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UNIT 2 UNIT 2 CRIME AND PUNISHMENT Activity 1 Powered By Docstoc
					 UNIT 2                       CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

Activity 1      Discussion
1. Why do we have rules and laws? Why do people follow them? Why do people break them?
2. Is ignorance of the law an excuse? Why (not)?
3. A policeman on duty kills a criminal while defending a victim? Has the officer committed any
4. What is crime? Take two minutes to write a possible definition for crime.
5. There is more crime than there used to be. Do you agree? Why (not)?
6. You are innocent until proven guilty! Why do you think miscarriages of justice still occur?
7. Where can you find the following signs? What do they tell you?

                                         WARNING                                      ZONE
                                       NO DUMPING
    TRESPASSING                       Perpetrators will be                             30

                                            $500 FINE

 Activity 2
 What effects do you imagine the following have had on crime?
 1. the invention of gunpowder                         6. war
 2. the creation of police                             7. the discovery of fingerprints
 3. street lighting                                    8. cars
 4. employment in factories                            9. the colour of man‟s skin/religion
 5. the payment of police                              10. the welfare state

 Activity 3
 Look at the “spidergram” below and say what effect each of these factors has on the crime rate
 and why.


           Severity of                                                 Social values
                                         CRIME RATE

           Individual                                                  Police/other
           morality                                                    prevention
Activity 4     Writing
Crime is on the increase. Offer some possible solutions. Use the following phrases in an essay of
around 200 words.

It is my firm belief that...                        A further advantage of this...
One way to combat crime would be...                 On the other hand...
The result of this would be ...                     It would certainly be a good idea if ...
Furthermore...                                      One final suggestion...
Due to the fact that...

Activity 5                   Crimes

Preliminary acts as crimes
Read the following text and choose the best word for each space.

Certain types of behaviour take place before the ……1……of a crime but are nevertheless
complete crimes in……2….. These offences – solicitation, attempt and conspiracy – give the
police the opportunity to prevent the intended crime. Each offence can be punished even if the
……3….intended never occurred.
A number of states make …4….. a crime for a person to solicit (ask, command, urge, advise)
another person to commit a crime.
In most states an attempt to commit a crime is in itself a crime. To be guilty of the crime of
attempt, the accused must have ……5….intended to commit a crime and taken some substantial
…6….toward committing the crime. …7……preparation to commit a crime is not enough. The
difficult problem with the crime of attempt is determining ……8….the actions of the accused
were a step toward the …9…..commission of a crime or mere acts of preparation. A common
example of attempt is the situation in which a person decides to shoot and kill someone but,
being a poor…10……., misses the intended victim. The person doing the shooting would be
……11…for attempted murder.
A conspiracy is an agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime. The crime of
conspiracy is designed as a means of preventing other crimes and ……12…against criminal
activity by groups. ……13…..it is sometimes criticised as a threat to freedom of speech and

1. a) commission        b) achievement       c) accomplishment     d) finalisation
2. a) them              b) itself            c) they               d) themselves
3. a) bad               b) harm              c) wrong              d) worse
4. a) it                b) this              c) -                  d) of
5. a) also              b) both              c) too                d) still
6. a) way               b) possibility       c) step               d) action
7. a) little            b) just              c) a few              d) mere
8. a) when              b) that              c) whether            d) therefore
9. a) actual            b) current           c) existing           d) present
10. a) man              b) guy               c) killer             d) shot
11. a) accused          b) liable            c) sentenced          d) exonerated
12. a) striking         b) urging            c) beating            d) interrupting
13. a) despite         b) although           c) however            d) as well
Activity 6              Crimes against the person
Crimes against the person are serious offences. However the law protects the defendant by
defining the various levels of these crimes and by considering the circumstances of each offence.

Using dictionaries and working in pairs, give definitions to the following crimes.

                     assault, battery, homicide, murder, first-degree murder,
                        second-degree murder, voluntary manslaughter,
                                        grievous bodily harm,
                               involuntary manslaughter, abduction,
                                    slander, libel, hate crime

Share your results with the class. One has been done for you.

Hate crime is defined as "the violence of intolerance and bigotry, intended to hurt and intimidate
someone because of their race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or
(Community Relations Service, 1997)

N.B. In the texts, some of the crimes are specific to the American legal system, some to the
English. The two systems have different terminology, the more serious crimes in the US
system are called felonies and the less serious are called misdemeanors. There are different
terms for specifc crimes, too, e.g. larceny (US) is divided into petty and grand. In English
law, the crime is theft.

Activity 7            Crimes against property

Use the words in the box to complete the text.

   arson, burglary, computer crime, embezzlement, extortion, forgery, mugging, receiving stolen
   property, robbery, shoplifting, unauthorised use of a motor vehicle, vandalism, theft

The category of crimes against property includes crimes in which property is damaged or cases
in which property is stolen or otherwise taken against the will of the owner.

a) … is the willful and malicious burning of another person‟s property, whether owned by the
accused or not. If any property is burned with the intent to defraud an insurance company this is
usually a separate crime.
b) … also known as malicious mischief, is the willful destruction of, or damage to, the property
of another. It includes such things as smashing telephone kiosks, breaking windows, ripping
down fences, flooding basements and breaking car aerials. Depending on its extent, it can be
either a felony or a misdemeanor in the USA.
c) … is the unlawful taking of property of another with intent to steal it permanently. This crime
also includes keeping lost property when a reasonable method exists for finding the owner, or if
you keep property delivered to you by mistake..
 d) … is a form of theft (or larceny in US). It is the crime of taking items from a store without
paying or intending to pay for them.
e) … is the unlawful taking of property or money by someone to whom it was entrusted. IN UK
it is a form of theft.
f) … is the unlawful taking of property from a person‟s immediate possession by force or
intimidation, generally in banks, trains etc. In fact, it involves two criminal intentions: theft of
property and actual or potential physical harm to the victim
g) …, popularly called blackmail, is the use of threats to obtain the property of another. Its
statutes generally cover threats to do future physical harm, destroy property or injure someone‟s
character or reputation.
h) …, originally defined as breaking and entering the dwelling of another during the night with
intent to commit a felony (commit theft –UK), now includes the unauthorised entry into any
structure with the intent to commit a crime, regardless of the time of day.
i) … is a crime in which a person falsely makes or alters a writing or document with intent to
defraud. It can also mean altering or erasing part of a previously signed document.
j) … is a crime of receiving or buying property that you know or have reason to believe is stolen.
Knowledge that the property is stolen may be implied by the circumstances.
k) … is committed when a person takes, operates, or removes a motor vehicle without consent of
the owner, including joy-riding. A passenger in a stolen car may also be guilty if that person had
reason to believe the car was being used without permission.
l) … can be broadly defined as the unauthorised access to someone else‟s computer system. Most
of the time such action is designed to steal government or trade secrets and sell them to business
rivals or foreign governments.
m) … is attacking and violently robbing a person out of doors (e.g. in a park, in a car park or in
the street).

Activity 8
Work with a partner and test each other. One person turns the page over, the other asks
e.g.   What do you call the crime of burning another person‟s property?
       Define „forgery‟.

“Thief” is a very general term. Write more specific names for a thief in each space.

 Activity 9            Listening
 Listen and complete the sentences below with a word, phrase or number.

 Car theft accounts for 1)……….. of all crimes.
 Methods include 2)………………. and equipment, and installing 3) ……………..
 Neighbourhood Watch schemes help preventing 4)……………. and thefts.
 Crime Concern was established in 5) …………………
 In inner city areas the risk of burglary is 6)…………. than in rural areas.
 Mass shootings have resulted in a review of regulations controlling 7)………………..
 The problem of “drinking and driving” is combated by measures such as 8)…………….
 Racial incidents consist in 9)…………………..and 10)……………….. in shops.

 Activity 10          CRIME AND THE MEDIA
 Explain and rewrite the headlines in detail.

 4 bodies found in Camden County house; 6 arrested in drug raid nearby

 Student kidnap case against bus driver on hold for mental review

 Two arrested in woman's slaying

 Search on for gunman in triple-killing

 Robbery suspect takes hostages at California bank

 Gunman Kills 2 Men; Mother, Unborn Baby Shot

 Articles Hurt Search For Yates' Jurors

  Life Or Death For Deputy Killer?

 Five Killed In Murder-Suicide

Activity 11                    QUIZ
 Among people victimized while working, men are more likely than women to experience a
  violent crime. True or false?
 Which of the following methods is more likely to be used for killing a person? Why?
   a) shooting b) hitting or kicking c) sharp instrument d) strangulation e) other
 Who among the following is least/most likely to kill you? For what reasons?
  a) a friend or acquaintance b) a present or former spouse or lover c) another member of your
  family d) a stranger e) a terrorist
 More women than men are found guilty of shoplifting. True or false?
       Activity 12             Crime Fixation

       We all tend to be cynical about tabloid media sensationalism, but do you realise just how much
       your perceptions of crime have probably been distorted? Take a look at the table below and then
       discuss on it with a partner.

Publi Perception                                       Statistical Picture

     “Violent crime accounts for roughly a half of all Violent crime accounts for only 6% of all crime.
     crime” (average estimate in public responses to
     NOP poll).
     “Young children and the elderly are the most at Those least at risk from violent attacks are young
     risk from violent attack”.                        children and the elderly (only 2% of mugging or
                                                       beating victims are elderly).
     25% of people expect to fall victim to violent    Only 1% of people ever experience violent crime.
     “It‟s dangerous to be out on the streets after    A greater number of violent attacks take place in the
     dark”.                                            home than on the street.
     85% of adults believe it‟s more dangerous for     Over the last 25 years there has been no increase in
     children after dark now than when they were       child murder by strangers. The overall murder rate
     young. Attack by strangers is the biggest fear    (all age groups) has been almost static over the last
     (survey by Dr Barnardo‟s children‟s welfare       10 years.
     “There are weirdoes everywhere these days”        In most cases of violence, the offender is known to
     (quoted from a bystander at a child murder case, the victim, rather than fitting the stereotype of
     interviewed on BBC News).                         suspicious stranger or „weirdo‟.
     “They (violent offenders) are all on drugs these The offender is seldom on illegal drugs, but is often
     days”.                                            drunk.
     57% of women fear going out at night alone        Only a small percentage of victims of outdoor
     (compared to 11% of men).                         violence are female. Those most vulnerable
                                                       (statistically) are young males.

     Activity 13              Punishments
       1. A policeman on duty defends a victim and kills the criminal. What is he guilty of?
       2. Do you agree with the death penalty? Why (not)? If you do, under what circumstances?
       3. Imagine that you discover that your best friend has found a way of cheating in an important
            exam which the two of you are taking soon. What would you do and why? Mention any
            personal experience you may have had.
       4. Should police officers carry guns? Why (not)?
What reasons can you give for choosing punishments? Select the three that seem most important
to you. Justify your choice(s).

-   to make the punishment fit the crime;            -   to deter others;
-   to teach them a lesson;                          -   to allow opportunity for rehabilitation;
-   to make them pay for their crimes;               -   to ease the burden on tax payers;
-   to give them a second chance;                    -   to set an example.

Activity 14            Sentencing

Read about the court sentences in the text and think of a crime to fit each one.

If it is someone‟s first offence, and the crime is a small one, even a guilty person is often
unconditionally discharged. He or she is set free without punishment.
The next step up the ladder is a conditional discharge. This means that the guilty person is set
free but if he or she commits another crime within a stated time, the first crime will be taken into
account. He or she may also be put on probation, which means that regular meetings with a
social worker must take place.
A very common form of punishment for minor offences is a fine, which means that the guilty
person is sentenced to a certain number of hours of community service.
Wherever possible, magistrates and judges try not to imprison people. This costs the state
money, the country‟s prisons are already overcrowded and prisons have a reputation for being
“schools for crime”. Even people who are sent to prison do not usually serve the whole time to
which they were sentenced. They get “remission” of their sentence for “good behaviour”.
There is no death penalty in Britain, except for treason. It was abolished for all other offences in
1969. Although public opinion polls often show a majority in favour of its return, a majority of
MPs has always been against it. For murderers, there is an obligatory life sentence. However
“life” does not normally mean life. A parole system operates to give prisoners, even convicted
murderers under certain circumstances, an opportunity to be released "earlier".

Activity 15
Work with a partner and discuss the following questions:

1. What purpose do prisons fulfill in current society? What purpose should they fulfill?
   Comment on the points in the list below.
2. What kinds of problems do prisoners face, both while they are in jail and after they are
3. Why are people sometimes tempted to take the law into their own hands? Are there any
   circumstances in which this is justifiable?

Activity 16            Writing
Write a short essay- about 200 words- on punishment.
Try to use the following words and phrases:

    depression, humiliation, fear of violence from guards or other inmates, contact with more
    experienced and hardened criminals, drug abuse, ostracism, stigma attached to it, slip back
    into his old ways, finding housing and employment, the law has failed them, a code of honour,
    a blood feud, a vendetta, to take revenge on somebody
Activity 17                          Appropriate sentences

Read the accounts of nine cases. The sentences have been left out. What do you think the
sentence should have been? Choose from the following:

       the death penalty                                life in prison without parole.
       1,500 years in jail                              18 years in prison
       15 years in prison.                              three years in jail
       nine years                                       15 years in prison
       12 years

1) SAN FERNANDO, Jan. 14 - A 16-year-old boy convicted of murdering two other teen-agers
on a La Crescenta playground over about $660 worth of marijuana was sentenced today

2) A former Immokalee man who has been in prison since 1996 pleaded no contest Monday to
shooting and killing another Immokalee man. Willie Barrett could have faced the death penalty if
convicted of first-degree murder in the shooting death of Henry Jean "Baby Ruth" Marshall on
Dec. 22, 1995. Instead, Collier County Circuit Judge Lauren Miller formally found him guilty of a
reduced charge of second-degree murder and sentenced him to …….

3) A former baby sitter was sentenced to ………. for causing the death of a toddler in her care.
Tawny Sue Gunter had pleaded guilty to voluntary manslaughter for causing 2-year-old Billy
Deon Blankenship to fall over the side of a staircase Nov. 15, 1990, at her Concordia, Mo.,
residence. Last Nov. 15, Gunter admitted grabbing Billy in a burst of anger and causing his fall.

4) A former police officer who admitted killing his wife was sentenced in Rockland County Court
yesterday to …………. after appeals from his daughter for leniency and from his former mother-
in-law that he be jailed longer.

5) Thursday, September 06, 2001 OKLAHOMA CITY, Okla. — The city's new district attorney is
pressing ahead with state murder charges against bombing conspirator Terry Nichols — and is
seeking………... - despite Nichols' federal conviction and the high cost of prosecuting him.

6) Shooting spree leader gets ……….Three bored Athens teen-agers with idle time, a car and
a hunting rifle spent a weekend last February shooting up empty schools, cars, and occupied
homes for kicks.

7) A man who did cocaine, ecstasy and cannabis in a nursery school in Edinburgh, was sent to
prison for…………... John Curran was arrested by police after a successful operation was
mounted. The drugs recovered had an estimated street value of £220.000.

8) An all-white jury in Oklahoma City yesterday convicted a Negro, aged 22, of raping a white
employee of a telephone company. They sentenced him to …………..after the prosecution said
that 500 years would be just a “slap on his wrist”.

9) A Glasgow housebreaker is now serving ………..after an intensive police investigation put
him behind bars. Following a series of break-ins, the “Operation Magpie” squad carefully
analysed each crime and established a pattern, suggesting the same person was responsible.
The painstaking investigation led to a Glasgow criminal called David Kelly. He was arrested and
charged with a total of 33 break-ins across Edinburgh.

Activity 18             Role play

Read the following newspaper stories. The class will be divided into 2 groups, one will be the
prosecution and one will be the counsel for the defence. Elect three representatives in each team.
After preparation, each representative will talk to his/her counterpart, in turn. Decide on the
appropriate punishment for the offenders in each case; prepare to make demands, plead, justify,
               A                                    B                                      C
 An innocent man was
                                       A boy and a girl were in            A     young     mother
 released from prison today
                                       hospital yesterday after            appeared in       court
 after serving ten years of a
                                       being attacked by guard             yesterday. She was
 thirty year prison sentence
                                       dogs. They had climbed              charged    with    £20
 for murder. The man had
                                       over a factory wall to fetch        worth of food from a
 been found guilty on false
                                       their football. “If they            supermarket.       The
 police evidence. Before
                                       hadn‟t been in the factory
 leaving the court, the man‟s                                              woman told the court
                                       this      wouldn‟t     have         that she had stolen the
 solicitor spoke to the
                                       happened”, said the owner.
 reporters: “Thank God we                                                  food for her children.
                                       “My dogs were just doing
 don‟t       have       capital                                            She had lost her job
                                       their job.”
 punishment any more”, he                                                  and had no money.

Activity 19             Listening

Listen to the following report on drink-driving and fill in the blanks in the table below with a
number, word or short phrase.

Conviction                    Imprisonment                 Ban                     Fine
Causing death by 1)…………. 2) …………..                         2 years
whilst under the influence of
Driving whilst 3)………through 6 months                       4)……………..             £5,000
drink                                                      or 3 yrs if convicted
                                                           in 10 yrs.
6)………….. of a vehicle               7)……………….                                      8)…………..
Refusing to provide a               6 months               12 months               10)………….
9) …………….

What are the punishments for such offences in your country?
Reading Activity

This is the story of a serial killer called „Son of Sam‟.
        What is a serial killer? Have you heard of any?
        What do you expect to find out about serial killers after reading this text?
Read the text. Some sentences have been removed. Decide where they should go.
Look at the underlined vocabulary items and look up any unknown words.

                                                Son of Sam
….a)… Two young women, Donna Lauria, and her friend Jody Valenti, were talking in Jody's car in the
Bronx, New York City. A man pulled out a Charter Arms .44 Bulldog handgun from a paper bag,
squatted down and fired into the car five times. Donna died immediately, hit in the neck. Jody, shot in the
thigh, leaned on the horn while the man continued to pull the trigger, even though the chamber was now
On the night of October 23, 1976, three months after the Lauria girl‟s senseless murder, twenty-year-old
Carl Denaro was shot five times in the head. A little more than a month later, on the evening of November
26, 1976, Donna DeMasi and her friend Joanne Lomino were fired at and barely survived.
Of these three assaults which had occurred in two different areas, the Bronx and Queens, only one bullet
had been recovered intact. Consequently, police were not yet able to link these attacks to a single
Things quietened down for two months. Then in the early hours of January 30, 1977, the killer went
hunting for his next victim. Christine Freund and her finance John Diel left The Wine Gallery in Queens
around 12:10 A.M. and strolled towards his car. As they sat in the car, two shots broke the night,
shattering the windshield. Christine grabbed her head; both shots had struck her. John rested her head on
the driver's seat and ran for help, trying to flag down passing cars, but to no avail. People in nearby homes
had heard the shots and had called the police. A few hours later Christine died in hospital.
Forty-three-year-old Detective Sergeant Joe Coffey and Captain Joe Borrelli started to work on this latest
homicide. Coffey could see that the bullets used to kill her were not typical. …b)…Investigating further,
he discovered that her murder matched those other assaults on Donna Lauria, Donna LaMasi and Joanne
Coffey had a hunch that they were dealing with one psycho using a .44, stalking women in various parts
of the city. As his investigation began to bear fruit, a homicide task force was formed under Captain
Borrelli. After probing into the backgrounds of the murders and their victims, police were unable to find
any suspect on record; ….c)…It was beginning to look as though a psycho had randomly targeted
attractive young women for assassination.
           When did the police realise that the attacks belonged to the same individual?
           What information can the type of the bullet provide?
           Why is the background of a murderer important in solving a crime

On the evening of Tuesday, March 8, 1977, an attractive young Barnard College honor student named
Virginia Voskerichian was shot in the face and died immediately.
The next day, the police had a match on the bullet. It had come from the same gun that had killed Donna
Lauria. The following day, the police commissioner held a press conference to announce to the City of
New York that they had linked the various shootings. …d)….
As expected, the phantom reappeared. On April 17, 1977, Valentina Suriani, and Alexander Esau.
Valentina was shot twice. She died immediately and Alexander a bit later at the hospital. This psycho
who would keep on killing until he could be found among the millions of men who fitted his description.
But -- this time there was something different: the killer's letter left at the scene of the murders addressed
to Captain Borrelli. The letter did not have any useful fingerprints and the envelope had been handled by
so many people that if there were any of the murderer's prints, they were lost…. e)…..
Operation Omega was growing in size and resources. It had expanded to some two hundred detectives.
Catching the perpetrator of six murderous assaults would mean tremendous awards for the detectives
involved -- and they knew it. It was an extra incentive to put in long hours to catch this nut. Such long
hours, however, brought frayed nerves.
The Omega task force was flooded with calls. Everyone, it seemed, knew the killer: …f)….Every one of
these thousands of leads had to be checked out and disqualified -- a huge chore for any task force.
While the police were chasing down every suspect, checking registrations for .44 weapons, tracing
activities of former mental patients and generally running themselves ragged, the Son of Sam had become
emboldened by the publicity. He decided to write to a reporter for the Daily News.
Partial fingerprints were salvaged from the letter, which were of no value in finding the suspect, but
would be valuable to match against a suspect once captured.
Donna Lauria, Son of Sam‟s first victim, had been murdered on July 29, 1976. Considering the Son of
Sam‟s letter, police were worried about an anniversary killing. …g)… The Omega task force was
desperate. How to protect a whole city of young women from a random killer? Detective Coffey even
considered placing cops in bullet-proof cars with mannequins to try to lure the killer. …h)…Tensions
built steadily until July 29 and nerves were at a breaking point all that day and night, but no Son of Sam.
Not that day. Two days later when the police were beginning to feel relieved that the anniversary had
passed without another murder, the Son of Sam took his last victims.
In the early morning of Sunday, July 31, 1977, a pretty young woman named Stacy Moskowitz and her
handsome young boyfriend Bobby Violante were shot. He barely survived. She didn‟t.
           Why is important for the press to know the development of the case?
           What is the impact of hunting a dangerous criminal on detectives‟ lives?
           Why are fingerprints important?
           Why did the police expect the killer to strike again on July 29?

A Sam Carr remembered then the odd guy, David Berkowitz, who had briefly rented a room in their
house in early 1976. "He never came back for his two-hundred dollar security deposit when he left. Well,
he was always bothered by our dog, too."
On August 3, 1977, the two Yonkers cops, Chamberlain and Intervallo, proceeded cautiously and queried
the state computer network about Berkowitz. The computer gave a brief profile of him from his driver's
licence. Berkowitz appeared to be approximately the same age, height and build as the Son of Sam, as
described by various witnesses.
In the meantime, things seemed to be popping all over. Officer Chamberlain of the Yonkers PD
responded to a call about a suspected arson at Berkowitz's apartment house at 35 Pine Street.
That same afternoon, Sam Carr, upset over the shooting of his dog and what he saw as non-action by the
police, independently pursued the matter with the Omega Task Force…. i)…
The day of Berkowitz's arrest, Sergeant Joseph Coffey was called in to interview him. Calmly and
candidly, David told him about each of the shootings. When the interview was over there was no doubt
that Berkowitz was the Son of Sam. The details that he supplied about each assault were bits of
information that only the killer would know. ….j)….
While David did not start his life under the most auspicious circumstances, he grew up in a middle-class
family with doting adoptive parents who showered him with gifts and attention. His real mother had
arranged for his adoption even before David was born on June 1, 1953.
Perhaps the most significant factor in his life was that he was a loner. His parents weren't particularly
socially oriented and neither was David. He was always big for his age and always felt different and less
attractive than his peers. His neighbors remember him as a nice-looking boy but with a violent streak, a
bully who assaulted neighborhood kids for no apparent reason. He was devastated when his foster mother
died of breast cancer in the fall of 1967. His faith in God was shaken. He began to imagine that her death
was a part of some plan to destroy him.
David joined the Army in the summer of 1971 and stayed there for three years. He was an excellent
marksman, particularly proficient with rifles. Anger and frustration with women, coupled by a bizarre
fantasy life, started him down the road to violence when he got out of the Army in 1974. Even before the
murders began, David had set some 1,488 fires in the city of New York and kept a diary of each one. He
was acting out a control fantasy. Robert Ressler in his book Whoever Fights Monsters explains: " …k)…
With the simple act of lighting matches, they control events in society that are not normally controlled;
they orchestrate the fire, the screaming arrival and deployment of the fire trucks and fire fighters, the
gathering crowds, the destruction of property and sometimes of people."
His former tenants‟ German shepherd was a noisy dog and howled frequently. The neighborhood dogs
howled back. In David's diseased mind demons lived within the dogs and their howling was the way they
ordered David to go hunting for blood -- the blood of pretty young women.
David's apartment on Pine Street also had its dogs: Sam Carr's black Labrador, which he shot with a gun.
Sam Carr, in David's elaborate delusion, was the host of a powerful demon named Sam. When David
called himself the Son of Sam, it was the demon living in Sam Carr to which he referred. David was
classified by the defense psychiatrists as a paranoid schizophrenic…. l)….This story is repeated time after
time in every city experiencing the attacks of a serial killer. The demands of the citizens to know what is
happening is balanced against the reality that feeding these demands for information virtually ensures that
the killer will keep on killing. Legitimate police work is seriously hampered by a deluge of bogus tips
from well-meaning citizens. The only party that benefits from this common problem is the media.

           What personal information can be found in a state computer network?
           What kind of information “would only the killer know”?
           Why did the killer adopt the name “Son of Sam”?
           Do you agree with the punishment he received?
           How can the media benefit from such a problem?

Here are the sentences you must put into the correct places.

1. The list of suspects was endless.
2. The fact was, despite the subsequent excuses, Sam Carr had just handed them the name of the killer
    and they sat on it.
3. They had come from a powerful, large caliber gun.
4. When Son of Sam first struck on the morning of July 29, 1976, no one could expect that a serial killer
    was making his debut.
5. He pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 365 years in jail.
6. Who was David Berkowitz anyway and how did he become the Son of Sam?
7. The commissioner stated that the only description of the murderer was that of "a white male, twenty-
    five to thirty years old, six feet tall, medium build, with dark hair."
8. This letter was leaked to the press in early June and the world finally heard the name, "Son of Sam."
9. Most arsonists like the feeling that they are responsible for the excitement and violence of a fire.
10. ….nor could they find any common thread that linked the victims to one another or a third party.
11. It was a waiting game
12. The newspapers made absolutely certain that the entire city expected another killing on or around that

Activity 21

Find words and phrases in the text which mean:

crouched, meaningless, hardly, happened, walked slowly, unsuccessfully, guess, without
method, became larger, extraordinary, tiring task, ex , encouraged, saved, weird, shortly,
questioned, went on, little pieces, favourable, people of the same age, hindered, false

Activity 22

A) Match the words and phrases to make common word combinations.

1    To be alleged                                           a law
2    To break                                                on the run
3    To be arrested                                          a crime or an offence
4    To be convicted                                         of theft
5    To commit                                               for questioning
6    To go/ be                                               a violent suspect
7    To have                                                 for stealing a diamond ring
8    To restrain                                             to have killed someone
9    To serve                                                a criminal record
10   To be sought                                            a sentence

Activity 23
Complete these sentences using the word associations from the exercise above. You will have to
make some changes to fit the grammar of the sentences.

1. She … three times in the last two years and because she … no one is willing to give her a
2. You must realise that you … when you park on the pavement.
3. He is … in cold blood and then … ever since.
4. The police … and he will remain in custody until his behaviour improves.
5. The man who … is suspected of having received stolen goods.
6. He … when he was 19 and he … in a high security prison ever since.
7. She … although she claims she got it as a gift.
Activity 24
How good are you at detective work? The following conversation includes many slang words.
Match the words to their definitions.

Have you heard about Brian?                             No. What?
He‟s been nicked.                                       You‟re joking. What happened?
He was blagging a bank with his brother
and somebody grassed on them.                           Who‟s the nark?
Who knows? Brian‟s got a lot of enemies.                What did he get?
Nine years.                                             Nine years inside! I thought you said
                                                        he had a good brief.
Well, he thought he did.                                Where‟s he going to do it?
Dartmoor.                                               Oh, no. The screws in there are the
                                                        worst in the world.
So, what have you got for me?                           Top quality gold rings. Fifty of them.

Are they hot?                                           What do you think? Would I come to
                                                        a fence like you with them if they
Leave them with me tonight and I‟ll give you a
price for them in the morning.                          Leave it out. Do I look like a mug?

                                                        I‟m surprised at you, trying a scam
                                                        like that.
                                                        I wasn‟t born yesterday. I want a
                                                        price now.

Sorry, worth a try!

 Definitions of slang expressions

 1 a buyer of stolen property                    =………
 2 a lawyer                                      =………
 3 a person who is easily deceived               =………
 4 a prison guard                                =………
 5 a trick                                       =………
 6 an informer                                   =………
 7 in prison                                     =………
 8 stolen                                        =………
 9 to arrest                                     =………
 10 to hold up, to rob using weapons             =………
 11 to inform the police                         =………
Activity 25                  Name the crime
                                1 0
                       1 1
                                1 2
1. getting money from people by threatening to publicise facts they do not want revealed
2. going through a ceremony of marriage when you are still married to someone else
3. betraying your country to a foreign power
4. saying something which damages someone‟s character
5. acting in such a way as to make someone believe he or she will be hurt setting fire to a
6. taking goods illegally into or out of a country
7. making an illegal copy of a banknote or document
8. stealing, taking property which belongs to someone else
9. getting money from people by using threats
10. offering money corruptly to get someone to do something to help you
11. killing someone illegally and intentionally

A-B killing someone unintentionally or in mitigating circumstances

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