VIEWS: 17 PAGES: 35 POSTED ON: 5/9/2010
Pluralists argue that • There are only few • c influential groups that shape policymaking • majority always rules • politics is shaped by competition between groups • many access points diminish group influence The idea of powerful groups and weak government is most closely associated with • Democratic theory • d • elite theory • pluralism • interest group liberalism The % of the federal budget devoted to national defense is • One-tenth • b • one-sixth • one-fourth • one-third Regarding the issue of slavery, the delegates to the Constitution Convention agreed • To abolish slavery • d • not to count slaves in determining representation to Congress • to sanction slavery officially • to limit future import of slaves A writ of habeas corpus • Enables persons • Allows for people to detained by authorities be punished for acts to secure an immediate that were not illegal inquiry into the causes when originally of their detention committed • allows for punishment • narrowly defines rules of people without of evidence for treason judicial trial • a In the Madisonian model of government, majority rule is accomplished by the • Senate • b • House of Representatives • President • Supreme Court Which of the following was not an Anti-Federalist argument? • Constitution was a • c class based document • Constitution was a conspiracy of the framers • Constitution did not need a Bill of Rights • Constitution would benefit creditors The power of the commerce clause was expanded through • Marbury vs. Madison • b • Gibbons vs. Ogden • McCullogh vs. Maryland • Miranda vs. Arizona The Constitution grants the national government exclusive power to • Coin money • a • tax • establish courts • charter banks McCullogh vs. Maryland established • National supremacy • c • National supremacy and judicial review • National supremacy and implied powers • Implied power In dual federalism the • National government • b dominates in policymaking • there are distinct powers and policies at the state and national levels • policymaking is shared between levels • states are supreme In Mapp vs. Ohio, the Supreme Court • Extended the principle • a of unreasonable searches and seizures to the states • established the exclusionary rule • required probable cause • protected individuals from self- In Miller vs. California, defining obscenity was left up to • Private individuals • d • courts • Congress • state and local officials The Supreme Court upheld segregation with • Dred Scott vs. • b Sandford • Plessey vs. Ferguson • Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka • Swann vs. Charlotte- Mecklenberg SD Which of the following statements about Malcolm X is the most accurate? • Campaigned primarily • c against de jure segregation • appeal largely in the South • Campaigned primarily against de facto segregation • advocated only civil disobedience Suffrage for women was achieved with the • Fifteenth Amendment • c • Seventeenth Amendment • Nineteenth Amendment • Twenty-fourth amendment Trial balloons are used by politicians to • Put issues on the • c policy agenda • see their constituents • test political reactions • take opinion poll data The news media tends to do all of the following except • Mirror reality • a • show more bad news than good news • focus on stories that generate good pictures • overemphasize dramatic events Throughout American history, third parties have • Developed as • d offshoots of a a major party • promoted specific causes • developed as an extension of a popular presidential aspirant • all of the above Which of the following statements about political parties is false? • Rise in ticket-splitting • c • Rise in electoral volativity • Rise in turnout • Rise in registered independent voters Buckley vs Valeo • Limited the amount • b individuals could contribute to their own campaigns • extended right of free speech to PACs • required PACs to register with FEC • declared FEC unconstitutional Which statement about primaries is true • Increase costs of • d campaigns • Weaken party control over nominations • allow for ‘outsiders’ to achieve nomination • all of the above The belief that ordinary people can influence the government is known as • Rational behavior • c • civic duty • political efficacy • political socialization Which of the following statements about the Electoral College is false? • Magnifies mandates • b • each state has as many electors as Representatives • in most states there is a winner take all system • encourages two party system Which of the following is not true of single issue groups? • Promote collective • a goods • pursue narrow interests • dislike compromise • suffer from free-rider problems A written argument submitted by an interest group to a court is • Writ of certiorari • b • Amicus curiae brief • Writ of appeal • Writ of habeas corpus Congressional trading of votes is known as • Pork barreling • b • Logrolling • Blackmail • Lobbying Which committee does not exist in the Senate? • Armed services • d • Rules and administration • Foreign relations • Ways and means Richard Neustadt emphasized that presidential power is the power to • Command • d • lead • control • persuade After the vice president, the next person in order of succession is • Speaker of the House • a • President pro tempore of the Senate • Secretary of State • Senate majority leader If a bill sits on the president’s desk for 10 days it then • Is vetoed • c • becomes a pocket veto • becomes law • goes back to Congress The idea of ‘capture’ refers to • Regulatory reforms • c pushed by groups • regulation of economic monopolies • control of regulators by regulatees • Congressional influence through budget In the ‘garbage can’ model of bureaucracy • Organizations are • d governed by standard operating procedures • organizations are shaped by role socialization • outcomes are a result of bargaining • outcomes are a result of trial and error Supreme Court decision making based upon the wording of the Constitution is known as • Original intent • b • Literalism • Loose construction • Stare decisis Opinions written to support a majority decision and stress a different constitutional basis are • Majority opinions • c • dissenting opinions • concurring opinions • opposing opinions
"Pluralists argue that"