CSU Channel Islands was founded in by decree


									                            CSU Channel Islands
                            Lighting Standards and Retrofit
                            CSU Channel Islands’ new exterior lighting standards address energy efficiency,
                            sustainability, safety, maintenance, and aesthetics to improve the quality of the
                            campus’s nighttime lighting. The university is using the standards to refashion
                            its nocturnal environment one project at a time, starting with the South Quad.

                                     SU Channel Islands was founded in            control of luminaires for every exterior lighting
                                     2002 on a site that originally housed a      application on the campus.
                                     state hospital. The university faces sev-
                                                                                  In conjunction with the survey CSU Channel
                            eral challenges as it works to create a modern
                                                                                  Islands developed several broad goals for its
                            college campus in existing facilities. One of
                                                                                  exterior lighting. Creating a safe campus with
                            these challenges is updating exterior lighting
                                                                                  even, consistent lighting and high nighttime
                            that was designed for the limited nighttime
                                                                                  visibility was given the highest priority. Using
                            activities of hospital residents rather than
                                                                                  energy efficiently, honoring the campus archi-
                            busy students. To address lighting deficiencies
                                                                                  tecture and surrounding environment, and
                            across the campus, CSU Channel Islands has
Award Category                                                                    reducing maintenance requirements were also
                            developed a master plan for sustainable, safe
                                                                                  identified as critical components of an ideal
Lighting and Controls       and energy-efficient exterior lighting. The cam-
                                                                                  lighting system. With its goals set and survey
Green Features              pus realized a 42 percent energy savings in its
                                                                                  completed, the university was ready to draft a
Energy-efficient compact    first application of the standards in a retrofit of
                                                                                  detailed set of standards.
fluorescent, LED or         the South Quad.
induction lamps             The exterior lighting inherited by CSU Channel
Fixtures are dark night     Islands is very inconsistent with high lighting
sky compliant and           levels in some areas and extreme darkness
reduce light trespass       in others. Glare is also a problem across the
Improves nighttime          campus. These conditions are most likely a
visibility and student      result of the hospital responding to the needs
safety                      of a changing resident population, which
Durable and low-            resulted in piecemeal installations over many
maintenance luminaries      years. Additionally, the specific nature of night-
Photocells control timing   time hospital activities demands an entirely
and duration of lighting    different set of lighting conditions than might
Annual Energy               be expected on a college campus.                      People and objects are visible against white walls
Savings                                                                           illuminated by wall washers. Photo: Deborah Wylie.
                            CSU Channel Islands’ exterior
11,570 kWh                  lighting standards simultaneously                     To improve nighttime safety the standards
$1400                       contend with many disparate                           outline several strategies that simultaneously
42% energy savings          sustainable lighting issues including                 reduce intense lighting levels and improve
                                                                                  visibility. The existing high-wattage, uncovered
Scope                       protecting the night sky, reducing
                                                                                  luminaries actually reduce visibility by casting
Standards affect exterior   energy use, and improving safety.                     a harsh glare and disrupting the eye’s ability
lighting campus wide        Prior to developing any specific standards            to adjust to darkness. Low-glare fixtures that
Retrofit completed in the   the university surveyed the existing night-           provide an appropriate amount of light are
South Quad                  time conditions, recording the lighting levels,       now used. The standards also stipulate that
Cost                        luminaire placement and existing fixture stock.       wayfinding techniques should be used instead
$320,000                    Parking lots, streets, pedestrian pathways,           of high lighting levels. These include paving
                            building exteriors and decorative landscape           lights, wall washers, illuminated entries, and
Completion Date
                            lighting were reviewed in the survey. Under-          other accents that aid people in reaching
December 2007               standing the nighttime environment was                their destination. Even lighting coverage and
                            essential for the university to develop a policy      uniform luminaire distribution are also used to
                            that addresses the selection, installation and        create a safe and navigable campus.

                            Best Practices Case Studies 2008                                                                  Page 1
                           Reducing exterior lighting energy use at CSU          process of selecting fixtures and will produce a
                           Channel Islands is largely a function of replac-      consistent atmosphere across campus.
                           ing antiquated luminaires with the right mod-
                                                                                 The standards specify durable lamp types with
                           ern technology. The standards require that all
                                                                                 long lifetimes to reduce ongoing maintenance
                           exterior lighting utilize one of three lamp types:
                                                                                 requirements and replacement costs. The
                           LED, compact fluorescent, or induction. These
                                                                                 campus also tries to locate fixtures in places
                           options are all low energy users with long lives.
                                                                                 that are easily accessible by staff to facilitate
Contacts                   The standards also encourage the use of wall
                                                                                 maintenance activities.
Associate Vice President   washers as a second energy-saving strategy.
of Operations, Planning    These fixtures splash light downward on the
and Construction:          highly-reflective white walls of the campus’s
Deborah Wylie,             Mission-style buildings, which enhances the
Deborah.Wylie@             installed luminance levels and produces high
csuci.edu                  visibility while using less power.
Team                       To save additional electricity the campus uses
                           photocells and time clocks integrated with its
Lighting Consultant:
                           energy management system to control the tim-
Clanton & Associates
                           ing and duration of illuminated fixtures. These
Electrical Engineer:       controls reduce burn time and subsequently
Power Engineering
                           save both energy and relamping costs.
Services, Inc.                                                                   The campus’s exterior fixtures enhance its Mission-
                           The initial implementation of the                     style architecture. Photo: Deborah Wylie.
                           standards reduced exterior lighting                   CSU Channel Islands is now implementing the
                           energy use in the South Quad by 42                    lighting standards one project at a time. The
                           percent and resolved problems with                    initial application was completed in the South
                           uneven lighting coverage.                             Quad, a high-traffic open area surrounded by
                           For CSU Channel Islands, sustainable exterior         buildings on all sides. The previously underlit
                           lighting is about being a good neighbor. The          area now has consistently-spaced fixtures that
                           campus is surrounded by acres of farmland             provide even lighting coverage, making night-
                           protected from development by a county                time navigation much safer. The retrofit also
                           initiative. With very little light pollution in the   reduces electricity used to light the area at
                           area, the university considers preventing light       night by 42 percent.
                           spillage into adjacent properties and reducing        LESSONS LEARNED
                           light emitted to the night sky to be critical to
                           preserving the local environmental quality. The       Deborah Wylie, Associate Vice President of
                           campus selects full cutoff fixtures to eliminate      Operations, Planning and Construction, notes
                           direct uplight. In addition, the campus is            that “the look of a campus at night can be as
                           delamping many fixtures to limit the overall          distinctive as the appearance during the day.”
                           amount of illumination.                               She recommends selecting a lighting con-
                                                                                 sultant with both technical and artistic skills
                           To ensure lighting meets the university’s envi-       that will design solutions to meet a campus’s
                           ronmental goals and enhances the campus’s             specific needs and conditions. Ms. Wylie
                           Mission-style aesthetic, the standards specify        advises that the consultant and campus staff
                           a family of fixtures that are pre-approved by         should work together to assess each area for
                           the campus architect. The list simplifies the         its unique challenges and opportunities.

                           Best Practices is written and produced by the
                           Green Building Research Center, at the University
                           of California, Berkeley.
                           The Best Practices Competition showcases
                           successful projects on UC and CSU campuses to
                           assist campuses in achieving energy efficiency and
                           sustainability goals. Funding for Best Practices
                           is provided by the UC/CSU/IOU Energy Efficiency

                           Best Practices Case Studies 2008                                                                   Page 2

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