Olenappt - Emigration from Ukraine

					Emigration from Ukraine


   and Czech Republic
2. Migration between Ukraine and CIS and
Baltic states in 1990-2005, th.
600000
                              Inflow
500000
                              Outflow
400000

300000

200000

100000

     0
      90
      91
      92

      93
      94

      95
      96
      97

      98
      99
      00

      01
      02

      03
      04
      05
    19
    19
    19

    19
    19

    19
    19
    19

    19
    19
    20

    20
    20

    20
    20
    20
3. Net migration between Ukraine and CIS
and Baltic states in 1990-2005, th.
200000
                                                                           Russia
                                                                           Belorussia
150000                                                                     Moldova
                                                                           Baltic states
                                                                           Transcaucasia
100000
                                                                           Central Asia

 50000



     0
          1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

 -50000



-100000



-150000
4. Net migration in 1991-2005, th.
  350000
  300000                                                           CIS and Baltic
  250000                                                           states
  200000                                                           Other states
  150000
  100000
   50000
       0
  -50000
 -100000
 -150000
           91
                92
                     93
                          94
                               95
                                    96
                                         97
                                              98
                                                   99
                                                        00
                                                             01
                                                                  02
                                                                       03
                                                                            04
                                                                                 05
      19
            19
                 19
                      19
                           19
                                19
                                     19
                                          19
                                               19
                                                    20
                                                         20
                                                              20
                                                                   20
                                                                        20
                                                                             20
5. Emigration from Ukraine to the countries, which
were not the part of the USSR, in 1990-2005, th.
120000
                                                                           Other
                                                                           Germany
100000
                                                                           USA
 80000
                                                                           Israel


 60000


 40000


 20000


     0
     90

          91

               92

                    93

                         94

                              95

                                   96

                                        97

                                             98

                                                  99

                                                       00

                                                            01

                                                                 02

                                                                      03

                                                                           04

                                                                                05
    19

         19

              19

                   19

                        19

                             19

                                  19

                                       19

                                            19

                                                 19

                                                      20

                                                           20

                                                                20

                                                                     20

                                                                          20

                                                                               20
6. Ethnic structure of emigrants going to the
countries, which were not the part of the USSR, in
1990-2005, %
  100%
                           Other
    80%
                         Russians
    60%
    40%                  Ukrainians

    20%                    Jews
     0%
       1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004
7. Ethnic structure of emigrants to
Czech Republic in 2000-2005
600                                             Ukrainians
                                                Czechs
500                                             Other

400

300

200

100

  0
      2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005
8. International labor migration according
the statistics of official mediators, th.
60                                  56,4
     Emigrants
     Immigrants
50


40
                           33,7

30
                  24,4

20

      11,8
10


 0
         1996       1998     2000     2005
9. The estimates of the volume of Ukrainian labor
migration abroad from different sources
   Survey of the State Committee of Statistics of
    Ukraine (2001) – at least 1.2 M
   Estimates of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of
    Ukraine – over 2 M
   Estimates based on the national sociological
    monitoring of the Institute of Sociology of the NASU
    – 2.3 M
   Estimates of the Ministry of Labor of Ukraine – 2.5 M
   Estimates of the Institute of Demography and Social
    Research of the NASU - 2.7 M
   Estimates of the Ukrainian politicians – 5-9 M
10. Last trip of migrants by main
occupation in destination, %
  100%
                      15,1          Other
  80%
                                    Petty trade
  60%                               Employment
         77,1
  40%                 83,5
  20%


   0%
         10,3
          1994        2002
11. Last trip of migrants by length,%

  100%
            16,3                    1 month+
   90%
                                    1-4 weeks
   80%
                                    1-7 days
   70%                    64,1
            32,6
   60%
   50%
   40%
   30%
            51,1          25,6
   20%
   10%
                          10,3
    0%
            1994          2002
12. The educational level of migrants, %

                                 Post-secondary
  100%
                                 Secondary
   90%                    25,6   Primary
   80%
             51,8
   70%
   60%
   50%
   40%                    71,8
   30%
             47,5
   20%
   10%
    0%
             1994        2002
13. The main occupation of migrants at
home, %
                                 Other
  100%                           Selfemployed
             8,3                 Unemployed
   80%       12,6          8     Non-active
                                 Employed
   60%
                          39,2
   40%
             70,6
   20%                    34,9

    0%
            1994          2002
14. Destinations of Ukrainian labor migrants
according to estimates of Ukrainian embassies abroad,
th.
        Hungary         30

         Turkey         35

 Slovac Republic         60

         Spaine              100

        Portugal               150

            Italy                  200

 Chech Republic                    200

         Poland                          300

         Russia                                                1000

                    0          200         400   600   800   1000     1200
15. Destinations of Ukrainian labor
migrants according to survey data, %
 Slovac Republic        2


        Hungary         2,5


        Portugal            3,8


            Italy                 8,5


 Czech Republic                              16,9


         Poland                                 18,7


         Russia                                                       37,2


                    0         5   10    15      20     25   30   35     40
16. Destinations of different groups of Ukrainian
labor migrants according to survey data, %
                                                    Others
  100%
                          8,6                       Portugal
   90%      17,9                        20,7        Poland
   80%                                              Italy
                          25,9
                                                    CzechRepublic
   70%      12,5
                                                    Rus s ia
                                        30,4
   60%

   50%                    17,1

   40%      16,7

   30%
                                        48,6
   20%                    42,4
            32,3
   10%

    0%
          long-term    s hort-term   "s huttles '
           m igrants    m igrants
17. Shares of respondents who worked
abroad for over three months

   Czech Republic – 59.7%
   Russia – 27.7%
   Poland – 10.7%
18. Employment Structure of Ukrainian
Labor Migrants in Czech Republic, %
                              Services
  100%
           6,2                Hotels and restrance
  90%                         Trade
                              Construction
  80%
                              Industry
  70%      45,9               Agriculture

  60%
                       88,2
  50%
            5
  40%

  30%
           31,5
  20%

  10%                   4,8
           11,4
                         7
   0%
          female       male
19. Employment abroad with the help of
Ukrainian official mediators
                               Other
60000
                               Russia
                               Greece
50000
                      21683    Great Britain
40000                          Czech Republic
                               Cyprus
30000
                      11697
          9676
20000
                      299
          7839
10000
                      15377
          4369
          2841
    0
         1999         2005
20. Share of respondents who emigrated
with the assistance of the employer
   Czech Republic – 16%
   Russia – 5.1%
   Poland – 1.5%
21. Respondents’ Assessment of Their
Work in Czech Republic
   Wages were unfair – 50%
   Lacked security – 63,9%
   Lacked legal support in protecting their rights
    – 77%
   lacked protection from robbery and blackmail
    – 85%
22. Providing of households with some
household equipment and cars
                     Per 100 migrants’   Per 100 households
                        households            in general


Cars                        36                  12

Computers                   24                   2

Microwaves                  25                   2

Videotape recorder          55                  13
23. Main pillars of migration policy of
Ukraine according the President’s Decree
of 1977
   Support for repatriations of ethnic Ukrainians;
   Return of deported people;
   Help to refugees and asylum-seekers;
   Regulation of immigration of foreigners and
    stateless persons to Ukraine.
24. The main directions of the migration
policy of Ukraine added in 2000

   1) protection of social and economic interests
    and rights of the Ukrainian labor migrants;
   2) preservation of labor and intellectual
    potential of the state;
   3) elaboration of legal, social and economic
    principles of regulation of external labor
    migration of the citizens of Ukraine
25. The main gaps of Ukrainian labor
migration policy
   Absence of conceptual documents on national migration policy;
   Declarative nature of the documents and absence of effective
    mechanisms of implementation the policy;
   Priorities of activity, specified by documents, are mainly in the
    area of law and did not cover social and economic aspects of
    labor migration;
   The little coordination between different governmental agencies
    in the field;
   Lack of the effective system of collecting, processing and
    analyzing statistical and other information on migration;
   Legal protection of Ukrainians abroad is still defined narrowly in
    the sense that it is provided by diplomatic officials.

				
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