operationalizing by benbenzhou

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									Agriculture based Climate
   Change Adaptation
       Framework
  – Moving from Ministerial
Decisions to Implementation -


          By Martin Bwalya
          NEPAD Secretariat
                              PARTNERSHIPS
                              IN SUPPORT
                              OF CAADP
                       Outline

Scope

Objectives / value added of a Climate Change Adaptation
Framework for CAADP

Linkages to other CAADP and climate change processes

Components of a CCA framework

Action areas for operationalizing the CCA framework



                                           PARTNERSHIPS
                                           IN SUPPORT
                                           OF CAADP
Scope …


          PARTNERSHIPS
          IN SUPPORT
          OF CAADP
                         AU Summit Theme
         “Investing in Agriculture for
         Economic Growth and Food
                  Security”

 Sub-Theme A          Sub-Theme B         Sub-Theme C         Sub-Theme D

“Climate Change:         “Regional          “Investment        “Stimulating
Opportunities for    Agriculture trade       Financing:      participation of
    enhanced            and market        Making African       the poor and
 investments and      systems: Issues      Agriculture a     other vulnerable
    growth of       and challenges for   viable investment    groups in rural
     African            stimulating            option”           economic
   Agriculture”          economic                               activities”
                    transformation and
                     growth in Africa”



                                                        PARTNERSHIPS
                                                        IN SUPPORT
                                                        OF CAADP
   Overall scope … NEPAD Vision

  Achieving sustainable socio-economic growth,
       food security and poverty alleviation

… Strategies that will identify and support
  opportunities for “wealth creation and
socio-economic growth” based on feasible
      and viable growth options and
   commodities including inter-sectoral
        implementation systems
               changes in the

      “business model”
                                     PARTNERSHIPS
                                     IN SUPPORT
                                     OF CAADP
NEPAD Objectives, Principles and
           Values
• African ownership, responsibility and
  leadership;
• Good governance and sound economic
  management;
• Accelerated regional economic
  integration;
• Promotion of partnerships with the
  private sector, civil society and the
  international community;
• A new partnership with industrialized
  nations, multilateral institutions and all
  based on mutual respect and
  responsibility
                                  PARTNERSHIPS6
                                  IN SUPPORT
                                  OF CAADP
             Science and
             Technology     Agriculture

  Access
to markets                                 Peace
                                         and Security
                   The NEPAD
 Health            Core Action
                                         Democracy and
                     Areas              political governance



   Environment
                                   Infrastructure

                  Human resource


                                           PARTNERSHIPS
                                           IN SUPPORT
                                           OF CAADP
    Broad Context - Vision
                     MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT
                              GOALS
                           (MDG 1 and 7)



    PARIS DECLARATION                   NEPAD Principles and
      on Aid Effectiveness:             Development Targets
       Directly supporting:                   -Partnerships
                              PRSPs       - African ownership
         -alignment and
    - harmonization agenda                 - 6% growth target
                                                -- Capacity

                  NEPAD:
                     - CAADP
                     - Environment Action Plan
                  UNCCD: Land degradation
                 and combating desertification


                                                 PARTNERSHIPS
                                                 IN SUPPORT
Others, e.g. UNFCC                               OF CAADP
Agriculture, Land and
 Livestock Ministers’
     Decisions …

               PARTNERSHIPS
               IN SUPPORT
               OF CAADP
                         AU Summit Theme
         “Investing in Agriculture for
         Economic Growth and Food
                  Security”

 Sub-Theme A          Sub-Theme B         Sub-Theme C         Sub-Theme D

“Climate Change:         “Regional          “Investment        “Stimulating
Opportunities for    Agriculture trade       Financing:      participation of
    enhanced            and market        Making African       the poor and
 investments and      systems: Issues      Agriculture a     other vulnerable
    growth of       and challenges for   viable investment    groups in rural
     African            stimulating            option”           economic
   Agriculture”          economic                               activities”
                    transformation and
                     growth in Africa”



                                                        PARTNERSHIPS
                                                        IN SUPPORT
                                                        OF CAADP
The African Agricultural Ministers:

Requests the AUC-NEPAD to facilitate development of an
SLM-Agricultural based climate change adaptation
framework to guide operationalization and financing the
scaling up of SLM in the context of NEPAD’s CAADP and
EAP Environmental Action Plan

Calls upon Member States to increase investment support
to initiatives aimed at strengthening knowledge, advancing
technical capacity development, and up-scale sustainable
land and water management practices including
conservation agriculture, agro-forestry, watershed
management

                                            PARTNERSHIPS
                                            IN SUPPORT
                                            OF CAADP
The African Agricultural Ministers:

Calls upon Governments and partners to increase
financing support for sustainable land management and
agricultural water management, irrigation and water
control systems to enhance agricultural production in
Africa and address the issue of climate variability and
related food insecurity within the context of the CAADP
agenda

Urge AUC-NEPAD and partners to ensure issues and
initiatives on combating desertification and agricultural
water management are directly considered and integrated
in the efforts to support sustainable land management
(SLM)-agriculture based climate variability and climate
change adaptation measures
                                            PARTNERSHIPS
                                            IN SUPPORT
                                            OF CAADP
The African Agricultural Ministers:

Requests the AUC-NEPAD to facilitate
development of an SLM-Agricultural
based climate change adaptation
framework to guide operationalization
and financing the scaling up of SLM in
the context of NEPAD’s CAADP and EAP
Environmental Action Plan

                             PARTNERSHIPS
                             IN SUPPORT
                             OF CAADP
Agriculture based climate
   change Adaptation
         framework

                  PARTNERSHIPS
                  IN SUPPORT
                  OF CAADP
         Purpose of CCA Framework
The purpose of the CAADP CC Adaptation Framework is to
outline a set of principles, actions, roles and responsibilities,
and financing recommendations to guide NEPAD-CAADP
engagement in implementing agriculturally related climate
change adaptation programmes in Africa.

The framework should guide engagement at all levels from
continental to national/local and across the levels

The framework will form a common strategy for proactively
addressing climate change through adaptation and
mitigation measures, linking together partners at all levels,
all focused on achieving the goals and objectives of NEPAD
                                                 PARTNERSHIPS
                                                 IN SUPPORT
                                                 OF CAADP
Key value elements of the Framework
Will to provide for:
      Comprehensive and systematic and coherent
       programmes
      Systematic reforms in policies
      Integrated attention to organisational and
       human capacity, institutional arrangements
      Integrated and programmatic approach
       across the sectors, disciplines, ecosystems as
       well as transboundary
      Coherent framework to guide partnerships
       including alignment of the development
       partners support to an African agenda
                                         PARTNERSHIPS
                                         IN SUPPORT
                                         OF CAADP
Value Added of the CCA Framework

To maintain a high degree of emphasis on linkages between climate
change, sustainable land management, food security, and poverty
alleviation in Africa in policy and development programming

To highlight roles played by different partners in addressing climate
change in African agriculture

To facilitate collaboration and coordination of efforts in climate
change policy, research and development as it relates to agriculture,
in order to increase impact

To provide a clear and compelling investment programme for African
agriculture that delivers on the twin objectives of meeting current
food security needs whilst building capacity of rural systems and
agricultural assets (e.g. soils) to offset or respond to climate change
effects

                                                        PARTNERSHIPS
                                                        IN SUPPORT
                                                        OF CAADP
Framework
Outline
       PARTNERSHIPS
       IN SUPPORT
       OF CAADP
 Outline for the CCA Framework (1)

1.   Rationale for Agriculture based Climate
     Change Adaptation Framework
2.   Adaptation and mitigation practices and
     techniques for agriculture
3.   Promoting the use of CC adaptation
     techniques in agriculture – an overview of
     constraints and opportunities
4.   Promoting the use of CC – institutional and
     policy (including programme) responses



                                    PARTNERSHIPS
                                    IN SUPPORT
                                    OF CAADP
     Outline for the CCA Framework (2)

5.     Enhancing the scientific capacity to
       improve adaptation responses
6.     Financing the adaptation agenda in
       agriculture
7.     Moving the framework into action –
       operational systems/coordination
       mechanism; monitoring and evaluation

       # Tools (Financing; Partnerships; PER; Inclusive
       consultations; Facilitating Policy dialogue;


                                                   PARTNERSHIPS
                                                   IN SUPPORT
                                                   OF CAADP
               Framework structure

                  Technologies      Capacity
                                    Building


 Training                                      R&D


 Knowledge       Scaling up best
Management          practices


Partnerships                                Policies

                                   Financing
                 Organisations
                                        PARTNERSHIPS
                                        IN SUPPORT
                                        OF CAADP
    Action
areas/issues

           PARTNERSHIPS
           IN SUPPORT
           OF CAADP
        Action/intervention areas/issues

    Action areas                     Impact areas



                           Enhanced & sustainable
                                  Capacity
                         Organisational development;
                         M&E; Peer learning; Evidence
                        Based analysis; Policy dialogue

                           Financing (Investments
                           & capacity development)

                           Productivity; Resilience


                                           PARTNERSHIPS
                                           IN SUPPORT
j                                          OF CAADP
Fostering Up-scaling of Best Practices
for Climate Change Adaptation/Mitigation in
Agriculture (1)

Principles/approaches:
Identify concrete actions that build on existing efforts where
possible
They should focus on ex ante climate change adaptation
measures that add resilience to systems and offset predicted
climate change effects and importantly address current food
security needs
They should complement and link with other major
initiatives such as TerrAfrica, AGRA, NAPs, etc.
                                              PARTNERSHIPS
                                              IN SUPPORT
                                              OF CAADP
Fostering Up-scaling of Best Practices
for Climate Change Adaptation/Mitigation
in Agriculture (2)

Principles/approaches:

These should be at significant scale and for medium term
in order to have impact

Identify flexible governance and financing mechanisms to
facilitate rather than hinder investment (e.g. could allow
earmarks for certain thematic or geographical areas)

They should encourage innovation and be rigorously
monitored for livelihood and climate change impacts
                                             PARTNERSHIPS
                                             IN SUPPORT
                                             OF CAADP
Framework Development process
   Development process = NEPAD led consultative and
    inclusive (Governments; RECs, e.g. the COMESA-EAC-
    SADC Initiative; Development partners; Knowledge and
    Research Institutions and RECs)

   “Happening in-situ” and integrated in African institutions
    (linked to capacity building, ownership, etc… !!)

   Scoping exercise – Team of consultants and multi-partner
    technical committee

   NEPAD CAADP and EAP providing the overall scope and
    common vision

   Linked to possible investment programmes: e.g. 2 million
    smallholder farmers supported in adopting conservation
    agriculture by 2012 (All regions)
                                              PARTNERSHIPS
                                              IN SUPPORT
                                              OF CAADP
Operationalizing of the Framework

 … just as much a Post-Kyoto Strategy …




         Expert          AU     Copenhagen       Post-
    Meetings/Studies   Summit                    Kyoto

       Ministerial
       Meetings


                                       PARTNERSHIPS
                                       IN SUPPORT
                                       OF CAADP
Operationalizing of the Framework (1)
Possible Actions at national level ….

 Facilitate / support up-scaling of proven practices that
raise productivity and provide adaptation or mitigation
benefits in the face of climate variability and change

 Integrate CCA interventions into PRSPs and other
development planning systems / capacity and ability

 Strengthen communication and capacity in CCA
knowledge and skills, e.g. of extension staff

 Identify and address institutional or policy impediments
 Promote synergies across projects, programmes, and
sectors – use CC or SLM platforms -- e.g. on stemming
degradation and deforestation                 PARTNERSHIPS
                                                IN SUPPORT
                                                OF CAADP
Operationalizing of the Framework                           (2)

Possible Actions at regional and sub-regional levels …
 Increase political support for SLWM/Agriculture
 Technical backstopping in best practices
 Mobilize resources and identify mechanisms for
cross country learning (knowledge management)
and possibly for coordinated implementation
 Provide funding mechanism which is attractive for
investors

 Provide quality assurance of investments through
vetting, oversight, M&E
                                             PARTNERSHIPS
                                             IN SUPPORT
                                             OF CAADP
Next steps…
1.   Stakeholder workshop on implementation strategies and
     mechanisms = 30th June 09
2.   Scoping exercise
3.   Advocacy = Climate Change and food security; wealth
     creation
4.   Operationalisation (by end of 2009): TerrAfrica SLM-
     Food security-CC flagship investment programmes
-    Regional mechanisms
-    Country/Community Programmes design and financing


                                              PARTNERSHIPS
                                              IN SUPPORT
                                              OF CAADP
End…
       PARTNERSHIPS
       IN SUPPORT
       OF CAADP

								
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