Strengths and weaknesses
North strengths Southern Strengths
More manufacturing Experienced soldiers (could handle a gun)
More People Better generals and officers
More Railroad miles Fighting in familiar areas
Presidential leadership All to gain, nothing to lose
Almost all the Naval ships
Section 2: The Agony of War
This chapter talks about the early battles of the war from 1861-1862. In this section we have discussed how people misunderstood the
war with the actions of the spectators at Bull Run. Know the when and where the Key battles of this period were fought. You might
want to know the casualty figures at some of the battles.
Please refer to the handout that will be on the test. Also remember what both sides accomplished at the end of 1862.
Union controlled the west
Union blockade of the Confederate coast was successful
Confederate troops blocked any entry into Virginia
Capturing the Confederate capital at Richmond was unworkable
Section 3: Gettysburg and Emancipation
This chapter discusses the swing year of the war 1863. This is also the year of the emancipation proclamation, which only freed
slaves in confederate states. Know the battles of Antietam, Gettysburg and Vicksburg. You should have notes on this section and the
handout from yesterday on Gettysburg. Combined losses for both sides were…
Possible short answer, or list, question on why Lee wanted to head North
Reasons why Lee decided to invade the North:
1. Lee and his men needed supplies that war-racked Virginia could no Longer provide.
2. Lee hoped that Lincoln would panic and move Union men from Vicksburg to the east.
3. That a major Confederate victory on northern soil would tip the political balance in favor of the pro-peace Democrats.
4. Possible, however unlikely, that Lee could advance north enough where he could take Washington D.C. and effectively win
5. Gain European favor; in particular from France and England
6. Inept Union officers almost dared Lee to try and invade the North
In section 4 US Grant will lead the Union to victory over Lee and the South. William Sherman will wage total war on the South and
march his men would leave a trail of death and destruction 60 miles wide and 300 miles long. By the Spring of 1865, Lee was trapped
in Virginia and low on men, morale, and supplies. He surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865. On April 15,
President Lincoln will die from an assassin's bullet the night before. John Wilkes Booth is credited with Lincoln's death.
You should know the three results of the war
Changed the way America thought about the nation
Helped the Federal Government expand
Also the causes and effects of the war
Long term differences over slavery Abolition of Slavery
Economic differences Devastation of the South
Failure to compromise in Congress Reconstruction of the south
Election of Lincoln Nation reunited
Secession of states Boomed industry
Firing on Fort Sumter Federal Authority dominant
The Civil War was the last stage our country needed to go through to truly become ….. Please describe the events that happened in
1850 that lead to war. What role did sectional differences play? Did the Presidents at this time do everything possible to help prevent
hostilities? Please explain
The early part of the Civil War was literally fought to a stale mate. Please explain some of the problems both sides had to endure
during the early part of the war? What obstacles did both sides have to overcome? What disillusions did many have about the war
and how did the general public in both the Union and Confederacy receive the war?
Many say 1863 is the turning point of the war. Please describe some of the important moments that occurred during this year
(speeches, battles, decisions). How did the draft affect those living in both the confederacy and the Union? Were there any out breaks
as a result of this? Please describe the saying: “Rich man’s war. Poor man’s fight.”
The end of the war came brought on a whole new set of challenges to the United States. What issues did our country have to address
before it could be considered truly united again. Was their any opposition in the south after the war? If you were in charge (saying
you didn’t get shot) how would you use power as president to win over the South after your army basically destroyed it?