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					Fielded Individual/Assault                Judith Aylward, MS, RD
                                     Individual Combat Rations Team
Ration Improvement Project           DoD Combat Feeding Directorate
R&DA Boot Camp                         US Army Natick RD&E Center



                      UNCLASSIFIED
          Government
          Agencies/Acronyms


• NSRDEC (Natick) – US. Army Natick Soldier Research,
  Development & Engineering Center. Combat ration
  developer located in Natick, MA

• DSCP – Defense Supply Center, Philadelphia.
  Procurement agency that awards ration contracts

• JSORF – Joint Services Operational Rations Forum.
  Decision making authority for changes to rations

• VETCOM – US ARMY Veterinary Command. Inspects
  at ration assembly plants and inspects fielded rations

• OTSG – Office of The Surgeon General. Provides
  nutritional standards and approvals
                       UNCLASSIFIED
               Combat Ration Development &
               Integration Process


WHERE COMPONENTS/
                                         PRODUCT EVALUATION CRITERIA:
PRODUCTS ORIGINATE:
                                                     Bench-Top
Warfighter Feedback – Through a                       Sensory
                                                     Evaluations
variety of channels, Warfighters often
“ask” for specific menu items to be      Produced/
considered.                              Packaged                  Packaging
                                          in USA

Non-Developmental Item – Items                          IS ITEM
                                                     APPROPRIATE
that have been submitted by industry                 FOR COMBAT
for evaluation and consideration.                      RATIONS?
                                                                    Nutrition
                                                                   Standards
                                          Shelf
In-House Development – Items that                                     for
                                          Stable                   Operational
have been developed by CFD R&D                                      Rations
personnel taking into consideration                  Historical
current industry trends and Joint                     Storage
                                                       Data
Statements of Needs (JSN)
Submittals.

                                 UNCLASSIFIED
             Individual Combat Ration Team




                                                  Carbopack



First Strike Ration®


                       Meal, Ready-to-Eat™
                             (MRE™)

                                             Modular Operational
                                             Ration Enahncement
Meal, Cold Weather/
Long Range Patrol
                         UNCLASSIFIED
        Meal, Ready-to-Eat™ (MRE™)


Requirements:
• Provides 1300 calories per meal
• 24 menus
• 4 vegetarian meals
• Weight/volume crucial
• Approved as sole source of
 food for 21 days
• Shelf life: 3 years at 80oF & 6 months at 100oF
• Current production – MRE™ XXIX
  (2009 date of pack)

                       UNCLASSIFIED
            Meal, Ready-to-Eat


Continuous Product Improvement
•   226 new items approved since 1993
•   69 least acceptable items removed
•   4 vegetarian menus
•   FDA food label w/allergens & trans fats
•   Hot beverage bag in each meal
•   Horizontal tear pouch
•   New menu bag graphics
•   More whole muscle meats
•   More ethnic foods



                         UNCLASSIFIED
             Meal, Ready-to-Eat™
             Improvements




                         Commercial Foods   Beverage Pouch
Horizontal Tear Pouch




                            New Graphics     Breakfast Meals
 Hot Beverage Bag
                        UNCLASSIFIED
           First Strike Ration®


FSR®:
• OTSG approved restricted ration (10 days)
• Calorie dense, 2900 kcals
• Modular- eat on the move
• Lightweight/low cube
• 3 menus, expanding to 9
• Performance enhanced
• 2 year shelf life
• Continuous product improvement
• Available for procurement
                         UNCLASSIFIED
                      Modular Operational Ration
                      Enhancement Pack (MORE)



                                                          High Altitude
                                                           Prototype
                                                              Pack




     Mountain Warfare Training Exercises
Date: 01 Oct 08                            UNCLASSIFIED
                  MORE


    • To augment combat rations with scenario specific
      enhancement packs
       – High altitude/cold weather/extreme exertion
       – Combat Warfighter weight loss
       – Decrease significant loss in cognitive and physical
         abilities that can occur in extreme environments

   • To provide potential performance optimizing ingredients
     to the Warfighter
      – Tyrosine for cold weather
      – Quercetin for extreme exertion
      – Caffeine and carbohydrate for long duration/high
         altitude
Date: 01 Oct 08             UNCLASSIFIED
         Meal, Cold Weather/ Long Range
         Patrol (MCW/LRP)


• Dual purpose in single product
   – MCW – Cold weather missions
     • Lightweight/low volume
     • Issued as 3 per day
     • Calorically dense (4600 calories)
     • Dehydrated components won’t freeze
     • White meal bag

  − LRP – Special Operations missions
     • Issued as one per day
     • Restricted ration 1500 calories
     • Tan colored meal bag



                      UNCLASSIFIED
         Individual Combat Rations

• Acronyms:

  – PCR: Performance-Based Contract Requirements
     • Document used for military unique items &
       includes specific requirements & end item
       requirements

  – CID: Commercial Item Description
     • Developed by DSCP or USDA. Used to describe
       commercial off-the-shelf items

  – PKG and QAP: Packaging and Quality Assurance
    Provisions
     • Document that provides specific requirements &
       end item requirements relating to packaging and
       quality
                      UNCLASSIFIED
          Individual Combat Rations


• Acronyms (cont):

− GFM: Government Furnished Material
  • Items procured by DSCP
  • Includes beverages, spreads, baked items (pound
    cakes, breads, cookies, muffins & wet pack fruit)

− CFM: Contractor Furnished Material
   • Items procured by MRE™ Assemblers
      • Ameriqual
      • Wornick
      • Sopakco



                      UNCLASSIFIED
                     New Item Introduction for
                     Individual Combat Rations

Natick In-House or Non-
 Developmental Item                          Contact project officer &
        submittal
                                             send to Natick if requested
2QY1
                                               3QY1
          Is item
                                       Item storage tested
       appropriate
                                   (4 wks 120F, 6 month 100F)
        for MRE?        Yes


        No                                                           4QY1
                                           Sensory
                                            score
   No further testing                                                  Item field tested
                              No          acceptable        Yes
                                              ?

                                                                             Item score
                                                                             acceptable
                                                                No          in the field?
                                                                            Yes             2QY2
                                                                     Item recommended at
                                                                         Joint Services
                                                                       Operational Ration
                                                                        Forum (JSORF)



                                            UNCLASSIFIED
                        Acquisition Process

2QY2                      2QY2          3QY2               4QY2           2QY3            3QY3

                 YES     Long                                           Develop &          Cutting &
   JSORF                              Develop            Tech Data
                         Term                                           Coordinate        Document
  Approved?
                        Storage       Menus               To FEST
                                                                        Document           Revision,
                                                                                          PCRs/CIDs
   NO                                                                Coordinate With:
                                                                     Services    OTSG
                                       OTSG                          VETCOM      DSCP
       END
                                      Approved     YES               USDA          FDA
                                                                     AMC       Industry


                                                                                             4QY3

              Natick Sensory                   PDM                        DSCP             Natick
                Evaluation                   Submittal                  Solicitation      Document
 PASS

                        FAIL
   Contract
                                                     Vendor
    Award
                                  DSCP KO           Reproduces
                                                     Product
                                  & USDA



                                            UNCLASSIFIED
                   Acquisition Process (continued)


   Contract Award/               Contractor       PASS       USDA           PASS
     Production                  Inspection                Inspection


                                 FAIL                    FAIL

   Periodic review &
 USDA Replenishment
& Natick Replenishment
                             Request for Waiver                          Ration
                                Accepted?                               Assembly
                           YES
  Natick Sensory                        NO
    Evaluation
                                                          FAIL
                                    Discard
                                                                    VETCOM
     DATA                                                          Inspection
    DSCP KO
    DSCP QA              TROOP
                         ISSUE                DSCP KO                     PASS
     USDA




                              UNCLASSIFIED

				
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