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					AXES
                 OUTLINE
Brief History of Axes

Forms of Axes and their uses

OSHA regulations and precautions with axes

Injury Statistics dealing with Axes
        HISTORY OF THE AXE
   The axe dates back to as
    early as 6000 BC
   Early axes had heads of
    stone with some form of
    wooden handle
   They were once an
    integral part of a joiner
    and carpenter’s tool kit-
    not just for use in forestry
           PARTS OF THE AXE
   The axe head is bound
    by the bit (blade) at one
    end and the poll (butt) at
    the other.
   The axe haft (handle)
    was traditionally made of
    hickory or ash, but
    modern axes are made of
    durable synthetic
    materials.
              FORMS OF AXES
Felling Axe

 used while cutting
 across the grain of
 wood. As in felling a
 tree. This is the most
 commonly used Axe
           FORMS OF AXES
Splitting Axe

Used when cutting with
 the grain of the wood.
Has a longer, narrower
 head than traditional
 felling axe
            FORMS OF AXES
Broad Axe

 Used for precession
 cutting. Has a very
 narrow head.
        OSHA REGULATIONS
   Axes fall under OSHA Subpart I 1926.301 Hand
    Tools.

   The wooden handles of tools shall be kept free
    of splinters and shall be kept tight in the tool.

   Impact tools are unsafe if they have
    mushroomed heads. The heads could shatter on
    impact, sending sharp fragments flying
       SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
   Axes should be directed away from aisle areas
    and other employees in close proximity
   Appropriate protective equipment, e.g., safety
    goggles, gloves, etc., should be worn
   Around flammable substances, sparks produced
    by iron and steel hand tools can be a dangerous
    ingition source. Spark-resistant tools made from
    brass, plastic, aluminum, or wood will provide
    for safety.
                QUICK FACTS
   The injuries caused by
    axes in 2005 were caused
    by overexertion and
    being struck by the axe.
   In 2005, 71% of injuries
    caused by axes occurred
    on Mondays.
   In 2005, 57% of injuries
    caused by axes occurred
    between 8 AM and 12
    PM.
 LOCATION OF INJURIES
60

50

40

30
                                     Number of Injuries
20

10

0
     Trunk   Back   Finger   Lower
                             Body
     NATURE OF INJURIES
60

50

40

30
                                                         #s
20

10

 0
     Sprains,      Cuts,       Bruises,    Amputations
      Strains   Lacerations   Contusions
DAYS MISSED FROM WORK

60

50

40

30
                                                 DAYS
20

10

0
     1 Day   3-5 Days   6-20 Days   21-30 Days
     FATALITY WITH AN AXE
   A man was standing on the edge of a panel
    pulling back on his pick axe to remove a piece
    of plywood.
   The piece of plywood the victim was standing
    on fell in between the purlins that were
    supporting it.
   As the panel fell, the victim and four additional
    panels fell 28 feet to the concrete floor below.
    The victim died one hour later from blunt force
    injuries.
              PREVENTION
   The direct cause of his death may not have been
    due to the axe.
   However if the man were standing on a secure
    surface following the precautions associated
    with axes his death could have been prevented
If someone is Injured !
             If you come across
              someone injured by an
              axe follow all first aid
              precautions.
             Stop bleeding as soon
              as possible

				
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posted:5/10/2010
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