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Speaking to Inform

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									Speaking to Inform

Speech Purposes

       Entertain

                 Most difficult type for novice!

                 Speech to entertain makes a serious point in a humorous manner!

                 Speech Purposes

       Inform

                 To give information; to increase the audience’s knowledge about a topic.

       Persuade

                 To cause the audience to think or believe as you desire.

       Actuate

                 A form of persuasion.

                 To cause the audience to take the action you desire!

                 Advertising!!!!!

Selecting Topics

       What do you know about?

       What are you interested in?

       What do you want to learn more about?

       What have you [or will you] be writing a paper about?

       What will help you in your career?

Academic Significance

       Topic must be taught as part of a university curriculum for academic credit.

Types of Informative Speeches

       Speech 2:

                 About an object
               About an event

       Speech 3

               About a process

               About a concept

       Or either one of speech 2 you did NOT do.

Informative Speech - Object

       Anything you can touch

       Structure – Eiffel Tower

       Person – George Washington

       Animal – a horse

       Plant – Oak tree

Informative Speech - Event

       Something that has happened or will happen.

       The battle of Gettysburg.

       The birth of a child.

       The search for intelligent life in the universe.

Informative Speech - Process

       Something that has a beginning, an end, and steps in between.

       Tangible – “How to perform CPR.”

       Intangible – “How a bill becomes a law.”

Informative Speech - Concept

       The examination of an idea, thought, philosophy, theory, or model.

       The principles Islam.

       The theory of evolution.

       The philosophy of Plato.
TOPICS “OFF-LIMITS”

       SMOKING

       ABORTION

       MARIJUANA

Topic approval

       Submit in writing

       Specific purpose

       Central idea

General Purpose

       To Inform!

SPECIFIC PURPOSE

       Your specific purpose for giving the speech.

       To inform my audience about the structure of the Eiffel Tower.

       To inform my audience about the process of how a bill becomes a law.

SPECIFIC PURPOSE

       Use full sentences!

                 WRONG: Calendars

                 CORRECT: To inform my audience about the four main kinds of calendars used in the
                 world today.

       Statement, not question!

                 WRONG: What is a Quinceanera?

                 CORRECT: To inform my audience about the origins, ceremonies, and importance for
                 young women of the traditional Quinceanera celebration in the Hispanic culture.

       One distinct idea!

                 WRONG: To inform my audience about the process of CPR and why you should learn it.

                 CORRECT: To inform my audience about the process of CPR.
      Be specific, not general!

               WRONG: To inform my audience about the Civil War.

               CORRECT: To inform my audience about the importance of the Battle of Gettysburg to
               the North’s victory in the Civil War.

CENTRAL IDEA

      What are the main things you are going to discuss?.

      The Eiffel Tower is constructed in three levels – the lower, entrance level, the midsection, and
      the upper observation deck.



      The central idea should contain not less than two nor more than five principle ideas that you will
      discuss.

               These are the main points of your speech.

      Make sure that you are specific, not general!

      Write it as a full sentence.

      Statement, not a question.

CENTRAL IDEA

      Once you have arrived at your specific purpose, the organization of your speech is well
      established.

WARNING

      LESS THAN 50% OF TOPICS ARE APPROVED ON FIRST SUBMISSION!

      Main reasons

      NO academic significance

      Poor specific purpose

      Poor central idea

      Think – Think - Think

								
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